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Issue Date: 28/11/2023 

Descendants of Francis Maitland of Jamaica
S4-67 on Gall Booths 15/5/20
S5 Capt GB 25/5/20
S7 Hayle 24/5/20
S8 Sinclair 29/5/20

Sources as endnotes.
Images are in this text at low resolution: fuller images are in Wright01 Images, under Documents root folder, with the originals as in FAM/Images in docs/Images for Images File
Private information as footnotes (removed before websave).

1670 Surevy of Jamaica (JFS)




INDEX: 0-2

Superscript Notations 0-7

Terminology 0-7

Ruinate 0-7

Estates, Plantations & Pens 0-8

Money, Currency & Prices 0-8

Agrculture 0-8

1      Introduction 1-1


2      John & Francis Maitland, Rebecca & Ann Wright 2-1

2.1      JOHN MAITLAND 2-1


Summary of Patty & Rebecca: 2-3



3      PATTY PENFORD 3-1

1/2. Margaret Forbes. B abt 1758 3-5

Act of Piviledge 3-7

3.1      Forbes Information 3-8

3.2      Hogg, George & Thelwell Notes 3-9

4      BOOTH FAMILY 4-1

Booth Introduction 4-1

Booths in Barbados 4-2

The George Booth Conundrum - Summary 4-3

Henry Booths 4-5

Booth Time line 4-5

Booth Maps & Plats 4-8

Landholders – Booth 4-9

Booth Land 4-9

Captain George Booth’s family Property: 4-10

4.1      George Booth – D 1676/8 4-11

Inventory 4-12

George Booth 1 Family Property 4-13

Frances Booth: 4-15

Issue of George Booth 4-16

1/1.        George Booth 2 – AM13/81 4-16

1/2.        Benjamin Booth - 1686 4-16

4.2      George Booth – 2nd – D 1702/5 4-26

Land Transactions: 4-28

1/1.        Thomas Booth – AM11/21. 4-32

1/2.        Eliza Booth 4-32

1/3.        George Booth – “GB3” 4-34

1/4.        Samuel Booth – D 1733 4-35

1/5.        Simon Booth – D abt 1764 SiB1 4-41

1/6.        William Booth (<21 1702). 4-50

1/7.        Sarah Booth (<15 - 1702) 4-50

1/8.        Henry Booth – D 1738-9. HB2 4-51

4.3      Thomas Booth – D. 1729 4-56

1/1.        Henry Booth – AM10/11 4-57

1/2.        Thomas Booth – D 1747 4-57

1/3.        Benjamin Booth – D abt 1730?? 4-58

1/4.        Mary Booth 4-58

4.4      Henry Booth – D 1743 4-60

1/1.        Anna Mary Booth 4-65

1/2.        William Thomas Booth 4-65

1/3.        Peter Gravett Booth. 4-65

1/4.        Rebecca Caswell Booth, 4-66

1/5.        Thomas Henry Booth, 4-66

1/6.        Henry Booth, youngest (surviving) son of father Henry. 4-66

4.5      Gilbert Gravett 4-67

1/1.        Peter Gravett, 4-67

4.6      The Gall Booths 4-69

1/1.        John Gall Booth 4-69

4.7      17thC Booths in Barbados: 4-82

Modyford’s Barbados Settlers 4-82

4.8      Unknown Booths: 4-83

Booths of St James 4-83

Kemble Booth 4-83

Joseph Booth of St James 4-84

Branker Booth 4-84

Booth Shipping 4-84

5      Capt George Booth – D 1695: 5-1

Land Transaction: 5-2

Clarendon, St Jago Savanna: 5-2

2/1. George Booth, of Salt Savanna, 1707-1769 5-11

Norwood and Grace 5-13

Lands of George Booth (1707-69): 5-14

Summary of George Booth’s transactions 5-15

Lands in George Booth’s 1768-9 will 5-19

Parsons, Golding, Parker etc 5-24

Cargill 5-37

6      BURTON FAMILY 6-1

Burton Summary 6-1

Burton Maps & Plats 6-2

Burton Time line 6-2


Barbados 6-5

Virgina Connection 6-7

Jamaica 6-8

Judith Burton 6-14

6.2      BENJAMIN BURTON - 1674 6-22

Elbeatha Maskall 6-23

1/4. Thomas Burton – D 1763 6-24

Hannah Mendez 6-35

6.3      Thomas & Benjamin Burton Lands Transactions 6-38

6.4      BENJAMIN BURTON - 1703 6-47

Dorothy Rochester 6-49

6.5      Other Jamaican Burtons of the Period 6-52

Westmoreland Burtons 6-53


Burton/Arundell Connection 6-56

Robert Burton of Barbados 6-59

Jacob Burton of Barbados 6-59

Ellacott/Ellicott 6-59

Thomas Ellacott snr: 6-60

Burtons Plantations - Rose 6-62

7      HAYLE FAMILY 7-1

Hayle Summary 7-1

Hayle Deeds Time Line 7-2

Hayle Maps & Plats 7-4

7.1      WILLIAM HAYLE 7-5

1/1.        John Hayle, our ancestor, of whom later. 7-8

1/2.        Thomas Hayle, died before 1691: 7-8

1/3.        William Hayle ch 1638 7-11

1/4.        Richard Hayle, died before 1693, 7-11

7.2      JOHN HAYLE snr. – Died 1717 7-18

1/1.        John Hayle, (jnr) died 1712 7-24

1/2.        Neville Hayle – see below. 7-30

1/3.        Alice Hayle, M Mar John Anderson 7-30

1/4.        Priscilla Hayle, Mar Mr Allen 7-31

1/5.        Margaret Hayle, Mar Thomas Biggs 7-31

1/6.        Elizabeth Hayle, mar Dr James Smith. 7-31

7.3      NEVIL & SARAH HAYLE 7-32

7.4      Later Hayles 7-35

William Pusey Hayle 7-35

John Hayle Shickle 7-37

Thomas Hahnemann Hayle senior 1808 – 1886 7-39


Sinclair Summary 8-1

Sinclair Maps & Plats 8-1

Sinclair Deed Timeline 8-1

8.1      JOHN SINCLAIR 8-5

Summary 8-5

John Sinclair’s Transactions 8-7

John Sinclair’s main holdings 8-9

Priscilla Hayle - 1707 8-14


Maps Applicable to John Hayle Sinclair & his Descendants 8-17

Transactions: 8-17

Judith Burton 8-21

8.3      Other Contemporary Sinclairs in Jamaica 8-30

SINCLAIRS of CAITHNESS - Background 8-32


9      WRIGHT FAMILY 9-1

Wright Summary 9-1

Wright Maps and Plats. 9-1

Wright Deed Timeline 9-2

9.1      RICHARD WRIGHT 9-4

9.2      ANDREW WRIGHT – died 1712 9-4

Land Transactions: 9-5


9.4      FRANCIS WRIGHT - B 1715 9-17

Ann Mary Booth 9-17

Francis Wright Summary 9-18

Chambers Family: 9-22

9.5      ANDREW WRIGHT - 1752 9-25

RUTH SINCLAIR - 1764 9-27

Summary 9-27

9.6      Early 17thC Wrights 9-44

10        ROBERTS FAMILY 10-1

10.1         GEORGE ROBERTS 10-1


Ruth Angell 10-5

10.2         JOHN ANGELL 10-7


John Renatus Angell 10-9



11.1         Wint & Pusey 11-1

Samuel Wint 11-5

11.2         Swaby & Witters 11-12

11.3         Dunston Family 11-16

Dunston Deeds 11-16

Dunston Wills 11-17

11.4         ANDERSON 11-18

Anderson Maps & Plats 11-18

Lewis Anderson – D 1703 11-18

11.5         DOWNER & SMART FAMILIES: 11-28

SMARTS 11-30

11.6         SUTTON FAMILY 11-31

11.7         PENNANT FAMILY 11-32

11.8         Edward Goulbourne 11-34

11.9         COHENS 11-41

1/1.        Hyem Cohen: 11-41

Parish Records, St Elizabeth 11-41


David Robeson to Mary Wright - 1750 12-1

St Elizabeth Wrights: 12-1

Barzilla Wright of St Elizabeth 12-1

Land Grants 12-1

Nathaniel Wright of St Elizabeth 12-1

1/1.        Cooper Wright 12-2

1/2.        Bazill Wright 12-6

1/3.        Brooks Family 12-8

13        BARBADOS RECORDS 13-1



14        Slave Compensation Records 14-1

Slave Compensation 14-2


Jamaica St Elizabeth 764 (Mitcham) 14-2

Jamaica Manchester 224 (Silver Grove) 14-2

George Roberts 14-3


Slave Compensation – Booth 14-4

Slave Compensation – Burton: 14-4

Slave Compensation, Hayle: 14-7

Slave Compensation - Sinclair 14-8

Slave Compensation- Wint 14-8

Slave Compensation – Wright: 14-9

15        Barretts 15-1

Thomas Hercey Barrett b 1739 (in NB will 1747). 15-3

Frederick Lewis Maitland & Thomas Hercie Barratt 15-5

Julia Elizabeth Burton 15-8


16.1         UCL: George Rolph 16-8


Jamaica Royal Gazette 17-1

Jamaica Parish Records 17-1

Reference Sources 17-1

Property Locations & Maps 17-2

Parishes and their Boundaries 17-2

The Leeward Road 17-3

Rio Minho – Dry River Names 17-3

Estate Maps, Land Grants etc 17-3

Land Grants 17-4

Maps of Jamaica and Place Names 17-4

Biographical Databases 17-5

The New Jamaica Magazine: 17-5

Vere 17-5

Bibliography 17-6

Laws of Jamaica 17-6

Memoirs of William Hickey vol 2 (1775-1872) 17-6

Sugar and Slavery: Economic History of the British West Indies, 17-6

The Jamaica Planters Guide, 1823 - Sugar 17-6

Caribbeanaea, Vere Langford Oliver. 17-6

James Hakewill, Picturesque Tour of Jamaica, 1825 17-6

Jamaica Plantership, Benjamin Macmahon, 1839. 17-6

Histories of Jamaica 17-6

Sugar Prices 17-7

The Sugar Barons 17-7

Married Women & Property 17-7

The Guarded City - 1690 17-9

18        Changes: 18-1

19        ENDNOTES 19-1



Superscript Notations

Sources references are given as endnotes in the form xxx123.
General sources are also:
Parish Records: xxxPR
Vere Langford Oliver Carribbeanaea: VLO
UCL survey of slave compensation records: UCL.
Jamaica Gazette: JG
Rushbrook collection: Original abt 2000: PJR 3/2023 PJR2:



     Like many Jamaican families, the men, usually white, formed relationships with coloured women, both free and enslaved; these relationships were often long lasting and stable (Rebecca Wright and Judith Buton described themselves as widows in their wills). However, under Jamaican law of the time, whites and people of colour were forbidden to marry so the couples concerned co-habited. The word partner is now used in this case, but the use of that word is anachronisitic for the era; the women also did not fit the definition of common law wife. There is a word which, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, accurately describes the status of women in this sort of relationship. It is concubine (“a woman who cohabits with a man, not being his wife” OED). Under this definition, this is the noun I will use, in spite of the rather Biblical implications.

From From Oral to Literate Culture: Colonial Experience in the English West Indies,  By Peter A. Roberts:

A child of an octoroon was often described in the parish records as “reputed white”, such as Ann (Wright) Maitland (i.e. 1/16 black).


The term ruinate is often used in descriptions of land in patents atc, a definition:

Ruinate: "This distinctive Jamaican term is used to describe lands which were once cleared for agricultural purposes and have now lapsed back into...'bush.'

A common form of secondary community, called "ruinate," is a thorn thicket, or, under moderate cutting and grazing, a thorn savannah. After invasion of pioneer weeds on denuded land, secondary invaders come in and, finally, shrub and tree seedlings. Such ruinate may eventually become a thorn thicket or thorn savannah dominated by Acacia lutea. Most of the ruinate forests are located in the white limestone mountains of central and western Jamaica.

Estates, Plantations & Pens

The terms used for agricultural properties in Jamaica were generally indicative of the activity on the farm.
Estates were generally sugar production, although coffee was sometimes from an estate.
Plantation was used in the land grants for all land, but in general use, plantations were usually for cocoa and other “tree” crops. Cocoa was grown in Cocoa walks, and cotton was more often in a plantation.
Pen covered the remainder of the general stock farms. The word in fact referred to the practice of penning up the cattle at night – if left to their own devices, the animals soon became wild.
Crawle was a term used for hogg rearing.

Money, Currency & Prices

      Unless otherwise stated, currency amounts are in £ Currency (Jamaican pounds), somewhat discounted from sterling. The official rate was £100 stlg = £140 Jamaican for much of the period in which we are interested, but on actual conversion a commission was often charged of about 20%, making the actual rate somewhere in the region of 100/165.
     In some cases, a modern inflated equivalent is given. The usual way of doing this is by a measure of price inflation, sources of which are available. When I have looked at the results, the price inflation does not give as high a modern value as one might expect so I have constructed a wage inflation index as well, using old wage data and comparing job descriptions which are easily transferable, such as lawyers, priests, ship and agricultural labourers.
    Wage inflation gives much higher values than price inflation, and reflects more on the relative wealth of the people concerned, and relates to the relative amounts in terms of buying power. Where these numbers are given, the are suffixed by P or W. Both indices are related to about 2016 and corrected into sterling. A fuller discussion on historic inflation is in the Jamaica General volume.
     Long has an interesting section on Money. He discusses at length the effects of no formalised coinage, and the depreciation of coinage by clipping etc, and the effect of changes in the value of precious metals. It was not unknown for an island such as Jamaica actually to run out of coinage if it was running a balance of payment deficit.
     A very comprehensive 2 volume book on money & prices by Tooke, written in about 1837, has at the end of the 2nd volume tables of prices from mid 18thC to early 19thC. There are also many smaller tables of prices of commodities such as coffee.


     Both Long and Edwards have interesting sections on agriculture: in an analysis of the cost of setting up a sugar enterprise, Edwards as an example of a 600 acre estate[1], with 1/3 under sugar, requires 250 slaves; Edwards also gives the costs of cotton and coffee estates. He rightly makes the point on the ecomomies of scale in sugar production.
23 slaves, which, on a sugar estate, indicates about 75-100 acres (from Long, Chap 3,  Agriculture)

1        Introduction

    The general impression of Jamaican planters is that they were all rich sugar producers: some were, but not all. Some of the very early planters in the rich plains of Withywood (southern Vere/Clarendon) grew indigo, which was an extremely profitable crop in the late 17thC until the emphasis by government moved indigo to the Carolinas and sugar to Jamaica. By the early 18thC, sugar had replaced indigo as the main crop of Jamaica, with the skills coming from Barbados.
     When the British landed in Jamaica in 1655, there was a relatively small Spanish population of about 2500, mainly concentrated in Spanish Town (first called St Jago de la Vega, but for simplicity, I use the modern name throughout), with some farmers elsewhere; the north coast had 2 settlements but the island seems to have been virtually uninhabited elsewhere at this time. Once they had found there were no mineral riches there, Jamaica to the Spanish was of use only as a victualling stop for the fleets going to and from the Central American mining colonies. By 1660 when the last Spanish left, the English had an island virtually empty except for a few escaped Spanish slaves, who had probably interbred with the remaining Taino natives of the island: these fled to the Cockpit country and became the Maroons.
    The first English settlements were around St Jago de la Vega, and soon spread out west and southwest over the plains of Clarendon, and to the north into St Thomas in the Vale. St Elizabeth (including what became Westmoreland in 1702) in the south west of the Island was another early sugar area.
    The island was populated by the granting of land by Letters Patent to planters as a means of settling the country. The granted land was technically lease hold, with a small rental payable to the Crown. A small effect of the 1692 earthquake was that the rental account books were all lost, so that those landholders who were in arrears (probably most) escaped payment! The areas granted varied from less than 10 acres up to 1000 or more, although most were up to 300. There were still grants being made into the 19thC; if a new owner failed to cultivate the land within a specified period or failed to pay the rent, it was escheated to the Crown (ie, they lost it), and it was re-granted to others. Land soon began changing hands by mortgage, sale etc.
    The Letters Patent usually included a plat or plan of the area; plats would define the area by its neighbours sometimes with some description of the land. In some cases, the plats show a geographical feature which can be identified on later maps. One grant to Captain George Booth can still be positioned by the river, the mountains and an existing track along its southern boundary. The great majority of the land grants are still available in the Archives in Jamaica. Many of the early planters had several grants to their names, and built up sizeable holdings, added to by purchase. The financing arrangements make interesting speculation!
    Much of the family can be traced in the Island through the parish records of births, marriages and deaths, combined with wills and transaction deeds, held in the Jamaican Archives and the Island Record Office; the parish records were filmed by the LDS, and are now online images. Many, especially later, baptisms were recorded but marriages appear less frequently and burials infrequently; the latter because the deceased were very often, for good reason, buried on the properties within a day or two of death, without a priest present. Contemporary maps also show properties with owners names. More often than not, the family origins before Jamaica are shrouded in mystery, unless they were very prominent, which ours were not, with the possible exception of the Sinclairs.
    A factor obscuring the parish records was that, until emancipation, people of colour, even when free, were not allowed to marry whites; this affected a number of our ancestors. The parish records often gave the father, using a quaint phrase “reputed son/dau of”. There was a lot of promiscuity on the Island, partly due to the lack of white women, but in many cases, a white man would form a long term relationship with a woman of colour. John Hayle Sinclair, for instance, had at least 12 children by his free quadroon concubine, Judith Burton, and all were listed in his will: she does not appear to have had any other children until her death aged about 90. She must have been one tough lady. Another case was John Maitland and Rebecca Wright, who seems to have remained faithful to his memory for 20 years after his death.
    Like all Caribbean planters, our family, white and free people of colour, owned slaves. The first Barbados planters used indentured white servants, who were little better than slaves, and had a short life expectancy in the West Indian climate. I have written more notes on my views of slavery in the Jamaica General volume.
    Of the early crops grown in Jamaica, Indigo was the most profitable, and a series of farms up the course of the Rio Minho in Vere were among the earliest. Amongst these were cotton growing estates, and by 1684, sugar estates. Our Wright ancestors were probably those who appear on the 1684 map part way up the east bank of the Rio Minho by Pye Corner as indigo producers. In 1670, GB1, our ancestor bought 100 acres around the Alley, maybe at Chesterfield: neither the Hills from whom he bought it nor the deed have a plat. At this size, it may have been an early sugar estate.
    In the mid-late 17thC, indigo was a rare and very valuable dye (hence the royal purple etc): it was found to grow well in the Americas, and was amongst the first export crops grown in Jamaica. Early settlers often started by working small plots of a few acres, expanding as they went on. Tax changes pushed its production to the American mainland colonies (the Carolinas & Georgia) about the turn of 1730’s, an effect exacerbated by the 7 years war. It is probable that by the mid 1715’s, indigo production had almost ceased (by 1774, Long estimated there were only 8 indigo farms remaining) and the owners of land unsuited to sugar reverted to being stock farmers with pimento, log wood and other local cash crops. According to Long, at its height: “There were formerly upwards of seventy gentlemen’s carriages kept in the little parish of Vere, the vast profits of their indigo-works enabled them to live in such splendour; and that part of the country, for its number of houses and inhabitants, on both sides the Rio Minho, resembled a populous town.” Indigo production was well suited to men of moderate means: in the days of (tax) protection twenty negroes were found sufficient for a plantation yielding on an average £600 per annum to its owner.[2]
     Cotton was cultivated with partial success, the crops ranging from five hundred to two thousand bags, according to the season. The green seed and shrub cotton were most cultivated. In 1780 (about the time Andrew Wright had a cotton estate), one shilling and seven pence per pound was obtained in London for Jamaica cotton, from two pence to six pence per pound less than that brought from Berbice and Demerara. It remained a crop cultivated in the west, several of the properties in our family produced it into the early 19thC as part of a diversified farming practice in the less favoured areas.
     Sloane, describing a voyage from Port Royal in 1689 to England, passing initially to the Leeward, west, of Jamaica, commented when passing Point Pedro (St Elizabeth) that “to Windward, or to the East are great Savannas or Meadows, Pastures and Sheep Walks, and to Leeward or to the West are Settlements of Sugar-works, Indico and Cotton”. The areas around Black River and Savanna-la-Mar were early sugar areas. His reference to the windward savanna’s sounds more like the plains of Clarendon: for 25 miles or so East from Point Pedro, the land is mountainous, but would have been sparsely populated stock farm areas, except for the savannah round Aligator Pond.
     Of the very early maps, perhaps Ogilvy reveals the most about the land use. He shows by name 139 properties, presumably only the larger ones. Of these, over the whole island, Sugar was 40%, Cocoa 30% and Indigo 14%. In reality, judging from Bochart & Knollis, there were more indigo farms and pens, but probably not significant enough to show on Ogilby’s map. In St John and St Katherines, there were a number of Cocoa walks shown on the 1671 map, although these seem mostly to have become sugar estates by 1684.
     The 1684 Bochart & Knollis map (which is substantially repeated by Sloane 20 years later) shows Sugar and cotton being grown around Black River and westwards. Ogilby’s map of 1671, marks the Clarendon plain as pasture, but by 1684, there were a lot of indigo farms, particularly up the Rio Minho, with a some sugar estates. Captain George Booth’s land was shown as sugar. This distribution was similar in Browne’s 1730-49 survey. There were a number of maps published of the Island. Of the pre mid 18thC maps there seem to have been 2 or 3 generic surveys: Ogilby 1671 and others of that era show the Island more as a triangle, and have some properties shown, indicating they existed, but loosly positioned. Bochardt & Knollis in 1684 produced a map very much more like the correct shape and showed a lot of properties, various map makers followed this map, amending the property owners. The next significant survey was by Thomas Craskell, published in 1763 on surveys in the late 1750’s. This has much more inland detail and is near the actual layout of roads and watercourses. Finally, in 1804, Robertson published his large scale map, which is very detailed and can even now be related to modern surveys. Using these maps, many properties can be found.
    Our earliest known ancestors on the Island were George Booth and Francis Burton, both of whom migrated from Barbados in the 1660’s as Jamaica opened up after the English invasion of 1655 and the Spanish departure in 1660. George Booth refers to Barbados in his will, but there is no direct evidence of him in Barbados, although there were Booths in the contemporary records, including a Captain George Booth owning land on the island. Francis Burton however had his children baptised in Barbados, and 2 deeds reveal him selling his property there prior to migrating to Jamaica; a related family, his will referred to the Ellacotts who also appear in the Barbadian records. The latter half of the 17thC was a time when the effect of the early intensive sugar production became apparent in Barbados. The yields fell dramatically due to soil impoverishment. Economics drove the bigger planters to expand by buying up the smaller. This state of affairs would have made newly discovered Jamaica to be a very attractive proposition.
      These 2 families, Booths & Burtons married members of the Hayle and Wright families; the former being in Jamaica by about 1670, and the Wrights soon after, with John Sinclair of Caithness in Scotland a later arrival, probably in the 1720’s, but perhaps a refugee from the 1715 rebellion, which cost the Sinclairs dear. The families were concentrated in Clarendon, Vere and St Catherine and later in St Elizabeth and briefly in Westmoreland. They appear in the parish records of birth, marriages and deaths from the beginning of the records (about 1710).
     Our early Booth, Hayle and Wright ancestors were working plots in the 10’s of acres on the Clarendon plains, growing as well as indigo (this crop figures in both Wright and Hayle documents), other crops such as cotton, and ginger. The Booth family may well have been in sugar from the beginning: Captain George Booth, a collateral branch, had a 1200 acres grant in the west of Clarendon, shown as sugar in 1671; his grandson built up a big sugar estate in southern Vere. Francis Burton, coming from a sugar area in Barbados, and acquiring a relatively large estate, probably went straight into sugar production. It should be rememebered that most if not all these properties had areas for growing provisions and keeping livestock: as the estates became more specialised, these were often separate pens.
     All the rest of our familes were on the south side, and west of Spanish Town (with a branch in St Thomas in the East), mainly in Clarendon and St Elizabeth (later Manchester). A later addition to the family was John Sinclair, a Scotsman from Caithness (possibly an illegitimate descendant from the 4th Earl), who built up a large sugar holding on the borders of Vere and St Elizabeth, what became Manchester. His son inherited this land, and was presumably also a sugar farmer, although he left several lots of pen land.
    Our more recent Jamaican family were livestock farmers, “pen keepers”. They did not make the fortunes that the sugar growers made (& lost), but provided livestock for the estates, both draft animals and stock for meat and milk. They supplemented their income with indigenous products like Pimiento (Allspice) and dyewoods (such as fustic and logwood) and sometimes coffee and cotton. One of our ancestors, Andrew Wright had coffee and cotton estates in St Elizabeth (later Manchester): estates like these probably did not produce especially good coffee, but before other areas of the world came into production it was saleable. Pens were usually independent farms, but some were attached to sugar estates; they tended to be on land unsuited to more intensive cultivation. Over the decades, pens ticked along quietly in the background and made a steady if not spectacular income. To quote one source, the penkeepers became the squireocracy of Jamaica. Many owners were, as in our case, free people of colour.
    One of the lesser know aspects of life in the Caribbean in the period when slavery was the norm is that there were many free people of colour: owners often gave favoured slaves their freedom, a state inherited by their offspring born after the manumission. By about 1800, the population of free coloureds in Jamaica was in same order of magnitude at whites. Many of these people were tradesmen and operated as a sort of lower middle class, but some became wealthy; they were very often owners of slaves themselves. As a person of colour, whilst free, there were certain restrictions on their position in society, such as limits on their assets and access to the law. In a few cases (in particular Patty Penford our ancestor), these restrictions were lifted by an Act of Assembly giving them the rights and privilges of an English born subject.
    Our Maitland male line was a late arrival in Jamaica, but they intermarried with resident families, ancestors of whom had been these early immigrants to the Island, and became pen-keepers in St Elizabeth. There was also another Richard Maitland who was in St Elizabeth around 1740, but returned to live in London, leaving one or two mixed race offspring: he probably died in 1763 in England.
    Captain John Maitland, our ancestor, first landed in Jamaica (Black River) as master of a merchant ship (the Atlantic) sometime around 1774, sailing in and out of the Island until August 1781 when his ship, the Hope, was wrecked off Black River Bay in a hurricane. He had a concubine, a free quadroon woman, Rebecca Dunston Wright, and had 2 sons by her before he died in late 1786. John’s father, Richard, was also a merchant shipmaster, with a long sea fairing career from 1740 until his death in 1778; nothing is known of his origins except that he was said to have been a native of Ireland: there is some DNA evidence that he might have been of the Maitland family from near Aberdeen.
    John & Rebecca’s surviving son, Francis, a man of colour, married Ann Wright, “reputed white” (ie less than 1/8th coloured) in the parish registers, whose father was probably Rebecca’s ½ sibling, making Ann and Francis ½ 1st cousins. Ann’s parents came from well established Jamaican families, 2 of whom were very early immigrants from Barbados. Francis, son of John & Rebecca is variously described as “1” or senior to differentiate him from his son and grand son Francis.
    Rebecca Wright was the daughter of Patty, a mulatto and Francis Wright, son of William & Elizabeth Wright, (although her baptism does not name a father, she was bought and manumitted as a baby by him, making it almost certain that he was her father); Francis Maitland snr’s wife, Ann, was the daughter of Andrew Wright, son of Francis Wright & Anna Maria Booth, and Ruth Sinclair, daughter of John Hayle Sinclair and Judith Burton and a mestize or octoroon. These show the connection with the Booth, Burton and Hayle families.
     The “pre-Caribbean” origins of the Booth, Burton and Wright families is not known, but can be presumed to be English of unknown origins. A speculative origin for the Hayles of St Albans is suggested, and the Sinclairs definitely being from Caithness, probably Thurso.
    They were also connected by marriage with the Roberts, Cohen, Brooks, and many other early families.
    The tree below shows the ancestors of Francis Maitland, the 2nd, the last Jamaican born: his wife was English, from Devon. He disappeared at sea in 1842, leaving her with sons Francis, John Andrew & George; she later remarried. Francis was the great grandfather of me, Antony Maitland and his brother, “Uncle JAM” was a China merchant, one of several of his generation and his nephews; George probably died young, before 1851. They retained a Jamaica connection for some 25 years after Francis 2’s death, Francis 3 selling his remaing 1/8th share in 1869, and Uncle JAM seemingly selling the remaining 1/8th in December 1870 (Septimus as attorney)
     The wider family desriptions are divided into 6 sections: Booth, Captain George Booth, Burton, Hayle, Sinclair & Wright. Another section describes related families.
    Details of Richard & John Maitland are to be found in their own volume, and the descendants of Francis Maitland 1st in his volume.




Clydesdale Great House, Coffee estate Blue Mountains


2        John & Francis Maitland, Rebecca & Ann Wright



   John Maitland was a mariner who settled in St Elizabeth Parish as a merchant (although he also bought several parcels of land) probably after being shipwrecked in Black River bay in a Hurricane in 1781. His father was also a merchant seaman, Captain Richard Maitland of Shadwell in London, but a native of Ireland (possibly!). John died between October 1786 & January 1787. His life and that of his father is described in their own volume
   He had 2 sons by Rebecca Dunston Wright, Francis & Richard, of whom only Francis survived into adulthood.



Will & Inventory held.

This painting gives a somewhat romanticised view of women similar to Rebecca painted by Augustino Brunias when he was in Dominica, then a British Colony. The dress and fashions would be similar to those in Jamaica of the same period, although with more of a French or Spanish influence.

Agostino Brunias, Free Women of Color with Their Children and Servants in a Landscape, c. 1770–96,

The parish records of St Elizabeth record her as:
“Rebecca Dunston Wright, daughter of Patty, a mulatto, lately a slave belonging to Mr. Roderick Rose, three years old last May and baptised Nov 12 1752”. Thus born 5/1749. (no evidence has been found of Roderick Rose and she was owned by Forbes’s by 1749 when Rebecca was bought by Francis Wright).

Parents: Patty Penford, mulatto & probably, Francis Wright.
Died: 1805, Bristol, buried Black River, St Elizabeth although not recorded in the parish records (but confirmed by her gravestone & will). She was commemorated by a tomb stone in Black River churchyard which may have been of a later date.
MI of Jamaica[i]: Gravestone @ Black River church (#1658):
(Re)becca Wright, 29/?/1805, aged 56. (seen by A Maitland in April 1998, less legible, even less so in 12/2006).

Her will was dated 14/11/1804, and proved in Canterbury in 28/6/1805, described her as of Bristol. From the gravestone, it may be assumed that she died early in 1805, probably in Bristol, although there is no record of that.

A rather curious advertisement appeared in the London Star, 14 July 1804:
“IF the  Person who some times since addressed a Letter to Mrs. MAITLAND, in the neighbourhood of London, informing her, that on receiving a liberal recompense, he would enable her, by the discovery of certain important facts, to possess herself of a considerable sum of money, will communicate his name and address to Mrs. Francis Maitland, No. 2, Alfred Road, Bristol, every preliminary will be arranged to his satisfaction, and a Proposal  made which will be found to be well worthy his attention.”
What came of this, there is no indication.

Whilst this must relate to Rebecca (& Francis Maitland), apart from the content, the names and timing are odd: If this was in fact ours, the advertisement predates Francis & Ann’s marriage by 2 years. Rebecca made her will in late 1804, when she was in Bristol. The most likely explanation is that the use of “Mrs Francis Maitland” was to make her sound more respectable, especially as she was not legally married to John Maitland. In Francis’s articles registration, Rebecca was described as widow.

#2 Alfred Rd Bristol 2020, the first grey building.

Issue by John Maitland:
1/1. Francis Maitland, ch. 25/2/1784, St ElizabethPR – the 1st.

1784 May 23: Francis Maitland baptised, reputed son of John Maitland by Rebecca Wright. Born 25 Feb 1784. (Listed under Non White).

1/2. Richard Maitland, b. 4/8/1786, St ElizabethPR.

1788: Richard Maitland baptised, reputed son of John Maitland by Rebecca Wright. Born 4 August 1786.
Died between 1789 and 1804 – mentioned in grandmother Patty Penford’s will but not in Rebecca’s.


Summary of Patty & Rebecca:

    Patty Penford and her daughter Rebecca Dunston Wright were the grand-mother and mother of Francis Maitland 1st, Rebecca being born in slavery in 1749 of Patty, then a mulatto slave, (the surname Penford appeared later when free in conveyances, the Act of Priviledge and Hyem Cohen’s will).
       Patty Penford was a mulatto, born a slave, of unknown origin, belonging to the Forbes family; in Rebecca’s baptism, she is said to have belonged to Roderick Rose but no record of this has been found. She was of the Forbes family when Rebecca was manumitted in 1749. She had several children by at least 2 men, Wright & Forbes between 1749 and 1769. She was manumitted in 1756 and became a woman of substance, owning substantial assets by her death in 1795. She was granted the “Rights and Privilidges with English Subjects born of White Parents under certain Restrictions” in 1784. Under the law of Jamaica at that time, there was a restriction on the assets that could be left to persons of colour. These acts removed that restriction, and gave the subject of the act all those rights.
    In her will Patty mentions the Cove Pen, Little Culloden, a house on Black River Bay and a small plot by Lower Works Pen; an estate plan for 1792 of the Black River town area shows Patty’s Common pasture of 42 acres[3]. Her transactions and land ownership is more fully described in her own section, but they show her as being comparatively well off. Only speculation can be made into how a freed mulattto slave, ownd by a tavern keeper, acquired the ability to make these purchases which totalled £1260 currency, equivalent to £145,000 – £390,000 sterling on 2020 price and wage inflation.
    She must have been born around 1720, but nothing has been found so far of her birth in St Elizabeth, Westmoreland, Vere, Clarendon, St Catherine & St Andrew Indices, as Penford, Rose or Forbes. St Elizabeth & Westmoreland registers have been checked for other similar names to about 1760 but none were found. If she had Rebecca in 1749 and a son 1769, she was probably born between 1725 and 1734. The practice of recording the baptism of slaves was not common before late in the 18thC. Unless she appears in a will, deed or inventory, there is not much chance of establishing her origins. As there was a 10 year gap between Rebecca & Margaret and John (if he was her son), it is highly probable that there were other unrecorded children, but they did not survive.
    In Rebecca’s baptism record of 1752, Patty is described as “lately a slave belonging to Mr Roderick Rose”, but this looks unlikely. There are a few deeds for Roderick Rose about 1752[4] where he is the owner of over 1000 acres in the Santa Cruz mountains – the slaves on the estate are listed and do not include Patty; if she was at one time owned by Rose, she had moved on by Rebecca’s birth and her manumission. There was also a small farm, Rose Hill about 2 miles west of Giddy Hall which was subsequently owned by Francis’s son John.
    Rebecca and Patty were both ownd by the Forbes family of St Elizabeth: they had several properties in St Elizabeth in 1804, and are listed in the 1811 Almanac. Alexander Forbes, tavern keeper, was of St Elizabeth, and a tavern is shown on Robertson north of Luana Bay, West of Black River; it was at the fork in the road from Sav la Mar to Black River where a short cut towards Luana and Middle Quarters leaves the Black River road. The proximity to Black River makes this a distinct possibility. Another possibility was on Bluefields Bay in Westmoreland. The fact that Patty’s first land purchases were around that bay makes it seem possible that this was in fact where she lived initially. There is rather charming description of this tavern quoted in Patty’s section.
    Rebecca was sold by Thomas Forbes 25 August 1749, to Francis Wright, who manumitted her 25 October 1749[5]. For that reason, that Rebecca called her son Francis, and that her 2nd name was Dunston (Francis Wright’s brother’s name) makes it highly likely that Francis Wright was her father; there is no indication of where the Dunston name came from, although there was a John Dunston who died in Kingston in 1764, his son George inheriting[6], John sold some land in St Thomas in the Vale to William Hayle. As Francis died in 1758 and made no mention in his will of Rebecca, it is likely that she then returned to, or was already with, her mother, who had been manumitted by then.
   This Francis Wright was also the father of Andrew Wright, and grand father of Ann & Rebecca Wright who married Francis Maitland and George Roberts. Rebecca Dunston and Andrew would thus have been half siblings and their children half 1st cousins. This might explain the curious restriction in Andrew’s will on his daughters marriages in England; as a man of colour, Francis Maitland was also not allowed to marry a white woman at this time.
    Patty became a woman of substance in her own right, as described in their privilege act in 1784, giving Patty and her descendants the rights of whites. Rebecca had a (half) sister by Patty, Margaret Forbes. Margaret became the concubine of Hyem Cohen, a rich man of St Elizabeth who died about 1804, leaving substantial real and personal estate, which included a large portfolio of creditors and debtors. According to Rebecca's inventory, he owed her about £680. Her Cohen nephews and nieces, (Alexander & Henry, Catherine & Caroline) to whom she made bequests were the children of Margaret and Hyem Cohen of Black River (see his will – there are some Cohen notes in Section 11). Margaret also had 3 children by Clayton Littlehayes, one of whom was in the Act of Priviledge.
    Rebecca had real estate in Westmoreland and St Elizabeth in addition to a significant personal estate by the time of her death in 1805 which she left to Francis. The largest of property was referred to as “The Cove” (see below) at Scott's Cove on the Westmoreland & St Elizabeth boundary; according to her will, it was 214 acres and was devised to her in her mother’s will, Rebecca’s sister getting the more western properties little Colluden (or the sale proceeds thereof) and they both shared several properties in Black River. In fact, Little Colluden was sold in 1795 before Patty’s death, although there was some doubt over the validity of the transaction as it was reconfirmed by Rebecca in 1803[7]. The Cove was sold by Francis Maitland to Thomas Hogg in 1809 when he bought Giddy Hall. John Maitland is recorded as buying property in Westmoreland in the 1780's, which would have come under the management of Rebecca, although left to her children.
     Her son, Francis, was "of Westmoreland" when he bought Giddy Hall in 1809, so he was still resident at the Cove. Her St Elizabeth property looked to have been rental property in and around Black River (6 tenants renting houses were listed in her inventory, so probably at least 6 dwellings) in addition to the capital dwelling house inherited from Patty. Her will described her as a widow of Black River when she died in Bristol and mentioned her dwelling house on Black River Bay, so some of it must have been for her own use. This latter may have been the property bought by John Maitland in 1784 just west of the town centre, on the shore. The dimensions are those of a town property: there still some handsome properties along the road west out of town - let's hope it was one of these, although they are probably much too recent! She was left a dwelling house on the Black River by her mother, so that is probably the one left to Francis. On an estate map, there is a 42 acre plot of land called Patty’s cow pasture: this must have been one of Patty Penford’s properties. Some of these at least were sold by Francis about 1810.
    There is no indication that she had any other relationships after John Maitland's death in 1787, particularly as she called herself a widow in her will. She probably lived off the property left by him and the property left by her mother in 1795. The name Pentford appears on the 1804 map on the west side of Scott's Cove. She must have been close to the Cohen family, who were substantial land holders and bankers in the area on the 1804 map. At some stage she and presumably Francis sailed to England as she died there in the winter of 1804/5; he was married in London in July 1806.
    She must have been of some status to judge by her gravestone in Black river churchyard and the fact that she was buried there in spite of having died in Bristol, England (according to her will). Her inventory[8] totalled £J8328 (£J600,000P, 1.8MW), £J7000 of which was in the value of her 80 slaves (worth noting as she was a free woman of colour!), a number of which seem to have been in John Maitland’s inventory. It shows her as having 6 tenants owing house rent; the household utensils values indicate that The Cove was a less equipped property than her other residence and so was not by then her principal abode.
    She would have known Andrew Wright, father of her future daughter-in-law and half first cousin, as he was an executor of her estate. He in fact died shortly after her, also in England. It may be assumed that she was on close terms with Hyem Cohen of Black River and surrounds, her brother-in-law (except that nobody was married!).
     In 1787[9], Rebecca bought 7 slaves from John Maitland’s executors for J£350, probably the ones for her own use, the estate being left to John’s sons.

A slave, Maria Wright bapt 8/6/1794, belonging to Rebecca Wright St E (she is mentioned in Rebecca's will).

Charles Pinford, a negro belonging to Rebecca Wright, baptised, St Elizabeth, 12 June 1796 aged about 65.

A study by Melsia Tomlin Kraftner may throw some light on their lives[10]:
This study builds on extant studies of historians, such as Trevor Burnard, Gad Heuman, Pedro Welch, Cecily Jones, Verene Shepherd, Lucille Mathurin Mair, Barbara Bush and other prominent writers. Much has been written of the lives and experiences of white women and black enslaved women, however, although women of colour were viewed in the historiographical context as exploiting their colour, sassy, more sexually inclined than the other women and concubines of white men, this study explores free women of colour in St. Elizabeth, who exploited the advantages presented to them, to improve their daily lives, that of their children and their posterity.

Rebecca’s Will[11]
Dated 14/11/1804, proved London 28/6/1805. The full will text is in the Wills Volume. Francis was in London.
"Late of Black River .. but now of Bristol ...
left some specified slaves to nephews Alexander & Henry & nieces Catherine & Caroline Cohen ... (see Cohen family later in this file).
left the remainder to son Francis Maitland: land of about 214 acres in Westmoreland named "The Cove" (Difficult to read, but confirmed by the will inventory), Dwelling house on land adjoining Lowerworks Estate on or near the Black River called "the Ground" (again best guess), a tenement or property lying behind the Church on Black River Bay, (Lowerworks is just north of Black River town centre).
tenements in or near the Logwoods on Black River Bay (prob now Logwoods Ave, round Prep School).
The remainder of her slaves.
The remainder of her estate.
Executors son Francis Maitland, Andrew Wright, of Jamaica, and Christopher Hensley of Bristol and Thomas Hogg of Jamaica.
A study of the 1804 map of Jamaica shows no suitable property entries for her, either in Westmoreland or St Elizabeth.
An extract of the Lower Works Estate plan shows Patty’s common pasture – see Patty’s section.
     Some of the slaves in Rebecca’s inventory look to be the ones in John’s will. There are no obviously relevant sales of slaves by Thomas Hogg after Rebecca’s death: the only deed of 1807 contains a number of slaves, none of whose names appear in Rebecca’s inventory. In turn, quite a number of Rebecca’s slaves are named on her will going to her nieces or Francis. In turn, some of these appear in Francis’s slave return of 1817.


Their Burials:
Patty is recorded as being buried in the churchyard in Black River, Rebecca must have died in Bristol but there is a tombstone to her in the churchyard, but no burial record. Rebecca’s stone in very weathered now (2020), but is recorded in the MI of Jamaica, so there is no doubt it is hers.
Beside Rebecca’s is a similar if not identical tomb, but with no inscription remaining (one assumes there was one originally). It eventually came to me that the blank one must be Patty’s, beside her daughter.
In 2013, I commissioned a tablet recording these two women, and it was dedicated when I and my family went out to Jamaica for Christmas.
Plate 72

The Cove in the Almanacs:
A property called Cove listed to Letellier, Ann, Cove, 13/2 in 1817 Almanac. 1818, 11 slaves and 2 stock. 11 in 1831.
1829 Cove Pen listed to Thomas Tate, 36 slaves, he also owned Old Shafston & Rotherwood, both significant pens. in 1831, Cove listed as 33 slaves.
In 1891 & 1910, a property called Cove listed to William Hogg, a pen post office Blue Fields. Was this the same family as Thomas Hogg, one of Rebecca Wright's executors.
Black River Church Plate 73

View from the southeast. The tombs are on the other side of the wall, under the tree.



Parents: John Maitland and Rebecca Dunston Wright.
His and Ann’s story and those of their descendants, is told in the Jamaica Maitland volume.




MT: b. 8/2/1788  m.29/7/1806  d. 23/10/1833.
Parents: Andrew Wright and Ruth Sinclair.

Issue of Francis & Ann Maitland:
1/1. Frances Ann Maitland, 1807-1818.
1/2. Andrew Wright Maitland, 1809-1856
1/3. John Maitland, 1810-1853
1/4. Francis Maitland, 1811-1842
1/5. Richard Maitland, 1813-1814
1/6. Emma Rebecca Maitland, 1815-?
1/7. George Maitland, 1817-1850
1/8. Alexander Maitland, 1819-18353
1/9. Septimus Maitland, 1821-1902.
1/10. Octavius Maitland, 1823-1840.




Buried: 10/7/1795, in the Church Yard, St Elizabeth (prob Black River).
Will of 1789, proved 1795, she was of St Elizabeth, free mulatto.

A tavern is described in Journal of a West Indian Proprietor of 1816, which tavern was probably owned by the Forbes, see extract below. Note re opening.[12]
It is noticeable that illegitimate children bore a variety of surnames, not always related to the mother’s name.

She was manumitted 25 May 1756[13]:
“...Know ye that I the said Alexander Forbes (Tavern Keeper [of St Elizabeth]) for and in consideration of the good will which I have and bear to my Mulatto Slave named Patty and for and in consideration of the many good services done and performed by her to me and other good causes and considerations me hereunto moving...”

A Thomas Penford, butcher, bought land in Kingston 1730. TP, Planter, bur 16 March 1782, Murdered.

Land and other Transactions

    Patty’s first recorded transaction was in 1766[14] when she bought a mulatto slave named Sam from Lewis Vassall of St Elizabeth; she was then a spinster of St Elizabeth. The Vassal family had extensive lands granted in the Black River area.
   She is recorded as buying 3 properties in Westmoreland, the first of which was purchased from Alexander & Mary Forbes (planter of St Elizabeth) in 1769: 12 ½ acres on the sea[15], and as described in the deed, looks on the Sloane 1707 (& Bowen 1747) to have been a little way west of Scott’s Cove, Alford & White Savanna being marked there. J£60 sold to Patty Pentford 12.5 acres of ground in Westmoreland, part of 23 acres of land patented to Morice Rowlinson, bound South East on White Savannah Gulley, South West on the Sea, Northerly on Lewis Alfoand? (probably Alford), and Westerly on Derrick Durrant.
    In 1770[16], Patty Penford of St Elizabeth sold to Lewis Vassall esq of St Elizabeth mulatto man slave called Sammy for £90.
    In 1790[17], Patty Penford, free mulatto of Westmoreland, sold to Robert Johnston planter of Westmoreland for £45 negro man Mingo. Her mark

   The next land purchase was Little Culloden, bought 1778[18] from Thomas Taylor of Hannover, practitioner of Physic and surgery of Hannover for J£200 .. convey Little Culloden containing 96 acres and one half .. bounding southerly on the sea easterly on Great Culloden Westerly on Ankerdown (Ankendown?). She left this property (or the cash equivalent) to daughter Margaret Forbes. This property was on Parker’s Bay and Little Culloden was a guest house in 2010. By 2017, much of this area has disappeared under a Sandalls resort estate. This property was later sold in about 1795 to Thomas Hogg, although the conveyance was lost as shown by a deed[19] between Hogg & Rebecca confirming the conveyance:
“Rebecca Wright, woman of colour of St Elizabeth & Thomas Hogg, of Westmoreland, planter. Whereas Patty Penford, free woman of colour of St Elizabeth & mother of Rebecca Wright abt 1795 sold to Thomas Hogg Little Culloden but sd conveyance mislaid, Patty Penford since dcd, So Rebecca Wright sold (again) to Thomas Hogg 96 acres of Little Culloden N on Cumberland Valley, W on Aukendown, S on sea E on Colluden, now or lately  in possession of Walter Tomlinson”.

    The last and biggest was the Cove Pen bought[20] in 1785 from Thomas Hogg for J£1000 (2016 sterling: £100,000P, 350,000W). The boundary of the Pen begins on the road from Black River to Sav-la-Mar on the eastern edge of Scott’s Cove. She granted to Thomas Hogg 15 feet square around the grave of Thomas George, the owner in 1775; nothing has been checked, but the assumption would be that Thomas Hogg inherited the Cove from Thomas George. This is the property marked as Penford’s in the 1804 map. She left the Cove to Rebecca who in turn left it to Francis Maitland. The Pen bordered Easterly on Major General James Bannister[21] now Font Hill Estate Northerly on Thomas Parris and Benjamin Heath formerly Griffith Jenkin and Westerly and Southerly on the Sea. The “Journal of the Royal Agricultural and Commercial Society of British Guiana, 1919” has a good description of the settlement of this area by Bannister with the Surinam settlers (PDF held).
     Deed 334F116 shows the Plat (Plate M 01) for The Cove as surveyed in when she bought it in 1785. This plat is repeated in the sale of The Cove to Thomas Hogg by Francis Maitland in 1809 for J£1500.
    This image shows the plat superimposed on a google earth image; the fit of the coast is good when rotated by a few degrees (maps were drawn to magnetic north). The boundary line NNW from the SE corner follows closely a fence line which can be seen on the earth image. The SE portion of the plan, the Eastern and southern lines and first NE line are still shown as boundaries on the Jamaica Land Agency map, the NE line aligned with a visible fence line on Google Earth.

Plate 70

Deed 334F116 redrawn.

     In addition to these 3 main purchases, in her will, she had a house on Black River Bay and 3½ acres adjoining the Lower Works Pen. An estate map of 1792[22] shows “Patty’s Com(mon) Pasture” being 42 acres adjoining on its Eastern side the Church land. This was probably the land referred to in Rebecca’s will as being “behind the Church”, and was probably land mentioned in Rebecca’s will, as was “The Grounds”.

Extract from an estate plan of Lower Works Pen, the land is still partly under cultivation in 2020. Plate W74
     She also had a property called the Grounds adjoining Lower Works Pen on the northern edge of Black River. I suspect that this was her “retirement home”, with Margaret Forbes occupying Little Culloden and Rebecca Wright the Cove with her 2 boys, Francis and Richard Maitland.

Named fully in Hyem Cohen's will: subsequently found in Privilege Bill.

    In 1784, she was the subject of a Privilege Bill[23], granting her, her daughters and grand children the rights of whites: she seems to have been a woman of substance, and baptised etc. These were relatively unusual, only about 650 cases being recorded in Jamaica. They were necessary to enable persons of colour to own more than £2000 worth of property.
Courtesy of Dan Livesay Jan 2008[ii] (see notes). See Jamaica General Volume for more on this.
23 December 1784: “…Patty Penford of the parish of Saint Elizabeth a free Mulatto woman and Rebecca Wright and Margaret Forbes her Daughters and Francis Maitland the Son of the said Rebecca Wright and Elizabeth Littlehales the Daughter of the said Margaret Forbes to the same rights…”
They are described as having been baptized, Christian, and having received communion. Patty is possessed of “real and personal Estate in this Island to a very Considerable value which she intends to bestow on the said Rebecca Wright and Margaret Forbes and their Children."

    In her will[24] of 1789, proved 1795, she was of St Elizabeth, free mulatto.
No inventory found.
To Rebecca Wright, free quadroon… Cove Penn abt 214 acres… for life and then to her 2 sons, Francis & Richard Maitland...
18 slaves and their children to Rebecca Wright
Half of my mares at the Pen of Mr Andrew Wright to Rebecca...
Daughter Margaret Forbes. Land called Little Culloden 96.5 acres, or if sold before Patty’s death the resulting sum.
11 slaves and their children to Margaret Forbes
To grand daughter Elizabeth Littlehayes 2 slaves and my black mare
To Francis Maitland 2 cows one mare and the remaining half of the mares at Andrew Wrights pen.
To Rebecca and Margaret
dwelling house etc on Black River bay ..
& also land adjoining Lowerworks Pen called the Grounds 3.5 acres.
Remainder to daughters Rebecca & Margaret.

Margaret Forbes by the time of Patty’s will was probably a concubine of Hyem Cohen, a rich man, and may have been the younger of the 2 daughters mentioned. As she was probably supported by him, she would have received rather less than Rebecca, whose good friend John Maitland was by this time dead.

Journal of a West Indian Proprietor  - Forbes Tavern

The following extract very probably refers to the Tavern once owned by the Forbes. There were very few in the area, and while Lewis’s visit was in 1816 some 50 years after Patty probably left, the description gives an idea. Patty had bought property from the Forbes’s in 1769 and 1778, the latter in Bluefields Bay. She later bought the pen at The Cove as described.

From: Journal of a West Indian Proprietor by MG Lewis, published in 1839[25]. Page 157, 1 February 1816. (also briefly referred to by Cundall in his 1915 History of Jamaica) (full copy available as PDF, held by AM - 2022)

Between eight and nine we reached a solitary tavern, called Blue-fields, where the horses rested for a couple of hours. It had a very pretty garden on the sea-shore, which contained a picturesque cottage, exactly resembling an ornamental Hermitage; and leaning against one of the pillars of its porch we found a young girl, who exactly answered George Colman's description of Yarico,
"quite brown, but extremely genteel, like a Wedgewood teapot." She told us that she was a Spanish creole, who had fled with her mother from the disputes between the royalists and independents in the island of Old Providence[26]; and the owner of the tavern being a relation of her mother, he had permitted the fugitives to establish themselves in his garden-cottage, till the troubles of their own country should be over.
She talked perfectly good English, for she said that there were many of that nation established in Providence. Her name was Antonietta. Her figure was light and elegant; her black eyes mild and bright; her countenance intelligent and good-humoured; and her teeth beautiful to perfection: altogether, Antonietta was by far the handsomest creole that I have ever seen.
February 2: ...Yesterday the only very striking point of view (although the whole of the road was picturesque) was "the Cove," situated between Blue-fields and Lakovia, and which resembled the most beautiful of the views of coves to be found in "Cook's Voyages"...

As Patty would have known this place! Plate 70

White House & Vicinity (Jamaica, A Visitor’s Guide; Harry S. Pariser)

The ruined 19thC castle in the grounds of Auchindown Farm is rumoured to have been built by one Archibald Campbell to house Napoleon. Its two towers are, rather absurdly, connected underground. The 300 room Sandals South Coast is slated for construction near here. See the early morning fish market at Whitehouse, where dugout canoes are still constructed. At now nearly landlocked Scott’s Cove the Spanish once unloaded munitions and supplies for the colonists who remained to fight off the British. Vendors sold fish and bammy here.
   Accommodations: Basic rooms in White House are available above the fast food place. White House Beach Villa is to the right after the town. The Jamara Villa... Dine at the Auchindown Restaurant. .... Attractive Natania’s Guest House (969-2513; Whitehouse PO) at Little Culloden has a garden, pool and beach; ... The Little Culloden Villa (979-9200) offers five a/c bedrooms, including two in a gingerbread-style cottage. It comes with cook, housekeeper, and satellite TV.

Sandals South Coast appears to be just to the NW of New Hope (Culloden), between there & Auchindown.

25/1/1794: Jamaica Gazette, ....Alexander Forbes of

Roses Valley,

The parish records for Rebecca’s baptism claim that Patty was lately a slave belonging to Roderick Rose. Rose’s Valley in St Elizabeth, is named after the first owner, William Rose (Jamaica Almanacs, 1811) of this now defunct estate. Roses Valley is now a village in the centre of which is a Baptist Church, There is also Roses Valley Post Office.                 DPNJ.
Rose Hill is only about 2 miles from Giddy Hall and was subsequently owned by Francis Maitland’s son John (1845 Almanac).


1/1. Rebecca Dunston Wright. B 5/1749

1/2. Margaret Forbes. B abt 1758

From  (Hyem Cohen will & PRIVILEGE Act)
Margaret the base child of Patty a free mulatto about 1 year old baptised 13 June 1759, St ElizabethV1/19. No surname or father given, but deduced from later documents.

As Patty was owned by Alexander Forbes until 1756, it is probable that Margaret was his daughter.

Described as a free quadroon in Hyem's will of 1803, and Margaret already deceased, Hyem refers to her will in his will.
Mrs Margaret Forbes buried 21/8/1797, White, Northampton (PR) – this may have been her, but may have been another. It is probable that this was her as Rebecca seems to have had sole possession of the Black River properties at Patty’s death.
Will not found but many other Forbes about.
Hyem Cohen died about 1803 (ref will & inventory)

In 1826 Hymen Cohen bought Berlin, Potsdam, Albion & Corby Castle estates in St Elizbeth from Henry Cerf, comprising 3614 acres & & 945 slaves (deed 742/152). He was said to be the son of Moses Cohen.

Issue of Margaret Forbes:
of Mr Clayton Littlehayes by Margaret Forbes, St ElizabethPR:
Of these, only Elizabeth is mentioned in the Privilege Act, so John & Martha probably died before 1784.
Clayton Littlehayes & Co advertsed in the Jamaica Mercury 11-18 December 1779 as agent for a ship sailing to Lancaster. So a merchant? He appears in the newspapers in partnership with Robert Russell: the partnership was dissolved by the death of Clayton, advertised 9 Nov 1781. He died 25/3/1781 (JG)
2/1. John Littlehayes, b 2/8/1777, ch 12/10/1777, non white.
2/2. Martha Littlehayes, b 28/12/1778, ch 4/3/1780, non white.
2/3. Elizabeth Littlehayes, B 21/9/1779, ch 3/3/1779, non white

Of Hyem Cohen, from his 1803 will (aged 51 at death in Black River) and Rebecca’s will as nephews & nieces:
These are not mentioned in the Privilege Act, so were probably born after 1784, but the Jewish connection may have excluded them.
2/4. Catherine Cohen, aft 1778

A Catherine Cohen married Michael Muirhead of the Tomlinson family.

2/5. Caroline Cohen, aft 1778
2/6. Alexander Cohen aft 1782 – changed name to Cowan – as son of Hyem.
2/7. Henry Cohen, aft 1778
This maybe him, from Jamaica family search site:
Henry Cohen was born 1796, and died December 1846, Age: 50 years
Burial: December 17, 1846, New burial ground, Black River, St. Elizabeth
Occupation: 1846, Domestic
Residence: 1846, Black River, St. Elizabeth

1/3. John Pinford, son of Patty Pinford,

The Illeg Son of Patty PInford a free mulatto, b 1767 bap 28/11/1769PR St Elizabeth. No other mention of him in wills or otherwise. Assumed died early.

Pinford, Charles, bapt St Elizabeth 12/6/1795 aged 65, Negro belonging to Rebecca Wright.

Penford, Martha, A free mulat? Ch. 16/12/1784PR, Westmoreland.
Thomas Penford, planter, buried St Catherine 16/3/1782, murdered.
Martha Penford baptised Westmoreland, 16/12/1784, free “Mul”, no parents maybe adult?

Act of Piviledge

An Act to Entitle Patty Penford of St Elizabeth a free Mulatto woman and Rebecca Wright, Margaret Forbes her daughters and Francis Maitland the son of the Rebecca Wright and Elizabeth Littlehouse the daughter of Margaret Forbes to the same Rights and Privileges with English Subjects born of White Parents under certain Provisions---
(Abreviated – see Wills volume 5.4.2 for full copy)
...Patty Penford, Rebecca Wright, Margaret Forbes Francis Maitland and Elizabeth Littlehales have been Baptized Educated and Instructed in the principles of the Christian Religion and in the Communion of the Church of England. Patty Penford is Possessed of real and personal Estate in this Island to a very Considerable Value which she intends to bestow on Rebecca Wright and Margaret Forbes and their Children Francis Maitland and Elizabeth Littlehales in such manner as to raise them above the level of people of colour in General but for the Unfortunate Circumstances of their Birth the said Patty Penford being a Mulatto and her said daughters being Quadroons, and their Children Mustees they may be subject and liable to the same pain and penalties as free Mulattos who have no property altho' the Children of the said Francis Maitland born of White Women and the Children of the said Elizabeth Littlehales begotten by White Men will be entitled to by Law to all the Rights and Privileges of White People. ...shall henceforth be deemed and taken for and free and natural born subjects of this Island ... and that they ... shall be entitled to have ... all the  Rights Privileges humanities and Advantages whatsoever as if they ... were born of White Ancestors ... Provided that nothing in this Act Shall ... confer upon (them) any Power Capacity of Ability of giving Testimony against any White Person or Persons in any Trusts or Lower Court or Criminal Except in Criminal prosecutions for Robberies Assaults Batteries Breaches of the Peace or any ?? Committes against them or either of them. also that nothing in this Act .... confers upon Francis Maitland any Power ... of voting either in the Council or Assembly of this Island or of holding or enjoying any Office Civil or Military or Serving as Jurors or Vestrymen or of Voting at any Election whatsoever
fifteenth November 1784.

3.1    Forbes Information

The Forbes are of interest because Patty Penford was manumitted by Alexander Forbes, tavern keeper, of St Elizabeth in 1756 and Rebecca, her daughter was sold in 1749 by Thomas Forbes of St Elizabeth to Francis Wright.
MI St Catherine’s:

Arms (As Forbes of New hall), Azure on a chev. between three boars' heads erased argent, as many unicorns' heads erased, gules. Crest, A cubit arm grasping a snake, gules.

Alexander Forbes will of 1727 of St Catherine has wife Christian, son David, brothers William & John, cousin William. Plus a son mentioned in a codicil made very soon before his death in late 1729 early 1730. This could have been the Alexander who had children in St Elizabeth in the 1760’s.
1723 Deed[27]: Btw Thoms Pestall of St Jago gent & Elizabeth, his wife and Alex Forbes of St C re transfer of buildings etc in St Jago & mortgage transfer.
1723 Deed[28]: Alexander Forbes, esq of St Catherine, Richard Rigby of Kingston re 160A in St Andrew. AF makes over 1/2 to RR for 5/-

1762[29], Deed: Alexander Forbes to Jno Watson Alexander Forbes, a Stillman (distiller)? & Mary his wife  of Westmoreland mortgage slaves Ref George Raxted & son Richard refers to Pallastine? Estate in St E. 300A & 69 slaves £2200.

Scots in the West Indies, 1707-1857, Google Books extract, By David Dobson
Alexander Forbes was born in Edinburgh 27/7/1689. son of Sir David Forbes of Newhall, died 15/11/1729 (re MI Spanish Town)SWI

Alexander Forbes born 17th December 1733, bap Kingston 13th February 1733-4, son of Margaret Edwards by Alexander Forbes. He died in Kingston in 1770.SWI

It is possible that this Alexander was the father of Patty’s Forbes daughter.

Alexander Forbes married Mrs Mary Thelwell, St Elizabeth 9/8/1758, both white, by licence. No trace of Mary’s first husband, but probably Simon.
Mary Forbes renounced exec? Of will of Simon Thelwell. 31/5/1759.
Simon & Mary Thelwell had issue in Westmoreland and St Elizabeth in the 1750’s. (see below)

Issue of Alexander Forbes & Mary, St Elizabeth
Helen Forbes, b 7 11/1759, ch 2/2/1761 P22
Ann Forbes, b 27/6/1761, ch 6/11/1762 P23 died Kigston 14/11/1842
Mary Forbes, b. 19/12/1762, ch 19/12/1765 P27
Alexander Forbes b. 27/4/1766, ch abt 10/1767 P28

Alexander Forbes born 1761, late in Jamaica, died in Aberdeen 15/2/1814
Alexander Forbes, born 1800, died in Kingston, 17/7/1833.
William Forbes, Jamaica, PRO 1773 will – Nat Archives show merchant of London.

Planters from North East Scotland often gave their Caribbean properties names that reminded them of home. In St Elizabeth’s Parish, Jamaica, Alexander Forbes named his large sugar plantation Aberdeen. This was near Accompong Town in the north of St Elizabeth.

Also Dorothy Forbes, dau of Alexander Forbes & Hannah Prince, b 8/12/1758, ch Kingston 14/6/1761, p154. HP free negro.

Jamaica, 1670 – 1866. England captured Jamaica from Spain in 1655 but Spain did not cede the colony to England until 1670. In the early-eighteenth-century, many Scottish settlers were clergy, merchants and colonial officials. For example, Alexander Forbes was noted as a provost marshal. However, convicts were also sent to the island, including another Alexander Forbes in 1747.

Alexander Forbes was born in 1726 and was from Wemyss, Fife. He is noted as being a “servant to the Pretender,” the nickname for the son of deposed King James II of England and James VII of Scotland.  He served in the Duke of Perth's Regiment, was captured in war, and then imprisoned at Larbert, Stirling and Tilbury Prisons. On 31 March 1747, he left London aboard the St George or the Carteret and arrived in Jamaica on 31 March 1747[30].

3.2    Hogg, George & Thelwell Notes

Of interest as Thomas Hogg sold The Cove to Patty, and then bought it back from Francis M. There was a plot at the Cove for a grave of Thomas George who owned it in 1755. The George & Thelwell families were connected and Mary, widowThelwell married Alwxander Forbes:

Simon Thelwell will of 1729[31], Carpenter of Westmoreland. Wife Sarah dau Mary 7 negros an R&R to sons Thomas, Simon, William & Lewes
Simon Thelwell Will 1757[32]. Wife Mary for life, children Thomas Alfred & Simon George (by Mary) cousin Elizabeth George, dau of Alex of Hannover, planter.
Thomas Alford Thelwell ch St E of W’land 24/4/1753, son of Simon & Mary.
Also 2 children of ST & negro wench, Quinn, Thomas (8), & James (3).

Thomas George, Will 1745[33]  of Westmoreland. Estate to cousin Mary Thelwell dau of uncle Simon Thelwell dcd.

Thomas George Will 1742[34] TG of Westmoreland Millwright wife Margaret land & house near the Free School and after to Philip son of David Dehany of Bristol and Eliza Haynes

4         BOOTH FAMILY


Booth Introduction

    The paternal grandmother of Ann (Wright) Maitland, the wife of Francis Maitland (b 1784), was Anna Mary Booth whose family were some of the very early arrivals in Jamaica from Barbados. Her great grandfather was one of two George Booths in Jamaica in the 1660-80’s, the most probable being George Booth whose will was proved in 1676 (“GB1”) and that he was a migrant from Barbados, becoming a planter in Vere and later Clarendon; GB1 makes reference to property in Barbados in his will, but no direct evidence of his time in Barbados has been found, although there were some Booths on that island. The other was styled Captain George Booth.
     Both George Booth familes in Jamaica left a long line of descendants. They both started off in the plains of Clarendon.
    There were 4 George Booths in Jamaica in the period 1665-1715, who were probably interrelated. It was a pity they had a rather limited number of Christian names to use! They divide into 2 lines, those of GB1 and the descendants of Captain George Booth, who had a grant of 1200 acres of land in Clarendon in 1665, and further small, contiguous grants in 1674.
     Captain George of Jamaica was fairly consistently referred to by that rank (probably militia rather then marine) in the early deeds. There are several mentions of George Booth senior & junior between 1683-93 (a number of deed books in this date range have been destroyed). The sons of Capt George & George (son of George 1) would have been too young to have been making any of these transactions in this period. Therefore, the most likely scenario is that the references to George Booth senior in 1683-93 refer to Capt George, and junior to George son of George 1. A later deed in 1719 makes it clear that George Booth senior who had 300 acres granted in 1683 as senior was one and the same as Captain George Booth. Benjamin Booth, son of GB1, GB senior & junior had land grants on the same date in 1683, Bejamin’s and GB senior were contiguous patents.
     Frances Booth, GB1’s wife (probably his 2nd) refers to a cousin, George Booth and sons in law (step sons) George and Benjamin, sons of the our George; Capt George was probably a relative, maybe by marriage, of Frances Booth; the use of cousin encompasses a broad range of relationships, as would uncle. Capt George had a number of descendants: they can mostly be positively identified by their share in the 1200 acres, and a later one left a substantial sugar estate in Vere in 1769.
    The only plausible way that the two early Georges fit together is for Capt George & GB1 to be (1st?) cousins: this explains Frances’s will reference to her cousin George Booth and for the will reference by GB1’s son, GB2, to his uncle George. The relationship is also reinforced by the juztapostion of the 1683 grants and GB1 having land at St Jago in his will, just north of Captain George’s 1665 grant. The ages and generations do not fit for GB2, will of 1702-5, to be a grandson of either GB1 or Captain George. A very tenuous support for this idea is that GB2’s will refers to his “uncle George Booth, whose grand mother was Jane Warren”, Capt George’s surviving daughter being named Jane: there were Warrens in Barbados in 1720’s & St Catherine in 1670’s.
    Later generations probably were linked by marriages into the Downer family; GB2 probably married a Mary Downer in the late 1600’s, while the wife of George, son of Captain George Booth, was probably Milborough Downer, possibly the niece of GB2’s wife Mary. 

On this basis, our line runs from GB1,
his son GB2 (will of 1702/5),
his eldest son Thomas (connected by land in will of George and then in Thomas’s wife’s will, who mentions g/dau Anna Maria, and
Thomas’s son Henry, father of Anna Maria, mother of Andrew Wright.

    GB1 had several children, amongst whom was another George, our ancestor (GB2); in his will dated 1676, proved 1678, his then wife Frances was named along with his surviving issue and some grandchildren; he specifically mentions stock and negroes in Barbados. Frances only survived him by about a year, and describes the sons in George 1’s will as her sons in law. She also mentions her son James Garrett. Frances was therefore George’s 2nd wife. Bearing in mind that GB1’s will was only written 21 years after the invasion, from the dates and implied ages of George 1’s sons, they were Barbados born, and that their mother probably died there. It is probable that his children were born outside Jamaica as they appear in his will to be adults and in the case of 2 or 3 of his daughters, married with children: their births must predate the invasion.
   Our line continues to George 1’s son George (GB2 - 4.2), who was owner of similar mixed lands, some sugar, some for other pen crops. Next came GB2’s  son Thomas (4.3) who was a millwright, and owned some land and then Thomas’s son Henry (4.4), also a millwright, father of Anna Mary Booth, Andrew Wright’s mother. The line through these sons is fairly clear, partly from identifiable land legacies and other family members mentioned. In the 1680’s a number of land transactions were made by George Booth(s): mostly, they were described as junior or senior. It is difficult to differentiate between who they were. It seems most likely that our George, son of George 1, as junior, was building up his land holdings.

Booths in Barbados

     There is no direct mention either of our Georges in Barbados, or their arrival in Jamaica; the only George Booth, referred to as Captain, being on that Island in the late 17thC, when he married a widow, Elizabeth Dash[35]. There are several reports of 3 Booth brothers arriving in New England about 1652, Robert, Richard & John, sons of Richard Booth of Cheshire. It is suggested that one of them, John, spent some time in Barbados, and that another brother, William lived there. I suspect that this Cheshire connection is wishful thinking, although the Chester family were significant, and fell foul of the Civil War in England.
   However it seems likely that the Captain George Booth mentioned as a neighbour to Thomas Booth in two land conveyances of 1669 in St Lucy parish, in the north of Barbados, was our George Booth. There is no mention any Booths on Blaythwaite’s 1675 map or the earlier 1657 map; but Jacob English, who seems to have bought Captain George Booth’s St Lucy land about 1669[36] does appear.

     There were Booths in the north of Barbados, including a Captain George Booth as a neighbour of Burtons in a deed of 1699, which implied that Captain George’s land was by then occupied by another owner. There was still a Captain George Booth in Barbados in 1702, with a wife Elizabeth (from her father’s will). The majority of the white male population of Barbados and, to a lesser extent, Jamaica, were in the militia, and were often referred to by their rank.
      Sir William Booth was known to be there as a merchant of “Black Jacks” by 1685 when he was receiving convicts from Monmouth’s rebellion for their 10 years service; his daughter married Abel Alleyne, a name which does appear on the maps. The way in which GB1’s sons, George & Benjamin acquired land after their father’s death would imply a significant legacy, presumably from the Barbados assets. There was a Capt George Booth mentioned in a Barbados will of 1694.

There were several others:
Ralph Booth, St Lucy, 1647
Thomas Booth, All Saints 1656. St Lucy, wife Mary 1669. Refers to neighbouring land of Captain George Booth.
Elizabeth Booth, formerly Dash, 1669.

Barbados St Michael:
ELIZABETH BOOTH, WIDOW ....... OB. FEB. 12, 1721, AET. 67.

The George Booth Conundrum - Summary

    There were a number of George Booths in the Clarendon area between 1665 and 1700. They were probably all related, but divided into 2 main lines, and seemed to acquire land close to each other.

George Booth GB1 D 1676-7 – the eldest, born about 1630.

George Booth jnr, GB2, D 1702-5, father of our ancestor, Thomas.

Probable son of GB1, born about 1650-60
“GB2”, (will 19/9/1702, 29/3/1705),
This is George Booth jnr in the 1680’s. Wives Mary & Jane.
The 500 acres Pindars River land patented in 1683 to GB jnr is specified in his will, therefore, in 1683, he was GB jnr.
By the positive identification of George Booth Capt/senior and his son George, by elimination this George Booth must be the son of GB1 above.
He was probably too old to have been the son of Captain Booth.

From his will:

Issue by Mary Downer:
Thomas Booth, Died abt 1725, our ancestor.
Eliza Booth (b bef 1681)

Issue by Jane:
George Booth (GB3) prob D abt 1720-5
Samuel Booth (D 1733)
Simon Booth (D bef 1764)
William Booth (D bef 1714)
Sarah Booth
Henry Booth – not in GB’s will

George Booth “GB3”, son of GB2, born soon after 1681 (under 21 at father’s will, but an executor).

Also in the family were:
George Booth, son of Benjamin D 1715, son of Benjamin, son of GB1, b 1697-1715.
George Booth, B aft 1715, d aft 1754. Son of Samuel, son of GB2

Capt George Booth, snr D 1694-5, probably the 2nd oldest,

as a Captain and grantee by 1665, he must have been born about 1635-40.
Captain George and his family have been studied, as much as anything, to differentiate them from our direct line and because his grandson, George (1707-1769) built up a big sugar estate in Vere.
Captain George was granted 1200 acres in 1665 in Clarendon.

Capt George Booth (snr) (will 20/9/1694, 29/4/1695, the surveyor?);
George Booth “snr”
He may have been a cousin of George 1’s wife Frances and would have been born before about 1640 (land grant and Capt by 1665). His origins are not known, but if he was connected to George (D1676), he may well also have come from Barbados.
This must have been the George Booth who was referred to as “snr” in the 1680’s.
Confirmed by the 3 deeds in vol 55A with John Booth, son of George Booth:

The first deed refers to the 1200 acres and the will of 1694, 55A/15
The second refers to land granted to George snr in 1688.
Land granted in 1683 to GB snr is referred to as Lt GB by John Moore’s adjacent patent, confusing because of his earlier title capt.

A deed with Thomas Bull, referring to land in Milk River, calls him GB snr. GB1 had no land at Milk River.
It appears that the land of Captain George was subject to partition rulings in the Supreme Court in 1713 – it is not know if these were the same action.

Jane Booth/Bodle
George Booth d 1707, son GB minor 1707-69
John Booth.
Thomas Booth.
Simon Booth.

George Booth, son of Capt GB, D 1707

son of Capt George, between 1674-1707
His will refers to Jane Bodle as his sister and brother John and by implication from deeds in 1717 referring to George Booth, a minor & Capt Booth’s lands. He would have been too young to have produced GB2’s children in the right timeframe.

George Booth, G/son of Capt GB, 1707-1769

A Mrs Booth died in Clarendon, Jan 1799[37]

A George Booth was listed as owning the ship Achilles, built in Bristol in 1820[38].

Surveyor George Booth

     Around 1675 until 1689, a George Booth appears as a surveyor on a number of plats, at least in St Elizabeth, Vere & Clarendon for, inter alia, The Booths & Sinclairs. The duties of a surveyor were laid out in an act of 1682. They had to be certified by a panel of 3 other surveyors and were forbidden from surveying their own land[39]. This probably confirms that Surveyor George was not of the earlier George’s immediate family. Benjamin, son of George Booth 1 left surveying instruments in his inventory.
    This could have been GB2, as other patents to the elder George Booths and Benjamin were surveyed by George Booth.

Higman Jamaica Surveyed has a list of Surveyors from 1700

Duties of a surveyor were laid out in an act of 1682. They had to be certified by a panel of 3 other surveyors. They were forbidden from surveying their own land[40].

Henry Booths

Somewhat later, there were 3 contemporary Henry Booths:

Henry, son of Jane & probably GB2 probably born about 1705 died betwween 23/8/1738 & 29/11/1739. Wife Mary Bonny. Seems to be referred to as jnr

Henry, son of Henry & Mary (Bonny), b 1735.

Henry, millwright of St C, son of Thomas, millwright of St Catherine, son of GB2 Prob b abt 1700, Died between 11/1742 & 6/1743, this must be snr. While he was of a later generation than Henry son of Jane, his father Thomas was probably the son of GB2’s first wife. Thomas’s first born son could easily have been born before Thomas’s youngest brother, born after GB2’s death.

Booth Time line

1665: Capt George Booth granted 1200A St Jago by Cartwheel Savanna, Clarendon.

This land partitioned between 4 sons in 1713, George, John, Simon & Thomas.
¼ to son Simon sold to Francis Scarlett 53/229-264 25/5/1717
¼ to son John. John sold ½ in 1717 to George Brooks[41]. Other ½ to John Bodle 1718 58/45.
George & Thomas retained their share after 1720.

1670: Deed, George Booth esq buys 100 acres at Withywood from John Hill on the Clarks. (GB1)
1672: Capt George Booth granted 140 acres Savannah land in Clarendon.
1674: Capt George Booth granted 187 acres in 2 plots, Clarendon. Adjoins 1665.
1677: Frances Booth will, wife of GB1.
1676-8: George Booth 1 will, Inv dated 8/2/1679.
1678: George Booth & wife Mary sold small plot to Elizabeth Crosse: “GB2”.
1678: George Booth jnr as admon to Margery Booth, buys small plot of land similar to Elizabeth Cross’s. Ent 1686.
1678: Benjamin Booth & Jane Boulton married.
1678: Benjamin Booth & Nicholas Boulton re land use & partnership, re marriage.
1679: Benjamin Booth & widow Boulton deed.
1679: George Booth 1 Inventory.
1683: Grants:

GB Snr 300 acres in Clarendon, N of Poris Mountain.
GB jnr 500 acres on Pinders River area?

This land went to GB jnr’s sons: son George sold his 1/3 1718[42]. Wife Jane’s ¼??

Ben B 419 acres Clarendon, 3 plots – 340, 60 & 19 N of Poris Mtn.

1684: Benjamin Booth granted 800 acres Clarendon.
1686: GB jnr buys land from Cornelius Adams ref Margery Booth.
1686: George Booth snr buys 67 acres from Robert Varney (plat copied) in Vere, under Brazilatto Mountains.
1686: Benjamin Booth will & inventory, planter of Clarendon, son of GB1
1686: George Booth snr borrows £100 from John Ashley secured on 16¾ acres.
1686: George Booth jnr buys 20 acres from John Downer. Vere, Braziletto mtns.
1686: George Booth jnr buys 584 acres from Wellicott.
1687: George Booth jnr buys 5 acres from Peter Stiles.
1687: George Booth (snr) lets 16 acres in Withywood to Daniel Smith, similar to Ashley deed.
1687: George Booth jnr buys 17.5 acres from Stephen Jackson, pat to John Pusey.
1687: George Booth jnr buys 26 acres from Henry Beck. Plat to Elizabeth Wright.
1687: George Booth buys 40 acres in Vere from Hugh Gardiner.
1687: GB jnr admon to Margery Booth snr
1687: George Booth jnr buys 584 acres from Francis Wallascott in Vere.

FW adjoins Elizabeth Wright’s 26 acres. 18/172.
GB3 sold 98 acres of his share to Jane & Henry Booth, 1714.

1687: George Booth snr patent & plat for 20 & 3 acres in Vere & Clarendon on Henry Vizard et al.

Inherited by 4 sons.
1/2 seems to have gone to son John Booth. 1717 JB sold to George Brooks.

1688: George Booth snr partnership with Thomas Bull for 7 years.
1689: George Booth patented 5 acres in Clarendon, part of Downer land, and sold it soon after.
1691: Will of Thomas Rodon of Clarendon
1694: Capt George Booth will, of Vere.
1697: Mr George Booth snr granted 23 acres Vere.
1702/5: George Booth will, son of “GB1”
1702: Aaron Vodry will, prob husband of Eliza of GB2.
1702: Benjamin & Thomas Booth let 12 acres St Jago Savanna to Campbell.
1703: Mr George Booth granted 300 acres, Vere, Camps Savanna. Prob “GB2”.
1707: George Booth will, millwright of Vere.
1707: will of Thomas Sutton
1709: An act for confirming a sale made by Jane Booth to Joseph Dunston.
1709: Cary Bodel & Jane sale of land ref Elizabeth (Booth) Bodle.
1709: Thomas Sutton will
1709: Act to split Varney land in Withywood – GB2 may have had some.
1710: Thomas Booth & Jeremiah Downer re Varney land.
1711: Thomas Booth will & inventory, of St Elizabeth.
1711: Thomas Sutton will re Judith Booth, dau of GB1.
1712: John Booth sold land to George & Henry Downer.
1712: George & Rebecca Booth sold land to Robert Cargill.
1712: Benjamin Booth lets land to Andrew Wright.
1713: GB3 sold land to Peter Gravett
1713: GB3 sold land to Robert Cargill.
1714: writs against George Booth – probably “GB3”.
1714: writs against John Booth – probably son of Capt GB.
1714: Branker Booth sold land at Milk River.
1714: John Booth & Thomas Booth snr share agreement
1714: Thomas Booth mortgage on slaves.
1714: George Booth & Rebecca sold land to Peter Gravett.
1714: George Booth gives Peter Gravett a mortgage on land.
1714: Jane Booth lets slaves & stock to son Henry Booth.
1714: Henry Booth (GB2) & mother jane buy land from GB3.
1714: George Booth to Jane Booth re land in 18/172 above.
1715: Benjamin Booth will, of Vere.
1715: Thomas Booth (TB,GB2) lets land to Thomas Saunderson
1715: Jane & Henry granted 40 acres, Vere.
1716: Cary Bodle mortgages slaves & stock.
1716: George Booth sold to Jonathan Facey 22.75 acres of inherited land.

Not part of the Pinders River land.

1717: John Booth, son of Capt, sold ½ of 300A to George Brooks.
1717: John Booth & G&H Downer re legacies to GB minor 11½ acres. & 12½A.
1717: John Booth & Jasper Handasyd re JH’s wife’s land.
1717: Thomas Booth sold 80 acres St Elizabeth
1717: Simon & Rebecca Booth sold some of Capt GB’s land
1718: George Booth sold to Robert Fisher 1/3 of Pinders River land.
1718: Cary & Jane Bodle mortgage on estate in Clarendon.
1718: Thomas Booth (TB,GB2) sold 5.5 acres in Clarendon.
1718: John Booth sold ½ of Capt GB land to John Bodle.
1720: Branker Booth patented 250 acres in St Elizabeth.
1720: Mary Booth, widow of Kingston sold slaves.
1722: Simon Booth (GB2) sold land in Camps Savanna to Thomas Manning.
1722: Simon Booth (GB2) joint with Nat Shen.
1722: Simon Booth (GB2) buys Clarendon land from Thomas Sanderson.
1722/4: Samuel Booth (GB2) buys land from Downers re Facey 1717 deal.
1722: Benjamin Booth Inventory – who was this?
1723: Samuel Booth (GB2) mortgage with John Fisher, slaves & stock.
1723: Samuel Booth (GB2) sold 230 acres landing Vere to Jeremiah Downer.
1723: John Booth will, of Clarendon.
1724: Simon Booth (GB2) buys Salt Savanna Land from John Ashby.
1724: Samuel Booth (GB2) sold 100 acres to Thomas Taylby, Pindars River.
1725: George Vodry, son of Eliza (GB2) buys slaves from the Booths & Fishers.
1726: Kemble Booth patented 200 acres in St Elizabeth.
1727: Henry Booth (TB,GB2) buys Vere land from Thomas Samderson.
1727: Henry Booth (TB,GB2) buys Kingston land from Charles Long
1726/7: Simon Booth (GB2) buys 116 acres from Sanderson at Salt Savanna.
1728: Henry Booth jnr (GB2) buys Vere land from Thomas Vyse.

1728: Branker Booth will
1725-9: Thomas Booth will, of St Catherine Millwright.
1729: Henry Booth (TB,GB2) sold negro to William Dixey
1729: Henry Booth (TB,GB2) sold Vere land to Phillip Roberts.
1730: George Booth (3) to Jeremiah Downer – deed not available
1730: George & Catherine Booth of Vere to Richard Goulbourn sold land
1730: Simon Booth (GB2) buys McCary Bay land from Elizabeth Sutton (deed n/a).
1731: Simon Booth (GB2) ref land in McCary Bay.
1731: Benjamin Booth (TB,GB2) sold negroes.
1731: Henry Booth (TB,GB2) sold Kingston land to Marth Chaddock.
1733: Samuel Booth will.
1734: George Booth will, of St Catherine, joiner – unknown.
1737: Henry Booth jnr buys land in trust from John Read.
1738: Henry Booth jnr (GB2) land transaction with Jane.
1739: Henry Booth (TB,GB2) buys negores from Abraham Delon.
1738-9: Henry Booth (GB2) will.
1739: Mary Booth will, wife of Thomas 1729.
1739: Henry Booth will, of Vere, planter. Son of George 1705.
1740: Sale of land at Teak Pen, now part of Denbigh
1740: Mary (Booth) Jackson dead – deeds sorting estate with her brothers.
1740: George Booth patented to plots of 300 acres in N of St Elizabeth.
1741: Simon Booth (GB2) sold Salt Savanna land to Ennis Read (re Sanderson 26)
1741: Henry Booth sold land to Thomas Roberts (Downer land).
1741: Henry Booth (TB,GB2) rents milk Savanna land from Rachel Priddie.
1742-3: Henry Booth (TB,GB2) sold Downer land to Charles Pescod.
1743: Henry Booth will, of St Catherine, millwright, son of Thomas 1729.
1744: Thomas Booth (TB,GB2) of St Catherine mortgages land in St Jago.
1744: George & Samuel G Booth buy land from Mary Dixey for 5/-.
1744: will of Aaron Vodry.
1745: Simon Booth buys 20 A on McCary Bay from John Martin.
1745: Sarah (Booth) Fisher in action re father’s estate.
1747: Thomas Booth will (TB,GB2).

1751: Samuel Gravett Booth (SamB,GB2) marries Milborough Gravett.
1751: Peter Gravett Booth (HB,TB,GB2) sold 100 A in Vere to Edward Bathurst.
1752: Peter Gravett Booth (HB,TB,GB2) sold negor to John Chambers.
1754: Simon Booth (GB2) buys land from Dan Clark.
1754: Simon Booth snr sold 318 Acres McCary Bay to John Pusey.
1754: Rebecca Booth will, of Vere, widow (of Sam B).
1755: Sarah, widow of Henry Booth, gives negro to son Thomas Parker.
1755: SG Booth buys land to Jonathan Gale.
1755: SG Booth sold land to William Eve.
1755: Kemble Booth Will of St James.
1755: Samuel, Simon jnr & Simon min patented 300 acres each in Clarendon.
1756: Samuel Booth (SiB,GB2) sold Bogue land to Edward Goulbourne.
1756: SG Booth sold land Bogue, Vere, to Henry Goulbourne.
1756: Simon Booth jnr (SiB,GB2) sold McCary Bay land to Ennis Read.
1757: SG Booth sold land to Grace Booth, wife of Norwood.
1757: Mumbee will re Mary Booth, wife of Samuel (SiB,GB2).
1759: George & Elizabeth Booth conveyed lands to John Vodry for 1 day.
1759: 1002.5 acres of Benjamin Booths patents bought by Thomas Anderson.
1760: John Gall Will
1760: Samuel Booth (SiB,GB2) died.
1761: Norwood Booth of Vere. – A Richard Norwood was a great Bermuda Surveyor.
1761-2: deeds about John Vodry.
1762: Capt Simon Booth buried.
1764: Simon Booth will, prob son of GB 2.
1765: George Booth snr sold slaves to Henry Ashbourne
1765: Thomas & Judith Booth of St James sold slaves & stock to William Pight.
1765: John Downer will, wife Elizabeth.
1767: Rebecca Booth (wf Simon, GB2) burial, Vere.
1769: Peter Gravett Booth will, of St Catherine, planter.
1769: George Booth will.
1773-1780: John Gall Booth issue.
1774: Simon Booth jnr (SiB,SiB, SiB, GB2) sold negro to John Francis Burton.
1775: Mary Booth, wife of Samuel (GB2) & George Booth (d 1769) dies.
1775: John Gall Booth buys land from Barrett.
1776: Simon jnr patented 2 plots of 300 acres each St Elizabeth, Martin’s Mountain. G/s of GB2.
1792: JGB buys 600 acres west of Round Hill.
1795: JGB married Mary Page.
1799: JGB wife buried (Mary Page).
1801: JGB married Elizabeth (Ludford) Farquar.
1807: Thomas Booth of Trelawney, leaves to Booths in Lincolnshire.

Booth Maps & Plats

Estate Maps
Clarendon 188: Teak Pen, Benjamin & George Booth on Thomas River, C290 to East, (Hayle).
Clarendon 575: Folly Pen, see Word file for full text.

Clarendon 615: Paradise/Yarmouth

Manchester 92: Mile Gully
Manchester 129: The Farm, JG Booth
Manchester 201: Oldbury, prob pre 1787

Manchester 203: Alligator Pond

Manchester 206: Hope & Newark re Swaby sales, aft 1849, image on Burton's sw of Mandeville
Manchester 248: Windsor Forrest, aft 1824
Manchester 260: – Simon & Samuel Booth 1755 grants
Trelawney 273: George Booth/Salt Savanna 1740

Plats & Patents:
1665: Capt George 1200 A 2-8F63
1672: capt George 140 A Clarendon, 1-4F214-172
1674: Capt George 150+37 A Adjoins 1200A 2-8F64

These 3 are all the same date:
1683: Ben Booth, 340 A Thomas River, N Clarendon, On Clarendon 188 1-9F121.
1683: Geo jnr, 500A Thomas River, 1-9F124.
1683: Geo snr, 300A Thomas River, 1-9F123.

1684: Ben Booth, 800 A, Mammee River, 2-8F39 & 1-10F141
1688: George snr, 20+3 A Vere, 1-11F151 & 2-8F24.
1703: George Booth, 200 A, Vere, Overplus land, Plat 2-34F6 & Pat 14F27.
1715: Jane & Henry, 40A Vere, index only, 1-16F67.
1718: John Booth & William Turner, 500A 16 mile gully, 1-16F231-229.
1740: George Booth 300A St E., Mouth River 1-21F93.

1755: Samuel 300A, Green Pond, St E, 1-26F154 (Green Pond prob at Harmons).
1755: Simon Jnr, 300A, St E, 1-26F155
1755: Simon min, 300A Clarendon, 1-26F156.

The 1755 plats adjoin well with Sutton & Scott patents held; the postion of the pond and leeward road do not align well with modern maps. The green pond is assumed to be east of the present day settlement, in the “depression” marked on the map.

1776: Simon jnr, 2x300A, N of Mandeville, 1-33F121-122.

The new leeward road appears in the later patents: this seems to have gone from St Jago, Green Pond, Woodstock, Marlborough & Spur Tree. Craskell, contemporary with these grants, shows the portion of the road west from St Jago south of the present day road.

Deed Plats:
1754: Simon Booth to Pusey, 158F118.
1758: Peter Booth to Charles Kelsall, 171F19
1757: Thos Booth from Thain, 174F117.
1759: Bayley to Simon Booth, 180F79.
1759: Thomas Anderson buys some ex Booth land in St Jago Savanna 179F121.
1761: George Booth sold 183 acres in 2 lots, McCary Bay, 190F126 & 148.
1762: George Booth re land in Vere
1762: George Booth sold 12 acres 194F37.
1764: Maxwell buys land from Smith, 211F49
1774: JG Booth sold land, Main Savanna 266F138
1775: Sarah Booth rents in St John to son Thomas Parker, 275F44
1776: Andrew Wright to Henry Parker land East of Alley, 278F13
1790: JG Booth land by Alley to JP Hayle, 387F21
1795: Henry Booth re land in St John, 430F131

Landholders – Booth

George Booth 1200

Samuel 129 Vere
Simon snr 316 Vere
Simon jnr 135 Vere
Henry, est of 280 Vere
George St E 600, Clarendon 376, Vere 294 Total 1270
Simon 812 Vere
George jnr 297 Vere
Peter Gravette 6 Vere
Thomas 6 Vere, 80 St D, StiV 166, total 252
Kemble 40 St James

Booth Land

1671: Ogilby shows the 1200 acres in Clarendon to Capt GB.
1684, 1707 & 1747 only show Captain Booths original grant.
1755, Browne shows no Booths.
1763: shows Anderson, Thomas, Metcalf and Theobald as well as a number of Booth properties.
1763, Craskell: several in the Withywood area.

Booths shown on Craskel, Plate 40

1804: Robertson. Plate 41

Captain George Booth’s family Property:

Captain George had a large grant in Clarendon in 1665 of 1200 acres. His sons had a number of other properties; his grandson, George (1707-6) became a large land owner by acquisition and marriage to the right women. The Salt Savanna and Carlisle estates in southern Vere, east of the Rio Minho were his, and are described in his section.

4.1    George Booth – D 1676/8



     George Booth described himself a Gentleman of Clarendon in his will of 1676/8 (probably actually what became Vere) and was the eldest contemporary George Booth. He had several properties, one of which at St Jago, was a sugar estate (mill works were shown in his inventory), and some in Vere which were probably not in sugar as he left his wife some of the rum and sugar from St Jago. He referred to negroes in Barbados in his will and so was from that island, probably a planter but maybe a trader as he does not appear on the Barbados maps or deeds, who saw the opportunities in Jamaica after the 1655 invasion, arriving sometime in the late 1660’s, his first documented appearance being buying 100 acres at Withywood (Vere) in 1670.
    From the the fact that he had grand-children in 1676, his children would have been born by about 1655, and George by about 1630. He died between July 1676 & December 1677, the dates of his & Frances’s wills. George was probably married at least twice as his wife at the time of his death, Frances, refers to George & Benjamin as sons in law in her will; it is not clear if the other 4 children were by his first wife or Frances, probably the latter.
     Frances was probably previously married to Mr Garett as she refers to her son James Garett in her will (a few Garretts, none relevant appear in the Barbados records). From a deed[43] in 1678, (see under son George), George’s first wife might have been Margery. The reference in GB2’s will to an uncle George may be to a brother of GB1’s first wife, GB2’s mother. If so, she could have been named Warren. A complete speculation is that GB1’s first wife was the sister of Captain George, making the Captain the uncle George of GB2. All the George Booths seem to have been in close contact.
   GB1 left land to Frances and his sons, and their wills show them passing on the land. Frances Booth refers to her cousin George Booth in her will, and also a silver spoon to Elizabeth, daughter of George Booth (whose wife was Elizabeth). This George was probably a Barbados cousin, at least of Frances Booth and probably George 1, possibly Captain George by then of Jamaica, although the latter makes no mention of a daughter Elizabeth.
    Of his 6 known children, George & Benjamin made their marks: Benjamin, who owned around 1800 acres when he died rather young, but his sons did not seem to leave much trace. GB2 also owned over 1000 acres at death and had numerous children, who in turn left grand children.
Issue of George Booth 1:
1/1. George Booth (G will, s-in-l in F’s will)
1/2. Benjamin Booth (G will, s-in-l in F’s will)
1/3. William Booth – prob died bef 12/1677, father’s will only.
1/4. Ann Booth, married Mr Browne (G only).
1/5. Catherine, m (Philip?) Edmonds, with dau Ealse (G only).
1/6. Dau Sutton – possibly Judith, wife of Thomas Sutton, re Benjamin will.

George & William Selby
Sarah Sutton
Ealse Browne

Issue of Francis, not by George:
James Garrett, probably in Barbados
Jane Garrett, married Thomas Roaden
Ann Garrett, married Mr Baldwin, of possibly Elizabeth, with daughter Ann, her will has conflicting names.

Friends Thomas Sutton & Phillip Edmonds – G Will

Will[44] Dated 16/7/1676, proved 3/8/1678, of Clarendon
Left his wife Frances his plantation at Withewood of about 100 acres (this is the land bought from the Hills in 1670) for life: she could leave ½ to whomsoever she pleased. Also left to her were 4 negroes, 2 women and 2 men as well as ¼ of his negroes and stock in Jamaica and (specifically) Barbados. She was also entitled for life to 1000 lbs of sugar (from the Withewood plantation) and 100 gallons of rum from his plantation at Santiago, assuming that there was sufficient production at the plantations.
He left all his land in Clarendon, and the 1/2 of Withewood not owned by Frances to his sons George, Benjamin & William and ¾ of the negroes and stock in Jamaica and Barbados. This includes savanna land at Withewood Common (additional to the 100 acres).
He left to daughter Ann Browne one negro, to daughter Catherine Edmonds 2 good ewes, and to her daughter Ealse a heifer.
To his other grandchildren he left a heifer in calf to George & William Selby, and to Sarah Sutton a gold ring 20 shillings.
Execs Thomas Sutton & Phillip Edmonds


His inventory[45] of Clarendon, dated 9/2/1679, shown by George Booth administrator, and contains a good description of his belongings at death and shows him as having a mixed farm, with stock and sugar and includes livestock & mill equipment, including coppers and stills, no slaves listed: Total £J421-0-3d (£200K 2015)
45 Horned Beasts young and old att 200/Hd
48 Sheepe young and old at 11 per head   
4 Hamkers
1 Stone Jugg                             
1 Bedstead
2 Boxes on truckell bedstead & one chest
2 Tables and a little truncke
2 Feather Beds, 2 pairs of sheet and a couverled
1 small round box and 3 old bibles
1 Diaper Table Cloath and 12 Napkins
1 Oznabrig Table Cloath & 7 Napkins
2 Pillow cases and 4 Towells
1 Old Blanckitt
6 Stock Lockes @ 2d p lock
7 Pairs of hooks and hinges
3 Chains
6 Joynt Stooles
2 Old Chairs
2 Crosscutt saws
2 Parcels of old Iron
2 Iron Potts
1 Frying pan and one spit
3 Smoothing Irons and one Skillitt
3 pewter platters and Plattes on flagon one Salt
2 pewter basons and two old Chamber potts
2 pailes 3 kayes one Mortor
1 Great Jarre and two little ones
1 Pair of Scales and Stilliards
1 Brass Candlesitck
2 Copper Graters
3 Gunn locks and one hammer
1 Wayne
1 Grindstone
3 mares 3 colts
4 Hourses
24 Hoggs and pigs
4 Coppers one still and Worme and sett of mill works


George Booth 1 Family Property

From his will and a few other sources, GB1 acquired land in several places in Clarendon & Vere: he seemed to have lived principally in Vere, where he had several plots, although his St Jago estate may have been substantial.


Withywood Area, Senex 1717. Plate 58

    From a mention in his will, George must have acquired some savanna land at Withywood Common in addition to that he bought from the Hills. This appears in GB2’s will, Son George describes land bounding on “Commones” in his will; the Common Savanna is shown in 1717 just on the south side of Pye Corner, in the area of The Cross, to the East of the Rio Minho. In 1709, an Act specified the distribution of about 2600 acres of land patented to Robert Varney (1684, 34F79) as common land in Withywood, referred to as common or salt savanna. This land stretched from West Harbour Bay to Pye Corner. George 1 must have had some rights over this land. In 1709, the 2600 acres was split into 77 parts of 33½ acres each. It is not clear where this land went to, but it may have been to his surviving sons, George & Benjamin.

Hill Land

1670[46]: George Booth 1 (“esq”) bought from John Hill & Hannah his wife for £50 & a cow calf 100 acres in Clarendon at Withywood, E on John Howden? N on Valentine Mumbee W on Robert Smith, & S & W on Jane Clark. This was the eastern of 2 plots of land patented by John Hill[47]. The patent, with no plat, was for 275 acres in two plots, on either side of the plat for Elisha & Jane Clarke, of 1664[48], which shows Lt John Hill to the SE & North; the Clarks were on the south Side of the Rio Mino, Cabuas Savanna (was this a transcription error for Common Savanna, which was marked on Senex 1715 in the area?). Phelps, on the southern end of the Clark land, is shown on the early maps somewhere about the Alley. At this period, this was probably an indigo property.
    That for Valentine Mumbee is “near Salt Savanna”. Its southern boundary is marked as Christopher Horner. The likelihood is that this land was between the 2 plats. Being at Withywood, near the Salt Savanna and on the South side of the Rio Minho makes it to be on the south side the Ox Bow as on the modern map extract. The Bochart & Knollis map does not show this ox bow, but it appears as a complex area on Craskell; while the modern surveys show a simpler Ox Bow, now cut off.
    This land was left to his wife, Frances for life, and then ½ to be disposed of by her, and the other half to his 3 sons (It is highly probably that son William died soon after as he is not mentioned in Frances’s will a couple of years later). She left her half to her son in law, Thomas Roadon.

Therefore GB2 & Benjamin inherited 25 or 16 1/3 acres.

     Son George sold 2 small plots of land near Michael’s Hole, east of the Rio Minho, just south of Alley/Withywood. Several contemporary maps show Michael’s Hole about where the modern Carlisle Bay settlement is shown. These look to be dwellings, one to Elizabeth Crosse, on either side of the road and were probably part of the Hill land.
St Jago

    GB1 refers to land in St Jago in his will where he left sugar & rum to his wife Frances from this estate; however, no sign of this has been found, either by patent or purchase. This was probably towards the north west in the St Jago Savanna, somewhere north of and near Captain George Booth’s 1664 grant of 1200 acres. His son Benjamin was later granted substantial holdings in this area, maybe to extend holdings inherited from his father. GB1’s probable grandson, Benjamin, son of Benjamin, leases a small run, 12 acres, of land in St Jago savanna which was probably part of this, called Booths Clump, but no other trace has been found of this. In later times, there were St Jago estate and Pen, owned by David Olyphant. By 1839, the whole St Jago estate was 7239 acres.
    Production of sugar might have been about ½ to 1 hogshead (16 cwt) of sugar per acre, Rum ½ puncheon to a hogshead, a puncheon being 70-100 gallons. Thus Frances’s amount, 1000 lbs of sugar and 100 gals of rum equated to the production of no more than 5 acres of sugar. As not all a holding would have been directly in sugar, this amount could have been produced from a plantation of 20 acres.
    Thus it seems that the land left by GB1 in St Jago was not very substantial: the 100 acres land in Withywood was acquired by purchase from the Hills, and appears in his will. GB1’s son, Benjamin became a substantial land owner in the North end of the St Jago Savanna: a 1684 grant bounds southerly in his own land, probably land he acquire via his wife, but possibly his share of GB1’s St Jago land. Either way, it is probably that GB1’s land was north of Captain George’s 1200 acre patent.
    His land was left to his sons George, Benjamin & William, the latter probably dying soon after his father and before his step mother, but there
is little direct evidence of whose ownership it became.

St Jago Area to the north of Captains Booth’s land. Plate 57

Benjamin, son of GB1:
    GB1’s son, Benjamin became a substantial land owner in the North end of the St Jago Savanna: a 1684 grant bounds southerly in his own land, probably land he acquire via his wife, but possibly his share of GB1’s St Jago land. It was to north of Captain George’s 1200 acre patent, and can be postioned by Estate maps 188 & 575.
    Sons Benjamin & Thomas let in 1702 12 acres in St Jago Savanna, Booths Clump, which may have been part of this.

3 Booth pens shown on the SE flank of Camps Hill, with Gravett to the north, a further Booth pen shown near the coast between the Rion Minho and the Milk River. The Camps Hill estates look to be about where Paradise Estate is marked on Robertson.

Frances Booth:

    She was the second wife of George and died, from will dates, late 1677, early 1678. From her will, she had a son and daughter, James Garrett and Jane Garrett who married Thomas Roaden (Frances’s son-in-law). It is probable that she also had another daughter, Elizabeth or Ann Baldwin, whose daughter was a joint heir of the Withewood plantation. She also mentions her cousin, Elizabeth Crosse, who, as Elizabeth Boulton, married Edmund Crosse in St Catherine, 1st October, 1669, perhaps she was the sister of Nicholas Boulton, GB2’s brother Benjamin’s father in law. Elizabeth Crosse was sold land by George 2 & Mary Booth in 1678. Frances may thus have been a Boulton: her step son Benjamin, married Jane Boulton. The only mentions of Garrets found are in the will[49] of one Peter Burden/Burton in 1669 where he leaves a bequest to John Garrett, nothing of them appears in the St Catherine and St Andrew records; the 1670 census has Edward Garrett & Mate had 30 Acres in Clarendon, and Edward on his own account, 25 acres.
   The Garrett family existed in Barbados in this period, but there is no obvious connection.

Will 1677/8 of Frances Booth[50], of Vere widow.
Son James Garett, s-in-l Thomas Roadon & Ann Baldwin dau of Elizabeth Baldwin Withewood plantation. Also cattle etc now in St Jago to son James Garett, if he should arrive in Jamaica in indigent condition, give him £10 immediately.
A negro to Thomas Roadon, husband of daughter Jane Roadon.
God daus Milliner Edmonds dau of Philip Edmonds a heifer.
Refers stock in partnership with sons in law George & Benjamin Booth (has William died??). It appears from this that the plantations continued to run after George’s death, with his sons & their step mother in partnership.
To two daughters, Jane Roaden & Ann Baldwin, linen etc
Cousin Elizabeth Crosse negro boy
Cousin George Booth (who was this?? – this was often a rather vague term).
To Elizabeth Booth, dau of George Booth, silver spoon, presumably daughter of her cousin George Booth.
Exec Thomas Roadon & Phillip Edmonds.

There is some confusion in Frances’s will: under the first bequest, Frances refers to Ann Baldwin, daughter of Elizabeth Baldwin, but later she refers to her 2 daughters Jane Roaden and Ann Baldwin.
There must have been a transcription error here. Or was Ann a grand daughter?

This may well have been Frances’s son in law:
1691[51] will of Thomas Rodon of Clarendon, planter, Dau Mary <18, Dau Ann <18, Dau Frances <18, son James 100 A in Morgans Valley, on William Dawkins & Rio Minho (on Robertson 1804) Eldest son Thomas Rodon.
No trace of this family on PR – too early.
The Rodons were a big landowning family in Clarendon, St Elizabeth in 1754.

A Thomas & Mary Rodon had 9 children between 1695-1711, including a Jane, in Clarendon in the 1690’s – a grandson??

Frances’s cousin George Booth may well have been Surveyor George Booth; George 2 refers to his uncle George Booth – these 2 references are probably to the same person.

Other’s mentioned in F’s will:
Anne Baldwin, dau of Elizabeth Baldwin - No traces of Baldwins.
God dau Millinor Edmonds, dau of Phillip Edmonds

Issue of George Booth

It is probable that most, if not all, were born before arriving in Jamaica as they appear to be adult by 1676; even if George was in the first landings, he probably would not have had a wife there much before 1660. They were probably not by Frances, his wife in Jamaica, but it is assumed that George & Frances were probably married in Barbados.
His 2 surviving sons left a good paper record. Little has been found so far of his daughters.

1/1. George Booth 2 – AM13/81


1/2. Benjamin Booth - 1686

    He was a planter of Clarendon and probably born bef 1660 (from his marriage date) in Barbados. He was a substantial land owner, with aboit 1820 acres, one estate which was certainly sugar which he acquired by marriage and which bordered onto a grant to him, although in later years it was called Folly Pen[52].
   He married in 1678 Jane Boulton dau of Nicholas & Katherine Boulton.
Died 1686, in his inventory he left Surveying Instruments.
    He was the son of George Booth 1st (mother not know – Frances in George’s will was probably his 2nd wife) – this is the only obvious Benjamin Booth of the period. Also he had as executors, brother George Booth and brother Thomas Sutton: George 1 also had Thomas Sutton as executor and named a grand daughter as Sarah Sutton. This must therefore be the son of GB1. Thomas was probably his brother-in-law.
    From his will, he had 2 sons, but they were not named, unlike his daughter, Magdalen, but the will[53] of his mother-in-law, Katherine Boulton, confirmed these 2 brothers as Benjamin & Thomas, and the name of a second daughter, Elizabeth, the younger of the 2. Katherine herself had 2 further daughters, Elizabeth Burns and Jane Sherlow, married to Michael Sherlow – was this Jane by a previous husband?
    Benjamin & Thomas Booth left wills of an appropriate era: they appear to have been brothers.
    He became a substantial land owner in the North end of the St Jago Savanna: a 1684 grant bounds southerly in his own land, probably land he acquire via his wife, but possibly his share of GB1’s St Jago land. It was to north of Captain George’s 1200 acre patent, and can be postioned by Estate maps 188 & 575.
   He Inherited ½ of his father’s land as brother William was probably dead before step-mother Frances’s will of 1677. This would include about 25 acres in Withywood and an unknown area elsewhere in St Jago, Clarendon.
    His son, Benjamin refers to 2 unidentified runs, (more detail under his entry) which could have been part of the estate of his grand father, GB1:
1702: 12 acres: Booths Clump in St Jago Savanna & joining on a part of a parcel of land belonging to Coll Henry Long in Clarendon
6 acres on one side on a pond in said Clump & 6 acres on the other side of the pond. This could be part of GB1’s St Jago property.

1712: 12¼ acres...Vere, west on John Bosley, North on Francis Moore esq, South on John Turner a minor. Possibly part of the Hill land.

Benjamin’s major holdings came via a marriage settlement and patents:

Marriage Settlement deeds:

     He acquired 600 acres from his father-in-law via marriage settlement at the north end of the St Jago Savanna and subsequent conveyance from Katherine after Nicholas’s death.

Nicholas Boulton and Benjamin Booth, both planters of Clarendon made an agreement[54] in 1678:
At the marriage of Benjamin Booth to Nicholas Boulton’s dau Jane Boulton, Benjamin Booth paid 5/- and Nicholas Boulton gives to Benjamin Booth one moiety of all his land being 600a and houses stock negroes goods etc and belonging and half the profits; after the death of Nicholas Boulton & his wife Katherine Boulton rest goes to Benjamin Booth.
In exchange Benjamin Booth is to cause a good mill house, boiling house, a good set of Mill Works and Cases, 4 good coppers and 2 good stills within 2 years. Benjamin Booth to bring into the partnership all his negroes neat cattle & sheep or what negroes may come from Barbados of his.
Benjamin Booth to pay to:
Anne Lug, dau of Nicholas Boulton in Bristol £200, £100 12 months after Nicholas & Katherine’s death & 6 months after that date.
Elizabeth Burlton dau of Nicholas Boulton £100 in 5 years
Katherine Burlton ygst dau of Nicholas Boulton £200
Wit inter alia George Booth

Benjamin died in 1686, Nicholas between 1678 and 1679 and Katherine about 1696.

A deed[55] between Katherine Boulton to Benjamin Booth of 1679 secures Katherine’s share in the property in the 1678 deed for her life.

Katherine Boulton Widow of Clarendon administrator of Nicholas Boulton gent:
600 acres of Nicholas Boulton’s land North on Rock Mtns W on land not yet run, S on St Jago Savanna, SE on Col William Ivy to Benjamin Booth
Benjamin Booth to pay £15 annually for 2 years and then £80 to Katherine Boulton and to allow Katherine Boulton ½ house and goods for life and 1 negro and make up Katherine Boulton’s flock of sheep to 20 and 1 breeding mare.

This land is shown in a patent to Nicholas Boulton[56] for 500a, undated but about 1670, with no compass: borders on the “St Auga” Savananah, probably the St Jago. Another (later) plat for 100 acres was dated 1670-1[57], has Nick Boulton on its NE flank: the two plats could connect, so it may be the 500 acre one was in fact the earlier, particularly as these deeds refer to a 600 acre plot. The 500 acre plat shows a house in the SE corner. As Benjaimn’s Folly Pen patent has “his own land” on its southern boundary, and the shape of that boundary fits the northern edge of the 500 acres of Boulton land, it can be assumed that the marriage settlement land marched with Benjamin’s 800 acres.
This land is not marked on the 1684 map, but can be closely positioned by the marked Ivy holding and a mountain depicted to the north. It is probably only 2-4 miles from Captain George Booth’s original grant.

in 1670, “Widow Bolton” had 100 acres in Clarendon, and Nicholas Bolton 500 acres[58]. This might imply that the 100 acres, which was patented to Mr Nicholas Bolton, was to the father of the patentee of the 500 acres, Nicholas Bolton.

The fate of this land is not clear, but by 1763, there were a number of owners marked, but none recognisable, but the estate map 575 implies that Henry Dawkins acquired at least some of it.

1683 Grant
Benjamin was granted[59] land in 1683 in Clarendon:
340 acres, Clarendon, E N & W u/s Mountain Land, SE Mr George Booth snr
60 acres Clarendon, S & E on himself, N & W Sir Francis Watson
19 acres Clarendon, W & N on Coll Wm Ivy, S Mr Henry Tennant
The latter 2 plats were damaged, but probably were conjoined: they have not been located on the ground, but were probably in the north of Clarendon, maybe Pindars river area.
This grant was made the same date as one to George Booth senior (Capt) and another to George Booth junior (GB2).
That for GB snr joins the south eastern boundary of the 340 acre plot, and itself joins John Moore: the probably John Moore grant is North of Porus Mountain. This is located by the Black, Thomas & Plantain rivers to the North of Porus by about 6 miles, and a couple of miles south of Frankfield. N18°07’ W77°23’, on Google earth now looks to be mostly unimproved bush.

The 340 acress for Benjamin, the 300 acres for George Booth snr and the 160 acres to John Moore are shown on estate map Clarendon 188, which agrees closely with the patents (the map is located by the Thomas & Plantain  Rivers). The Booth plats are located on the 1:50000 map as being about 2.5 miles NE of Williamsfield (on the road from Porus towards Mandeville); the village of Banana Ground is about on the boundary between the 2 runs. In 2015, it appears to be well wooded, but with about 50% under cultivation. This land does not appear in later documents, but the implication of the the post 1751 map is that Booths were still owners.

Plate 47

The Folly Pen 800 Acre Grant

     Benjamin Booth had a further land grant in 1684[60] for 800 acres.
“schituate upon the small mountain” and bounds East & East Northerly upon unsurveyed land Mr Henry Tennant and the Mamee Gully northerly upon the Little Mountain and South upon his own land (that inherited from Nicholas Boulton). This grant has a southern boundary of a similar shape to the northern boundary of Nicholas Boulton’s 500 acres, which, by this time, Benjamin had inherited through his wife.
     This land appears in an estate plan, Clarendon 575, for Folly Pen in about 1784 (plan damaged at date) where it is described as Benjamin Booth.
     The Folly Pen is shown some 3 miles NE of Clarendon Park on Liddell 1888, but with the Mammee Gully a couple of miles further NE: the estate plan confirms the Booth Patent to be as shown on the Mammee Gully (the estate plan seems to be oriented with west up).
     The Estate Plan and plats can be positioned with reasonable accuracy over Folly, to the north east of Clarendon Park, east of Scotts Pass on the main road from May Pen to Mandeville. The northern part of the Benjamin Booth plat fits well, but the south eastern corner is uncertain on the Estate Map. The exact position can be determined with reference to the fork in the road to the north west of the word “Folly” on the Map. Scaling & rotating to match the roads around this road junction puts (Osbourn) Store about ½ a mile north of its modern position. Robertson puts the leeward road to the north of the St Jago ponds, but the modern road has a long sweep to their south: this looks like a relatively recent road (20thC). There is little or no visible sign of an old road to the north of the ponds on Google Earth, but the new road must have joined the old at about Belle Plain.
     Mamee gully does not appear on modern maps. Measuring the areas of the plats scaled to fit the modern map shows them oversize by about 30% on the area, 15% linear.
Plate 48

     The Estate Map was drawn up for the Hon. John Henckell (1752-1802, MA Clarendon, Chief Justice 1801) to establish the bounds of Folly Pen in the late 1780’s: it was then measured at 906 acres. There was considerable variation between the several patents and the boudaries of a run of 1002 acres to the south, once owned by Alexander Crawford, but passed to Henry Dawkins in 1752; much of the Crawford/ Dawkins land was over the Boulton patents. The major part of Folly covers Benjamin Booth’s 800 acres. By 1811, Folly was owned by Henry Dawkins with 102 slaves and 156 stock. So at some stage the Booths must have either sold the patented land or abandoned it, but there seems little evidence of what happened to it. Later maps only show Dawkins here, so it may be that Dawkins either bought the ground, or Booths failed to work it and lost the grant.
      in 1754, Henry Dawkins sold about 1000 acres, at least in part, on this patent to Alexander Crawford, who then sold a portion to Thomas Anderson.

Benjamin’s patents were subsumed under Dawkins’s Folly Pen:

1740[61]:  Robert Palmer of St D, Land in Teak Savanna (part of Denbigh) land 1/2 sold to Edward Bonner & intended wife Mary Robinson, some to Palmer Robinson, Robert Palmer's grand son, Palmer Robinsons aunt Sarah Wright inherited and passed to her son John Wright. John Wright sold to Thomas Fearon Jun.

1754[62]: Alexander Crawford of Clarendon pract of physic & Henry Dawkins esq of Clarendon. For J£1000 Alexander Crawford sold to Henry Dawkins 500a of land in Clarendon some part thereof a sugar plantation or works, N on heirs of Humphrey Manning, & heirs of John Tredaways dcd and John Shickle esq  E on Thomas Halse patent, S & SE on Coll William Ivy patent.

1759[63]: Whereas Henry Dawkins esq late of Clarendon on 30/7/1754 conveyed to Alexander Crawford of Clarendon, practitioner of Physic penn lying in St Jago Savanna containing 1002.5A part of a larger run patented by Benjamin Booth & also his undivided 1/2 of 700A patented by Jonathan Ashurst. Now for £300 Alexander Crawford conveys to Thomas Anderson planter of Clarendon 1/2 of 700A pen land in St Jago Savanna which he claims NW on John Olyphant esq, E & NE on Thomas Golding, S on George McKenzie SW on Carvers land patented by John Whitson, PHOTO 2106 15/9 & Line Drg in wills file. C/f Deed 156/126

Benjamin owned some 1800 acres at the time of his death.

Will[64] dated 25/6/1686:
Execs brother George Booth & Thomas Sutton (Thomas Sutton also for George Booth 1st).
He left his estate to his 2 sons living, and the possible 4th child if a son. To his daughter Magdalen, he left £J400, £J200 at marriage and the same 4 years later: this reduced to £J300 if the unborn child was a daughter.
Refers to wife Jane.

Inventory[65] 11/1686: £593/3/7½, includes 6 slaves and livestock.
Catherine Boulton, administrator.
This early inventory does not tie in with the owner of 1800 acres, but was probably only for the immediate domestic area.

A couple of later deeds in 1714 concerning widow Jane Booth and her son Henry could relate to Benjamin’s wife Jane, but seem more likely to refer to an unrecorded son of George 2 & Jane. This more fully discussed with George Booth 2’s family.

From his will, he had 2 sons, unnamed, but deduced from deeds and confirmed by Katherine Boulton’s will:

2/1. Benjamin will of 1714-15. Confrmed by Catherine Boulton’s will.

If these 2 sons were indeed Benjamin & Thomas, then the following 1702 deed must have been them:
1702 Indenture[66] between Benjamin Booth & Thomas Booth of Clarendon planters & John Campbell of Clarendon & his wife Ann. Let 12 acres to John & Ann Campbell commonly called Booths Clump in St Jago Savanna & joining on a part of a parcel of land belonging to Coll Henry Long in Clarendon 6 acres on one side on a pond in said Clump & 6 acres on the other side of the pond. To hold for the lives of the survivor of John & Ann Campbell. Rent one Turkey Cock annually.

The original Booth land was in St Jago Savanna.

1712 Deed[67], A Benjamin Booth, planter, leased 12¼ acres to Andrew Wright, bricklayer, both of Vere, west on John Bosley, North on Francis Moore esq, South on John Turner a minor. £20 pa for 10 years.

Mentions Indigo. This was probably an ancestor of the Wrights with whom the Booths later married.

From will[68] of 1715:
Planter of Vere.
To dau Elizabeth Booth 1/3 of personal estate when 18 or married and heirs, to son George Booth the remainder when 18, to wife Mary if both children die without heirs.
Execs Joshua Tennant, wife & Thomas Booth snr (probably Thomas Booth whose will was proved 1729). JT & TB renounced their execs 28/11 & 4/12/1719.

There is an “unattached” inventory[69] for a Benjamin Booth in 1722, but this seems very late for him: in it there is a (loan) note from Peter Gravet.

Mary Booth, widow of Kingston, sold[70] in 1720 to Sarah Brown dau of Mathias & Rebecca Brown merchant of Kingston, a negro girl named Kettana branded BB on left shoulder for £16.

Wife Mary
3/1. George Booth (<18 1715).
3/2. Elizabeth Booth (<18 1715).

2/2. Thomas Booth. Confrmed by Catherine Boulton’s will.

This would fit if 2/1. was indeed Benjamin, who was still alive at this date. Then cousin Thomas would be our ancestor Thomas, son of George 2nd.

Wife Judith. No trace of the 2 sons in his will.

A will
[71] of 1710/1 of Thomas Booth:
Thomas Booth of St Elizabeth, Planter, sick
to 2 sons now living my whole estate when youngest 18
To brother Benjamin Booth and cousin Thos Booth a mourning ring
Admin by Thos Booth.

Administration 1/35: appoints James Lewis & Judith, widow.
Inventory[72] of 1711:
Of St Elizabeth
Shown by Lewis Jones & Judith his wife.
Assessed by Lichfield Bennitt & Gose? Gale

2/3. Dau Magdalen Booth, named in Benjamin’s will.
2/4. Elizabeth Booth Confrmed by Catherine Boulton’s will.

Wife in child in Benjamin’s will of 1686.

1/3. William Booth – D 1677?

prob died bef 12/1677, not in Frances’s will.

1/4. Ann Booth,

married Mr Browne. A speculative idea that a son Thomas Brown was mentioned in a 1744 land transaction between the sons of GB3, son of GB2.

1/5. Dau married Mr Selby.

No relevant Selby’s in Jamaica or Barbados
Issue from grandfather’s will of 1676, so born before then:
2/1. George Selby, a heifer in calf from g/father George Booth’s will.
2/2. William Selby, a heifer in calf from g/father George Booth’s will.
They were left a heifer in calf by grandfather George Booth

1/6. Catherine Booth

Probably born before 1658.
Married Phillip Edmonds (GB’s executor) bef 1676.
She was left 2 good ewes by father.

A Catherine Edmonds bur St Catherine 7/7/1718.

Will of Phillip Edmonds, 1695-6[73]

Planter of Vere
Daughters Alice Shin, Milborough Burrell, Charity, Sarah.
G/ch Milborough Shin, Son Philip Edmonds

Wife Catherine

Philip Edmonds, husband of Catherine Booth, was a joint patentee with Richard Wright of 60 acres in Vere in 1664.
Philip, son of Philip & Catherine, was a joint patentee with Andrew Wright in 1703.

Philip Edmonds listed in index 8/280, but not found, possibly a lost page in the original before transcription.

2/1. Easle (Alice) Edmonds – left one heifer by G/father,

thus born bef 1676. Nathaniel & Mary Sheen had a son Nathaniel, bapt Clarendon 26/11/1697PR.
3/1. Milborough Shin, from Philips will.
3/2. William Sheen (uncle Philip’s will)
3/3. Elizabeth Sheen (uncle Philip’s will)

2/2. Milborough Edmonds, bur 20/7/1733 Vere

Married Dr John Burrell, exec to Philip Edmonds will.
3/1. Deborah Burrell b 20/11/1707, ch Vere 26/11/1707
Probably George Burrell, with wife Mary & son, William Edmonds ch Vere 15/5/1735 & dau Deborah b 17370323 ch Vere 17371022.
Also Deborah Burrell & William Green 199/177 1763 Sale negroes - damaged pages.

2/3. Charity Edmonds
2/4. Sarah Edmonds

From Debrets:
Probably married Charles Price, son of Francis Price who came over with Penn & Venables. Charles Price became the owner of Rose Hall in St Thomas in the Vale.
FRANCIS PRICE, of Wales, is said to have gone out to Jamaica, a capt. in the army under Penn and Venables, which first reduced that island under English sovereignty 1655. He settled in Jamaica, and left a da., Mary, m. Thomas Rose, of Rose Hall, and three sons, Francis, Thomas, and

CHARLES, b. 1676, Sarah, da. of Philip Edmunds, of Jamaica, and had issue,
3/1. Francis, d, In England young.
3/2. Sir Charles, many years speaker of the house of assembly,

on his resignation of which office, 1763, his eldest son was immediately and unanimously elected in his stead. He was created a brt. 7 Oct. 1768  m. Maria Sharp, and d. 21 July 1772, leaving issue
4/1. Sir CHARLES, 2d bart., speaker of the house of assembly,

m. Elizabeth, widow of John Woodcock, but d. s. p. 1788, when the baronetcy became extinct.

4/2. Rose, d. an Infant.
4/3. John, d unm.
4/4. Rose, m. Lydia Fagan, but d. s. p.
4/5. Sarah.

3/3. Thomas, m. Anne Moor, but d. s. p.
3/4. JOHN, 4th son of Charles Price, m. 22 Jan. 1736, Margaret,

da. of Henry Badcock, of Penzance, by whom (who d. 8 Oct. 1765) he had an only son,
4/1. JOHN, b. 25 June 1738, m., 30 Aug. 1764, Elizabeth,

da. of John Brammar, of St. John’s, Jamaica, and d. at Penzance, 3 Jan. 1797, having had issue,
5/1. Charles-Godolphin, b.  June 1765, d. an infant, and
5/2. Sir ROSE, created a bart. as above.

2/5. Philip Edmonds: will[74] of 1710, of Vere. Wife Esther.

He had purchased an estate at McCary Bay from Heny Vizard and his wife. His wife was pregnant at the date of the will, but there is no record of any child by her.

Legacies to cousins William & Elizabeth Sheen – they were probably children of his sister, Alice (Edmonds) Shin
3/1. Catherine Edmonds b aft 1694 father’s will.
3/2. Philip Edmonds, son of Philip Edmonds, ch Vere 21/5/1708PR

Philip Edmonds married Mary Barrett, 22/8/1734, both of St Catherine.
Son of Philip & Mary Edmonds:
4/1. John Turner Edmonds St Catherine 11/7/1736PR


PRICE, Sir CHARLES (1708–1772), speaker of the House of Assembly of Jamaica, sometimes called the ‘Jamaica patriot,’ was born on 20 Aug. 1708, probably in the parish of St. Catherine, Jamaica. His father was Colonel Charles Price; his mother Sarah was daughter of Philip Edmunds; his grandfather had settled in Jamaica immediately after its conquest by England in 1658. He was sent to England, resided for a time at Trinity College, Oxford, whence he matriculated in October 1724, made the ‘grand tour,’ and returned to Jamaica in January 1730. On 23 May 1730 his father died, and he succeeded to the estates. At the same time he became an officer of the militia.
On 13 March 1732 Price was elected to the Jamaica assembly; on 17 April 1745 he was voted to the chair during the illness of the speaker, and a year later became speaker. During his long term of office many collisions occurred between the assembly and the executive [see Knowles, Sir Charles; Moore, Sir Henry]. By his attitude throughout, Price excited the admiration of his countrymen. Three times the house solemnly thanked him for his services—first, on 3 Aug. 1748, then on 19 Dec. 1760, and again when, owing to ill-health, he retired on 11 Oct. 1763; on each occasion it voted him a piece of plate. Price also at different times acted as a judge of the supreme court, and as the custos of St. Catherine, and became major-general of all the island militia forces. On his beautiful estates, Decoy Penn, Rose Hall (which was the finest of the old Jamaica houses), and Worthy Park, he spent most of his later years; many plants and animals of other countries were naturalised in the grounds. The Charley Price rat takes its name from him (Gosse, Naturalist in Jamaica).
On 7 Oct. 1768 Price was made a baronet of Rose Hall, Jamaica. On 26 July 1772 he died, and was buried at the Decoy, where a verse epitaph records his patriotism. He married Mary Sharpe. Their son, Sir Charles Price (1732–1788), matriculated from Trinity College, Oxford, May 1752, and subsequently took part in public life in Jamaica, becoming an officer of militia, and ultimately major-general. He first sat in the assembly in 1753, and on the resignation of his father, being at the time his colleague in the representation of St. Mary's, he was selected as speaker of the assembly (11 Oct. 1763); in the next assembly he was member for St. Catherine's, and was again chosen speaker on 5 March 1765; and on 13 Aug. 1765, after a new election. On this occasion a crisis was brought about by his refusal to apply to Governor William Henry Lyttelton [q. v.] for the usual privileges, and within three days the assembly was dissolved; he was chosen speaker once again on 23 Oct. 1770, and held the post till 31 Oct. 1775, when he was relieved of it at his own request, and left Jamaica for England for four years. He returned to Jamaica in 1779, and died at Spanish Town 18 Oct. 1788. Price married Elizabeth Hannah (d. 1771), daughter of John Guy, of Berkshire House, chief justice of Jamaica, and widow of John Woodcock, but left no issue.

1/7. Judith Booth

Prob born bef 1658 in Barbados.
She was not mentioned by name in her father’s will of 1676, but a grand-daughter Sarah Sutton was.

There is some indication from Thomas Sutton’s will that Judith may not have been Sutton’s 1st wife; she may also have been married before, with a daughter Elizabeth (possibly Moore), who married Edward Pennant (see Pennant family paragraph 11.7), to become Thomas Sutton’s daughter in law.

Married Thomas Sutton (Benjamin & George’s executor and called “brother” in Benjamin’s will of 1686) – daughter Booth is not referred to by name, but called Judith in Thomas Sutton’s will of 1707, in which he also mentions a daughter Sarah, who is mentioned in Booth wills, which makes this Thomas the most likely individual.
This Thomas Sutton, born about 1639, may have been in Barbados and a brother of John Sutton who died in Barbados in 1664, and, from his descendants ages, would have been born 1630-40. A descent from John Sutton is to be found in the Wills Volume.
That makes John Sutton, to whom he was attorney in Jamaica, his nephew and Mary, wife of Henry Tennant his niece.

More on Thomas Sutton paragraph 10.6

Issue from Thomas’s Will:
2/1. Sarah Sutton,

Left a 20/- gold ring in g/father George Booth’s will born bef 1676. Married Mitlethwaite.

2/2. John Sutton.

John Sutton married Eleanor Hewitt, Clarendon, 5/11/1708.
Issue of John & Eleanor Sutton:
3/1. Thomas Sutton, 17/9/1711, St Catherine
3/2. John Sutton no PR – Vere missing much of this period.

MI Jamaica: Vere, In memory of John Sutton, son of John Sutton esq, of this Parish ... he was cut off in the flower of his age, by the violence of a fever, 23 August, anno 1745.
Noted “He was the grandson of Col Thomas Sutton...”

3/3. Elizabeth Sutton ch 28/7/1720, Vere.

2/3. Anna Sutton, married Mr Cadwell.


4.2    George Booth – 2nd – D 1702/5


“GB2, GB jnr”

   GB2 was, like his father and brother, a planter in Clarendon. Like his father, he would have had some sugar production, and, like many owners, had some penland. He would have inherited some of the St Jago land from his father, a sugar estate. His patent in 1683 on the Pindars River in northern Clarendon was potentially a good sugar area, with the river for water and, later, power. He had 2 children by his first wife and a further 5 by his 2nd: these children left long lines of descendants.
   He was generally referred to as junior in deeds, at least until after the death of Captain George, who was called senior in later life, this is explicitly confirmed in a deed of 1719[75] when the Captain’s sons, John & Simon, sold land in Clarendon granted to George senior. Although not related directly to the Captain, GB2 and Captain George were probably of similar age, with GB2 being the younger, the Captain being born between 1635-50.
   He was would have been born about 1650-1660 in Barbados and died about 1704: from the ages of her children, Eliza, his daughter, was probably born before 1680 so he would have been married 1st to Mary in the 1670’s. He was the son of George Booth (GB1) and his probable first wife. As with other families in Vere in this period, the detail will have been affected by the parish records between 1720-30 are missing.
   He inherited about 25 acres in Withywood and an unknown area elsewhere in Clarendon as his share his father’s estate, probably near Capt Booth’s land in St Jago. He bought 20 acres of land from the Downers, which he left to his son, Thomas. He later purchased a small plot of Osborne land, which he left to Eliza. The curious thing is that GB1 had a sugar estate at St Jago in Clarendon but there is no sign of where it went.
    In later life, he had 2 main estates, one, by patent, of 500 acres on the north bank of the Pindars River in northern Clarendon, the other, by purchase of about 584 acres on Camp Savannah, midway between the Milk & Minho rivers. He also had several other, smaller plots, acquired either by purchase or inheritance.
    The home of George Booth elder dcd  was in Vere, S on John Harris dcd & Thomas Wait dcd, E on John Benson N on William Booth dcd & W on Jonathan Facey (from a sale deed by his daughter, Sarah Fisher in 1745[76] - see later in this volume). The deed also makes it clear that GB2’s son William died before the age of 21 so that his estate was shared between sons Samuel, Simon and George, and perhaps a Henry.
   He married 1st, Mary Downer who died abt 1690, perhaps earlier. The “rest & residue” in his will left to the other sons implied that Thomas & Eliza were not the children of Jane, his wife when he died. They were over 21 in George’s will, and Eliza was married by then. The last mention of George & Mary Booth was in August 1689.
    Mary was probably Downer, of Robert[77] & Dyana Downer and sister of John, as indicated by a deed where the Downers sold to George some land “for love of their sister” in 1686. It is possible that sale of the land by the Downers was to regularise GB2’s holding after Mary’s death: this would tie in with the Margery Booth/Cross deeds being in fact also a post mortem conveyance.
    The identity of his second wife, Jane is unknown, but to have had 5 children by her by 1702, he must have married her soon after 1686 and she would have been born no later than 1670; she went on to live a long life, and was still alive when her youngest son, Henry made his will in 1738 (calling her his honoured mother), having figured in several transactions with him.


Issue by Mary Downer:
1. Thomas Booth, Died abt 1725, our ancestor
2. Eliza Booth (b bef 1681) M Vodry

Issue by Jane:
3. George Booth (GB3)
4. Samuel Booth (D 1733)
5. Simon Booth (D bef 1764)
6. William Booth (D bef 1714)
7. Sarah Booth, M Fisher.
8. Henry Booth – not in GB’s will, but probably born after the drafting of George’s will, inferred from later deeds between GB3, Jane & Henry Booth, & Samuel Booth 3 will.

    It is inferred that he was the George Booth “jnr” in deeds & patents in the 1680’s, in particular a 1683 patent, land which appears in his will: this only fits if he was junior to Captain George Booth. A much later transction by Andrew Wright in the 1770’s includes land bought in the Wallascott & Cobb patent.

    It is assumed that he was the eldest surviving son of George Booth 1st of Barbados & Vere by elimination of the other George Booths, his deduced age and the land reference in deeds to Elizabeth Crosse, who appears in Frances Booth’s will. This was probably land from his father’s purchase from the Hills.
   A further confirmation of this is a deed in 1741 where Henry Booth, grand son of George Booth sold land given to George Booth jnr & Mary by the Downers, 24¾ acres in 1686.
   He mentions in his will “my uncle George...his grandmother Mrs Jane Warren” (his will and deed 51/111, definitely correct transcription!); the Uncle’s family name is not specified in either document however. This Uncle George might have been a brother of his mother Jane. There is no mention of any relevant Jane Warrens in Barbados, although a family of that name appears there.

dated 1702, proved 1705. Planter of Vere.

To son Thomas: 20 acres in Wilkwood: E on Richd Muie, S S&W on Mr Thomas Roberts & N on Rodger Jacks; also a “shill” & full barr to estate. (deed 17/206 from the Downers).
to Dau Eliza Vodry: 19 ¾ acres in Mccary Bay in Vere, E on William Beck, N on Richard Schofield & Wm Ibent, W on George Lee, S on Jno Crop.
To wife Jane ¼ of land at Camps Savannah or Bay of McCary (Camps Savanna on West bank of Rio Minho) bounding on Wm Beck Raines Waite esq Mr Jno Harris Mr Jno Ashley Sr Thomas Lynch & Commoners abt 500 acres together with ¼ of 500 acres in Clarendon Greaze? Ridge W on Mr Jno Moore & sother upon Pinders River East on Capt Rule and N on unsurveyed (Pat 1-9/125 & 119 refer). (John Moore has land at Greazy Ridge, which fits).
To Jane negroes, horse & other domestic items
To Jane 100 acres for her to sell if needed S on Mr Ashly, N on Sir Thomas Lynch and rest on my land.
Remainder in Clarendon & Vere except “one negro boy names Essex which was given to my Uncle George by his grand mother Mrs Jane ??? (Warren)” to sons George Samuel Simon and Wiliam when 21. If they all die, to Jane, if she dies, to Thomas & Eliza.
To Daughter Sarah when 15, £200, £50 from each of sons.
5 children to be brought up on plantation charge.

Son George & Wife Jane as Execs.

Land Transactions:

In summary:
1. 20 acres from John Downer in 1686.
2. Land bought in Vere between the Milk River and Rio Minho.
3. 500 acres granted in northern Clarendon
4. Land bought from John Pusey in Vere, west of Salt Savanna.
5. Several small transactions in Withywood.    
6. Land inherited from his father.

    His eldest son, Thomas, did not inherit any land from his father except for the 20 acres in Withywood which came via Thomas’s mother, Mary Downer. This is born out by him moving to St Thomas in the Vale. The Downers also had land near Hilliards in addition to some in Salt Savanna.
    His sons by Jane, particularly Simon and, to a lesser extent, Samuel, recorded quite a number of land transactions. Most of the land left by him in addition to the Pindars River grant, was in the area of Camps Savanna and McCary Bary, between The Milk River and the Rio Minho. Most, if not all, seems to have been sold by his sons by Jane who ultimately moved up to the Green Pond area north of the Carenter’s mountains.
    The land sales by his sons are for some rather odd areas, with fractions of acres; the arithmetic is complicated by ¼ being left to his wife Jane and the remainder being split between his 3 surviving sons by her. It is difficult to see exactly what plots are involved. The identification is complicated by probable neighbour changes, or later grants on land shown as unsurveyed on the Booth plats. Resurveys may have come up with changed areas of the various plots. A number of transactions between Jane and Henry and her other sons seem to involve splitting up the inheritances from George to the three named in  his will to give Henry a share.

    The land left to Eliza is unidentified – perhaps it is part of the unidentified land left to George by his father, George Booth 1.

George Booth acquired a number of parcels of land:

1. 20 acres from the Downers.
    This parcel was given to GB2 by his brother in law John Downer in 1686, and passed to son Thomas, and to his son Henry who eventually in 1741 sold it to Thomas Roberts for J£300[79] (£135K 2015) in a deed which gave the history of the land. It was under the Brazilatto mountains.
    It is possible that sale of the land by the Downers was to regularise GB2’s holding after Mary’s death:
1686 Deed[80] John & Rebecca Downer sold 20 acres to George jnr “for love of their sister Mary, wf of George Booth jnr” under Braziletto Mtns. (a later deed 110/62 in 1741 refers to this as 24¾ acres), bounded E on Richard Mare jnr, W on sd John Downer, Phillip Roberts N on George Kirkoff. This land may have been part of that patented[81] by Robert Downer in 1664, and 60 acres of which was inherited by John Downer; this patent was shared with Philip Roberts and was on the Callavas Savannah, not found on maps but from 2 patents can be located to the west of the Salt Savannah.
This passed to son Thomas, and to his son Henry who eventually in 1741 sold it to Thomas Roberts for J£300[82] (£135K 2015).

2. Beck Land
  In 1687[83] George Booth (jnr of Vere) bought from Henry Beck for £50 26 acres patented[84] to Elizabeth Wright (& 2nd plot of 39 acres), which was sold in 1677 to Henry Beck. This parcel seems to have been on the eastern boundary of the land bought from Wellicot.
Plat to EW: N on the Common, E & S John Derunt, W Francis Wellicot & Mr Fenick.

3. 584 acres bought from Francis Wallascott.
Wallascott spellings vary: this is the patent spelling.
    Deducing from an indenture in 1745 by Sarah Fisher, his daughter, this plantation was George’s residence.
    26½ acres of this patent appears in a conveyance of 1772 where Andrew Wright was breaking an entail – it is not immediately apparent if Andrew’s land, inherited from his father, was originally Booth land via Andrew’s mother, or a separate acquisiton.

    In May 1687[85], Francis Wallascott sold 584 acres for £J650 to George Booth jnr, part of 814 acres granted[86] in 1674 to Henry Cobb & Francis Wallascott in Clarendon (this part of which later became Vere). In the text patent it bounded: W Dr Hilliard, S&E Mr Fenwick, N John Atkins, in the deed, it was N on Sir Thomas Lynch, E&S on Mr Fenwick, W Doc Henry Hilliard, and in George’s will, it bounded on Wm Beck Raines Waite esq Mr Jno Harris Mr Jno Ashley Sr Thomas Lynch & Commoners. The Wallascott land must have been to the East of this, south or south west of Camps Hill. Craskel, 1763, has a Booth in about the right postion for the remainder of this land. Several Booths are shown in Vere on 1763 Craskell, this one was probably the westernmost property (Plate 40).

    In 1703[87], “Mr George Booth, planter”, was granted 200 acres of “over plus land” surrounded by his own land, in Camps Savanna, to the west of the Rio Minho; the implication of this grant is that the whole holding in Camps Savanna was significantly greater than 200 acres. This must be GB2 as Capt GB was by this time dead. Over-plus land was land which was occupied by a grantee whose grant may have extended over previously patented, but unused land. The “over plus” grant secured the title to the occupier, although the original grantee might still make a reasonable claim for compensation.
These areas were, and still are, good sugar land.
    Some of this land must have been that which his grandson Benjamin leased to Andrew Wright in 1712.

    The land was left ¼ (146 acres) to his wife, Jane, and the remainder to his surviving sons (3).
Son George disposed of most of this, some via deeds to Jane Booth & her son Henry (his mother and younger brother):
1713: writ of partition in the supreme court splitting the land between the brothers.
1713: George 3 sold 59¾ acres to Peter Gravett.
1714: George 3 sold 2 plots, totalling 97¾ acres to Jane & Henry Booth.
1723: Samuel sold 230 ¼ acres, adjoining Simon & William Booth.

1707[88]: Jane sold 100 acres of this land, as permitted by George’s will, to Joseph Dunston. It seems then to have passed, at least in part to descendants of Andrew Wright (d 1712), probably by marriage to a daughter of the Dunston house. Se under Andrew’s section.
1761[89]: Joseph Wright & Elizabeth (probably son of Robert) planter of Vere for £65 from Henry Beal planter of Vere ..sold that parcel of land being part of 100A sold by Jane Booth to Joseph Dunston near Kemps Savanna cont 27 ½ a E on former Henry Lord now heirs of Thomas Alpress S on heirs of Joseph Dunston, W on called Hilliards now in the possession of Edward Maxwell
1766[90]: Cornelius Peter Christian & his wife Elizabeth White, planter of Vere for J£50 from Henry Beal planter of Vere land in Bay McCary 5A being part of 100A from Jane Booth to Joseph Dunston N on Kings Rd, E on Thomas Hercey Barratt & John Gall Booth. S on Henry Beal & Simon Booth W on John Rodon. (Cornelius was a land partner with Robert Wright).
1775[91] Andrew & Mary Wright of Vere, millwright, for £55 from Henry Beal of Vere planter, 27½ acres part of 100 acres in Kemps Savanna sold by Jane Booth to Joseph Dunston E on Thomas Hercey Barrett, W John Rodon, S & N on Henry Beal.

    The Wallascott patent has no plat, and Henry Hilliard’s grants are difficult to postion with any precision, the orientation does not seem to work. The 1664 grant shows the flank of the Round Hill in an appropriate position, but the 1668 grant has the Leeward road to Alligator Pond north of the Milk River, which is difficult to achiev, particularly with the 1664 grant on the eastern flank of the Hill.
    Dr Henry Hilliard was granted 368 in 1664 acres on the Eastern flank of the Round Hill, bordering on the Main Savanna. The main savannah is between the Vere & Milk Rivers; on modern maps, the Main Savanna gully is an easterly branch of the Baldwin River, between the Milk River & Rio Minho. The plat shows what might be rivers, but does not name them. Ogilby 1670 shows Hilliard on a road on the East bank of the Milk Savanna River. Henry Hilliard also was granted 1300 acres on the Milk River & Macary Bay in 1668: in the 1670 census, Hilliard had 1668 acres, exactly correct. These patents probably joined: the early one included the junction between the 2 rivers, un-named, but possibly the Milk and Vere (later Hilliard’s) Rivers. The later one had the Milk river running through the plat, the orientation of which looks certainly to be incorrect, and was probably immediately south of the 1664 plat. Lands bordering the East of these would be on Camps Savanna & Macary Bay. If the 1668 plat is rotated so that the milk river and the road past the Round Hill are roughly correct, the boundary on the Sea becomes impossible. The early maps show a road along the shore, south of the Round Hill, which goes further to tie down these patents.
     A conveyance between Simon Booth, the younger, and Edward Maxwell in 1759, indicates that some Hilliard land was then owned by Maxwell and had a long bondary NE/SW ending in the sea. A proposition is that the plat for 1668 is incorrectly oriented and annotated: if rotated about 90º, it then fits the milk river and the sea was on the then southern most border, giving a boundary that fits the Booth/Maxwell deed.
Hilliard appears in the SE central area of Barbados in 1657.

    Elizabeth Wright plat 39 acres bounds on Fenwick. Capt George Booth mortgaged land on John Ashley in 1686.
Deduced from an indenture in 1745 by Sarah Fisher, his daughter, this plantation was George’s residence.

4. 500 acres granted to him at Greazy Ridge, Pindars River.
    The patent[92] in 1682-3 refers to him as George Booth jnr – this is confirmed by the 500a of land concerned appearing is his will.
S Unsurveyed River(?) Land (Pinders River from later deeds), E Hammand Rules, N Unsurveyed, W John Moore. Hammand Rules patent[93] adjoins this and gives a location as Greazy Ridge (no other reference to the ridge has been found).
     George left this land in his will: ¼ to his wife, Jane, the remainder to his sons by her.
Son George sold his share in 1718.
Son Simon sold his share to Thomas Tayby.
Son Samuel sold some or all of his share to the Fishers.
This patent was the same date as ones for George Booth senior and Benjamin Booth, these appearing on Clarendon Estate map 188 at Porus.

5. 17 ½ acres bought in 1687[94] from Osbourne/Pusey grant

     290 acres were in patented in Clarendon in 1669 to George Osborn & John Pusey[95], George Osborn died & John Pusey sold 17.5 acres to Stephen Jackson, who sold[96] it to George Booth jnr, E on Michael Shauington, N on King’s Rd, W Richard Pusey S on Edward Bromfield for £50.
    Callavos Savannah appears on the western side of a plat to Robert Downer, the eastern side of which is on Salt Savannah. The Clarkes in 1664 also had a plat west on the Callavas Savannah. It was probably therefore in the southern part of Withywood, towards Carlisle.
It is not known where this went to.
This plot and the 5 acres from Stiles are probably joined, to make 22 ½ acres

6. Various small transactions in Vere/Salt Savanna.
    He and his wife Mary are named in a deed[97] where they sold in 1678 of a small piece of land at Michell Hole to Elizabeth Crosse who was described as a cousin in George’s (step?) mother Frances’s will. Mitchell Hole was
    A similar piece of land is later sold by Cornelius?? Adams of Vere in a deed[98] to George Booth jnr in 1686 as executor to Margery Booth, having previously been agreed to be sold by Adams to Margery Booth, dcd. This deed is puzzling as it was dated 1678, but not completed until 1686/7. Margery Booth was a Victualler of Port Royal, the connection is not apparent. Edmund Crosse married Elizabeth Boulton, St Catherine, 1/10/1669: perhaps she was the sister of Nicholas Boulton, GB2’s brother Benjamin’s father in law.
    Mitchell/Michael Hole about 4 miles east of the mouth of the Rio Minho.
This is probably part of the land at Withywood, bought by GB1 in 1670 from the Hills.
    In[99] 1686-7, Peter Stiles sold 5 acres of his patented land[100] “in the Longwood, Salt Savanna”, to the west of the Savanna, to George Booth jnr in Vere for £12. An almost triangular plot.
    In early 1689, George was patented 5 acres in Vere, part of a patent to Downer & Roberts, which he acquired by escheat for £15 when the previous owner defaulted on rents, and he and Mary sold it soon afterwards for £60 to James Lee, surgeon[101].

7. Inherited land from his father,
   He inherited about 25 acres in Withywood, part of the land bought from the Hills. By the time GB2 inherited this land, the indigo boom had passed, and it would have been small for sugar. Some of the Withywood land may have been 2 plots he sold 1678 & 1686.
    George’s father GB1 mentions in his will a sugar estate in St Jago Savannah. GB2 would have inherited ¼ of this: it was probably near his brother, Benjamin and Capt George Booth.
     George’s legacy to his daughter Eliza Vodry of 19 ¾ acres in Mccary Bay in Vere, was probably part of his lands on or around the Main Savanna )E on William Beck, N on Richard Schofield & Wm Ibent, W on George Lee, S on Jno Crop)
Capt George Booth’s also had land which he mortgaged with John Ashley, bounded on John Ashley and that left by him to daughter Eliza bounded on John Cropp.

Other Transactions

Hugh & Elizabeth Gardiner to George Booth – 1687[102] - WHICH GB?
Patent to Joseph Gardner for 150 acres in Clarendon now Vere. Hugh Gardner sold 40 acres to George Booth of Vere for £300, S & W on River Minho E on Highway etc.
Plat 1B-11-2-8F155 4/2/1664-5:
Houses shown by river; Withywood S by the River Mino; S Anthony Barroughs, W River Mino, N George Pattison, E Henry Dannett
This plat is near Robert Downer’s of a similar date: the Downer plat bounds South on George Pattison, and also west on the River.
Ogilby (1671) shows a Gardner Indigo plantation in Clarendon:
Petteson (Pattison) on the coast at Michael’s Hole, Gardiner about 1.5 miles to the North, and Horner as far again to the north. However, the reference to the highway would put this further north, near Kettle Spring where the only road is shown on the early maps.

2nd wife Jane
Jane died aft 1714 when she and her son Henry had dealings – see later under Henry. If the assumed connections are correct, she died after son Henry (1738/9). If so, she must have been an old lady having been born before about 1670, but by no means impossible. Son Henry referred to her as “honoured mother”, implying some age.

Jane Booth sold 100 acres to Joseph Dunston, by a private act of Jamaica in 1707. This land appears in later in 1761 when Joseph Wright sold a part of it and 1775, when Andrew Wright sold 27½ acres. Further analysis of this is under GB2’s land transactions. This was probably part of the land left by GB2 to Jane, but may have also been part of the land settled by Supreme Court in 1713.

1/1. Thomas Booth – AM11/21.

Probably son of an earlier wife, maybe Mary Downer, see his own section.
His will dated 1725 specifically mentions the land in Withywood adj Thomas Roberts, left in George’s will.

1/2. Eliza Booth

Probably daughter of GB’s first wife, probably Mary Downer, in his 1702 will, she was a married woman, thus born no later than 1685, but probably before 1681 as not referred to as under 21 in 1702:
to Dau Eliza Vodry: 19 ¾ acres in Mccary Bay in Vere, E on William Beck, N on Richard Schofield & Wm Ubent, W on George Lee, S on Jno Crop.

Eliza married Aaron Vodry:
Will of Aaron Vodry[103] 1702
Millwright of St Jago de la Vega
to sons George, Thomas & John when 18, If they die, to Wife Elizabeth
Father in law George Booth, & wife Elizabeth Execs
Aaron Vodry bur St Catherine 16/4/1702PR.

There was an Aaron Daderyck Vodry baptised St Michael Barbados, 28/8/1664, son of George & Alice Vodry, who left a will including Aaron, 6/9/1668: maybe this is the same person?

Aaron Vodry a witness on the will of George Booth, 1694.
A Margaret Vozey ch 26/1/1688 of Henry & Mary Booth, St C – is this the same family as Vodry?

There seem few Church records of the Vodry’s, perhaps they were Jews?

Issue at St Catherine:
2/1. Thomas Vaudery ch 23/1/1697-8 of Aaron & Elizabeth

Prob bur St Catherine, 25/1/1718-9.

2/2. John Vodry ch 2/2/1700-1 of Aaron.

A John Vodry was party to a pair of deeds in 1759 where George & Elizabeth Booth (1707-69) conveyed lands to John Vodry one day who then coveyed it back to the Booths, presumeably securing title. It may be this John, or a later generation.

2/3. George Vodry – Aaron’s will.

George Vodry buried St Catherine 29/4/1747.

His wife was Elizabeth, and her brother Richard Hunt.
Elizabeth Hunt ch St Catherine 25/10/1701 of William & Elizabeth
No Richard Hunts listed – see issue of Ann Burton, dau of Frances & Judith.

1754: Vodry, George, St. Catherine 53, St. Mary 325, St. John 233, St. Thomas in the Vale 300, Tot 911

1725[104]: Samuel, Simon, and Henry Booth & John Fisher & Sarah his wife in right of sd Sarah, devisees of will of GB their father. For £5 for 3 slaves to George Vodry.
This deed makes it pretty clear that George Vodry was the son of Eliza & Aaron Vodry.

From Thomas Booth’s will 1739-47
To William Vodry son of cousin George Vodry 1 negro & 5 heifers
Cousin George Vodry exec.

George leaves a will of 1744 naming sons John & William and daughter Ann: from a deed in 1761, only John survives.

Will 1744[105]: George Vodry of St Catherine, planter. Item: to wife Elizabeth house of St Jago during her widowhood. All R&R between children John, William & Ann Vodry. If they all die the house to Richard Hunt son of my wife's brother Richard Hunt Also brother William Mecham's children.

1761[106]: Elizabeth Vodry, widow of St Catherine & John Vodry only son of George Vodry, sold to Anthony Cooper for £65, negro man of St Catherine, foot land in St Jago

1762[107]: Whereas George Vodry's will dated 27/7/1744 leaves to sons John & William & daughter Ann. William & Ann died without issue so John only one. To break entail, John Vodry planter of St Catherine sold to Isaac Saa Silvera gent of St Catherine 200A in St John for 5/-called Vodry's & 300A in St Thomas in the Vale called Moores upon trust that Isaac Saa Silvera may be hereby enabled to Regrant ... to John Vodry.

1762[108]: John Vodry for £670 from Moses & Daniel Almeyda merchants of St Catherine mortgage for lands from George Vodry, repaid 5/2/1776

1770[109]: Henry Lord advanced sums to John Vodry's creditors £1690 secured on lands 200A in St John & 300A in St TiV & land in St Jago

Issue of George and Mary:
3/1. Robert Aaron Vodry, ch St Catherine 25/8/1720
3/2. Mary Vodry, ch St Catherine, 21/8/1721
Issue of George and Elizabeth:
3/3. Thomas vodry, ch St Catherine 31/5/1724
3/4. William Vodry, ch St Catherine 14/3/1735-6
3/5. John Vodry.
3/6. Ann Vodry.

1/3. George Booth – “GB3”

Born aft 1681 (<21 1702).
As an executor of his father’s will (when he was less than 21, but probably close to that age), he was probably the eldest son.

Wife Rebecca Mayne, daughter of John (and probably Elizabeth) Mayne[110],
born 20/8/1694[111]. Her mother, Elizabeth probably remarried John Rhodon.
John Mayne had land granted in Port Royal and sold several pieces of land to the sons of John Downer (details under the Downer section).

Jane Booth, 1715
Elizabeth Booth, b 1718.

    He inherited 1/4 of father’s residual estate with Samuel & Simon and would have inherited William’s share as the heir at law, assuming the latter died intestate. He sold most or all in the following ten years or so. The transactions confirm him to be the son of GB2. He seems to be the only known George Booth at this time of the right sort of age and for the tenuous reason of his taking action against his brothers, and must thus have been an awkward customer, this may have been him! He was probably short of money at this moment.
    In 1713/4, he was sued[112] for debts by various traders (as well as a John Booth, probably of Capt George family); the traders were a couple of planters and a shopkeeper. The total was £J157 (about £70000 in 2015). These preceded his actions against his brothers by a few weeks, and were probably in fact concurrent. Speculatively, these actions may have been precipitated by the resolution of his father’s will.
    After a “writ of partition in the supreme court”[113] “last Tues (25) Nov 1713”, over partition of land (of George Booth’s Will) action by George Booth against his other 3 brothers, land awarded 19/4/1714. In the same deed, George Booth & Wife Rebecca for £205 sold to Peter Gravett 59¾ acres mostly woodland N on Col Edward Collier, S on Samuel Booth, W on heirs of Joseph Dunston, E on sd PG & NW on Sir Thomas Lynch. Signed for no apparent reason by Jane Booth, his mother still alive. A plat is on the wills file. This was perhaps part of the Wallascott land.
     At about the same time, he sold, probably as a mortgage, for 5/- 22 ¾ acres to Peter Gravett[114], in Vere savannah NE on William Booth dcd S on James Egan, E on Mrs Jane Booth, W on sd Jane Booth, Henry Booth & Henry Lorel (Plat on wills file). He also took out mortgage with Peter Gravett on some slaves at the same time. This land was probably George’s ¼ share of his father’s Camps Savanna land acquired from Wallascott, and bounds on his brother Samuel’s share. Then he & Rebecca sold it again in 1717[115] to Jonathan Facey, a  planter of Vere, for £90. It was part of his father’s Wallascott purchase. This land was sold on to Jeremiah Downer, who then sold it in 1725[116] to Samuel Booth, George’s brother, perhaps for George’s daughter, Elizabeth; this must have been a train of mortgages.
    In 1713[117] he and his wife Rebecca, one of the daus & coheirs of John Mayne dcd of Vere sold to Robert Cargill of Vere gent, for £300, 29 acres NE on Rio Mino SE on Thomas Cargill W on Elizabeth Mayne & now wife of John Rhodon NW on Richard Cargill esq. This must have been Rebecca’s dower.
    In a deed[118] in August 1714, George & Rebecca sold 2 plots of land in Vere of 75 and 22¾ acres, part of the Wallascott purchase of his father for £100 to Jane Booth, planter of Vere & her son Henry, 1st pcl 75a bounded E on Samuel & Simon Booth, W on heirs of Joseph Dunston dcd, N on Simon Booth, & S on Henry Lord; 2nd pcl cont 22¾ acres E on Simon Booth S on Jane Booth E on John Morant esq, SW on George Booth. This deed looks as though the land was going to George’s youngest brother.
    In a deed in May 1716[119], George and Rebecca sold Jonathan Facey/Tracey planter of Vere, ref George Booth will of 8/9/1704 good estate of inheritance, left to 4 sons; for £90 George Booth & Rebecca sells 22 3/4 acres to Jonathan Facey NE on William Booth dcd, S on Mr James Egan E on Mrs Jane Booth W on sd Jane Booth Henry Booth & Henry Lord. This land was left by Jonathan to his wife Esther who sold it in 1722 to Jeremiah Downer.
    In 1718, he completed the dispersal of most of his land inherited from his father when he and Rebecca sold[120] to Robert Fisher, gent of Vere 1/3 of the 500 acres of land granted[121] to his father, George Booth junr, on the north side of Pindars River.
    This may be him, or George (1707-69): In 1728[122], a George Booth of Vere sold a small piece of land in Vere to Francis Byfield, a free negro 2 acres in Vere, E on George Booth, N on Francis Byfield, W on River Mino, S on the Kings Rd leading to the estate of Madam Dolores Knight, dcd.
    There are a few deeds in the late 1720’s relating to a George Booth, initially of Vere, but then of St James. A reference to a writ of partition relating to Captain George Booth’s land indicates that the deeds refer to Capt George Booth’s grandson, George. However, almost contemporary deeds refer to the latter as of Vere.
   There is no indication of his fate, although there is a will of 1734 for George Booth, Joiner of St Catherine, but this is probably not him as no children are mentioned: from the final deed of the 22.75 acres passed from him to Facey to Downer and on to Samuel in 1725, he died before January 1725. He probably faded into obscure poverty, a view reinforced by his daughter, Elizabeth being probably the one brought up by Samuel Booth, his brother.

Christenings in Vere of George & Rebecca:
2/1. Jane Booth, born 14/11/1715, ch 15/11/1715.

with sponsors Samuel, Simon & Sarah Booth & Samuel Beck: Samuel, Simon & Sarah were this George’s siblings so maybe this Jane was his daughter – Sarah Booth would have been married to John Fisher by 1718.
Married Caswell Gravet, Clarendon, 5/5/1734.
Peter Gravet, ch St Andrew, 27/3/1676, son of Gilbert & Jane (P13)
He may well have been Caswell’s father.
No recorded Gravet’s between Peter & Caswell.
Isssue of Caswell & Jane Gravet, from Vere PR:
3/1. Caswell Gravet, ch 27/4/1735.
3/2. Rebecca Gravet, b 29/4/1737, ch 29/1/1738.
3/3. Peter Gravet, b 13/7/1739, ch 25/12/1738, wit Peter Gravet &c.

2/2. Elizabeth Booth, b 5/11/1718. ch 6/11/1718.

sponsors Judith Ranger, Sarah Fisher, Francis Ranger.
She was probably the Elizabeth who was brought up by her uncle Samuel (will of 1733).

1/4. Samuel Booth – D 1733

(<21 1702)
He inherited 1/3 of his father’s estate, and thus had some 100’s of acres. His inventory showing 24 slaves indicates a reasonable size property. In  addition to the land at Pindar River, he had property in Vere.
Born aft 1781, and bef 1696 (marriage in 1714) and died 1733. Planter of Vere.
He married Rebecca Gravett, 16/11/1714 Clarendon (dau of Peter Gravett – as father in law and executor in Samuel’s will).
Peter Gravett ch St Andrew, 26/3/1676 of Gilbert & Jane Gravett.

Issue from wills:
Samuel Gravett
Milborough (b 1715, prob d young)
Elizabeth, b 1717,
Cassell (Caswell)
Olive (PG 1746 will)
Ann (Booth) Read,

His brothers & sister tie his will to this Samuel.
Probably this Samuel with the Fisher connection (brother-in-law):

Samuel inherited ¼ of father’s residual estate with William, Simon & George with his brothers, including land at McCary Bay

    1723[123], Samuel Booth mortgaged 3 slaves, 30 cattle 28 sheep 1 horse
for 3 years, for £240 from John Fisher, a planter of Vere, probably his brother in law.

    In January 1724[124], Samuel & Rebecca sold 32¼ acres of savanna land in Vere to Jeremiah Downer, probably his brother in law, a planter of Vere, for £80, N on Capt Fisher, Capt Thomas Cargill & John Morant esq S Simon Booth E John Morant esq W on Simon & William Booth. This is similar to land sold by brother George to Jane & Henry in 1714, and probably the remains of the Wellascott purchase.
    Later in 1724[125], Samuel Booth sold to Thomas Taylby his 1/3 share of GB2’s Pinders River land for £250, sold for £60 to Samuel Booth 100 acres, part of 300 (this was part of his father’s patent, and as such should be 500 a, copy text probably wrong) acres S on Unsurveyed land & Pinders River, E Hammond Rule, W on John Moore, but if Samuel Booth holds the ten acres in Vere, this one does not happen: at the same time, Thomas Taylby sold[126] Samuel Booth for £15, 10 acres in Vere W on John Gale dcd, NW Raines Wait dcd N on lands said to be .. Dickinson, S William Talby. Thomas Taylby appears as a parent in Clarendon in 1721.
The 10 acres was sold by his son, Samuel Gravette Booth in 1754.

1725[127]: this deed relates to land previously owned by Samuel’s deceased brother, GB3.
Jeremiah Downer of Vere & Rebecca wife 1st part & Samuel Booth of 2nd part: George Booth, planter of Vere, dcd & his wife Rebecca on 19/6/1717 sold to Jonathan Facey of Vere dcd, 22 ¾ acres land in Vere; Jonathan Facey by will 3/1/1720-1 left it to his wife Ester, she sold to Jeremiah Downer 29/11/1722, Jeremiah & Rebecca Downer sold it to Samuel Booth.
NE William Booth dcd, S on James Egan, E on Mrs Jane Booth W on Jane Booth, Henry Booth & Henry Lord.

Samuel’s will of 1733[128]:
Daus: Elizabeth, Jane, Rebecca, Cassell & Olive, all £300 when 21 or unmarried.
Dau Ann Read, alias Mathews, £J100. (no indication of the relevance of the Mathews name, but maybe a previous marriage).

Niece Elizabeth Booth who lived with him – no indication of who she was, but must have been daughter of one of his brothers, who died before their wills. The most likely one would have been his brother George’s daughter, born 1718, especially as her father sounds unreliable from his transactions.

Sons George & Samuel Gravett Booth.
Brothers Simon & Henry Booth & Sarah Fisher

Samuel Booth planter of Vere: 24 slaves 140 horses 106 cattle other cattle, 14 young mules, 3 asses, £1000 of bonds
total £3185/7/11

1742[130] Crop Accounts:
Booth, Samuel, Planter of Vere Decd                          

Shown by Simon Booth, one of the executors                         

October 12 By 6 Mules sold Mr Jacob Stokes at £22 pr Head £132/0/0d

Dec 10 by 5 D'o to Matt Philip Esq at £25 pr Head £125/0/0d

Dec 25 By nine months rent of certain parcels of land slaves and stock being the property of Samuel Gravett Booth a Minor being his fourth part of the whole and rented to his Brother George Booth after the rate of one hundred and five pounds and Seventeen Shillings pr ann and ending this twenty fifth day of December £79/7/9d

1749[131], but not filed until 14 August 1753, probably after Rebecca’s death:
Rebecca Booth widow executor of Samuel Booth dcd & guardian of Samuel Gravett Booth releaese George Booth from any claim by her as executor for her husband Samuel Booth.

Wife Rebekka
Her Will of 1751/4[132]
Sons George & Samuel Gravet Booth (a negro man in London)
G/children (R’s will only):
Jane Vesie Booth &
Priscilla Elizabeth Booth
John Gall Booth, son of George Booth
G/S John Gall Booth (R only)
G/D Olive Gall Booth (deed 277/163 implies a legacy under this will)
Exec George Booth jnr of Vere (probably her son, George snr being g/s of Surveyor George) & Samuel Gravet Booth

Issue of Samuel & Rebecca Booth:
2/1. Milborough Booth, b 15/11/1715, ch 24/2/1716 Vere,

of Samuel & Rebecca. Spon Jane Groot, Rebecca & Nathnl Cohen.
Prob died early, not in parents wills.

2/2. Elizabeth Booth,  born 9/8/1717, ch 19/11/1717, Vere.

privately baptised pr of Sam & Rebecca.

2/3. Samuel Gravett Booth (Parents wills), b aft 1722 Alive 1754.

Owned 129 acres in Vere in 1754. Left a negro in London by his mother.
No will seen for SGB.
In g/afther Peter Gravett 1746 will
Married Milborough Gravett Vere 6/9/1751PR. She was born sometime before about 7/7/1736 (1757 deed). Prob his 1st cousin, dau of Caswell, g/dau of his g/father Peter Gravett.
There was a will of Milborough Booth about 1772, but the book is not available.

Crop Accounts for his father’s estate 1742
Dec 25 By nine months rent of certain parcels of land slaves and stock being the property of Samuel Gravett Booth a Minor being his fourth part of the whole and rented to his Brother George Booth after the rate of one hundred and five pounds and Seventeen Shillings pr ann and ending this twenty fifth day of December value £79/7/9d

1754[133]: Ind Btw Samuel Gravett Booth of Vere planter & Milborough his wife sold to Phineas De Mattos of Vere for £45 10A E on John Yates now William Perrin, NW on Raines Waite dcd now Dr John Gray, WN on said to be Dickinson, S on William Talby now in possession of Tristram Ratcliffe dcd. This 10 acres was bought from Thomas Taylby by father Samuel in 1724.

These 2 deeds are for contiguous parcels of land:
1753[134] Ind: Samuel Gravett Booth planter of Vere sold to Jonathan Gale of Vere Esq for £478-5, 2 pieces of land in Vere:
1st of 129 acres formerly belonging to Elizabeth Sutton S on Sea N on Jeremiah Downer now in possession of Moses Alvares & Samuel Gravett Booth, E on land late of Simon Booth esq now in possession of John Pusey esq W on Samuel Booth dcd
Adjoins Simon Booth to Pusey, 158/118.
2nd 10 acres being ½ of 20A N on Samuel Gravett Booth, S on John Pusey esq E on heirs of Tristram Radcliffe & Booth & Reid & W on John Pusey.
(copy on file of plat).

1757[135]: Samuel Gravett Booth & his wife Milborough of Vere sold land to Grace Booth wife of Norwood Booth. 
Now 17/3/1753 Samuel Gravett Booth sold to Jonathan Gale of Vere his part of 2 pieces of land in Vere
1st 129.5A formerly belonging to Elizabeth Sutton S on the sea, N on Jeremiah Downer now in poss of Moses Alvarez and said Samuel Gravett Booth, E & Ely on property late of Simon Booth esq now John Pusey, W on Samuel Booth dcd
2nd 10A being ½ of 20A N on Samuel Gravett Booth formerly Grays, S on John Pusey, E on heirs of Tristram Ratcliff and Booth and Read & W on John Pusey
Milborough was under age at the first deed but now is 21 & Jonathan Gale died leaving all to wife Grace who remarried Norwood Booth. For £475/5 to George & Milborough Booth, sold remainder to Grace Booth. It was then sold to John Pusey.

1755[136] Ind: Samuel Gravett Booth sold to William Eve of Vere, for £234/10, 67A in Vere, N Jeremiah Downer in possession of Moses Alvares, S on John Pusey & Richard Brown, E on Kings Rd between Radcliff & Greggs, W on Samuel Gravett Booth now sold to Jonathan Gale.

1756[137]: Samuel Gravett & Milborough Booth, planter of Vere, sold for £550 to Henry Goulbourne esq of Vere, 40¼ A in Vere N&E on Kings Rd and heirs of Henry Booth dcd, S on John Gall Booth, W on heirs of Thomas Allpress.

1758[138]: Samuel Gravet Booth planter of Vere for £450J from Thomas Milson planter of Vere sold 8 slaves until 27/11/1760.

1761[139]: George Booth jnr & Samuel Gravett Booth planters of Vere for £30 from Daniel Nunes planter of Vere sold 10 acres in Vere W on Dr John Grey E on former Edward Francis dcd now William Perrin dcd N John Ashley S Maj Robert Burbery. Probably shown in estate plan T93

1764[140]: Samuel Gravett Booth To Jonathan Ranger
15A in Kemps Savanna leased for 7yrs £6 pa

Who was Mary Dixey, kin to George & Samuel Gravett Booth?? Nothing on LDS database. Very speculatively, maybe Thomas Browne was a son of Ann (Booth) Brown, dau of GB1. Henry Booth sold a negro to William Dixey in Kingston in 1729.
1745[141]: George & Samuel Gravett Booth from Mary Dixey widow of Kingston:
Henry Grey late of Vere planter by deed gave Thomas Browne & his wife Ann, dau of Henry Grey 20 acres in Vere part of a larger run of Henry Grey’s, N on land formerly of Henry Grey now Samuel Booth, E on land of George L? now of Tristam Ratcliffe, S formerly of Thomas Sutton now of Simon Booth, W on formerly Henry Grey now Simon Booth.
Thomas Browne and Ann his wife had issue Henry, Richard, & Frances Browne & Frances Browne married Richard Mann of Kingston bricklayer.
Mary Dixey buys the land of the Browne children.
Mary Dixey ... for 5/- from loving kinsmen George Booth & Samuel Gravett Booth sons of Samuel Booth late of Vere dcd.
Richard Brown ch 18/2/1714, Vere of Thomas & Ann Brown.
Richard Mann ch 27/11/1743, Kingston of Richard & Frances Mann.

2/4. George Booth, b aft 1715 alive 1754

Inherited ½ his father’s residual estate.
In John Gall’s will of 1760 “the younger” (to whom??)
Probable father of John Gall Booth, later of Manchester.

His mother Rebecca appeared to have blocked George making any claim on her estate by leaving him 5 shillings. She made provision for the upkeep of his children, as did John Gall (1760) so he was probably a bad lot!

He possibly died sometime soon before February 1775: there is a deed of early 1775 in which his daughter Olive’s portion is passed in trust untl she was 21. George & Olive Gall Booth’s mother Priscilla was then alive as a widow.

Married Priscilla, probably daughter of John Gall.
Possibly the sister of John Gall, by inference from John Gall’s will[142] of 1759-60.
John Gall in his will made provision for Jane Vesey Booth to live in his house until she was 14 or married. He also made small bequests to Priscilla & John & Henry. He also mentions Savages – see extra issue of George & Prscilla below.
Priscilla was still alive in 1775

1753[143]: Was this him? Location of land bordering Henry Booth dcd makes it probable that he was this family branch rather than GB (1707), but this deed was filed the same day as one which certainly related to GB 1707.

1769[144]: George Booth jnr of Vere & David Perera Mendez of Vere merchant
George Booth jnr & John Gall Booth for £561/13/2 sold 61 acres in Camp Savanna E on Mary Schofield in poss of heirs of Samuel Booth dcd W on former Raines Wait now Samuel Alpress esq, N on heirs of John Durrant S on land formerly of James Piper now George Woullf

Also 30 A on Sedge Pond N on former Joseph Wright now Hervey Beale & part of same plot now Thomas Hercie Barratt esq
also 18 slaves. If repay by 7/2/1773 OK

1761: George Booth jnr & Samuel Gravett Booth planters of Vere for £30 from Daniel Nunes planter of Vere sold 10 acres in Vere W on Dr John Grey E on former Edward Francis dcd now William Perrin dcd N John Ashley S Maj Robert Burbery

Issue (Wills of mother Rebecca Booth & John Gall):
3/1. Jane Vesey Booth (re wills of Rebecca B. 1751 & John Gall 1760)

B 16/8/1748, ch 28/11/1748PR, Vere.
Left £J400 by John Gall in 1760 when reaching age 14.
Left £J200 by grand mother Rebecca when 21 or married.
Probably married Peter Clark 4/2/1768, VerePR.
Issue of P & JVC:
4/1. Rebecca Priscilla Clarke, ch St C 24/6/1773, b 4/5/73.
4/2. Christian Clarke, ch St C 22/6/1779, b 16/3/1779.
4/3. Peter Clarke b 19/9/1781 ch 16/10/1781, St Catherine
4/4. George Booth Clark

Probably son who m Mary Booth (probably dau of John Gall Booth), Vere 7/8/1792 and had issue see under Gall Booths
5/1. Jane Vesey Clark, bapt Vere 4/2/1794.

3/2. Priscilla Elizabeth Booth (R Will - <21 1751)

B aft 1730
Left £J200 & a negro by grand mother Rebecca when 21 or married.

3/3. John Gall Booth (R will).

Full family later in this document.
1758[145]: John Gall sold 25 slave to Henry Gall for 5/-

Left the rest & residue of grandmother Rebecca’s estate (will 1751/4).
Issue, summarised:
1. Joseph Wright Booth, 3 children by Jane Brown
2. George Booth, b 1773, d bef 1784
3. William Wright Booth, ch 1777, d bef 1796
4. John Gall Booth – Issue
5. Samuel Booth, ch 1782
6. George Booth, ch 1784 d bef 1796
7. Henry Booth, ch 1785 – Issue
8. Robert Wright Booth – Issue
9. Sarah Goulburn Booth, ch 1792
10. Francis Wright Booth 1795-1821
11. Rebecca Mary Booth – ch 1792 d bef 1822 – Clarke issue.
12. Andrew Wright Booth – b aft 1785 d by 1813 – issue.

3/4. Henry Booth

3/5. Olive Gall Booth. B. 25/11/1764, ch 22/11/1765.

Mentioned in a deed of 1775[146] aged 11 where she is given 20 acres in Vere in trust with Peter Clarke.
This deed makes the line from George & Rebecca to George and Priscilla to te Gall Booths clear.
Probably: Olave Booth, spin married George Ranger, planter, Clarendon, 6/7/1783.

This series of baptisms possibly continue from the grandchildren in Rebecca’s will, but seem a long breeding period. The baptismal dates are all after Rebecca’s will date, but some are before its probate.

Issue of George & Priscilla Booth, Vere PR:
Andrew Savage Booth, b 1751, bur Vere, 21/6/1769 aged 18 – names indicate he was of this family. No PR Baptism.
Henry Savage Booth, b. 17/1/1752, ch 1/10/1752.
Rebecca Gavot Booth, b. 22/2/1755, ch 23/2/1755.

Mary Grey Booth, ch 22/7/1769.

Mention of Savage family in John Gall’s will of 1760 & his natural son, Henry Gall Snowdon.

2/5. Olive Booth – married David Cunningham 10/1/1750, Vere.

A David Cunningham also married Elizabeth Clarke 8/7/1753, so Olive probably died before then. This explains her absence in her mother’s will of 1754.
No Vere, Clarendon, St Catherine Cunninghams
Dr David Cunningham had land bounding on land owned by George Booth (1769) when it was sold in 1761[147].

2/6. Ann Booth – in father’s will as Ann Read, alias Matthews

The alias Mathews was probably an earlier marriage of Ann.
John Read married Ann Booth 9/1731, Clarendon
3/1. Mary Read b 11/10/1734, ch 21/10/1734 Vere
3/2. John Read b 19/4/1737 ch. 8/5/1737 Vere
3/3. Samuel Booth Read, b 26/1/1738, ch 16/4/1738, Vere
3/4. Henry Booth Read,

who married Jane Caroll Clarke, spinster, both of St Catherine, 31/10/1768. This must be a son of Ann & John Read.
4/1. George Ivy Reid 7/7/1770 Henry Booth Reid & Jane Carr

St Catherine registers had some gaps between 1736 & about 1747.
There was a variation of spelling, but this family was usually Read.

Henry Booth jnr from John Read – 1737[148]
For 5/- from Henry Booth of Vere planter, John Read, of Vere planter, sold to Henry Booth (in trust for Ann Read wife of sd John Read party to these presents) a negro woman & child Quasheba & Patience. For Ann’s life and then to the children by John Read.
Ann dau of Samuel, son of GB2: Henry would be her uncle.

John Read b. 7/2/1707 ch 3/6/1707 of George Read Rebecca, Vere.
John Reid esq bur 27/3/1761, St Catherine

A number of Reads in Vere & St Catherine at this time.
George Ivy Reid 7/7/1770 Henry Booth Reid & Jane Carr

A Robert Higgins Read owned slaves in Vere about 1774, son of William Ruth, ch 1735, Vere. He died before 1782, by which date his wife Susanna was married to Simon Facey of St Elizabeth.

1/5. Simon Booth – D abt 1764 SiB1

There is some confusion: there appear to have been 2 Simon Booths, both with wives Rebecca, the other being a son of Captain George, and thus quite a bit older than this one and was probably buried in 1721 at an age of about 50.
It seems most likely that the following refer to Simon, son of GB2.

He was under 21 in his father’s will of 1702 and in an affidavit in 1759 he stated he was 60 or 61, making him born about 1698-9.
Died: October/November 1764.
Samuel, D 1761,
Simon jnr SB2,

He inherited ¼ of his father’s residual estate with Samuel, George & William, whose share George would have inherited.

Simon, his sons Samuel and Simon, and his grandson, Simon, son of Simon, built up a considerable land holding in western Vere and later further north in Clarendon.

Plate 42

A detailed view on Plate 43.

1754 Landowners:

Probably son & grandson of George Booth 2nd:
Simon Booth snr, Vere, 316 acres
Simon Booth, jnr, Vere 135

1722[149]: Simon Booth & wife Rebecca sold to Thomas Manning both planters of Vere for £320 60 acres in Camps Savanna E & NW Jasper Hanasyde NE Elizabeth Combe SE Ben Fisker SW & SE Mr Jonathan Beck, SW,E,SE,N,SE Katherine Swanne, E & NW on sd Jonathan Cock E John Barras decd N Simon Booth
Complicated plat on wills file. From plat, this is Manning to Booth, but it seems that the plat is incorrect – the deed is grantor, Booth to Manning.

1722[150]: Partnership on land owned by Simon Booth
Simon Booth puts in 8 slaves
1. Nathaniel Shen 12 slaves for 12 years
3. Nathaniel Shen not to mamange. Nathaniel Shen put stock on. Simon Booth to manage
4. Tools joint
5. Simon Booth to have all Indian provisions
6. ref deaths of slaves
7. £300 if they break agreement

1722[151]: Thomas Sanderson & wife Rebecca sold to Simon Booth for £90 105a in Clarendon, N heirs of Sam Vigars, E Milk River, S on George Booth minor, W Thomas Bryan formerly land of Robert Ridout.

1724[152]: Simon Booth & Rebecca of Vere sold to Thomas Taylby of Clarendon.
his share of the 500 acres of Pindars River land. For £250.
This must be son of George Booth 2nd, who was granted the Pindars River 500 acres.

1724: John Ashby late of Vere now of New York & attorney sold to Simon Booth for £130 116 acres in Salt Savanna via mortgages from Ralph Rippon et al & John Ashby.
N Thomas Jackson minor, E Joshua Tennant W Varney Phipps esq (attorney as well), S David Gabay & George Pattinson.
Then, in 1727, Thomas Sanderson (of Vere and his wife Mary) party to this indenture & wife Catherine in 30/9/1718 sold to Ralph Rippon & John Ashley of Vere 116 acres of land at Salt Savannah N on Thomas Jackson, a minor, E on Joshua Tennant, W on Varney Philp, S on David Gabey? And George Pattinson a minor, a mortgate with Moses Sanego £126. Thomas Sanderson did not pay up by 1719. Thomas Sanderson sold the land to Simon Booth also of Vere. This voids the deed of mortgage with Ralph Rippon.

1731[154]: Charles Clarke relinquishes claim on 6 acres for £8 in MacCary Bay NE & SE on William Hodgins esq, and all rest on Sd Simon Booth. Both of Vere planters. Witness Henry Booth inter alia.

1741[155]: Simon Booth esq sold Ennis Read planter both of Vere for £390 160 acres in Vere,  N on Ennis Read, E John Gale esq, S on Samuel Gabay, W Wiliam Beckford.
Land conv to Simon Booth by Thomas Sanderson & his wife 8/1/1726

Simon Booth snr owned 316 acres in Vere in 1754, which he sold in 1754.

1754[156]: Ind Simon Booth snr & Rebecca of Vere esq to John Pusey OTP
Whereas Elizabeth Sutton by Henry Dawkins her attorney, sold 10/2/1730 (85/15, Not available) to Simon Booth land McCary Bay 248½ Acres SW on sea & NW late John Sutton now Sammuel Booth, NE on heirs of Elizabeth Martin dcd & Thomas Brown SE on Capt Humphrey Manning Alexander McKenzie & heirs of Will Hodgkins dcd, E NE NW on Henry Beck
& John Martin & sister Mary sold to Simon Booth 2/4/1745[157] 20 acres on McCary bay E Henry Brown (being part of a large parel of John Ashley & sold to Henry Grey), S on heirs of Sutton now Simon Booth, W on Heirs of Sutton now Samuel Booth dcd.
& Dan Clark & Rebecca 2/9/1754 sold to Simon Booth 6A formerly prop of Henry Beck dcd E on George Hogins, N on Richard Cargill, all rest on Sutton now Simon Booth
For £2272 from John Pusey to Simon Booth & Rebecca, sold 318A N on lately Samuel Gravett Booth, E formerly to Thomas Brown, SE on Richard Cargill, Ennis Read & Booth, S on Sea, WN on Samuel Gravett Booth,

Adjoins Samuel Gravett Booth, 258/243.

1754[158]: Daniel & Rebecca Clarke of Vere for £10 from Simon Booth snr of Vere esq sold 6 acres at McCary Bay, Vere, formerly property of Henry Beck dcd, E on land formerly of George Hodgins now Richard Cargill esq all other sides formerly Sutton now Simon Booth

1755[159]: Edward Morant of Vere esq sold to Simon Booth esq of Vere 100A at Kemps Savanna N on formerly John Flavell now George Alpress esq E on the Common, S belonging to George Benson now in possession of Samuel Booth and land of George Booth dcd W formerly George Booth the elder but now Samuel Booth

1757[160]: Simon Booth jnr & Johanna sold to Simon Booth snr for £1000 300 acres with a large dwelling house, N on George McKeand formerly heirs of ___ King, S on land called Swymmers & the Kings Rd,

1759[161]. Simon Booth snr of Vere he is about 60 or 61 years old swears that a stump tree was on Mr Ashleys land referes to 20 years ago Mrs Rawlings said her husband said...!

Was this Captain Simon Booth bur Vere 18/2/1762?

Issue of Simon Booth:
Mary Booth, b 12/10/1715, ch 12/10/1715, Spon. Thomas Booth, Mary Stafford

Probably Simon Booth will of 1764[162]:
Wife Rebecca.
Son Simon Booth jnr has had use of slaves & stock
so Simon Booth jnr to pay my wife Rebecca £30 pa
Until estate goes to g/son Simon Booth minor called Barbacue Hill in Vere as in a bill of sale entered.
Trust admin by Simon Booth jnr for
my dau Rebecca Beale wife of Henry Beal and her heirs
G/dau Elinor Booth dau of eldest son Samuel Booth decd & Mary his wife 5/- in full barr of their claims on estate.
G/son Simon Minor son of son Simon Booth & Johanna his wife
Execs Simon Jnr
Wits several Downers.

Pr: Rebecca Booth, bur 3/11/1767, Vere, widow.

The “full barr” of Elinor in Simon’s will probably reflects the fact that she was by this time married.

“Sons of brother Simon Booth” left £J20 by Samuel Booth will 1733.

2/1. Samuel Booth, died 1761,

He was the eldest surviving son in father’s will, and is referred to in the wills of brothers George & Simon Booth and in “Livingstone’s Early Settlers” and other deeds.
He had some land in Vere near Salt Savanna, which he sold about the same time as he was granted 300 acres near the Green Pond in Clarendon, though a later deed referring to his brother Simon’s land noted that it was found to be part in Vere and part in Clarendon.

Col Samuel Booth, bur 8/9/1761 “Of famine, in Bay McCarey” PR. This looks the right one. There is no indication if this was a contemporary medical diagnosis, or as a result of one of the slave insurrections.

Administration granted[163] to his relict, Mary 5/12/1761: it is assumed that this is correct, as Mary seems to have married George Booth very soon after.

1752[164]: John Morris sold to Samuel Booth both planters of Vere, 2 slaves for £75

1755 Grant[165]: Samuel Booth 300 acres in Clarendon, N & NW Unsurveyed & Green Pond, NE Unsurveyed, W Thomas Sutton, W Simon Booth esq
This appears on Estate Map Manchester 260: Green Pond is about 5 miles west of St Jago, on the west side of the ridge. Plate 42

1756[166]: Samuel Booth & Mary of Vere for £478 sold to Edward Goulbourne planter of Vere 2 pieces of land at the Bogue in Vere (at the southern end of Rio Minho).
1st bought by Samuel Booth of George Walton of St James cont 68A E on the Bogue houses? N on Ben Mumbee part of land pat by Lloyd & Franklin W on Salt Savanna Common, S on former Cornelius Chicken? Now Edward Goulbourne as by deed 18/6/1746 (Samuel Booth & George Walton).
2nd bought by Samuel Booth of Christian Chicken of Vere 6A E on Moses Waverley, W on Samuel Booth, N on Samuel Booth, S on Christian Chicken.

1756[167]: Samuel & Mary Booth of Vere planter for £1300 from Simon Booth jnr (brother of Samuel) for land at Kemps Savanna 110A E on Simon Booth esq formerly of E Morant; N on John Gall Booth formerly of Samuel Booth dcd; N on Peter Gravett dcd and Mrs Sarah Fisher and others S on Kings Rd. & 31 slaves (named) 20 mares 4 horses
Provided that if Simon Booth jnr pays £1300 17/8/1763
S Booth heir and son of Simon Booth jnr 12/3/1778 receipted.

1759[168]: Samuel & Mary Booth of Vere, planter sold to Ben Mulliken of Vere, Deputy Marshall, for £589 for 1/2 of 329A at McCary Bay as by Writ of Partition recorded in the Office of this Island N on former James Piper E on land now in posession of George Booth esq, S on Rt Hon Cnts of Hume, W on the same land  Also the 1/2 of land called Black Walls cont 15A by writ of partition N on Kings Rd leading to McCary Bay, E on Ennis Read, S on mangroves, W on Cnts of Hume

1759[169]: 28/9/1759 Edward Maxwell of Vere bought from Anthony Langley Swymmer of StiE lands, which Edward Maxwell & Milborough mortgaged to Zach Bayly. Simon Booth the younger with agreement of Zach Bayly for £1400 buys 2 parcels from Edward Maxwell
1st 500A SW on Sea E on partition formerly to Thomas Sutton by now John Gall Booth, a minor, NE on Cobb & Williscott pat & George Manning, NW on Edward Maxwell,
2nd 72A N & NE on Simon Booth the elder & George Manning & all other sides by the Kings Rd.
Plat in Wills File

Married Mary, dau of Benjamin Mumbee (mentioned in Benjamin Mumbee’s will of 1757 31/79).
Mary, wife of Samuel dcd married 2nd George Booth (son of George, son of Captain George; will 1769 & PR) Vere, 10/12/1761.

Benjamin Mumbee will of 1757 left her 22 negroes, her sister Lydia, wife of Thomas Mislon, 7 negroes. The rest & residue split between them.
He also had an illegitimate dau, Elizabeth.

GB 1707-1769:
two parcels of Land lately purchased of Benjamin Millikin and Thomas Bond and which were purchased by them of Samuel Booth and Mary his wife and Thomas Wilson and Lydia his wife called Millikin’s
This was just south of Alley Church on Craskell. Probably disappeared into Monymusk by 1804.

Administration for Mary Booth, widow of Vere to Thomas Hercey Barrett, 1775[170].

Sketch Pedigrees of Some of the Early Settlers in Jamaica
By Noel B. Livingston: (Google books & Archive.org), P 19.
Booth V Booth
Bill filed 2 July 1766:
Samuel Booth = Mary = 2nd George Booth
Of Vere Esq of Vere Esq
Died 1760
Of 1st m issue:
Simon Booth & Elinor Booth who M Thomas Hercy Barrett
George Booth was a Member of the Assembly for the Parish of Vere 1745,49,59,61.
TH Barrett was a Member for Vere 1773 & a member of the council 1775.

3/1. Simon Booth

Possible issue:
Eleanor Booth, natural daughter of Mary Thos by Simon Booth bapt 23/12/1763 Vere.
Anne-belle Booth (quadroon) natural daughter of Olive Winch (Mulatto) by Simon Booth bapt 23/12/1763, Vere.

3/2. Elinor Booth (in g/father’s will)

b. 3/11/1748, ch 28/11/1748, VerePR.
Died before 1776
Married Vere, Thomas Henry Barrett of St T in the East & Eleanor Booth, spinster of Vere, 23/4/1763PR. THB b. 1738.
THB, as a widower, married Ann Mellas banns 22/3/1776, St Giles Marylebone..
THB granted Arms 28/10/1768
1763[171]: Marriage settlement btw Thomas Hercey Barrett & Eleanor Booth Thomas Hercey Barrett settles sugar plantation in St. Thomas in East called Garbrand on George Booth in trust for Eleanor Booth.
See Separate section for THB & the Barretts.

2/2. Simon Booth (jnr, SiB2), married Johanna

(named in father Simon’s will)
Probably Junior to differentiate from his father who was still alive until abt 1764. Thus Simon jnr’s son Simon becomes minor.
Probably died after 1776, a Simon Booth jnr in deeds in 1776.

Plate 42
Simon Jnr, 17/5/1755, 300 acres, Clarendon 26F153, N & NW Hon John Scott esq, NE Samuel Booth & Green Pond, SE Thomas Sutton escheated to Mumbee & Pattison. This appears on Estate Map, Manchester 260
The plats have the New Leeward Road shown, both on the Booth land and the Scott land to the west. This does not seem to tie in with any modern road, but agrees with roads shown on Craskel and Robertson; it would appear that the first line of this road was from a sharp bend to the South of “John Robinson” on the 1:50K map south west to join the modern road leading west to Windsor Forest. This part of the old road must have disappeared.
By the date of Manch 260, this & brother Samuel’s may have gone to Thos Hercey barrett, along with some Sutton land.

1756[172]: Simon Booth jnr planter of Vere & Johanna wife sold to Ennis Read of Vere 104A in McCary Bay for £78
Same piece sold by Edward Goulbourn to Ennis Read for £78

Ennis Read jnr married Simon’s cousin, Tamzin Roberts Booth.
1757: Simon Booth jnr & Johanna sold to Simon Booth snr for £1000 300 acres with a large dwelling house, N on George McKeand formerly heirs of ___ King, S on land called Swymmers & the Kings Rd,

1759[173]: 28/9/1759 Edward Maxwell of Vere bought from Anthony Langley Swymmer of St Thomas in the East lands, which Edward Maxwell & Milborough mortgaged to Zach Bayly. Simon Booth the younger with agreement of Zach Bayly for £1400 buys 2 parcels from Edward Maxwell
1st 500A SW on Sea E on partition formerly to Thomas Sutton by now John Gall Booth, a minor, NE on Cobb & Williscott pat & George Manning, NW on Edward Maxwell,
2nd 72A N & NE on Simon Booth the elder & George Manning & all other sides by the Kings Rd.
Plat in Wills File
The Maxwell land would have been the Hilliard land to the west of the George Booth purchase of 584 acres, probably the 1000 acre grant.

1756: Samuel & Mary Booth (brother of Simon, deed under Samuel) of Vere planter for £1300 from Simon Booth jnr for land at Kemps Savanna 110A E on Simon Booth esq formerly of E Morant; N on John Gall Booth formely of Samuel Booth dcd; N on Peter Gravett dcd and Mrs Sarah Fisher and others S on Kings Rd. & 31 slaves (named) 20 mares 4 horses
Provided that if Simon Booth jnr pays £1300 17/8/1763
S Booth heir and son of Simon Booth jnr 12/3/1778 receipted.

1762[174]: Simon Booth planter of Vere for £20 from Cuthbert Humphrey Practitioner in Physick and surgery sold 10 acres in Vere called Barbecue Hill E on Rocky Gully W on Kings Rd to Milk River S & N on Simon Booth,

1767[175]: Simon Booth planter of Vere for 5/- from Ann Treherne Burton spin of Vere sold land called Robinsons 10 acres E on heirs of Lawrie, S&W on Kings High Rd, N on the Spring

In 1777[176], Simon Booth sold most of his lands in Vere to Thomas Hercie Barratt; the lands were mostly in Camp Savanna, East of the Milk river, running down to the sea, and some of the 1755 grants:
#1: 300 acres at Barbecue Hill
#2: 530 acres on the sea
#3: the Spring is probably Kettle Spring, which was up the Rion Minho, about 10 miles from the sea.
#4: land patented by Thomas Sutton, but escheated by (Simon) Booth Plate 43), between the patents to Simon and Samuel Booth in 1755 at Green Pond.
#5: land patented by Simon Booth 2.

It totalled 1700 acres and included 39 slaves. The deed described Simon taking out a mortgage with Barratt in 1771 for J£3099/0/4 due by 28/10/1782, which was converted into an outright sale in 1777 for J£5000. This coincided with his son’s 900 acres newly patented land at Martins Mountain (Mile Gully). The whole of Mile Gully area ended up being sold by TH Barrratt’s family when they went bust in the 1860’s (see a small section in Jamaica General and the sale particulars selling, inter alia, Mile Gully and Spitzbergen estates).

Simon Booth jnr owned 135 acres in Vere in 1754.

3/1. Sarah Booth, b 23/7/1750, ch 24/8/1750, Vere PR, of S&J.
3/2. Simon Booth, SiB3, b 19/2/1753, ch 5/7/1753, Vere PR, of S&J.

(called minor in g/father’s will of Simon Booth 1764 and in deed btw Sb jnr & THB)

Simon Min 17/5/1755 300 acres Clarendon 26F156 NW Thomas Sutton escheated by Mumbee & Pattison (confirmed on Manchester 260), SW Hon John Scott esq, SE on the New Leeward Rd, NE John Robinson.

Simon Booth Jnr, 14/6/1776, 300, Elizabeth, 33F121 Martins Mountain, N & W Unsurveyed, E on the road to the New Ground, E Land surveyed for Edward Ellis esq, S on sd Edward Ellis, SW on land patented for Joseph Creemer (Edward Ellis patent held).

Simon Booth Jnr 14/6/1776, 300 acres, St Elizabeth, 33F124, S own Land, S Thomas Howard, N Unsurveyed, W Unsurveyed

These bound on the modern road from Shooters Hill to Christiana; Martins Mountain is now called Mile Gully Hill.

Plate 44

The 2 recorded grants are shown in Blue, but the estate map shows and additional 300 acres to Simon to the east of the northern plat. This area became an important coffee area.
The 1776 patents became Barrett’s Pen, later Mile Gully Pen[177], Plate 44A.

A possibility:
1774[178]: Ind, Simon Booth jun of Vere planter for £110 sold a negro man to John Francis Burton of St Elizabeth, carpenter.
James Hercey Barrett signed as well as exec.
John Francis Burton g/son of Benjamin Burton.

1775[179]: Simon Booth of Vere younger gent &  David Henriques, merchant of St Catherine. Whereas Simon Booth elder dcd of Vere g/father of Simon Booth younger by his will dated 24/10/1761 left all to g/son Simon Booth the younger, son of Simon Booth jnr & his wife Johanna dcd, with £30 pa to Simon Booth elder's wife Rebecca. Rebecca since long dead. Simon Booth younger sold to David Henriques the estate and  David Henriques sold back 10/11/1772 to break the entail.

1775[180]: Simon Booth jnr of Vere Esq (same as younger above), indebted to Abraham Ferro of Vere merchant £1100 so Simon Booth sold to Abraham Ferro about 45 slaves. Due 22/11/1777

1777[181]: Simon Booth jnr planter of Vere sold for £70 a mulatto slave to Henry Beale of Vere

Was this the Simon Booth, looks a bit old to be Ensign in 1780?

Kingston December 13 1781:
Run Away, a young mulatto man named John, he learned hairdressing from Mr Dewdsney in this town, and attended his master, Lieut Simon Booth, formerly of the parish of Vere, on the Expedition to the Spanish Main he endeavours to pass as a free man, under the pretence of having a manumission form his late master, and it is supposed he may attempt to get off the Island. All persons whatsoever are cautioned against employing him and it is requested, if he is seen by anyone who knows him, that they will lodge him in any gaol, or get him sent if taken in Vere, to the Hon Hercey Barrett, or if in either Kingston of its neighbourhood, to Edward Ledwich, who will reward them for their trouble (V142-5, P24 Royal Gazette).


           San Juan Expedition

Wikipedia & Kemble Papers[182].
A Simon Booth was a member of the Jamaica Volunteers, initially as an Ensign, later Lieutenant (17 May 1780), under Bigadier General Kemble, and is listed as having died “on the Expedition to St John’s Harbour” (probably on Lake Nicaragua).

After Spain entered the American Revolutionary War in 1779, Major-General John Dalling, the governor of Jamaica, proposed a military expedition against the Spanish province of Nicaragua, belonging then to the Captaincy General of Guatemala, a dependency of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. The main objective of the expedition was to capture the town of Granada, effectively cutting Spanish America in half and giving Great Britain access to the Pacific Ocean.

The San Juan Expedition took place between March and November 1780 during the American War of Independence when a British force under the command of John Polson and Captain Horatio Nelson landed on the coast of the present-day Nicaragua, with the aim of sailing up the San Juan River to capture the strategically crucial towns of Granada and León, located on the northwestern shore of Lake Nicaragua.

Despite an initial success in the capture of the Fortress of the Immaculate Conception, Polson's force never reached Lake Nicaragua and, decimated by yellow fever, was forced to return to Jamaica. The campaign ended in total failure and cost the lives of more than 2,500 men, making it the costliest British disaster of the entire war.

3/3. Son Booth, b 9/10/1757, ch 1757, Vere PR.

2/3. Rebecca Booth, married Henry Beale (Simon Booth will 1764)

no further issue on LDS.
no Vere/StC/Clarendon/StE/StA marriages for Rebecca to a Reid.
Henry Beal & Rebecca Reid, widow married Vere 23/8/1759PR
The probability is that Henry Booth Reed was a son of Rebecca:
Henry Booth Reed of St C M. Jane Caroll Clark, Vere, 31/10/1668PR
George Ivey Reid, Ch 7/7/1770, St C of HBR & Jane CarrPR
Richard Durrant Reed, Ch 3/6/1774, Vere of HBR & Jane Carrol ReedPR.


1/6. William Booth (<21 1702).

Born aft 1781, in father’s will. From deed references, died bef 1714. No further information.
¼ of father’s residual estate with Samuel, Simon & George
Probably deceased by 1714 court actions[183]. Deed[184] of 1718 states one of George Booth jnr’s sons died before age of 21 & his share went to other 3.

1/7. Sarah Booth (<15 - 1702)

Born aft 1687 (father’s will), abt 1696 from burial.
Sarah Fisher buried Vere 6/12/1768, aged 72
Interest in GB’s estate re deeds in 1725[185].
In brother Samuel’s will of 1733 described as Sarah Fisher.
From brother Henry’s will 1738-9, probably married John Fisher (ref land from John & Sarah Fisher). As the daughters of her brother, George, have Sarah Booth as sponsor in 1715, and Sarah Fisher in 1718, she was married between these dates.

John Fisher dead by 1741 when Sarah as a widow transferred 25 acres to George and Elizabeth Fisher[186].

1745[187]: in an indenture, George Booth’s daughter, Sarah Fisher, then a widow of Vere, claimed as her share of her father’s estate 35 acres in Vere, which she gave (sold for 5/-) to her nephews George Booth & Samuel Gravett Booth minors and sons of Samuel Booth late of Vere dcd. The land was S on John Harris dcd & Thomas Wait dcd, E on John Benson N on sd William Booth dcd & W on Jonathan Facey & was the home of sd George Booth elder dcd. The deed makes it clear that GB2’s son William died before the age of 21 so that his estate was shared between sons Samuel, Simon and George. This was probably to the south of Camps Hill, on Craskel.
Wit Simon Booth jnr & John Reid.

1755[188]: John & Elizabeth Fisher of Vere for £125 from Henry Booth Fisher planter of Vere sold a parcel of negroes the property of Humphrey Roger Jackson by right of his wife Mary Ann fomerly the property of her father Samuel Jenners left by will to the said children.

Also found:
2/1. George Fisher, son of John & Sarah, b 8/9/1717, ch 30 Inst,

spon Simon Booth, Vere PR.
Probably married Elizabeth from conveyance of 25 acres in Vere from mother Sarah in 1741

2/2. Henry Booth Fisher.

Left money for apprenticeship by uncle Henry. Also mentioned in uncle Henry’s will of 1738.
Married Olive, probably Dixon:
Olive Dixon Fisher bur Vere 17/9/1793, aged 68
3/1. Jane Caswell? Dau of Henry Booth Fisher, bur Vere 9/6/1762
3/2. Henry Booth Fisher.

Vere PR: b. 1/10, ch 5/11/1762 of HBF & Olive.
Henry Booth Fisher bur 5/11/1762

3/3. James Dixon Fisher – probable connection from son’s name:

Henry Booth Fisher, ch Vere 31/7/1780 of James Fisher.
Frances Fisher, wf of James bur Vere 31/7/1780
Henry Booth Fisher, so of Jas Dixon Fisher, bur Vere 9/11/1781.
Olive Fisher, bur Vere, 12/12/1775 dau of James Dixon Fisher
James Dixon Fisher bur Vere 12/10/1784.

2/3. John Fisher, from Henry Booths will 1738.
2/4. Milborough Fisher dau of John ch 16/9/1733 Vere maybe these parents.


1/8. Henry Booth – D 1738-9. HB2

A planter of Vere.

Married: Mary Bonny, as Henry referred to his mother in law Tamazen Bonny in his will, and Tamazin referred to Henry & Mary in her will of 1727. Mary had a sibling with a daughter Elizabeth Savary, mentioned in both Henry & Tamazine’s wills.
Vere PR: Mary Bonny, dau of William & Thoma... (as in PR) B 7/1/1707, ch 4/4/1707.
Mary probably died at the birth of the twin girls in 1738.

He is referred to as Henry jnr in deeds of the 1730’s, often associated with his mother, Jane, indicating his youth. His half brother Thomas’s son appears to have been called Henry snr (our ancestor).

Henry was not mentioned in George Booth 2’s will, but it seems probable that he was a late son of George 2 & Jane, born after the drafting of George’s will or even posthumously, making him born btw 1704-5.
In his will of 1738/9, he refers to his “honoured” mother Jane (still living, but probably about 70), who will look after his children (all under 21 in 1738). He also refers to brother Simon (Samuel already dead), nephews Henry Booth Fisher, (son of Sarah Fisher) & John Fisher and Thomas, son of Henry Booth – it is not clear who this could have been, but was probably the son of his nephew Henry, son of brother Thomas.
Samuel Booth in his will of 1733, refers to his brother Henry.

His inventory shows him to have been farming partly in partnership with Ennis Read, who his daughter married. He owned about 160 acres in several plots in Vere, including just uner 100 acres of the original Wallascott purchase.

The rest of his inventory showed him to have been a substantial pen keeper, with the usual mix of cattle, horse, mules and sheep; from a posthumous crop return, they were also growing a little cotton.

In his will, he refers to Elizabeth Savoury. From a deed[189] in 1738, he was an executor of Thomasina Bonny late of Vere, whose g/daughter was then Elizabeth Savary of St James; Thomasina’s will dated 26/8/1726. No sign of Elizabeth in the PR’s. In this deed, Henry gives Elizabeth £160 in settlement of the £80 bequeathed in Thomasina’s will.

1714 Transactions[190]
Dated 30/7/1714:
Jane Booth widow of Vere for love & affection & £10 pa for her natural life, lets to son Henry Booth 1 negro woman, 2 horses, 5 new sheep, 8 head of neat cattle.
Dated 7/8/1714
Jane & son Henry buy land from George (wf Rebecca), son of George Booth, planter, late of Vere, being part of the land bought by the late George from Francis Wellascott; 1st pcl 75a bounded E on Samuel & Simon Booth, W on heirs of Joseph Dunston dcd, N on Simon Booth, & S on Henry Lord; 2nd pcl cont 22¾ acres E on Simon Booth S on Jane Booth E on John Morant esq, SW on GB.
The assumption being that this was Henry’s brother. As Henry was not mentioned in George 2’s will, he probably did not inherit any land from his father, hence the transaction between him and his mother.

1728[191]: Thomas Vyse & wife sold to Henry Booth jnr of Vere, for £50, 15 acres in Vere, E on the River W on the Parish Ground, N on Thomas Booth dcd S on Richard Pattinson. This parcel was sold by Henry Vizard 17/3/1724-5 to Thomas Vyse.

1737[192]: For 5/-, John Read sold to Henry Booth jnr, both planters of Vere, (in trust for Ann Read wife of John Read) a negro woman & child Quasheba & Patience. For Ann’s life and then to the children by John Read.
Ann dau of Samuel, son of GB3: Henry would be her uncle.

1738[193]: a grant[194] gave 40 acres to Jane Booth & Henry Booth NW on William Booth dcd, S on Henry Lord E on George Booth W on John Ashby and the heirs of John Dunston and NE on Simon Booth relation being thereunto.
And George Booth & wife Rebecca sold certain parcels to Jane & Henry Booth. Jane Booth, widow of Vere conveys to Henry Booth jnr, planter of Vere, for 5/- all claim to these lands.

1738[195]: Henry Booth gave Elizabeth Savary £160 in settlement of £80 left her by Thomassin Bonny in her will of 26/8/1726. Elizabeth was a spinster of St James, daughter of Thomassin Bonny late of Vere widow dcd, Henry Booth was executor of the will of Thomassin Bonny.

In his will[196] of 1738-9:
His “honoured mother” Jane, life use of his house and 11 acres to maintain her and his, Henry’s, children, and then to son Henry.
Mother in law Tomazin Bonny (by then dead)
Son Henry Booth:
3 parcells of land in Vere:
40 acres patented by Jane & Henry Booth. (pat 1-16F67)
50 acres bought from John & Sarah Fisher.

House & land for mother for life.

Daus: Sarah, Johanna, Jane Beck Booth, Tamazen Roberts Booth & Henryetta Booth All <21 in 1739, “all other lands in Vere”.
Brother: Simon Booth, Planter
Nephew Henry Booth Fisher – his mother Sarah (HB’s sister?) money for an apprenticeship.
Nephew John Fisher.
Nephew Thomas Booth, son of Henry Booth
Ref to John & Sarah Fisher.

Crop accounts[197] for 1742 filed by Simon Booth, executor and mention Jane Booth having income from stock sales for household maintenance and of the children. £188/2/6 for 1742, incl £54 for cotton.
E.G.: 8 Weather Sheep to John Reid at £1-10 each the proceeds whereof were given to Mrs Jane Booth for house use towards the maintenance of the Children of the said Henry Booth Decd as per his rec't.

Henry Booth – dated 23/8/1738.
Of Vere, planter
Shown by Simon Booth, acting Exec
Includes about 45 slaves, sundry stock and timber, including and several debts from:
A bond under the hand and seal of Matthew & William Jackson dated the 12th September 1738 for the sum of £78-12-6 a payment being made & principal & interest due thereon to the 10th October last abt which time the demanded debt £74/16/3
One ditto under the hand and seal of Thomas Booth dated the 23rd December 1737 for the sum of £80 a payment being made Principal and interest due thereon to ditto £86/10/11
One ditto under the hand and seal of George Manning dated the 12th February 1738 for the sum of £8? Principal and interest due thereon to ditto £86/13/11
One ditto from Jonathan Rynger? Dated 5th October 1739 for the sum of £43/14/3
A note of hand from Philemon Dixon for £48 still remaining £21/14/9
3000 ft of dark board at £8/1000 £21 and 300 ft of mahogany ditto at 1-10/100 4-10 the whole amounts to £24/10/0.

Issue from will (all daus <21 in 1739):
2/1. Sarah Booth – left negro girl by father.

Was this the Sarah Booth who married Henry Goulburn 27/4/1754, she a spinster (Vere PR)?

2/2. Henry Booth, PR has 2:

Most probable:
Vere 7/6/1735 of Henry & Mary.
Left land in Vere.

2/3. Johanna Booth
2/4. Jane Beck Booth

Spinster Married Thomas Blinshall Vere 14/8/1756 (PR).
1757[199]: Jane Booth Spinster of Vere sold to Ennis Read planter of Vere 1 slave for £16.
1757[200]: Thomas Blinshall & Jane Beck his wife sold 76 acres for £78 to Ennis Read in Vere, SW of George Booth esq

2/5. Tamazin Roberts Booth (varuous spellings around for her name!)

Married, 1st, Edward Goulbourne 7/10/1752, Vere, she a spinster (PR – Thomasina Roberts Booth). In spite of the spelling, this must be the same individual[201]. Edward had a brother, Henry, who died childless leaving a wife Sarah, who administered the estate after Edward’s death.
No relevant Goulbourne issue Vere, St C, Clarendon
Munbee Goulbourne owned the Bogue & Amity Hall Estates, both in the region of Carlise Estate. Also Hillside, which became a Parker estate: Hillside Great House in 2016 Plate 55.
Crop for Bogue estate: John Anderson Overseer, Joseph Hall attorney. Crop year to 26/12/1777 76 hhds, 116762 lbs sugar, 44 puncheons, 4864 gals rum.

Married, 2nd, Ennis Reid the younger (who appears as a witness at several baptisms), Vere 5/4/1768, she a widow.
Ennis Reid sold land by George Booth about 1750.
Ennis probably buried Vere, 11/11/1771 aged 52.
Her will was dated 1778, proved 1784.
Within the wills, there was a variation in spelling of Tamazen.
No relevant Reid issue.

The Goulbourne papers[202] contain a lot of information on the inheritance between Thomasina and the subsequent generations
She died about between 1779 & 1784.

Her issue by Edward Goulburn from her will:
3/1. Munbee Goulbourne, who died intestate

Inherited R&R from mother, Tamazen
Of Amity Hall, Vere, (on the Eastern edge of Alley settlement), died 1793. Married Susanna (d 1818) Chetwynd 1782, daughter of Viscount Chetwynd. The Goulbourn papers in the Surrey History Centre in Woking have a huge collection of these papers. They were the owners of Amity Hall in Vere, and Hillside. The papers contain a long series of letters between the attorney in Jamaica and Sarah Goulbourne, widow of Henry Goulbourne, Munbee’s uncle.
4/1. Henry Goulbourne.

Henry Goulburn (1784-1856), the main owner documented in these records, was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he made lifelong friends with contemporaries, such as the future Lord Palmerston, who were well connected in the upper echelons of British society. His adult life was mainly spent moving in such circles, though he never had the means to emulate the conspicuous consumption of some of his peers. He had lived in somewhat straitened circumstances after his father’s death and, for most of his adult life, he had no income other than from his Jamaican property. In 1811 he married Jane Montagu, the third daughter of one of his mother’s friends and of one of his political allies. (For their marriage settlement, see 304/J/Box 2. (Earl of Clonmell?)) The couple had four children – three sons and one daughter. Goulburn led a contented domestic life and purchased a fine family home at Betchworth, Surrey in 1816. He and his family lived there apart from some years during the 1820s when he was based in Dublin.
Goulburn had a long parliamentary career as a Tory and Conservative M.P. for various seats held in succession: Horsham (1808-12); St. Germans (1812-18); West Looe (1818-26); Armagh (1826-31); and Cambridge University (1831-56).....

4/2. Edward Goulbourne.

3/2. Sarah Goulbourne (dau of Edward, Tamazen will)

2/6. Henryetta Booth, PR b 29/6/1738, ch 2/7/1738, Vere of Henry & Mary.
2/7. Barbara Booth, PR b 29/6/1738, ch 2/7/1738, Vere of Henry & Mary.

Latter twins sponsors John Aldred, Innis Reid, Eliz Fisher, Rebecca Booth.

4.3    Thomas Booth – D. 1729


    Thomas Booth was the son of GB2 and was referred to as “snr” in 1714.

 When he died about mid 1729, (possibly by May 1728 from a deed 78F4), he was described as a millwright of St Catherine, having been a carpenter in earlier deeds. His son Henry followed on this trade. There were a few deeds with (another?) Thomas Booth, probably the son of Captain Booth[203].
    The scale of sugar cane milling was inceasing at this time as more estates were established: as a millwright, Thomas would have been more of an engineer/technician. There were slow advances in the mothods use to crush the cane, but there were no major changes until the introduction of steam power in the latter half of the 18thC. Thomas was probably involved in the installation of new mills. The ironwork was cast in England and shipped over.
See the Jamaica General Volume for notes on Sugar Mills.

     His inheritance of about 20 acres at Withywood from his father George provides the link from George to Thomas (as described in George’s will adjoining Thomas Roberts). His inventory included 23 slaveswho may have been employed in hs millwright trade.
     It seems strange that this is all he appeared to have been bequeathed by his father compared to the 1110 acres or so left to his second family. Thomas and his sister Eliza were treated similarly, and were the children of Mary Downer, George’s first wife. She was left little as well. The most likely scenario is that he had already been provided for, maybe by his mother’s dower or some such. The wording of George’s will makes it very clear that Thomas should expect no more from his father.
     In 1714[204], Thomas “snr”, a carpenter of Vere & his wife Mary, took out mortgage with John Morant for £144 at 10% pa for 3 years on 23 slaves. This seems the correct one, carpenter & then millwright at death. Thomas’s inventory also shows 23 slaves, although there would have been some turnover in the intervening years.
     At some time, probably in the 1720’s, Thomas bought from Brice Grey 100 acres in Red Hills in St John, which was mentioned in his will. This was sold, subject of a further mortgage agreement in 1739 by his sons, Thomas & Henry.
     There is no indication who his wife Mary was, but he had children by her:
1. Henry, our ancestor.
2. Thomas, died 1747, also a carpenter
3. Benjamin, 1709-1730?
4. Mary Booth, married Thomas Jackson.

Left his land:
To son Henry land at Withywood adjoining Thomas Roberts – this was land left to him by his father.
To sons Thomas & Benjamin lands & Plantations in St John lately purchased from Mr Brice Grey. No coneveyance for this has been found.

From Will[205], 1725-9.
The reference to land adjoing to Thomas Roberts ties him to GB2.
of St Catherine, millwright...
I give my daughter Mary Booth at 21 or day of marriage one negro boy named Fortune and two negro girls named Asinder and Sillinder
Each of my sons Henry, Thomas, and Benjamin Booth to pay her fifty pounds
I give to my wife Mary Booth all the rest and residue of my estate real and personal during her widowhood provided she maintains and brings up my daughter Mary Booth off the produce of the estate is 21 or marriage
I bequeath to my son Henry Booth my Withywood land joining to Thomas Roberts
I give unto my sons Thomas Booth and Benjamin Booth all that my land and plantation in the parish of St Johns which I lately bought from Mr Brice Gray
I give to all my sons and daughter all my neat cattle and stock and penn lands to be equally divided between them
All the rest of my estate I give to my three sons Henry, Thomas and Benjamin Booth
my wife Mary Booth sole executrix during her widowhood and no longer...
12th day of July in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and twenty five.
Witnesses Wellin James, Richard Hoy Robert Mills
Proved 11th day of September 1729 by Wellin James.

His inventory[206] of 13 December 1729 is on file, with, inter alia, 23 slaves, carpenter’s tools to a total of £1257, including bonds of about £300.

Mary Booth will of 1737-9[207]
Full Copy held
.... Mary Booth of St Catherine’s being in health of body...
I give unto my beloved son Henry Booth one negro man named Jupiter
I give unto my well beloved son Thomas Booth three negroes named Phiscbo George Hamlet
I give to my grandson James Thomas Jackson one negro woman names Qubah & her childe Meriah
Item I give unto my beloved grand daughter Ann Mary Booth one negro girl named Cloe
All the rest of my estate I give to my son Thomas Booth & grand daughter Anna Mary Booth
I Do appoint my son Thomas Booth executor of this my last Will and testament.... this 27th Day of November anno dominy one thousand seven hundred and thirty seven.
The mark of Mary Booth
Wit Samuel Truslor, John James, Matthew Westerway.

I Mary Booth do make this codicil... the negroes given to my grandson William Thomas Jackson will not be in the possession of Thomas Jackson his father but shall be hired out to my son Thomas Booth my executor .. and the money thereby arising shall be kept my said son till my grandson shall arrive at the age of twenty one years and in case my said son Thomas Booth should die I do hereby lease the same forever to my son Henry Booth for my said grand son ... 27 November 1737.

Appeared 5th day of April 1739 .. Samuel Trusler

The bequest to daughter Mary was the subject of several deeds in 1740 between her sons, Heny & Thomas and son-in-law, Thomas Jackson ensuring that the negroes concerned be placed in trust for Thomas William Jackson.

Mother left him 3 negroes.

Issue T&M’s wills.

1/1. Henry Booth – AM10/11

Executor of Uncle Henry’s will of 1738 (Henry Booth, Millwright), also his son Thomas in the same will. Exec of brother Thomas’s will of 1739/47.  Father of Ann Marie Booth, Andrew Wright’s mother.

1/2. Thomas Booth – D 1747

Left by father share of Plantations in St John lately purchased from Mr Brice Grey with brother Benjamin. He, with his brother Henry, were in a mortgage agreement of 1739 and subsequent sale of the Red Hill land bought by their father from Brice Grey.

Alive at mother’s will date 11/1737.

Left by mother three negroes named Phiscbo George Hamlet.

1715[208]: Indenture between Thomas Booth jnr of Vere, carpenter, & Thomas Saunderson tavern keeper 2nd pt: Thomas Booth lets 12 3/4 acres to Thomas Saunderson at McCary Bay Vere, E John Booth, W Thomas S snr, N Elizabeth Sutton a minor, S William Pusey esq, for 12 yrs at £12/6 pa

1718[209]: Thomas Booth jnr of Vere Carpenter £8 sold to George Roberts planter of Vere 5.5 acres in Clarendon, N on George Booth minor, NE on Phillip Roberts, all round elsewhere on barren mtns.
This might be the Varney land bought by George snr in 1686 or part of the Downer land sold to GB2.

Probably him:
1744[210]: Thomas Booth of St C planter & Ann Grundy widow £125 land from Thomas Farquar in St Jago 1741 mortage for £150 settled 19/3/44. 1754 Thomas Booth erected house or mansion.

Thomas Booth owned a house in town (Spanish Town?) which was built by Jacob Cohen Delon under a lease. (ref brother Henry’s will)

Maybe ours:
1744[211]: William Parker senr and Mary his wife and Robert Mills of St Catherine, gentleman, and Jane his wife, by indenture of 12/6/1744 sold to Thomas Booth planter of St Catherine, land in St Jago, sold to Robert Mills by George Wray of Bristol. Indenture sold the land back to Robert Mills for 5/-.

Will[212] 1739-47
No legitimate issue, But:
Ann Prudence Bannister mentioned in his will.
Will also mentions
Father Thomas Booth
Sister Mary Booth & her husband Thomas Jackson.
Nephew William Thomas Jackson
Brother Henry Booth
William Vodry, son of cousin George Vodry
Nephew William Thomas Booth, son of brother Henry
Niece Anna Maria Booth, dau of brother Henry.
2/1. Ann Prudence Bannister,

Ch St Catherine 18/4/1738 mulatto dau of Elizabeth Bannister, father Thomas Booth. Left 3 negroes by Thomas & £J50.

1/3. Benjamin Booth – D abt 1730??

(Thomas only)
PR: Thomas & Mary Booth, Vere
Benjamin Booth, b 23/9/1709, ch 9/10/1709
Left by father share of Plantations in St John lately purchased from Mr Brice Grey with brother Thomas: it may be that his share went to brother Henry as the heir at law if Benjamin died intestate
1731[213]: Benjamin Booth gent & Judith Ingram, a widow of St Elizabeth, sold to Thomas Wharton 2 negroes for J£45. How did Benjamin & Judith have joint ownership of the negroes? Was this him??
Not in mother’s dated 1737, so probably died 1725-37.

1/4. Mary Booth

(Thomas only, <21 in 1727-9)
“Molly” Jackson bured St Catherine, 26/12/1738, possible, but no means certain.
Married Thomas Jackson, St Catherine, 11/6/1730, both of the parishPR.
She married Thomas Jackson (ref brother Thomas’s will 1747, but was probably dead by then). She had died by April 1740, predeceasing her mother, when several deeds[214] set out her husband relinquishing any claim he might have had on some negroes left to her by her father and for them to be placed in trust for their son Thomas William Jackson until 21. Her mother, Mary in a codicil stipulates these negroes should be hired out for her benefit and not come into the possession of Thomas Jackson.

1741[215]: Thomas Jackson, planter of Vere, for £57 from George Booth esq of Vere, sold 57½ acres in Salt Savanna N on John Golding, W on William Jackson, S on John Morant & William Pusey and E on Thomas Jackson
This was probably George Booth b 1707-69, g/s of Capt George as GB3 seems to have moved to St James in the late 1720’s.

Father’s will left her 3 negroes when 21 or married. According to her brother Thomas’s will, there was a problem with this bequest, maybe because she predeceased her mother, Mary (there is no mention of her in Mary’s will). Mother Mary left 3 negroes to son Thomas which were probably the 3 bequeathed to dau Mary in her father’s will. Son/brother Thomas makes provision in his will to make this bequest good.
Grandchild William Thomas Jackson in widow Mary’s will of 1739

2/1. William Thomas Jackson (Mary only amd uncle Thomas)

A doctor.
William Thomas Jackson ch St C 14/8/1732 of Thomas Jackson & Mary (From Family Bible transcribed into Reg - Birth dates only)[216]

G/mother Mary left him one negro woman names Qubah & her child Meriah.
The negroes from grandmother will not be in the possession of Thomas Jackson his father but shall be hired out to my son Thomas Booth my executor .. and the money thereby arising shall be kept till William Thomas shall arrive at the age of twenty one years and in case my said son Thomas Booth should die I do hereby lease the same forever to my son Henry Booth for my said grand son.

Legatee of Henry Booth’s will of 1743 (£J200) & Thomas Booth will 1747 (£J200). (<21 1747)

Bur Elizabeth, wife of Dr William Thos Jackson, Vere 7/11/1761.
Marriage William Thomas Jackson, MD Widower, & Rachel Rodon Spinster both of Vere 31/10/1762.
Sarah Jackson ch Vere 30/9/1752 of William & Elizabeth

Richard Jackson esq’s niece of Bushey Park, Vere died 1816.

4.4    Henry Booth – D 1743


    Henry was the son of Thomas Booth, in whose will of 1725/9 he is named: Henry’s mother Mary, in her will of 1737 named G/dau Anna Mary, who is also named in in his brother Thomas’s will. He was probably born about 1700. His uncle, Henry, son of George 2, in his will of 1738/9 refers to Thomas, son of Henry Booth. He was referred to as senior in deeds of the 1730’s, making him older than his father’s youngest half brother, Henry, son of Jane. This becomes clear from a mortgage deed in 1739[217] which included his father Thomas snr and his brother Thomas, the dates of the signing off tie in with the death of this Henry. He was left by his mother Mary Booth in her will of 1739, one negro man named Jupiter.
    He followed his father’s trade as a carpenter and millwright, and judging by his inventory was successful; he, like has father was in St Catherine, although later on he bought land in St John. He seemed to play fair with his family as shown by the complications of ensuring that his daughter Anna Maria got her negroes etc inherited from her grand mother. There is however, little to show how he acquired his wealth. He was left the land at Withywood, originally bought by his grandfather, GB2 from the Downers, eventually selling it in 1741 to Thomas Roberts. He mentioned an estate called Bensons in Vere which he left to his son Peter: this may well have been one of the family properties from GB2.
    He was described as Housewright in 1731, but mostly a Millwright, as was his brother and father. When he died between 11 1742 and 6/1743, he was of St Catherine.
    His first wife was Mary, the mother of his children, and who probably died around the birth of twin daughters in 1738. On the tenuous evidence of a son Peter Gravet Booth (b 1730), it may be that Mary was a daughter of Peter Gravet: a Peter Gravet was ch St Andrew 26/3/1676 of Gilbert & Jane Gravet. Peter Gravet appears in an inventory for Benjamin Booth in 1722, and Henry’s uncle Samuel (d 1733) married Rebecca Gravett, daughter of Peter Gravett. His cousin Jane, dau of GB3, married another Gravett, Caswell.
     His 2nd wife Sarah was mentioned in his will. That she was his 2nd wife is reinforced by the mention of “what was her (Sarah’s) own estate” in his will. He married Sarah Parker, St Catherine 6/7/1741, both of St Catherine, maybe widow of Walter Parker. A Sarah Booth died in Spanish Town aged 90 buried St Catherine as a gentlewoman, 24 November 1794[218], which would fit her probable age and that Henry left Sarah a house in St Jago de la Vega for her widowhood. Henry made a proviso in his will relating to the expenses incurred when Thomas Parker, his “son-in-law” lived with him. It is probable that he was a son of his (2nd) wife Sarah. Was there any relationship between Sarah Parker & the Parker/Goldings of George Booth (d 1769)?

Issue by his first wife, Mary Gravett:
The first 2 were probably born in Vere in the period 1720-1730 when n records were kept.
1. Anna Mary Booth, who married Francis Wright
2. William Thomas Booth
3. Peter Gravett Booth abt 1729
4. Rebecca Caswell Booth abt 1731
5. Thomas Henry Booth abt 1733
6. Henry Booth abt 1737
7. Barbara Booth, 1738
8. Henrietta Booth, 1738

Land in summary:
“Bensons” in Camps Savanna. Craskell has several Booth plots adjoining Fisher & Gravett on the south side of Camps Hill. This was probably the remains of GB2’s purchases. One of the neighbours of GB2’s residence in Vere was a John Benson, so perhaps this land was part of GB2’s land, probably part of the Wallascott purchase.
He leased about 160 acres in 1741 from Rachel Priddie in Vere for 17 years, but cancelled the lease soon after when the Priddie heir came of age.

He acquired 25 acres in southern St Dorothy, which went to his sons Peter, Thomas & Henry, mentioned in his will, possibly that acquired by escheat in 1738.

He inherited land at Withywood from father, which he sold in 1741.
Also some land in Town, left plot to Sarah for a house next to his brother Thomas’s. He was probably resident in Spanish Town when he died.

There may have been 33 acres at Betts Gully, eventually sold by g/son Andrew Wright, but plat has formerly of Mrs Mary Wright, dcd, probably Ann Mary (Booth) Wright, married to Francis Wright. This plot was originally owned by Franklins. Samuel Booth, D 1733, sold some land to Edward Goulbourne in 1756 adjoining land patented by Franklin.

Henry’s widow, Sarah (née Peeke) made some sales of land in St John, one of which included a portion of 790 acres in St John. Perhaps these were her dower, part of the Peeke marked on Craskell. Sarah Booth, dcd was referred to in the payment of a mortgage in 1796, originally given by Susannah Chambers.

Sarah Booth, widow and Parker transactions.

She could have been Sarah Peeke who married Walter Parker St Catherine 17/12/1731, both of St Catherine. He was ch St Catherine 14/5/1709 of William & Joan and buried there 28/11/1732. There is no record of a suitable Thomas Parker being born, but he would have been born at around the time of Walter’s death, so a baptism might not have been done, or was done in the country. Peeke appears on Craskell in St John on the Mountain River and (as Peete) to the east of the Parker property in NE St John.

1755[219]: Sarah Booth widow of St Catherine sold for love & affection & 5/- to son Thomas Parker, gent of St Catherine 2 negroes

In 14/6/1755 Thomas Parker sold to Susanna Chambers slaves & St Jago land to secure a loan of £120. William Bowles surveyor of St Catherine & Susanna “wife late Wright formerly Chambers”, sold to Abraham Solomons who sold the land etc to Sarah Booth widow of St Catherine in 1759[220].

1757[221]: Sarah Booth widow of St Catherine for 5/- from Peter Peeke planter of St John, sold 1 woman slave named Dolly.

1760[222]: Thomas Parker gent of Kingston, John Parker of St Catherine gent & William Parker & Mary his wife of St Catherine gent & Sarah Booth widow  sold to George Booth esq of Vere for £180, 97A in St John part of 790A E on Catherine Rugley, N unk, S&W on John & William Parker.
This was probably land from the Parker family, maybe Thomas, her son.

1762[223]: Sarah Booth relict of Henry Booth for £40 from Charles Kelsall late of St Catherine now of Britain, Sarah Booth quits claim of Dower on land in St Dorothy purchased by Charles Kelsall from heirs of Henry Booth
Ref 183/89&90 where Henry & Thomas Henry sold land to Charles Kelsall.

1775[224]: Sarah Booth wid of St John for love and affection of son Thomas Parker and rents etc from Thomas Parker gent of St Catherine sold 12 acres part of a run cont 50 acres which binds as in plat in St John Known as Red Hills 1 peppercorn. See the Plate 46 for details.


1727[225]: Thomas Sanderson & Mary his wife of Westmoreland for £15 from Henry Booth of Vere, 4 1/2 acres in Vere, N on John Shuttleworth, E on River Mino, S on Thomas Wait, W on land of Thomas Sanderson, being ½ of 9 acres purchased by Thomas Sanderson of Thomas Paulfreeman
1729[226]: Henry & Mary Booth, planter of Vere, sold For J£16 to Phillip Roberts of Vere, 4½ acres of Vere N on John Shuttleworth dcd E on River Mino, S & W on Phillip Robarts. The land bought in 1727.

1727[227]: Henry Booth bought from Charles Long foot land in Kingston; E/W 150 ft, N/S 50 ft. W on East Street, E on Charles Long, S on Charles Tilton, being the eighth lot north of Berry Street. £18. Probably Henry snr.
1731[228]: Henry Booth of St Catherine, housewright & Mary his wife For J£100 sold to Martha Chaddock mantua maker of Kingston, a lot W on East St on Charles Long, SE on Charles Filton, 8th lot N from Barry St.

1729[229]: Henry Booth senior & Mary his wife of Kingston William Dixey, carpenter. For £70 from William Dixey for one negro woman and her 2 children

1738: Henry acquired by escheat 2 adjoining parcels of land in St Catherine (later St Dorothy) from Morris, the deed (103/33) for this conveyance is not available, but it is shown in a later transaction when sons Peter, Thomas Henry (in 1757), and Henry (slightly later in 1759 when he was 21) sold half of their 1/3 shares in it to Charles Kelsall, subject to Sarah’s dower rights.
Booth is shown on Craskel Middlesex:

On the modern map, it can be positioned from the areas of marsh visible on satellite images. Plate 45 shows the plat.


1739[230]: Henry Booth from Abraham Cohen Delon

3 pt Ind btw Abraham Cohen Delon planter of St Catherine & Abigail Henriques widow of St Catherine & Henry Booth snr of Vere millwright
Whereas Rachel Delon late of St Catherine widow dcd in possession in fee of parcel of mountain land & negroes sold to Abraham Cohen Delon but remain for life, Abraham Cohen Delon to settle her debts 12 months after her death. She owed Abigail Henriques £149-3-10d.
Henry Booth pays £53 to Abigail Henriques & 5/- to Abraham Cohen Delon for 1 negro woman & child.

1739[231]: Henry, acting for himself and as attorney for his brother, sold to Joseph Abeatha, planter of St Catherine & wife Rachel, 100a of mountain plantation or pelinck at Red Hills in St John formerly purchased from Brice Gray by Thomas Booth father of Thomas Booth & Henry Booth (millwrights of Vere, party to these presents). Abeather took a out mortgage from the Booths for J£150 on it, due 1743, but signed off Thomas Booth’s share in 18/11/1742 & Thomas Booth exec to Henry Booth 3/9/1745.
The deed dates are a little confusing: the 1739 mortgage deed implies that the sale had already taken place, but the 1741 deed conveys the land to Abeather.

In 1741[232], Henry Booth (the elder of St Catherine, gent) dealt in 24¾ acres of land, originally given by the Downers to his grandfather, GB2 jnr, and eventually inherited by Henry. The first transaction was a sale and buy back to one Charles Pescod on the 12th & 13th May 1741. On the 29th, he sold it to Thomas Roberts for J£300.
“Henry Booth elder of St Catherine gent & Charles Pescod of the same parish, gent
Whereas John Downer and wife Rebecca 209/9/1686 gave to George Booth jnr & Mary 24 ¾ acres then in George Booth’s possession E on Richard Maw jnr W on sd John Downer, S on Philip Roberts N on George Rickets. Henry Booth grandson of George Booth and eventual heir
Henry Booth sold to Charles Pescod for 5/-. Charles Pescod to return it to Henry Booth”

1740[233]: Rachel Priddie, widow & relict of Henry Priddie of Vere, lets to Henry Booth, of St Catherine, millwright, 54 acres & 2 rods in former Clarendon now Vere Milk Savanna NE Alex Henderson esq, W on a gully, S on John Turner, SE on road leading from Leeward to Spanish Town E on a road from Poris to Milkward and taken out of the land of the above John Turner. Also 106 acres in Little Carpenters Mountains NE Humphrey Stiles, SE & SW on Thomas Marchant, SE & S on Raines Wait W on Rocky land Nly on Alex Woods in the possession of Humphrey Manning for 17 years at £55 pa.
In 1804, Turners shown to the west of the Milk River, the 1st parcel was probably where the road south towards the mouth of the Milk river on its west side from the north meets the old south coast road to the west on the shore. The leeward road was probably the new leeward road which went over the mountains from St Jago.
Again in 1741[234], Henry Booth snr of St Catherine, millwright James Cunningham of Clarendon planter. Whereas Rachel Pridee widow relict & exec of Henry Pridee dcd of Vere planter by her indenture 6/6/1740 ind of lease for 17 years. Rachel Pridee remarries but James Cunningham guardian to her son by Henry Pridee. Henry Booth surrenders the lease to James Cunningham.

Henry Booth will 1743[235]
Full copy held
Of St Catherine, Millwright.
... Henry Booth snr of St Catherine Millwright...
I give to my daughter Anna Mary Booth:
the sum of forty pounds in lieu of her cattle by me killed and sold and also two cows a steer and a calf
(provided she lives virtuously and in good credit) the sum of three hundred pounds to be paid to her when my youngest son Henry Booth is twenty one but if she doth not live virtuously and in good credit then I give her in lieu of three hundred pounds before mentioned the sum of one shilling
& fifteen pounds a year for her maintenance till her fortune becomes due,
one negro woman slave named Aubah in lieu of some cattle of her as I sold

I give to my wife Sarah Booth:
all of her estate of what kind soever that was her own property together with a tea chest and silver spoons belonging to it
Also a looking glass also a Spanish Elm bedstead and one feather bed and also her choice of my books (except the great bible)
also the sum of forty five pounds to be paid to her eighteen months after my decease to buy her a horse and saddle
my riding horse called Wellin horse also a cow and heifer calf marked HB also a filly marked HB
and also the use of my dwelling house in Spanish Town during her widowhood

I give to my son Peter Gravitt Booth all that my parcel of land near Camps Savannah in the parish of Vere called Bensons.
All the rest of my estate both real and personal (which I now have or may hereafter purchase) I give to my three sons Peter Gravitt Booth Thomas Henry Booth and Henry Booth as they severally arrive at twenty one years

I will that my heirs or executors shall not come upon Thomas Parker my son in law for any expenses for his maintenance during the time he lived with me
And I give to my son in law Thomas Parker five pounds to buy him a filly

... Sarah Booth my said brother Thomas Booth my friends Henry Bonner and William Mathews senior my executors and guardians to my children hereby

twentieth day of November anno domini one thousand seven hundred and forty two
Wits John Chambers jun John Peeke Peter Peeke
... Codicil
I declare that the cattle within given to my daughter Anna Mary Booth to be the cattle that was her property and were given to her by her grandmother Mary Booth and that she shall have no other of mine and that the negro Obbah given her in my within will be to her and her heirs forever ..
Item it is my will .. that my dwelling house in Town be immediately finished as soon as possible after my decease
Item I give devise and bequeath to my wife Sarah Booth fifty foot in front and sixty foot in depth of my land in Town which land is to be next adjoining to the house that was my brother Thomas Booth’s which house was built by Jacob Cohen Delon who had a lease of the said land from my brother
Item in case of the death of all my children I then devise and bequeath to my said wife Sarah Booth twenty five acres of farm land in the parish of St Dorothy binding easterly on Coll Charles Price and northerly on John Cope Freeman ... 20 November 1742

Inventory[236]: June 1743
Shown by Sarah & Thomas Booth (execs, wife & brother) £1726/1/10½. He was described as Senior – there is no doubt that this is the correct inventory by the executors and being a millwright, but only other Henry about was his son, then aged only about 7.
Silver spoons not mentioned – sliver as a weight only.
His inventory shows him with property in St Catherine’s with an amount of livestock and 33 slaves and had debtors of over £200, including Thomas Jackson, husband of his sister Mary.

Crop Account for 1743[237]:
Millwright, of St Catherine, deceased
From 25 Dec 1742-31 Dec 1743
Shown by Thomas Booth
Cash Recd of his Outstanding Debts £134/4/10½
Cash Recd for Stock killed         £31/11/10½
Cash Recd for Negroes Work         £2/7/6

Issue, prob. all of Henry Booth & Mary (Gravett), all < 21 November 1743:

1/1. Anna Mary Booth

who married Francis Wright.

See her entry with Francis Wright for what little is known of her.

1/2. William Thomas Booth

“nephew, son of brother Henry” in Thomas Booth’s will of 1739-47.
Not in Henry’s will of 1743.

A possibility:
William Booth To James Cockburn 1771,
241/44-99 Feb-17 William Booth, gent of Kingston, owes James Cockburn, merchant. 2 slaves as collateral.

Issue of Henry & Mary Booth, PR:

1/3. Peter Gravett Booth.

B 16/2/1729-30, ch 17/7/1730, Kingston (PR).
Mar Frances Banks, 26/9/1757, both of St Catherines.
In father’s will. Peter Gravett 1746 will
Left land in Camps Savannah called Bensons by father, and share in his estate.
Several deeds of his on record in the 1750’s.
1750, about, PGB sold land to Harry Lord, deed N/A
1750, PGB buys land from Thomas Manning, deed N/A
1751[238]: Peter Gravett Booth Gent of Vere sold to Edward Bathurst of St Catherine for £300 ½ of 200A rest damaged original shown as blanks in transcript.
1752[239]: Peter Gravett Booth of St Catherine for £J45 from John Chambers of St Catherine for mulatto girl named Sally, dau of negro woman named Coobah.
1757[240]: Peter had some transactions with Thomas Savage in which they sold slaves back and forth between them, there is very little difference between the sale & return deeds, except that one mentions the slave being “in actual possession” in the first deed and not in the return. They were for one slave in each pair of transactions.
1757[241]: Peter Gravett Booth planter of Vere sold for £200J from Charles Kelsall esq of St Catherine, 1/3 of ½ of 2 pcl of land in St Dorothy 1st 200A 2nd 125A  subject to dower rights of Sarah Booth widow of Henry Booth. The plat from this deed is on the deeds file and notes that it was from an earlier deed of escheat (103/33) of Morris to Henry Booth, about 1738, when it was in St Catherine. The earlier deed is not available. Peter Gravett Booth son of Henry & Sarah.

The Plat in Wills File is drawn from the dimensions on the photograph of the plat, and gives and an area of about 260 acres on the larger part, and 100 for the smaller part (as the plat says).

There were some deeds indexed, but not available, between Peter Gravett Booth & Thomas Savage in about 1757. There were Savage connections with George Booth, g/s of GB2. It would appear that a Henry Savage bought the original Burton patents on the Rio Cobre (see Thomas Burton).

1768[242]: Peter Gravett Booth & Frances sold to John Norriston 32'x22' for life on their plot in St Jago for his life

Bur St Catherine 10/12/1764.
Will of 1764-69[243]:
Of St Catherine planter, weak
To Mairer Reader, free mulatto, 2 houses for life.
To brothers Thomas Henry Booth & Henry Booth rest & residue
Free my mulatto girl named Rachel & sambo boy Ned her brother.

1/4. Rebecca Caswell Booth,

PR Clarendon: ch 28/1/1732. Not in father’s will

1/5. Thomas Henry Booth,

PR Clarendon: ch 9/3/1734.
Legatee in father’s uncle Henry’s will 1738/9. In father’s Will. Peter Gravett 1746 will
1757[244]: Thomas Henry Booth sold for £200J to Charles Kelsall 1/3 of ½ of (St Dorothy) lands  subject to Dower rights of Sarah, widow of Henry Booth dcd.
1777[245]: Thomas Henry Booth,  planter of St Catherine for £35 sold to Thomas Harrison of St Catherine esq 30 perches of land near the River (Cobre?)

1/6. Henry Booth, youngest (surviving) son of father Henry.

PR St C: ch 12/2/1738. In father’s will 1742/3 <21.
Peter Gravett 1746 will
1759[246]: Henry Booth planter of St Dorothy sold for £200J from Charles Kelsall esq of Clarendon Henry Booth’s part share being 1/3 of the ½ of 2 parcels in St Dorothy one cont 200A the other 120A S on a morass mangrove, W on Mr Freeman, NE on Charles Price senr esq, NW on Freeman and Willikin of howsoever the same is butted and bounded together with his the said Henry Booth’s part share and share alike etc

1787[247]: Rachel Burton widow of Thomas Christopher Burton of St Catherine for £123 sold to Henry Booth planter of St John 66A of mountain palink.
In 1795, Henry Booth of St Catherine, planter, 1st & Charles Wilson Castle, black boy of St Catherine to Wit for and in consideration of the rents & covernants hereafter contained for and on behalf of & Charles Wilson Castle 6A of land being part of a piece in St John 66 acres which 6A is occupied by Wiliam Bamback free man of colour, & Charles Wilson Castle has lease for life to pay 1 turkey cock or 2 capons annually to Henry Booth

1/7. Barbara & Henrietta Booth, born 29/6/1738, baptised Vere, 2/7/1738.

As they were not mentioned again, they must have died soon after birth, which explains them being baptised unusually soon after birth.

4.5    Gilbert Gravett

Mar Jane Parker, St A 12/3/1673-4
Bur 18/6/1680 St Andrew
His simple will dated 16/6/1680 is of St Andrew and all to wife Jane

The origins of the Gravet family are, as usual uncertain. He and probably his wife sould have been European born. There was a Gilbert Gravet buried in Pérassay, Indre, France in 1651, but theer were Gravets in Sussex, which is more likely.

Peter’s will and the Vere baptism throw up a conundrum: there seem to have been 2 Caswell Gravetts with issue about the same time. One with 3 children are named in Peter’s will, but the children do not appear in the parish recods anywhere. The other is also connected with the Booths and his issue are in the PR; it is possible that he was a brother of Peter, but that would make him pretty old at marriage (55).

Issue of Gilbert & Jane:
1/3. Judith Gravett, ch 5/10/1679, Bur 30/12/1680, St A

1/1. Peter Gravett,

ch St Andrew 26/3/1676
He appears in some deeds with the Booth family in 1714, when he was a carpenter of Vere

8/11/1746 ent 21/7/1748. 26/150

Of Vere planter. Wife Elizabeth 1 mulatto boy Billy, also chaise and 6 chaise horses & 4 carriage horses also 1/3 of estate. Ref house to g/dau Ann Raynger, wf of Jonathan & land In Carp mtns in Vere W on Simon Booth, N on Rocky Gully, E&S on rocky mtns 27 acres. Son Caswell Gravett 18 acres in Vere where he lives. G/sons George Booth & Samual Gravett Booth land 4 miles above Porus 184A. G/dau Olivia Booth a negro. G/so Peter Gravett Booth negro. G/s Thomas Henry Booth young negro, same to g/s Henry Booth. G/d Millh Gravett dau of son Caswell G. Elizabeth G, dau of CG, g/d Mary dau of CG. G/daus <18. GG/dau Elizabeth Raynger. Dau Rebecca Booth. G/s Samuel Gravett Booth. G/dau Ann Allrpess. Dau Sarah B..K annuity. George Booth of Vere exec.
Bur Peter Gravett, St C 14/2/1748-9 a child
Issue of Peter & Elizabeth Gravett.
Vere PR msg July 1720-March 1730-1, and few before 1707

From Peter Gravett’s 1746 will:
2/1. Caswell Gravett Dr CG bur Vere 7/12/1761 – no will found.

3/1. Millh Gravett b aft 1730.

Prob M Samuel Gravett Booth, 1st cousin 1751. B abt 1735 re deed at 21

3/2. Elizabeth Gravett b aft 1730.
3/3. Mary Gravett b aft 1730.

As far as we know, Gilbert only had son Peter before he died; Caswell here is the same era as the one referred to in Peter’s wiil. It is most likely that they are the same and
Caswell Gravett M Jane Booth dau of GB3, 5/5/1734

Their issue:
3/1. Caswell Gravett, ch Vere 27/4/1735
3/2. Peter G son of Caswell & Jane, Bap Vere 13/12/1739,

sp Peter G, John Piper? Mary Dirney. (Gravot)

3/3. Rebecca Gravett, b 29/4/1737, ch Vere 29/1/1737-8 of C&J.


2/2. Mary Gravett M Henry Booth

3/1. Peter Gravett Booth b 1730 PG will

3/1. Thomas Henry Booth b 1734 PG will
3/2. Henry Booth ch 1738 PG will
1. Anna Mary Booth, who married Francis Wright
2. William Thomas Booth
4. Rebecca Caswell Booth abt 1731
7. Barbara Booth, 1738
8. Henrietta Booth, 1738

2/3. Rebecca Gravett, M 16/11/1714, Samuel Booth, son of GB2

In PG will, cied abt 1752
Np doubt about this marriage – SB will refers to Peter Gravett
3/1. Samuel Gravett Booth aft 1722 PG will
3/2. George Booth PG will
3/3. Olivia Booth PG will

2/2. Dau PG will

3/1. Ann (Short??) M Jonathan Raynger Vere 17/2/1726-7

4/1. John Raynger, b 9/1, ch Vere 17/4/1738 of Ann & Jonathan
SP Peter Gravet, John & Mary Ranger.
John Ranger bur Vere 22/7/1770, age 25
4/2. Elizabeth Raynger (PG Will)

John Rainger will of Clarendon
Date 28/4/1696, ent 25/11/1696. of Clarendon, planter, Wife Elinor, son Francis <18, daughter Susan, <15. £50 to sister Ann R in case she should come to the Island. Son-in-law John Reed

Francis R bap 11/12/1693 of John & Elinor, Clarendon
Issue of Francis & Judith Ranger:
Jonathan Ranger ch & b 16/11/1716 Vere 14
Thomas Ranger b 7/10/1733, ch Clarendon 13/1/1733-4
Susannah Ranger, b 5/7/1737, bap 4/1738, Vere4,sp Jonathan R & John & Ann R

Jonathan R of John & Eliz b 4/6/ ch 3/8/1738. Bur Vere 3/5/1771, aged 33


4.6    The Gall Booths

The family of John Gall Booth is of interest for their descent from GB2, and left a lot of documentary evidence. John Gall Booth snr was the son of George & Priscilla (Gall) Booth (son of Samuel, g/son of George Booth 2), implied by 2 deeds in 1772.

John Gall Booth snr and jnr became big land owners in western Vere, mainly in the area which became Manchester. A main one was simply know at The Farm, and seemed to be the most significant, and was a coffee estate; but there were several others in the immediate area to the north of the 16 Mile Gully; the lands on the Milk River may have come from his 3rd wife, but they are also in same area as the original Wallascot purches by GB2.

The main Carpenters Mountains properties seemed to have been coffee estates, while the ones round the Milk River (Ramble) had at least some sugar. The Rogers River land is unknown, but Andrew Wright with a similar property a little further west along the coast was growing cotton.

The Gall Booth estates were subject to the West Indian Incumbered Estates commission in the 1860’s, and the records in the National Archives contain much information on the transactions and land purchases; copies of these are in the wills Volume, and include wills, estate plans etc. Transcripts to be found in the Wills Volume, with a couple of plats showing Hope Pen and another of 257 acres. This was caused by the death of Miss Caroline Booth, grand-daughter of JGB snr, who seemd to be the ultimate legatee of the Farm and Soho estates in 1865.
There were debts (mainly mortgage and interest) on the properties of £4865/14/0 in 1844: when the Farm and Soho were sold in 1865, they raised on £2300!
These documents were photographed at the UK National Archives, May 2015.

1/1. John Gall Booth

He was born in the mid 1740’2: he was named in his grandmother Rebecca’s will of 1751, but does not appear in any parish record.
He died 14/1/1807, and was buried in the churchyard in Vere. He was probably resident at Cherry Hill at the time, only 10 miles or so from The Alley church.

He was married 3 times, details of his wives are later in this section:
1st Rachel Judith Wright (abt 1772), the mother of his children.
2nd Mary Page (9/1795 from newspaper, she was Mrs PageJG)
3rd Elizabeth Farquar (1801)

Issue, summarised:
1. Joseph Wright Booth, 3 children by Jane Brown
2. George Booth, b 1773, d bef 1784
3. William Wright Booth, ch 1777, d bef 1796
4. John Gall Booth – Issue
5. Samuel Booth, ch 1782
6. George Booth, ch 1784 d bef 1796
7. Henry Booth, ch 1785 – Issue
8. Robert Wright Booth – Issue
9. Sarah Goulburn Booth, ch 1792
10. Francis Wright Booth 1795-1821
11. Rebecca Mary Booth – ch 1792 d bef 1822 – Clarke issue.
12. Andrew Wright Booth – b aft 1785 d by 1813 – issue.

1772: 249/217 Trustees for Vere Free school.

1794, 1801, 1802[248]: part of group repairing the road from Milk River over Plowden hill.
1791: Captain of the Vere troop of (horse) militia (New Jamaica Almanac).

In 1844, “The Farm” was 773, Exchange 35, Asia 300, Hope pen 154.

About the time of his death, he owned, or had recently owned:
Cherry Hill House
Hope Pen (154 acres)
The Farm (555 acres 1821)
Rogers River (700 acres)
Owned by his sons:
Soho (307a)
Asia (400a)
Ramble & Gibraltar (at least part of)

His Will of 1807[249]

In summary:
Cherry Hall House – Andrew Wright Booth to be resident probably the eldest son.
Son Joseph Wright Booth
100 acres purchased from John Fullarton
Dau Rebecca Mary Clarke, wife of George Booth Clarke
G/dau Rachel Booth Clarke <21
Henry Booth, son, 113A purchased from Adam Smith in Carptenters Mountains
Robert Wright Booth <21
Son Francis Wright Booth <21, youngest

Lands of JGB:

Mount Pleasant, Vere (Manchester):
17 56N 77 26W, N of 16 mile Gulley.
1804:- JG Booth, 3.5m N of Rogers River mouth.
1804:- JG Booth about 1.5m South of MP. "The Farm" of 1811?
JG Booth, snr (d 1807) at Mount Pleasant.
JG Booth, jnr (ch 1780) at the Farm.
1811:- JG Booth, decd. (the Farm, JG Booth)
1811: Mount Pleasant 58/12 JGB dcd
1811: Asia (Samuel), 41/19
1815-20:- heirs of JG Booth. (the farm JG Booth)
1824:- JG Booth at the Farm.

The Properties associated woth JGB and his sons are, in summary:

Cherry Hall (Hill?) House (from his will), probably his residence, which he left to has wife, with Andrew Wright Booth living there. It is not specified where this was, but there is a Cherry Hill about 3 miles north of Milk River, which could have been his, then in Vere. Cherry Hill house adjoined Hope Pen, and so must have been ths one with a slight error in the transcription.
Hope Pen, in Carpenter’s mountains trust for children 1796, also Inc Estates commission papers where a plat shows it adjoining Cherry Hill. A Hope is shown east of Milk River. Crop return for 1797, filed by Adam Smith shows it as Coffee, next year Sugar – probably not the same one.

From deeds, this pen came from Mary Page, his 3rd wife, and was originally owned by George Hayle, of Vere, the elder, probably a descendant of Richard Hayle, one of the 3 brothers. It ended up with Caroline Booth, all other heirs having failed.
Deeside (across the river was a Farquar property.

Ramble & Gibraltar, on the east side of Hope pen, in the estate of Samuel Booth, JGB snr’s 6th child, in his will of 1831/4.
In 1804, Robertson shows Ramble as a sugar estate, roughly where Ramble Pen is on the above map. In 1840, it was 1500 acres listed to McPherson.

Gibraltar was 120 acres in 1823.

Cleeves. Appears in Samuel Booth’s will 1831/4: on Craskel, shown about by Deeside on the above map.

Gunters Hill, Vere, sold 1772 (just east of Pridees, Milk River, on Liddel)

Serge Pond, Vere, sold 1772 (a mile or so west of Kemps Hill)

Tweedside, Vere, sold to William Pusey Hayle, 1790, (south of Spring Plain, close to the Milk River).

Rogers (River) or Cotton Valley, Carpenters Mountains, 700A mortgaged 1790
600A bt from Adam Smith, 1792, this adjoined Cotton Valley/Rogers. Probably a mistranslation of Canoe Valley. Sold 1803. JG Booth on Robertson on the Roger’s River, Canoe Valley, between Milk River and Alligator Pond
1803: mortgage on Rogers and Long Bay 600A.

Prospect Pen, on or near, some sold 1792.

Soho, in Incumbered Esates Commission, eastern side of the Farm. In 1844 was about 307 acres, and owned by Caroline Booth, when she mortgaged it. It was finally sold in 1865 after her death. The sale particulares of 1865 quote 307 acres, of maiden land adapted to the growth of coffee.

Asia north of 16 mile Gully, 1½ miles south of the Farm. Latterly Samuel Booth. From UCL was 400 acres.

Frankfield & Exchange:
South of the Farm, with Hog Hole (an Anderson property) between them.
Andrew Wright sold brother Samuel, Frankfield, 140A south of Hog Hole.
mortgage on 130A called Exchange, by Hog Hole, south of The Farm 1812.
Exchange was close to or adjoining Frankfield, and abour 130 acres.

The Farm Coffee Plantation was his (see son JGB below). JG Booth appears on the 1804 map at the Eastern end of Carpenters Mountains, Vere, towards Milk River – 2 pens, one by sixteen mile gully (this was Asia, later owned by his son, Samuel in 1817). The Farm was shown in 1804 to the north, marked as “Farm” settlement on modern maps, to the northwest of Hog Hole, owned in 1817 by Thomas Anderson. An estate plan, Manchester 129, Plate 59, shows this with, inter alia, 90 acres of coffee, and was 556 acres total, with 208 woodland & Ruinate. The map is tentatively positioned by the track between hog Hole and Farenough.

In 1844, when mortgaged, it was still a coffee plantation, owned by Caroline Booth, daughter of JGB the younger, and was sold about 1864 after her death under the incumbered estates commission, at that time 466 acres.

In 1844 The Farm was described:
...Miss Booth’s property consists of a Plantation called The Farm and another property belonging to her late brother called Soho. The former is a coffee plantation, and rather valuable, being capable of making in reasonable years, from 70 to 90 ton of coffee but for the last four or five years, the weather has been somewhat unpropitious, added to which, the want of labourers has at some periods been severely felt since the emancipation of the negores took place, from which casuses the crops have fallen off – that of the present year will be from 45 to 50 casks. There are 466 acres of land altogether at the Farm, 120 acres are in young and old coffee, 50 in common pasture, 100 wood land fit for coffee cultivation and 196 in pimento. There is a Dwelling House with requisite out offices on the property, also a coffee store, mill pulper Houses? With necessary machinery to carry out the cultivation, with extensive barbecues for drying and curing the coffee, likewise eight mules. At the dwelling house there is but little furniture and of no intrinsic value, Mrs Booth who married a second time, having taken away all that was valuable. There are a few cottages on the property occupied by some of the old people....

About 3 miles ESE of The Farm, 425 acres belonging to son Samuel, acquired via has wife, Isabel Farquar, left to her by her father.

1772[250]: 2 deeds indicate that JGB’s father, George sold his inheritance from his father, George to his mother Rebecca in 1749: she left her estate to John Gall Booth. The lands left by Samuel Booth to his sons George & Samuel Gravett was as joint tenants in common. John Gall Booth took action for a division to be made a pieces of and in Vere at Serge pond of 60 acres, which was being sold to Thomas Hercie Barrett. A second similar deed concerned 80 acres of land in Vere sold to Barritt for £1000.
1774[251]: John Gall Booth sold Henry Goulbourne  120 A for £400 on the Main Savanna called Gunters Hill, between the Milk River and Hilliards River.
These 2 deeds look to be the remains of the Booth land originally bought by GB2 from Francis Wallascott.
Serge Pond is east of the Milk River, S of Hilliards River)
Gunters Hill is just SE of Pridees on the 1:50K map.
1775: A deed conveying JGB’s sister’s portion of their grandmother, Rebecca’s estate, 20 acres in Vere, in trust to Peter Clarke until she was 21

1775[252]: John Gall Booth bought from Thomas Hercey & wife Eleanor Barrett for £7 3.5 acres on new road to race course between land of George Booth dec & John Gall Booth (road E/W on plat, land to S with SW & SE boundaries). Race Course is a couple of miles north of Alley.
1776[253]: 4 pt btw 1st JGB 2nd Priscilla B widow & relict of George Booth the yngr of Vere & Olive Gall Booth dau of Priscilla and sister of John Gall Booth of 3rd and Peter Clark of St TiV planter of 4th. Olive Gall Booth under will of Rebecca Booth, grand mother of John Gall Booth & Olive Gall Booth 20a in Vere, S on Mrs Mry Gough, & Henry Savage dcd, W on Thomas Hercey Barrett, and rest on John Gall Booth in trust with negroes for Priscilla Booth should be OGB?. Partial transcript in wills file
1777[254]: John Gall Booth & Rachel planter of Vere for £800 sold to Isaac Aguilar, merchant of Kingston 10 slaves. A 2nd deed for £1080 owed to Isaac Aguilar. All paid 1783
1785[255]: John Gall Booth Esq of Vere & Rachel Judith his wife for J£380 sold to Alexander McKeande of Kingston 38 acres in Vere N & NE on Milk River etc.

1788[256]: John Gall Booth & Rachel Judith planter of Vere for £60 sold to Benjamin Lumbard of Vere, free black, 10A being part of larger run in Vere.

1790[257]: John Gall Booth & Rachel of Vere esq sold William Pusey Hayle practitioner of physick and surgery of Vere for £824/11/1d 36 acres in Vere called Tweedside. Plat in Wills File
1790[258]: John Gall Booth indebted to William Pusey Hayle 5 bonds totalling £525/9/0, repayable annually 1791-5 secured on 700A in Carpenters Mtns Vere known as Rogers or Cotton Valley (see wills volume).

1790[259]: John Gall Booth & Rachel Judith sold to Thomas Gaultier, a minor of Vere, for £132 22A part of a larger run in Vere.
1792[260], 2 deeds: Adam Smith Esq of Vere sold John Gall Booth esq, for J£820 600 acres  N&NE on Adam Smith on two rivers S on the sea W on John Gall Booth for ever. Westerly river "two rivers" Easterly Swift River. On Google   Earth now wetland/marsh and bush, as is found on the road (2020).

Plate 54

The same day, John Gall Booth & Rachel Judith, his wife sold Adam Smith for J£621 sold 310 Acres, between Prospect Pen, owned by JGB and Bossue.

1796[261]: John Gall Booth & Mary Booth have in her own right property to settle. They sold to James Burnett, merchant of Spanish Town, in actual possession, 300 A in Carpenters Mtns bought by Mary Booth before marriage to John Gall Booth from John Dykes, Hope Pen formerly of George Hayle of Vere in trust for Rebecca Weakland dau of Mary Booth by William Cooks Page her late husband, and any children by John Gall Booth & Mary. If that fails to John Anderson, son of John Anderson, 1st husband of Mary, if that fails, to issue of Rachel Judith Booth & John Gall Booth: Joseph Wright Booth, John Gall Booth, Samuel Booth, Henry Booth, Andrew Wright Booth, Robert Wright Booth, Francis Wright Booth, Rebecca Mary Clarke, Sarah Goulbourne Booth, heirs & daughters of John Gall Booth by Rachel Judith Booth.

John Anderson married Mary Fiffe Rankin, St Elizabeth, 16/10/1783, but this Mary died 1787.
Mary Anderson, widow married William Cook Page, Clarendon, 6/1/1789.

Land named Hope in St Elizabeth was left in the 1748 will of Robert Wright, son of Andrew, to his son Joseph, whose daughter married John Gall Booth.

There was also a Gibraltar adjoining Hope Pen in western Vere on the east side of the Baldwins River where it flows into the Milk River: Hope Pen was a John Gall Booth property, and was part of the negotations over the Incumbered Estates Commission[262].

1781[263]: John Gall Booth & Rachel Judith of Vere & Andrew Wright of St Elizabeth. Rachel Judith Booth only dau of Joseph Wright late of Vere, & heir, in fee simple of several negroes, to make provision for her children, makes trust with Andrew Wright. Some slaves to Rebecca Mary Booth, some to Joseph Wright & John Gall jnr for when John Gall Booth & Rachel Judith Booth die.

1801[264]: Ind btw John Gall Booth & Elizabeth wife of Vere, & Isabella Sarah Booth d-in-L for 10/- slave called Charity marked on left shoulder GB.

1801[265]: John Gall Booth & Elizabeth (late Farquar) & John Hogg Farquar of Vere gent. John Gall Booth & Elizabeth for love and affection, Elizabeth Booth has for John Hogg Farquar gave him 60A in the Carpenter’s mountains wills volume for details, and below as John Hogg son of Francis & Elizabeth Farquar.

1802&3[266]: John Gall Booth & Elizabeth for love etc to son Samuel for 10/- negro slave Phillis and 2 boys George & William

Again, in 1803, they gave Samuel 1 negro man named Barrick and woman Amy.

1803[267]: John Gall Booth & Elizabeth for J£300 from Samuel Booth all of Vere gentlemen 100A or more in Carpenters Mountains in Vere N on Peter Stiles, NW on John Rome, E on Robert Smith, W on Samuel Biggs S on the remaining part of land belonging to Francis Smith and conveyed by him to Thomas Biggs as by the plat annexed to the deed from Sarah Edwards to Thomas Allpress Pridie on 454f222 – plat photo’d 3/2020.

1803[268]: John Gall Booth & Eizabeth of Vere of 1st pt & Dutton Smith Turner of Vere esq acting exec of will of Henry Redwar[269] of St Catherine dcd esq of 2nd and Alex Schaw  esq of Vere of 3rd. 15/6/1790 George Rodon sold land to John Gall Booth and by ind 1/10/1795 btw Adam Smith of Vere.

It was witnessed that for the consideration therein mentioned Adam Smith .. conveyed to John Gall Booth .. land therein and hereinafter mentioned and whereby an indenture of mortgage dated 25 July 1793 and made between John Gall Booth and Rachel Judith his then wife of the one part and Henry Redwar of the other part after reciting that John Gall Booth was .. indebted to Henry Redwar .. for J£4526
It was witnessed that John Gall Booth & Rachel Judith for 10/- conveyed to Henry Redwar .. those parcels .. of land situate .. at Carpenters Mountains known as Rogers River or Cotton Valley (probably Canoe Valley) containing about 700 acres .. and lately held by John Rodon of Vere esq and lately held by Elizabeth Anderson of Vere? Widow dcd subject to a
proviso of condition of redemption in the indenture of mortgage which said last mentioned pieces and premises in the indenture from Adam Smith and George Rodon to John Gall Booth and hereinafter mentioned and conveyed and whereas John Gall Booth hath contracted and agreed to sold .. all the said lands to Alexander Schaw and in order to grant a perfect title thereof to him in fee hath applied to and requested the Dutton Smith Turner executor aforesaid to join in and execute these presents which he hath consented to
Now this Indenture witnesseth that for .. J£2200 to John Gall Booth & Elizabeth from Alexander Schaw ... they John Gall Booth & Elizabeth and Dutton Smith Turner exec have conveyed ... to Alexander Schaw .. land in Vere .. bounding N & NE on Adam Smith E on two rivers S on the sea and W on John Gall Booth ... 600 acres
and also those pieces of land ... at Carpenters Mountains .. called Rogers River or Cotton Valley containing about 700 acres and lately held and pssessed by John Rodon..... End of photograph.

He inherited the rest & residue of grandmother Rebecca’s estate (her will 1751/54).

1st: Rachel Judith Wright
It is very likely that this was the 1st wife of JGB, who must have died around the birth of their last child in 1794.
She was baptised 8/8/1756 of Joseph & Elizabeth, St Elizabeth. Joseph was probably the son Robert Wright, son of William & Elizabeth Wright, great-grand parents of Andrew Wright (father of Ann (Wright) Maitland). That would make Rachel Judith Andrew Wright’s 2st cousin, and a son of hers Andrew Wright’s 2st cousin once removed – Andrew Wright Booth was referred to by Andrew Wright as his cousin.
She was probably the Rachel Judith whose 3 children by John Gaul Booth are included below: it is probable that the rest were also hers. For a possible connection with Andrew Wright see his entry.
2nd: John Gall Booth of Vere esqr married by licence Mary Page of Clarendon, widow, 16/9/1795.

Wife of John Gall Booth (no forename given) bur Vere 15/1/1799; this must have been Mary Page.
William Cooke Page married Mary Anderson, widow, Clarendon, 6/1/1787/8. She was the widow of John Anderson and had a son John (re 1796 deed 460/232, but deed says son of John Anderson, does nto say Mary as well)
this looks a little late for Rebecca’s marriage date, but just fits.
Rebecca Weakland, dau of William & Mary Page.

3rd: John Gall Booth esqr married Elizabeth Farquar, widow, Vere 24/1/1801.
Francis Farquar, millwright, married Elizabeth Ludford, Clarendon, 16/9/1781
Francis Farquar, esq, bur Vere 1/2/1799.
From a deed in 1808, “Francis Farquar of Vere, planter dcd will 29/5/1798 in trust for wife Elizabeth for life after her death sugar works called Deeside & Pen Glen Farquar to son Francis Farquar for life and after his death to his sons if he fails to son John Hogg Farquar and R&R to his daus Sarah Farquar & Elizabeth Eleanor Farquar for their lives after their life to the children of his dau Isabella Sarah Farquar. Pen called Retreive to Isabella, wife of Samuel Booth. After wife's death cotton works Glengaryy to son John Hoff Farquar.” Elizabeth Farquar had by then died.

Issue of Francis & Elizabeth Farquar:
Francis ch Clarendon 17/2/1782.
John Hogg (or Hogg) Farquar, ch Vere 26/12/1794,

mentioned in 1801&8: given 60A in Carpenter’s Mountains by John G & Elizabeth.
conveyances. He had one daughter in the PR, Elizabeth Sarah, ch Clarendon 18/8/1803 by his wife Sarah. He is mentioned in the UCL work as owning a property called Lodge in Manchester of 15 acres.

Elizabeth Eleanor Farquar, ch Vere 16/9/1787
Mary Anderson Farquar, ch Vere 15/9/1790.
Isabella Sarah Farquar, no PR but in Deeds, married Samuel Booth below.
No other issue found.

Issue of John Gaul Booth, Vere PR:
1/1. Joseph Wright Booth (JGB will & deed 460/232)

A merchant in Kingston, mentioned in 1808 conveyance.
1st deed: Joseph reconveyed 8 named slaves to his brother, Samuel & Isabella Booth for 10/-.
2nd deed: Joseph Wright Booth, John Gall Booth, George Booth & Rebecca Mary Clark sold Samuel 5 named slaves for J£270.
3rd deed: Samuel & Isabella Booth sold for 10/- 8 (different) named slaves to Joseph.
1807[271]: John Gall Booth left Joseph J£1500 in his will, Joseph sold the legacy to Thomas Alpress Priddie for J£1500. Must have been short of cash!
Btw JWB of Kingston Gent 1st pt & James Sampson esq of Vere 2nd Pt. J£120to JWB sells to JS 6A called Spring in Vere SE on Rd to Milk River Bath, N on spring of waterfall other side on Alex Shaw[272]
He appears as god father in a number of case in the early 1800’s
Slave Comp: Kingston 617 £22 13S 8D [1 Enslaved]
Issue of Joseph Wright Booth & Jane Brown, Kingston a mulatto.:
2/1. Richard Batty Booth, ch 8/12/1798, Kingston
2/2. Caroline Alpress Booth b 6/11/1799 ch 22/5/1800.
2/3. Lilias Wright Booth, b 7/1/1802, ch 4/8/1802, Kingston.
Several more found.

1/2. Rebecca Mary Booth – in JGB younger’s will of 1822 in JGB snr will

She married George Booth Clarke (son of Peter & Jane Vesey (Booth) Clarke), Vere 7/8/1792. She died bef 1822.
see under brother Joseph for 1806 slave transaction.
Ref Jane Vesey Booth (GB2, Samuel, George) above:
JGB Will: D after 1822, married Clarke & maybe Christian
2/1. Jane Vesey Clarke, ch Vere 4/2/1794, of George B & Mary
2/2. William Page Clarke, b 7/11/1795, ch Vere 18/4/1796.

Bur Joseph Gall Booth Clarke 18230124 Vere, Inf son of William Clarke of Spanish Town, died at Kemps Hill, Vere.

2/3. Samuel Booth Clarke, ch Vere 27/9/1801, no parents given.
2/4. Isabella Sarah Booth Clarke, ch Vere 27/9/1801, no parents given.
2/5. John Gall Booth Clarke.

Vere PR: John Gall Booth Clarke, son of George Booth Clarke & Rebecca Mary his wife (late Booth spinster) was born April 15th 1805, publically baptised October 25th 1806.

2/6. Jpseph Wright Booth Christian b St C12/6/1808, ch 11/10/1810

son of George Booth Clarke Christian & Rebecca Mary his wife
(late Booth spinster). Note the etxt is the same as John above, but no Christian.
There were 2 children of Peter Clarke baptised the same day...

It seems possible that this refers to a descendant of this family, although he was christened at St Andrew, Holborn 18/9/1808 of George Bryant & Louisa Christina Clark, and George was ch 28/7/1774 in Rochester of George Bryan & Mary Clarke.:
1861 census, 17 Kensington Sq, London:
Henry Booth Clark (Hd 52, Solicitor, St Andrews Holborn) Isabella (wf 40, Kensington) – B Kensington: Henry Herbert 13, Booth Frederick, 12, George Howard, 11, Fielding, 10, Isabella Mary, 8, Julia Christine, 5, Edward Walter? 5, Huntley 9M


1/3. George Booth, b 14/12/1773 - by Rachel Judith ch Vere 7/4/1774

Also in St John same Bth, ch 7/3/1774. Probably dead by 1796.
Spon Simon Booth snr & jnr Mr Waites, Mrs Wilson (Simon Booths probably son & grandson of Simon Booth will of 1764)

1/4. William Wright Booth, ch Vere, 24/1/1777. Probably dead by 1796.
1/5. John Gall Booth, Vere, ch 17/7/1780

Married Rebecca Weakland Page, Clarendon, 1/1/1803, both of Vere. John Gall Booth jnr, gent Rebecca Weakland Page, Spinster. She was his step sister by Mary Page.
Died 8/5/1823 at the Farm in Manchester, bur 9th at the Plantation called Hope. Clarendon PR.
Jam Gazette: Died at the Farm plantation, Manchester, on the 8th inst, John Gall Booth, esq, much regretted by a large circle of relatives and friends.
Owned 64 slaves 28 June 1817 in his own right in Manchester. He also owned some as executor to his father.
On 21 June 1820, the return for his father’s slaves showed 3 remaining, 4 having died since the last return.
On June 21st 1825, JG Booth dcd assessed for not Giving In:
1000 acres, 20 stock & 80 slaves. (Jaz Gazette)
An Annabella Booth of Manchester owned 11 slaves at this date.
2 daughters buried at The Hope Plantation, Clarendon.
1813: Alderman for Vere, also 1816.
See the Incumbered Estates copies, May 2015.

1821, The Farm surveyed (Manchester 129) & contained:
89-2-7 in Coffee,
58-3-04 Grassland & pasture
208-0-11 Woodland & Ruinate
199-3-15 Woodland, negro grounds & part if adjoining estate
556-1-27 Total.

John Gall Booth From William Ayton – 1819[273],
Bt at public sales from William Ayton Deputy Marshall:
1819 1 slave for £150 June Grand court
1820 1 slave for £70 June Grand Court.

Booth, JG (yngr) will[274] 1823
of Manchester, planter
To my brother Henry Booth, wearing apparel
To brother Robert Wright Booth my watch
Brother Henry’s debts written off.
To George & John Brown, free mulattos £20 p.a. for life
To Olive Tabetha Brown, free quadroon £20 p.a. for life
To wife RW £J300 p.a. for life & my chaise and saddlery and 3 horses and the domestic servants usually attending them. And she shall have feed etc in full barr to dower.
To children remainder as tenants in common. My desire that the property be kept together by execs until son Charles is 21.
If all die to brothers Henry and Robert Wright Booth and nephews William Page Clarke and John Gall Booth Clarke, children of my sister Rebecca Mary Clarke Christian dcd
Execs Henry Lord Garriques of Kingston, merchant and Henry Rhodes of Manchester, esq

1824: 16 Feb, dau of Mr John Gall Booth buried at the Hope, Clarendon
1823: Rebecca as excr of JGB owned 23 slaves.
Slave Return, 28 June 1826, Manchester (execs): 49 males, 36 female.
1824: Inventory[275] of John Gall Booth shown by Henry Lord Galriques, merchant, his exec: 49 males, 37 female, £760 debtors, household furniture, cattle & mules to a total of £10152.
1826: Rebecca Weakland Booth owned 27 slaves in Clarendon.
1829 Jamaica Gazette Sale of The Farm: “Kingston, April 4, 1829. For Sale, that very desirable COFFEE PLANTATION, situate in the Parish of Manchester, called THE FARM and belonging to the Estate of the late ALEX CAMPBELL, Esq dcd, containing by estimation, 280 acres, the greatest part of which is in well established Coffee, anf the remainder in very productive Provision Grounds, common Pasture and Ruinate. The Works on the property consist of extensive Barbiques, with the requisite Stores and Out Offices, all in a state of perfect repair, and fully adeqate to the purposes of the Plantation. Attached to the property are seventy well disposed and healthy Negroes. For further particulars and terms apply to George Lindsay esq, Marshalls Pen, Manchester or to the subscriber, in Kingston, David Malloch.”
1832: The farm advertised for sale, Jamaica Gazette: “1 Jan 1832: The Farm Plantation, in the Parish of Manchester, consisting of 280 acres of Land, 55 acres of which are in Coffee, the remainder in well established Guinea Grass (subdivided by stone walls) Ruinate and Provision grounds. There is a good Dwelling House, Coffee Store, Mill and Barbeques. Between 60 and 70 negroes will be sold with or without the property. For further particulars, apply to George Lindsay Esq, Mile Gully Manchester or in Kingston to Robert Adam.” It is not known if it was in fact sold.
1865, May 2, The Farm sold for £2000 and Soho for £300; 1845 judgement in favour of Henry Lord Garrigues for £4865 against Caroline Booth, assigned to claimant 1847, Mortgage by claimant 1844, £3622, so total incumbrances £8487!
Issue of JGB & Rebecca Weakland:
Of these, Josephine & Rebecca were born at The Farm Coffee Plantation, Carpenters Mtns.
2/1. George Hayles Booth b 6/1/1806, (F87), RW late Page

Vere PR: Son of John Gall Booth jnr & Rebecca Weakland, his wife (late Page spinster) was born Jan 6th 1806, publicly baptised Oct 25th 1806.

2/2. Josepha Wright Booth b 6/5/1808, ch 23/7/1811,

PR Bap for Jo & Rebecca: Daughters of John Gall Booth esq and Rebecca Weakland his wife, of the Farm Coffee Plantation in Carpenters’ mountains in this parish (Vere), were this 23rd day of July 1811 baptised by me Edmund Pope, Rector. Josepha Wright Booth was born 6th May 1808: her godfathers & mothers were Joseph Wright Booth, Thos Allprice, Ann Husband, Isabella Sarah Booth. Rebecca Mary Booth was born 8th July 1810: her godfathers and mothers were Doctor George Farquar, Robert Wood, Elizabeth Ann Booth, Sarah Collings.
Died at the Hope Plantation, 27/11/1813 & buried there 28/11/1813 dau of John Gall & Rebecca (? AM transcription) (all PR)

2/3. Rebecca Mary Booth, b 8/7/1810, ch. 23/7/1811, died 16/12/1813 at the FarmJamGaz.
2/4. John Gaul Booth, b. 25/11/1813
2/5. Colin Booth, b 10/10/1814, ch Vere 13/1/1816

at The Farm Coffee Plantation.

2/6. Caroline Booth,

Caroline & Charles ch Vere 15/12/1818, of Manchester, wit Samuel Booth, Mr Davies, Miss Husband, Robert Wright Booth, Wotton Scott, Mrs Henry Booth. Died about 1865, no GB will.
She seems from the West Indian Incumbered Estates papers to have been the final heir of The Farm & Soho which were sold after her death in 1865.
not found in 1841,51 or 61 censuses.
A Caroline Booth buried Tower Hamlets, 25/11/1863, of 14 Park St, Limehouse aged 44. Looks very possible.
A later death in Q4 1864, St Giles was a child buried in Holborn.

2/7. Charles Booth, ch 15/12/1818.
2/8. Charlotte Booth, b 25/7/1820, ch Manchester 8/12/1820PR of JG Booth & Rebecca

1/6. Samuel Booth, ch Vere 19/2/1782 in JGB will

Married Isabel Sarah Farquar, 13/4/1800, Vere, she a widow, daughter of Francis & Elizabeth Farquar. His step-sister!
1801: Isabel given a slave by John Gall & Elizabeth for 10/-. Specific about her as daughter in law – see JGB for details.
1802 & 3: 2 deeds where John Gall & Elizabeth give Samuel named slaves.
1803: bought 100 acres in the Carpenters Mountains from his father for J£300 – see JGB for details.
1808[276]: Samuel & Isabella Booth freed a slave, Amey Morris on payment of J£110 by Samuel Smickley.
1808[277]: Samuel & Isabella sold for 1 day Retrieve Pen, which was left to Isabella by her father, Francis Farquar. Samuel Booth & Isabella sell to Joseph Wright Booth Retreive in Vere 452A SSW & SE on Figary Gully. E & E on David Lord Oliphant & John Lord Oliphant all ther side land pat by John & Joseph Sutton & Joseph Wright Booth agrees to sell back the next day, to Samuel only.
1812[278]: Samuel Booth & Isabella Sarah his wife planter of Vere 1st pt Richard Jackson esq of Vere, Samuel Booth owes Richard Jackson J£480 by several bonds 320 cond 160, on 18/9/13, 2nd similar for 18/9/14, etc Coffee plantation of 130A known as Exchange N on Joseph Wright Booth and Hog Hole plantation, prop of Tom Anderson Dcd E on Thomas Alpress Priddie S on Kings Highway leading to the Hermitage highway and W on Francis Bodley dcd. Paid off 8/7/1822.
1811[279]: for J£3000 from Samuel Booth, Andrew Wright Booth sold a coffee plantation in Carpenters Mtns called Frank Field 140A (south of Hog Hole, s of the Farm).
1813: A Samuel Booth arrived in the Agnes from Liverpool 27th March via Cork & BarbadosJG. Also Alderman for Vere, also in 1816.
Will of 1831-4[280]. Samuel Booth planter of Vere. All to brothers Joseph Wright Booth & Robert Wright Booth, rings. To nephew Joseph Wotton Scott Booth the judgement I hold against his father's estate. 2 reputed sons Samuel Booth & Simon Booth 20A. called Cleeves. Eldest reputed dau Rachel Judith 2nd rep dau Elizabth Wilson B, 3rd rep dau Catherine 4th and last rep dau Arabella Booth - to all daus several named slaves. My present housekeeper 5A part of Gibraltar land adj part of the Ramble. Execs to educate childen and eldest son Samuel to go to GB for school. Present houskeeper Dorothy Ann Robertson

Note: Ramble and Gibraltar adjoin Hope pen to the East: Ramble appears on modern maps. See note for Annabel below.

A Samuel Booth of Vere owned 24 slaves on 24 June 1817, including 2 surnamed Farquar, so probably him.
1817: Samuel Booth owned Asia (on north side of 16 mile Gully) plantation – shown as JG Booth in 1804. south of Exchage & Frankfield.
2/1. Samuel Booth, quadroon, b 5/6/1823, son of Samuel Booth esq.
2/2. Simon Booth, free mulatto, ch 4/8/1817, son of Elizabeth Booth

Also Sim Booth all same details. (Sam B will 1834)

2/3. Rachel Judith Booth
2/4. Elizabeth Wilson Booth, bap 4/8/1821, Vere, dau of Sam esq. Free Quadroon
2/5. Catherine Booth, bap 4/8/1821, Vere, dau of Sam esq. Free Quad
2/6. Arabella Booth.

1823[281]: Annabella Booth gentlewoman of Kingston re land of James Booth Smith in part in Vere & part in Clarendon called Gibraltar 120 acres, James Booth Smith intestate so to the King. Grand Court sold it back to Annabella Booth & Lara? Mitchell, gentlewoman. No date for Grand Court.
This pen was adjoining Hope Pen, on the Milk & Baldwin Rivers.
Slave Compsation: Clarendon 325 £120 19S 5D [5 Enslaved]

                  St Andrew 434 £198 1S 8D [7 Enslaved]

                  Vere 9 £109 17S 5D [5 Enslaved]

1/7. George Booth, ch 28/12/1784. Probably dead by 1796.
1/8. Henry Booth, ch 5/6/1785 in JGB Will

1809[282]: Henry Booth esq of Vere sold Mary Reid free WoC of Vere 2 negroes for life and then to Adah Jane Booth.
Married 24/10/1810 Elizabeth Scott.
“.. both Of this parish were this 24th Janry 1811 joined together in holy matrimony at Serpentine River near Milk River, at the house of, & by consent of, Wotton Scott esq the Father of Elizabeth Scott, who gave her away...” Mentioned in brother John Gall’s will of 1822.
(a Sarah Wootton Scott married in Vere 1786)
2/1. Adah Jane Booth, ch Vere 7/10/1810 dau of Mary Reed by Henry Booth,

Of Watchwell, Carpenters Mountains. She married William McLeod, Manchester 2/5/1827, she of colour, both OTP.

2/2. Joseph Watton Scott Booth, ch 15/8/1819 Vere (Samuel B Will 1834)

& his wife Elizabeth Ann, wit John G Booth, Joseph W Booth, Mrs John Booth. In SB1834 Will.
Slave Comp: Vere 19 £138 11S 0D [6 Enslaved]

1/9. Robert Wright Booth, ch 2/10/1790. In JGB Will

Mentioned in brother John Gall’s will of 1822.
Slave Return, 28 June 1823, Manchester: 18 (20) males, 14 (16) female.
Slave Return, 28 June 1826, Manchester: 3 males, 8 female.
Slave Comp: Manchester 477 £146 9S 8D [9 Enslaved]
3/1. William Page Booth, son of RWB, coloured ch Manchester 22/9/1821.
3/2. Robert Alexander Booth, mulatto, b. 1822, ch Vere 4/8/1823, RWB.

1/10. Sarah Goulburn Booth, ch 8/8/1792 - by Rachel Alive 1796.
1/11. Francis Wright Booth, b. 12/8/1794, VerePR

ch 18/4/1795 - by Rachel Judith Booth In JGB will
Booth, Francis W., aged 28 years, planter, buried 21/9/1821 by William E. Hamilton, Rector, St. Catherine Anglican, B0080, II, p. 451

1/12. Andrew Wright Booth – no PR

Andrew Wright Booth, he was in father’s will, living at home:
Not yet 21 in 1806, in cousin Andrew Wright’s will.
“Late Andrew Wright Booth” in son’s baptism in November 1813.
Issue, ch Vere:
Jonathan Wright Booth, mulatto, ch 23/7/1811 at the Farm, son of Andrew Booth esq. of Speck plantation in Carpenter's Mountains.

1812: Andrew Wright Booth of Vere planter, Samuel Booth of Vere, planter. Wit that for J£3000 from Samuel Booth, Andrew Wright Booth sold a coffee plantation in Carpenters Mtns called Frank Field 140A

Andrew Wright Booth, child of colour, ch 25/11/1813, son of Mr Andrew Wright Booth, deceased, at Hope plantation, Clarendon (Vere).
Hope plantation came into the family via Rebecca Weakland.
NB Hope Plantation was where John Gall Booth was buried in 1823.

4.7    17thC Booths in Barbados:

    A Sir George Booth was prominent at the end of the Commonwealth when he took Chester for the Royalists, but was soon defeated. There was discussion at the time of deporting him to Barbados, but it seemed to have come to naught. He was a staunch Presbyterian. There is however no obvious connection with our George Booth(s).
    A Capt William Booth was listed in Barbados in 1638, part of a list of landholders of more than 10 acres.[283]
    There was a Sir William Booth as a prosperous merchant in Barbados in 1685 who received 100 convicts from the “Bloody Assizes” in Dorset that year from Monmouth’s rebellion. Sir William’s (of Black Jacks) wife was Rosamund Meynell dau of Littleton Meynell of Derbyshire, and their only daughter and heir was Elizabeth (1692-1746) who married Abel Alleyne in Barbados in 1713: Abel Alleyne bought the Booth estates from Dame Rosamund: 495 acres in St Peter, St James & St Andrew, 2 dwelling houses, 2 stone windmills & 2 boiling houses[284]. He was of a later generation than our George Booth. (ref Genealogies of Barbados Families: From Caribbeana and the Journal of the ... By James C. Brandow. – Google books). One source has Sir William as a former Naval Officer[285].
   A Sir George Booth was involved in an action in 1659 at Chester.

LDS: William Booth & Rosamund had children:
Mary, ch 21/2/1685, St Martin in the Fields.
Dorothy, ch 11/9/1688, St Olave Hart St, London

Black Jacks ako Sion Hill in St James & St Peter parishes, may not have been owned by Sir William for very long[286]. Suggested previous owners do not appear on the maps.

See Derbyshire Record Office D239 M/E 20468 for papers relating to Alleyne family in Barbados.
Allen appears in the SE central area of Barbados in 1657.
Alleyne appears in 1722 in St James parish, NE of the church, and extensively elsewhere.

A Booth family website has the following passage:
America.  Family tradition has it that three Booth brothers from Cheshire came to America in the 1630's; William to Barbados, John Booth who settled on Long Island, and Richard Booth who was one of the founding fathers of Stratford, Connecticut (Donald L. Jacobus's 1952 book Genealogy of the Booth Line recounts this family line).

from LDS:
John Booth (d.1689) was born in England and immigrated to Barbados and then America. In 1652 he settled on Long Island and became a prominent land owner. He was the father of four sons. Among his descendants were thosae who supported the colonies during the American Revolution and those who supported England. One of the Booths to move to Canada was John Booth (1724-1788) who settled in Ontario. Descendants live in Canada and the United States.

Modyford’s Barbados Settlers

In 1664, when the new Governor, Sir Thomas Modyford, arrived in Jamaica from Barbados with 1000 settlers....[287]. It is said that these settlers went to the East end of Jamaica.

Samuel Booth bapt Barbados, St Lucy, 26/5/1679 of Robert Booth.

4.8    Unknown Booths:

Ancestry.com has a tree showing an Elizabeth Booth married to William Rose, with issue, amongst them Fulke Rose: he appears in St Catherine PR with issue.
Will of 1663 in Barbados refers to Thomas Rose, merchant sometime of London, now of Barbados.
St Michaels Barbados, Wm Rose M Eliza. George, 3/4/1659.

http://madjackfuller.blogspot.co.uk/2004/09/jamaican-plantations-and-slavery-i.html 6/2013:
...one of the original Jamaica settlers, Captain Fulke Rose, a landowner, merchant and physician. Rose became an important island personage: in 1675, 1677-9 and 1682-3 he was a member, for St Thomas in the Vale, of the Jamaica assembly; in 1680 he became a JP and was subsequently listed as among the 'fittest men in Jamaica to be Councillors' for the island. "

The Fuller Letters; Guns, slaves and finance 1728-1755, Crossley & Saville, pp xxiv
Hans Sloane:
... n 1695, he married Elizabeth Langley Rose, widow of the planter Fulke Rose, whose plantations brought his family substantial income. In 1707 and 1725, Sloane published his lavishly illustrated two-volume Natural history of Jamaica, and he enjoyed extensive correspondence with Caribbean planters and merchants throughout his life.
Fulke Rose will of November 1693 makes no mention of any Booths. All his children were daughters who were looked after by Hans Sloane.

Fulke Rose had lands adjoining Burtons Stoneland plantation in St Thomas in the Vale.

Jane Grant ch 2/5/1772, Kingston, of Patrick Grant & Milborough Booth.


Booths of St James


Kemble Booth

Will of 1755
30/56-53 Dated 4/3/1751 Ent 24/7/1755
of St James, planter
To sons Thomas & Kemble Booth all land etc
To Mary Green £20
To Barnet Reyolds 2 mulatto children named Priscilla and Mary begotten of my mulatto wench Jenny their freedom (as written in original – sense a bit strange)
To eldest son Thomas £40 for freedom of mulatto child Phillis which is his property
Rest to all children, girls and boys.
Execs Maj John Reid & James Lawrence esq of this parish.

Issue of Kemble Booth:
1/1. Thomas Booth

1765: (210/70 15/1/1765) Indent Thomas Booth & Wife Judith planter of St Elizabeth, sold to William Pight of St Elizabeth for £500 12 slaves 3 horses & 100 acres in St James N on Matthew Frith E on John Wisdom & William Shane, S unknown, W on Stephen Gabordan & John Baily.

1757[288]: William Thain esq of St James sold to Thomas Booth planter of St James for £225J N on Matthew Frith E on John Wisdom and S on prop unk W on Stephen Gabondan, and John Bayley. Plat in Wills File.

Thomas Booth, late of St James, planter
29/8/1771  15/168 Chancery
...and whereas a certain suit lately defended in the High Court of Chancery wherein James Baillei of St Elizabeth planter, was the complainant and the said Thomas Booth the defendant. And whereas by the decease of the said Thomas Booth, the cause is abated and there is not any proper response of him Thomas Booth, appoints Edward Badnedge of Kingston warfinger to the defend this suit.

1/2. Kemble Booth

Kemble Booth mar Ann Riley, St James, Trelawney, 4/5/1772, no more info on PR.
Kemble Booth, B 27/12/1774, ch 10/1/1775, Trelawney of Kemble & Ann
Sarah Booth, B 27/12/1777, ch 25/3/1780, Trelawney of Kemble & Ann
Eleanora Frances Booth, ch 26/12/1784, Trelawney of Kemble & Margaret

Joseph Booth of St James

1776[289]: Joseph Booth of St James merchant for £140 from Francis Hinley of St John sold 1 negro slave
Tabitha, wife of Joseph Booth, bur St James 12/8/1789, St James.

Branker Booth

Of St Dorothy, Will 17/244 Dated 28/8/1728, ent 18/11/1728, also inventory, no issue.

1710[290]: Branker Booth of Oxford, but in Jamaica now Gent, Attorney to John Hubbard sailmaker of St C London, nephew of Thomas Lewen blockmaker of Jamaica. Re land in Port Royal. Att to Thomas Wells

Branker Booth & Thomas Macey – 1717 etc 55/183 ent 12/3/1717 Deed.
Branker Booth of St Dorothy gent attorney to Mary Fier

Inventories for
John Booth of St Ann, 3/7/1755
John Booth of Kingston, 20/1/1756, Gent
This latter has a number of scientific instruments listed.

Jamaica Gazette, 27/3/1813:
In the Agnes, Mr Samuel Booth, from Liverpool

Booth Shipping

The Samudas had a long-standing trading relationship with Jamaica. “D. Samude” appears in Lloyd’s Register 1764 (London: Gregg Pres n.d.) as owner of the Esther, running between London- Jamaica. In Lloyd’s Register 1776, M. Samuda is listed as owner of the Judith, London-Jamaica; and Samuda & Co. as owner of the Withywood, the Susannah, the Esther, the George Booth, and the Princess Royal, all of them sailing between London-Jamaica. (Jews, Slaves, and the Slave Trade: Setting the Record Straight, By Eli Faber, Google Books).

From the Newspaper Archive & Lloyd’s List have numerous reports of a ship, the “George Booth”, between London & Jamaica, between 1768 & 1776. Perhaps this belonged to George Booth who died in 1769 a was a rich sugar baron.

INTELLIGENCE From LLOYD’s  Oct 4 (1782)[291]
The Alert privateer of Alderney, Captain Falaise, has sent into Guernsey the St Francis, D’.Asise, a Spanish prize, from the Carraccas to the Canaries, with 60 tons of Cocoa, and 10 ferons of indigo.
The Jonge Maria, from Cadiz to Ostend, drove on shore two miles to the eastward of Rotterdam, on the 29th of September, in a hard gale of wind; the Captain and one man drowned;  the cargo, consisting of salt, entirely washed out, and it is feared the ship will be lost.
An American vessel from Guadaloupe to Nantz, with 100 hogsheads of sugar, some coffee and indigo, is sent into Guernsey, having been taken by Captain Durell of Guernsey, and Captain Gabourd, of Jersey, at anchor off  the Isle Dien.
The Withywood, Evers, from Jamaica to London, foundered in the gale, off the Banks of Newfoundland;  the crew taken up by the Thetis, arrived at Bristol.
Plymouth, 1. Arrived the Worcester, Stuart, from Jamaica, having loft her mizen-mast in a heavy gale Of wind, the 16th ult. She sailed from Jamaica, under convoy of nine ships  of the line, befides* frigates, with a fleet of about ninety merchantmen, but separated in the above gale, and saw no part of the convoy since.
The London, Obryen. from London to Jamaica, having received some damage, and being leaky, is put into Plymouth.
The Rodney, Luscomb, from Jamaica to Bristol, foundered on the 17th of September, off the Banks of Newfoundland.
Milford, 26. On the 23d, arrived the Surprize sloop of war, from Antigua, after seeing those vessels in safety, bound up St George's Channel.
Bristol. Sept. 30. The Thompson, Chapman, from St Thomas's
for Christiansand, is drove up to Lundy Island, in our Channel: the Captain sent his letters for this place, by a pilot skiff, and, in a letter to his friend here, says be left St Thomas's the 16th ult. and on the 21st ditto, lat. 29. 7. long. 60. 32. spoke the Arbuthnot privateer of New York, who the day before fell in with the ship Halifax, of and from Antigua for Hallifax; on the 19th, said privateer saw four sail of the line, steering N. N. W which Captain Chapman supposes to be the ships that had arrived at Martinico from the Cape, and destined for America. Two English letters of marque were carried into Guadaloupe, and two large French frigates were cruizing to the windward of Barbadoes.
Portsmouth, 3.  Yesterday arrived at St Helen's, the Canada, of 74 guns, under jury top masts, Captain Cornwallis, from Jamaica; parted with fleet in a violent gale, off the  Banks of Newfoundland. Also arrived the Truelove, Moulton, from Jamaica, by which we«learn  the fleet consisted of eighty-eight merchant ships, under convoy of nine men of war; on the 17th ult. they met a most violent gale, in which the Centaur lost her fore mast, bowsprit, and mizzen-mast; the Caton, of 64 guns, made a signal of distress and bore away for New York, in Company with the Pallas frigate; the Ardent being very leaky, returned to Jamaica. Three of the merchant ships foundered in sight of the Truelove ; and Captain Moulton, and the Parmassus, of London, and a snow belonging to Bristol, were taken by a large privateer. The Truelove saw no part of the fleet sjnce she parted on 17th; she came into the Channel alone.
Gravesend Oct 2.. Arrived the Toy, Archer, from Perth; Stirling, Dock; Glasgow, Walker, Furth, Henderson; and Paisley, Gardner, from Carron.

What is the connection with our Booth’s??

5        Capt George Booth – D 1695:

    Geroge Booth, styled Captain, was one of the early patentees Jamaica, being granted 1200 acres on Clarendon in 1665[iii]. Whilst he may have come to Jamaica via Barbados, there is no evidence that he did, except for some land references to Captain George Booth in some deeds of land in that island in 1669. This probably refered to our George Booth. As a Captain and grantee by 1665, he must have been born about 1635-40. He left at least 5 children, and a grandson, George (1707), who became a large sugar grower in southern Vere in the mid 18thC. The grandson’s story is interesting in that it shows the build up of his extensive real estate, and its subsequent loss by his absentee heirs.
    His elder 2 sons, Thomas & Simon, were, by implication, over 21 at his will date, so the first conceived say no later than January 1671. Assuming a minimum of 20 at marriage, he must have been born no later than 1651.

Died: 1694-5, Of Vere

Family, from his Will Witness Aaron Vodry et al:
Wife: Elizabeth
George b aft 1673
John b aft 1674
Jane b aft 1679

     It is probable that he had a daughter Elizabeth who is mentioned in the will of Frances, GB1’s widow; the other possibility is that this Elizabeth was the daughter of GB2. Frances’s cousin George Booth may well have been Surveyor George Booth; George 2 refers to his uncle George Booth – these 2 references are probably to the same person.
    He was probably the George Booth referred to ”my cousin” in the 1677 will of Frances, wife of GB1, and the same will mentions Elizabeth, dau of George Booth – she is not in George’s will of 1695, but was probably dead by then. His wife being Elizabeth lends weight to this idea. An Elizabeth Dash in Barbados became Elizabeth Booth in 1669. GB2 makes reference to his uncle George Booth in his will.
     There is no evidence of whence Captain George originated, but is is quite possible, like his namesake and probable relative, George 1, that he came from Barbados. Unlike George 1, he makes no reference to property outside Jamaica. There is a reference to “Elizabeth Booth, now the wife of Captain George Booth” in the June 1694 will[292] of her father, Latimer Richards in St Michaels, Barbados. She was the widow of Humphrey Dash who died in Barbados in 1669, and was Elizabeth Booth by November of that year. It is possible, but unlikely, that this may be the same George Booth. A later Barbados will of 1721 of Elizabeth Booth, widow, makes this look more unlikely, although there is a daughter, Elizabeth Shaw (MI shows she died 12/2/1721).
    From references in deeds of 1717-9[293], he was the Captain Booth who was granted at least 3 plots of land in the 1660 & 70’s, and was later referred to as “senior”. Capt Booth shown in Clarendon precinct in John Ogilby’s 1671 map of Jamaica, in a position consistent with the 1665 grant, and Booths remain in this position on Sloane’s 1707 map.

24 December 1692: 2,716. Minutes of Council of Jamaica. Colonel Peter Beckford re-sworn justice of the peace. Edward Darling appointed Clerk of the Market of Carlisle. Orders for payments; for George Booth, senior, to have leave to depart the Island; and for H.M.S. Guernsey to cruise about Cape Tiburon. Letter to the Earl of Nottingham (see preceding abstract). [Board of Trade. Jamaica, 77. pp. 233–235.][294]

Land Transaction:

Capt George Booth owned 1200 acres in Clarendon in 1670[295], making him in the top 10 owners at the time. This is the land granted in 1665.

Booth shown several maps in this area:
Ogilby 1671 as Capt Booth on a Sugar estate (17N54’ 77W18).
“Bochard and Knowllis” 1684 in the St Jago Savanna area (18N00 77W18).
Moll 1717 shows a Sugar estate in the same position.
Brown 1750/5 shows Sutton in this position.
Bowen 1747 also shows this estate, although somewhat nearer St Maria Gully, with Sutton to the SW.
By Craskell 1763 Andersons are in this position, with a Pen. Booths are on the West bank of the Milk River a few miles further South.
In 1804, Andersons is marked in the a similar position to the Southern part of the 1200 acres. Mrs Booth is marked slightly further south of the boundary road.

Clarendon, St Jago Savanna:

     Capt George Booth was granted[296] in 1665 1200 acres of land in at St Jago by Cartwheel Savanna in the parish of Clarendon ...: E on Ste Maria Gully N land not set out W on St Jago River S on savanna land not set out. House shown at west end, by the river. This patent can be postioned by reference to the Milk River and the Ste Maria Gully (later Rhymesbury): there is only one place where the plat fits between the rivers.
      In 1674, he was granted[297] a further one hundred and eighty seven acres of land in Clarendon Parish in two parcels:
the first contains 150 acres bounding North on the land of the said Capt George Booth North East on the Milk River SE on land unsurveyed and SW on the ridge of the mountain. (The mountains come closer to the river to the south of the 1200 acre property).
the other parcel is thirty seven acres bounding NE on the Little River and East on Poros River South West on the Land of Capt George Booth
These 2 parcels are on the west side of the Milk River, and are probably conjoined. Although the orientation is inaccurate, the boundaries of the 2 1674 pacels fit with a bit of rotation; the river is called the Porus in one and the Milk in the other. It is probable that they are opposite, or slightly south of the 1200 acres on the East bank of the river.
They are a good fit with the river on the west side of the 1200 acre 1665 grant and the ridge of the mountains: it would be reasonable that he would have taken land opposite his existing grant; the river for much of the year would not have been difficult to cross.
      This property is at N17°55 W77°21, and is now mainly scrub land, with cultivated savannah land to the north, which would have been the St Jago or Cartwheel savannah. There is a dirt road which probably still marks the southern boundary of the property. The modern map calls this “Cherry Hill”. The 1944 US 1:125K map show Cartwhell on the northern boundary of the property, as does Google Earth.
     The St Jago river is probably what is marked as the Poris River in Senex 1715, later called the Milk River, and Ste Maria Gully is an easterly branch, which became the Rhymesbury Gully on later maps. Senex 1715 and Moll 1717 have an estate symbol between the 2 rivers. Robertson 1804 has Mrs Booth in this position (Cornwall South D7, north end of the square). The distance between the 2 rivers, about a mile, is the same order of magnitude as the width of the plat.

(Plate 49)

     This land was shown as a sugar estate in between 1671 and 1747; on Craskell 1763, it does not appear: Anderson is shown about where the great house was, with J Anderson in a similar position on Robertson. This was not the same as the St Jago Estate, which is shown on several maps further north, owned by Olyphant, and which may have been owned by the other George Booth, GB1.

This land was left to his 4 sons in his will of 1697, and evidence of its dispersal is in the 1717 deeds, although the references are all to the 1200 acre grant.
1717: Simon Booth sold his 300 acres to Francis Scarlett.
1717: John Booth sold 150 acres to George Brooks, maybe a western part.
1718: John Booth sold ½ of his ¼, 150 acres to Cary Bodle, his brother in law, this seems to be the SE corner, and indicates that John had the Eastern quarter.
George (1707-69) sold 300A at Cartwheel in 1758, presumably his share of the land.
Thus it seem that George & Thomas retained their shares after 1717, from the boundaries of John’s sale.

Savanna land in Clarendon
    Captain George Booth was also granted in 1672[298] 140 acres of Savannah land in Clarendon, location unknown, E Jonathan Ashurst & Mate, S unsurveyed, W Henry Bemant or Tennant. A possibility would be that this was between the Rio Minho and Thomas River in the north. Tennant was in this area on the road between Danke & Mears, both on Craskell and. Both Tennant and Ashurst were shown on Bochard & Knollis 1684 map in this area.

It is also possible that this was on McCary Bay, as son John mortgaged and then sold 12 ½ acres on McCary Bay in 1717, bordering on Simon, Thomas & GB minor. In 1720, Simon mortgaged his 12½ acres. Simon later sold 60 acres in Camps Savannah, but evidently still owned more.
Capt George must have bought from Thomas Dean 200 acres on the Milk Savanna, bounding south on Henry Hilliard, and east on the Milk River, making it upstream of the Round Hill. This was split between his 3 sons, and George (1707-69) sold his share in 1729 to Olyphant.

River Minho
    In 1687[299], George Booth snr was granted 2 small plots totalling 23 acres: 20 acres bounds West upon the River Mino East upon the land of George Booth Senior and Northerly upon the land of Henry Vizard.
3 acres N on Robert Norris, SE Francis Sperry, SW Robert Norris
It is possible that the 20 acre plot was to the west of his, Captain, 140 acre 1672 grant.
The meander of the river could be in several places, especially as the course has changed in the lower reaches over time. This is a suggestion of its location:

1717: John Booth sold ½ of this land – 11 ½ acres, implying that, in spite of how the plat looks, was all one parcel.

There were subsequent grants and deeds to George Booth “snr”, thought to be him.

North Clarendon
February 1682-3[300]: George Booth snr granted 300 acres in Clarendon in the north of the parish – see Map Clarendon 188 and Plate 47 (Benjamin Booth showing here).
E & S Mr John Moore, NE & N on Cockpit Hills, W unsurveyed, NE Mr Ben Booth, S Rocky Mtns. The (probably contemporary, although undated) Plat for John Moore locates this “north of Poris Mountain”. This land appears on Clarendon 188 and can be located accurately. John Moore’s plat shows “Lt” George Booth to NW, making it questionable that this is indeed Capt George.
Benjamin Booth, son of George Booth 1, was granted on the same date, 419 acres, the major parcel of which shared a common boundary with George Booth snr. George Booth jnr was also granted land on the same date, on the north side of the Pindars River.
John & Simon Booth sold their shares of this land to Thomas Palfreman in 1719.

Varney Land – East Clarendon
     In 1686[301], George Booth snr bought from from Robert & Barbara Varney 67 acres, part of a 1684 grant[302] for 2600 acres, “under Braziletto Mtns”.

This land was probably bordering on its SE flank onto West Harbour, and running north to the foothills of the Brazilatto mountains. The position was probably as in Plate 50. A Booth property is shown on Craskell in the southern end of this area.

In April 1686, George snr took a mortgage[303] for 1 year from John Ashley on 16¾ acres for £100, maybe to finance the Varney purchase, on 16¾ acres at Withywood, Vere, SW on the King’s Rd, E on Elisha Clarke, N on John Cropp & John Gates, W & NW on GB jnr & 5 negro slaves for 99 years annual rent 1 peppercorn. If George Booth pays £100 to John Ashley by 7/1 next indenture invalid. Wit Johnson Gerrne, John Ashley jnr Henry Palmer.
Ref 18/51 below and also George Booth 2’s land from the Wellascott purchase also bounded on John Ashley and that left by him to daughter Eliza bounded on John Cropp. This juxtaposition is probably coincidental as this land at Withywood is East of the Rio Minho and the Wellascott land was to the west.

A few months later, George lets[304] the same land to Daniel Smith for 99 years, evidently having paid off the mortgage
      In 1688[305]: George Booth snr & Thomas Bull an agreement over the share farming of some land at Milk River owned by George Booth: Thomas Bull may continue to live for 7 years, where they would Share manuring & labour costs, and split the profits from:  Hogs & fowls, Rum & Rum punch.
George Booth’s livestock – Thomas Bull to make good at the end.
2nd Indenture is very similar: George Booth has land at Milk River in Clarendon. Agrees that Thomas Bull can continue to live there for 7 years. Both parties to put same number of servants or slaves there and profits from manuring and planting or from selling stock to be split equally

Thomas Bull sold rum, profits to be split. Previous deed shows George Booth giving to Thomas Bull (to be returned at the end of 7 years) 13 Turkeys, 75 dunghill fowls 2 sows and 1 boar.
This must be the Capt Booth land grants. There is no evidence that GB1 had land at Milk River, although George Booth 2 bought land somewhat east of the river from Wellascott shortly before this deed.

Hugh & Elizabeth Gardiner to George Booth – 1687 - WHICH GB?
18/69-51 Ent 25/2/1687
Patent to Joseph Gardner for 150 acres in Clarendon now Vere. Hugh Gardner sold 40 acres to George Booth of Vere for £300, S & W on River Minho E on Highway etc
Plat 1B-11-2-8F155:
Houses shown by river; Withywood S by the River Mino; S Anthony Barroughs, W River Mino, N George Pattison, E Henry Dannett
Snr or Jnr?? Close to the Downer land sold to GB2.

George Booth will of 1694

People mentioned in will:
Wife Elizabeth – left maintenance out of estate while a widow.
Dau Jane b aft 1680
Sons George, John, Thomas & Simon. Joint legatees of his residual estate.
Friend John Parras.
Witness: Aaron Vodey – probably the husband of GB 2’s daughter, Eliza.

George Booth’s will[306] of 1694-5:
Weak & Sick, of Vere
To dau Jane Booth £J400 200 at 15 200 at 21. Maintenance out of profits until married or 21 which shall happen 1st.
To son George £20 annually for life from age 21 until John aged 21
Friend John Parras horse and bedding
To wife Elizabeth maintenance out of profits while a widow.
To sons George Booth, (a dash in the 19th C transcript “record torn” – must be John)_---- Booth, Thomas Booth, Simon Booth rest and residue of estate. Proviso about son John attaining 21, but not transcribed on original – record torn. – References to distribution before John 21. John must be youngest.
..appoint wife and friend John Parras execs in trust until son John is 21
wit Aaron Vodey, Thomas Bartlett & Edward Darling

1/1. Jane Booth (<15 – 1695)

B. aft 1680.
Her father left her £J400, £200 at 15 £200 at 21 and her maintenance out of profits until married or 21 which shall happen 1st.
Mentioned in her brother John Booth’s will 1723.

Married Cary Bodle, son of John & Elizabeth Bodle, the granddaughter of Dorothy (Wait) Cary Christened St Catherine 9/7/1683; they were probably of St Dorothy.

Will, 1746[307]
Widow of Clarendon, weak,
To G/children Olive, Mary & Elizabeth daus of Robert & Jane Custin of Clarendon.
Will of Cary, 1727[308], planter of Clarendon - to children Thomas, Cary, Elizabeth & Jane & lawful heirs, Son Thomas Exec

1705: An Act to enable Cary Bodle, and others, to sell Lands for the Payment of Debts and Legacies, for the Improvement of the Estate of the said Cary Bodle.

1709[309]: Cary Bodle & his wife Jane, the (great?) grandson of Dorothy Bodle dcd. Dorothy Bannister, widow, was granted 1100 acres in Clarendon; Dorothy Bannister sold it to Dorothy Wait since Cary of St Dorothy whose will of 1699 left “Rest & Residue” to Cary Bodle, son of her granddaughter, Elizabeth Bodle, widow of John Bodle. Cary Bodle sold it to John Stafford.

1716[310]: Cary Bodle planter of Clarendon, takes out a mortgage with Hugh Crawford & Deane Pyntz merchants of Kingston, for £355/3/6½ on 9 men, 7 women, 27 steers, 11 calves, 2 young bulls, 6 young cow calves, 3 bulls calves, 9 horses, 4 mares, 4 fillies and 130 sheep. £390/13/11 paid off 5/9/1718

1718[311]: John Booth (Cary’s his brother in law) sold for £95 to John Bodle (Cary’s brother) 1/2 of his 1/4 of 1200 ie 150 acres, N on John Booth, S supposed to be William Pusey, E on Ste Maria Gully W on Milk River. The deed refers to George Booth’s will of 1694. A plat is on the wills file.

Deed 1718[312]:
Cary & wife Jane of Clarendon & John Bodle of Vere take mortgage from Peter Beckford on their sugar estate in Clarendon called Bodle’s £3430. Inherited from Dorothy & Elizabeth Bodle. Cary & John brothers.

1723[313]: Cary Bodle exec & brother of etc for John Bodle & Mary widow of John Bodle.
Ref mortgage given by John Bodle to Ralph Rippon 1719 320 acres in Long Bay St E & 125 acres in Clarendon for £600.
Cary Bodle passes it on to Peter Beckford for £750. This land passed through Thomas Booth, son of George Booth 2.

Bodles shown as a pen on the west side of the Colebourne Gully, St Dorothy on Craskell Middlesex, 1763.

Crop return about 1770’s 7/176 Bodles Pen, Clarendon. Prop William Beckford esq 708 hhds, 326 Tierces 301 puncheons.

There are several other deeds around in the indexes, and also some land grants.

PR: Cary Bodle, ch St C 9/7/1683 of John & Elizabeth.
Elizabeth Bodle ch St C 9/7/1689, of John & Elizabeth, of St Dorothy.
ELizaabeth Bodle married Charles Harris 6/8/1686, St C, she of St D.
PR Bur St D Cary Bodle’s child 20/11/1722.
PR Bur St D Cary Bodle 25/3/1725.
Cary’s brother John:
John Bodle ch St C 17/3/1717, of John & Elizabeth.
Susannah Boudle, ch Vere 15/7/1714 of John Boudle

2/1. Elizabeth Bodle (John Booth will 1723)

Born abt 1708
Married John Thomas of St Ann
1738[314]:Cary Bodle & John Thomas planters of Clarendon
John Bodle, uncle of Cary Bodle in his will left land to Elizabeth Thomas wife of John Thomas as Elizabeth Bodle when 21 or marriage. She now married and 20 years old.
For £10, Cary Bodle as heir at law of John Bodle sold to John Thomas 2 parcels of land in Clarendon, 1 at Cartwheel Savannah of 150 acres purchased by John Bodle from John Booth (in 1718, see deed under John), 2nd in Vere on the road to Withywood Bay & bounding on river Mino and was granted to John Bodle.
Child of John Thomas mentioned by George Booth (d 1769) in his will: probably this family: “Elizabeth Cole, wife of Thomas Cole of St Anns, planter and one of the daughters of John Thomas deceased”
3/1. Elizabeth Thomas, ch Clarendon, 22/8/1736,

married Thomas Cole of St Ann, re GB1769 will.
Jacob Thomas Cole married Elizabeth Thomas, Clarendon, 25/9/1756

3/2. Mary Thomas, ch Clarendon, 6/12/1739

Maybe married Robert Cole with daughter in GB1769 will:
Mary Cole, dau of Robert Cole, g/dau of John Thomas

3/3. Jane Thomas, ch Clarendon, 15/3/1742, mar Mr Lloyd

2/2. Jane Bodle (John Booth will 1723)

Married Robert Cousin/Costin:
Issue, Jane snr will & PR, Clarendon:
3/1. Olive Cousin, ch 17/6/1738.
3/2. John Cousin, ch 3/11/1739
3/3. Mary Cousin, ch 1/11/1740
3/4. Elizabeth Costin, ch 6/6/1742

2/3. Thomas Bodle – eldest son (John Booth will 1723, GB will 1707)
2/4. George Bodle (ref George will 1707)
2/5. Cary Bodle (<21 1723) (John Booth will 1723).

1/2. Thomas Booth – over 21 in 1694, prob alive in 1717.

The following deeds probably refer to him rather than Thomas Booth (son of GB2):

Thomas Booth to Jeremiah Downer
This may refer to our Thomas Booth because of the Downer connection: Jeremiah would have been Thomas’s 1st cousin’s son, but as GB senior bought part of this land in 1686, it probably refers to GB snr’s son, Thomas.
date 4/1/1708-9 ent 20/4/1710 45/190
Patent 34/79, 7/11/1684, 3365 acres to Robert Varney.
2600 pat on behalf of the inhabitants of Vere & held in common
deed 31/10/1708 ½ to Thomas Booth & wife Mary & they sold to Jeremiah Downer the half for £10.
1711[315]: owned ¼ of 200A on the Milk Savanna patented by Thomas Dean and divided by Writ of Partition 1711.

1714 Deed[316]
John Booth of Vere planter, & Thomas Booth snr of Vere planter, all land of John Booth share agreement for 80 years, 1st 3 to Thomas Booth to work it, next 8 shared etc.

1714 Mortgage between Thomas snr, carpenter of Vere & his wife Mary and John Morant probably refers to Thomas, son of GB2.

The Bodle connection makes it more likely that it refers to Thomas, son of George Booth snr/Capt.
1717[317]: Thomas Booth & wife Mary planter of Vere, & Ralph Rippon of Vere gent.
Henry Beck patented 320A in St Elizabeth on Long Bay Mnts & Jos Tennant (Plate 51).
Henry Beck & Wife Ann sold 15/5/1717 160 acres to Thomas Booth NE & E on waste Land SE on Long Bay B Mntns W on Henry Beck.
Thomas Booth then sold it for £60 to Ralph Rippon
Appears to be an unencumbered sale. This land appears in a deed between Cary Bodle & Peter Beckford whereby Cary, as executor to his brother, passes the mortgage on to Peter Beckford. This deed implies the whole 320 acres passed to Ralph Rippon. Later in 1717, Henry Beck sold the other half to Ralph Ripon for £60.

1/3. Simon Booth – over 21 in 1694

PR: A Simon Booth bur St Catherine 21/9/1721. This seems a likely burial: he would have been about 50 by then, a good age in Jamaica then.

There is some confusion: there appear to have been 2 Simon Booths, both with wives Rebecca! (p115)

1711[318]: owned ¼ of 200A on the Milk Savanna patented by Thomas Dean and divided by Writ of Partition 1711.

1717[319]: George Booth late of Vere father of Simon Booth had land in Vere & Clarendon, esp 1200 acres ... refers to the will & writ of division.
Simon Booth of Vere planter & wife & Rebecca sold for £150 to Francis Scarlett of Clarendon, millwright all his 300 acres at Cartwheel

1719[320]: John Booth & Simon Booth 2 sons of George Booth snr late of Vere have 150 acres or ½ for £20. Noted in another hand “£900” & sold to Thomas Palfreeman, merchant of Vere.
Refers to patent to George Booth snr 300 acres in Clarendon E & S on John Moore EN & N on Road on Cockpit hills and NW on Benjamin Booth & N on unsurveyed & George Booth will 1695

1719[321]: Simon Booth & Rebecca of Vere takes mortgage for £100 from James Dickson of Vere on 12 ¾ acres in Macary Bay N George Booth a minor, E William Gibbons S Daniel Neatherwell land formerly belonging to William Pusey W Thomas Sanderson. If Simon Booth pays James Dickson by 18/2/1721 £100 + 10%pa.
This is probably adjacent to George Booth (d 1769) land.

There were deeds continuing on for Simon & Rebecca, but if the 1721 burial in St Catherine relates to this Simon, they must have been Simon, son of GB2.

1/4. John Booth (<21 – 1695)

The youngest son of George, by inference from GB’s will.
Planter of Clarendon.

1711[322]: owned ¼ of 200A on the Milk Savanna patented by Thomas Dean and divided by Writ of Partition 1711.

1714 Deed[323]: A Thomas Booth snr, planter of Vere, drew up partnership with John Booth to farm John Booth’s land in 1714. It is doubtful of this was GB3, More likely a son of Capt George.

1712[324]: John Booth (uncle), planter of Vere, sold for £129/3/6 paid by George & Henry Downer, guardians to George Booth, a minor & son of George Booth dcd late of Vere 11 ½ acres in Withywood with house & 12 ½ acres on McCary Bay with 12 negroes, 28 sheep, 1 dun horse until 10/9/1715. Discharged 26/5/1719, signed George Vodry & George Downer.
The 11 ½ acres was part of the small 23 acre grant to GB snr. GB minor was John’s nephew.
A later deed (55/16) specifies George Booth’s will of 1694 and this land, confirming this family line.

1714: William Turner & John Booth granted 500 acres[325].

Deed 51/68: writs against George Booth & John Booth by various traders
This is the only John Booth of the right age known, but these are grouped with George Booth, and the only one at this time known was the son of “GB2”:
John Booth planter 5/5/1714 John Stafford shop keeper £26/10/- 5/0/1 ½ Costs
John Booth 2/9/1713, William Hayman surviving Cptner of Samuel Tudman £224 Debt& £4/3/7 ½ costs
John Booth rendition 2/11/1713 John Stafford Merchant, £81/16/3 debt £4/13/7 ½ Costs

1717[326]: George Booth father of John Booth owned 1200 acres of George Booth in Cartwheel Savannah left to 4 sons in will of 20/9/1694. Quotes will. Writ of partition from Supreme Court in 1713 into 4 parts. John Booth has 300A bounds in as in the writ.
John Booth for £86/8/6 sold to George Brooks ½ or 150 sold 150 to George Brooks pract of Physic & surgery of Vere. W on Milk River, on Henry Tennant dcd on Thomas Brayne esq N on John Carmer esq S on sd John Booth

1717[327]: Tripartite indenture between John Booth of Vere 1st part, George & Henry Downer, guardians of GB a minor 2nd part, & George Brooks 3rd pt.
From the will & partition of George Booth’s will (as above in 55/15) John Booth has land in Vere 11 ½ acres butting on SE on George Booth minor, W on the river, & Simon Booth, WN on Thomas Booth N Henry Vizard dcd.
John Booth sold the land on 10/9/1712 to George & Henry Downer as guardians to George Booth, a minor. If John Booth paid GHD 129/3/6 by 10/9/1715 +3% pa. John Booth paid this off. JB then sold to George Brooks for £160
This is part of the land in Patent to George Booth snr 11/151 & plat 8F24

1717[328]: John Booth has 12 ½ acres in MacCary Bay EN William Gibbons dcd, S on Simon Booth, W on Thomas Booth, N on George Booth minor. John Booth mortgaged to George & Henry Downer, guardians of George Booth minor, £129/3/6 + 10% pa until 10/9/1715. John Booth in default. sold absolutely for further £110
George Booth, a minor, g/son of late GB 1696. Refers tp GB 1695 will & writs etc. Ref Deed 48/162.

1717[329]: Ind Btw John Booth of Vere planter & Jasper Handasyd & wife Sara. Arthur Deaners? Father of Sarah, left land & negroes to Sarah & her then husband Jno Harris: all sold to John Booth for £100. He sold back to John Booth for 5/-

1718[330]: Ind btw John Booth Planter of Vere & John Bodle planter of Vere. George Booth will of 1694 left 1200 acres divided between sons. John Booth sold for £95 to John Bodle 1/2 of his 1/4 of 1200 ie 150 acres, N on John Booth, S supposed to be William Pusey, E on Ste Maria Gully W on Milk River

1718: land granted to William Turner & John Booth, north side of 16 mile gully. 1/16F229.

1719[331]: John Booth & Simon Booth 2 sons of George Booth snr late of Vere have 150 acres or ½ for £20. Noted in another hand “£900” & sold to Thomas Palfreeman, merchant of Vere.
Refers to patent to George Booth snr 300 acres in Clarendon E & S on John Moore EN & N on Road on Cockpit hills and NW on Benjamin Booth & N on unsurveyed & George Booth will 1695

John Booth will 1723[332]:
No issue so legacies to sister (which defines who he was):
Sister Jane, married to Cary/Garry Bodle & nephews Cary & Thomas.

Inventory of 1725 amounted to £196, main assets were 7 slaves and was shown by Cary & Jane Bodle.
Mentioned in Brother George’s will.

1/5. George Booth (<21 – 1695)

B. aft 1674, d 1707.
There seems no doubt that George Booth born of George & Milborough Booth in 1707 is the only child of this couple as the George only mentions in his will the unborn child of Milborough. The names and dates tie in too well: the combination of sister Jane & brother John in the will puts this George as son of George above.

George’s will[333] 1706-7:
Millwright of Vere, Wife Milborough (possibly Downer), with child in his will 8/5/1706, Brother John Booth, Sister Jane Booth m Mr Bodle, her children Thomas & George. Brothers George & Harry Downer.

Milborough was possibly the daughter of John & Rebecca Downer: John’s will of 1702[334] left inter alia, sons George & Henry and daughter Milborough, all under 21. It is therefore possible that Mary, 1st wife of GB2 was their aunt.
Their son, George (b 1707-1769) lists 2 nieces:
Milborough Maxwell, wife of Edward and their 2 sons, Henry and George Booth Maxwell and
Milborough Elrington, wife of Robert in Ireland, and their son John and his sister,
and a sister Mary Letwich, wife of Dr Edward Letwich and widow of Rev Simon Mason.
     These individuals are explained by the mother of George (d 1769), Milborough Booth, who, if the daughter of George Downer, would have been a young widow, remarrying and producing more children, George (d 1769)’s ½ siblings.
     From the tenuous idea that Simon & Mary Mason had a son, John Golding Mason, Mary might have been a Golding. This has proved to be the case from wills. There is a gap in the Vere records from early 1720 to 1730. There are 2 deeds in the 1730’s transferring land between John Golding and George Booth, reinforcing this idea.
    There is no record of a Mary Golding, but a half sister Mary Golding could well have existed and been married to Simon Mason and had a son John Golding Mason.
    This second family of Milborough Downer/Booth/Golding is laid out in a separate section after this family branch.
    There were some docments relating to a George Booth in St James, whose property was connected with Salt Savanna Estate: it seems probable that this was George (1707-69), who started life there, maybe his mother moving to that parish, where there may have been some Downers and or Goldings.

2/1. George Booth, of Salt Savanna, 1707-1769

    Whilst this George Booth was not in the direct line of our family, he left a lot of documentary evidence and grew to be a man of substance, owning large sugar estates in Vere. These were a good example of how they were amassed by shrewd deal making, borrowing and advantageous marriages, and of their subsequent disposal and decline. 

Born Vere, of George & Milborough, 23/1/1707, ch 24/1/1707.
He is probably the child referred to in George Booth’s will 1706, where Milborough is with child. His age at burial is correct for this George.
Deeds in 1717 make it clear that this line is correct.
Bur Vere 21/6/1769, aged 62, See his will (PCC 1769).
He was married 3 times, 1st to Catherine, widow of Thomas Parsons, 2nd to Elizabeth, widow of John Aldred and 3rd to Mary Mumbee, widow of Col Samuel Booth (son of Simon, son of GB2).
No mention is made in his will of children, but it seems he had issue by Catherine, his first wife, but they all predeceased him.
M.A. Vere 1745. '49. '59, '61[335], and 1751.

     His mother married John Golding after George’s father’s death and had a number of children by him, many of whom appear in George’s will, and some in the Vere records (although a period of these is missing).
    He is mentioned in deeds of 1717 as George Booth, a minor, son of GB dcd, referred to by his uncle John, confirming his lineage.
     The George Booth who lived in St James up to 1729 is almost certainly this one: a grant in 1740 to him was later attributed to Salt Savanna. However, there is little other direct contact between him and St James after that date, except that John Aldred had dealings in that parish. The 1740 grant was on the southern border of St James/Trelawney, almost in St Elizabeth or Clarendon. His guardians, the Downers, had land in St James, so perhaps this was the connection. From about 1730, he built up a large real estate, partly through purchase, but also from the estates of his several wives, who were the widows of men of substance.
    The Henry and Jeremiah Downer had about 2000 acres granted to them about 1705. They had a sugar estate south of Martha Brae. It may be that George’s guardians lived, at least early on, in St James and so George had strong connections there, even in 1740 when he had 600 acres granted, but which was owned later by Salt Savanna.
    Amongst these were the estates of Thomas Parsons, which came to George by way of son Norwood, and his half brother Thomas Parsons.

He appeared as trustee in a couple of occasions:
1753[336], Feb: George Booth as a trustee for Milborough Cargill, sold a parcel of land to Simon Mason in Salt Savanna.
1762[337]: probably this George who was a trustee for Thomas Hercey Barrett & Eleanor Booth’s marriage settlement.

Who was Milborough Booth, ch 23/6/1771 Shobdon, of John & Katherine Booth.

1st Marriage to Catherine Parsons(?):

It is probably that she was the widow of Thomas Parsons of Vere (will 1727, when she was with child, he would have been Thomas Parsons), see a later section on the Parsons, Golding and Parker. Catherine’s son Thomas Parsons married Elizabeth, daughter of Jonathan Gale.
Catherine first appears with George in a deed of 1730 and was still alive when her son Thomas Parsons drafted his will in 1756, but must have died soon after.

Issue of George & Catherine Booth.
3/1. Milborough Booth, ch 9/10/1732, Vere, of George
3/2. Edward Booth, ch 10/9/1734, Clarendon, of George & Catherine.

There is no further trace, either in the parish or in George’s will, of Catherine and these 2 children, so they probably died early.
In addition:

3/3. Norwood Booth, not in parish records but see below for history.


2nd marriage: Elizabeth Aldred 31/1/1759, St Catherine,

she of St Catherine, he of Vere,
She was the widow of John Aldred, she died 1761.
John Aldred was a “Practitioner of Physick & surgery” of Vere.
There is no record of any issue between John and Elizabeth, and John’s will is not available. Her maiden name is not known, but her mother may have been a Miss Egan.

1759[338]: Elizabeth Aldred Mar Settlement – ... in Consideration of a marriage intended to be btw George Booth and Elizabeth Aldred, of St Catherine widow, and jointure for Elizabeth Aldred, George settled Salt Savannah estate in trust to Charles Kelsall of St Catherine for 99 yrs for Elizabeth Aldred’s life then it reverts to his estate.

At his death, John Aldred was a large land owner, with a 1/3 share of 1200 acres in St James and several properties in Vere. These became the property of his Executor, George Booth, and in the ensuing years were subject to a number of transactions, mainly mortgages and setting up  a trust for Elizabeth’s jointure. The deeds for these are complex and refer back to earlier conveyances; they are noted in the Wills volume as 159F152, 161F299 and 159F389, and are summarised in the section on George Booth’s lands.

3rd marriage: Mary, widow of Col Samuel Booth son of Simon son of GB2)

Vere, 10/12/1761 Booth George esq & Mary Booth (she a widow, both OTP)
Mary Booth, widow of Samuel Booth, who died 1760, son of George (will 1702).
Mary dau of Benjamin Mumbee.
Benjamin Mumbee bur Vere 24/9/1756, will 1757[339] confirms the legacies.
Bur 23/12/1774, Vere, Mrs Mary Booth.

Mary Booth, widow of Vere
20/4/1775 16/252
Mary Booth, to Thomas Hercey Barrett of Vere.

1761[340]: George Booth esq of Vere 1st, Mary Booth widow 2nd, Henry Goulbourne esq of Vere 3rd. Marriage shortly btw George Booth and Mary Booth for settling a jointure for her life. George Booth sold in to trust Mary Booth & Henry Goulbourne Salt Savanna plantation 1100 acres E on Salt Savanna, Mary Wright, Thomas Parsons, John Golding and Messrs Bayly & Co; S on heirs of Thomas Roberts esq dcd and John Pusey; W on Ennis Read and Kings Rd; N on Kings Rd John Pusey & John Lewis
Provisons and agreements:
If Mary Booth survives George Booth for life annually £300, subject to mortgage with Henry Parker.

1762/3[341]: 2 deeds look like breaking an entail, although they usually take place on succeding days: in the 1st, George & Mary Booth esq of Vere sold to Benjamin Bird Wheelwright for £200 100A near Portland, Vere, N on Salt Savanna E on late John Mackway & S on Thomas Jackson & W on heirs of John Morant dcd. In the 2nd, the Birds sold the land back to George esq (only): “N on Salt Savanna E on George Booth, S on Roger Jackson, W on George Booth.” It appears that in the intervening 6 months, George acquired the Mackway and Morant lands. Was this dower land of Mary, as widow of Samuel Booth, or perhaps from Mary’s father, Benjamin Mumbee?

1763[342]: George & Mary Booth sold to John Vodry slaves for 5/- 21, next deed 10th December sold back to George & Mary Booth expressly saying that Mary shall have ownership of the slaves if she outlives George Booth.

Norwood and Grace

Norwood, in his will of 1760[343], left all to his wife Grace of Vere, who was his executor.
He was a MA for Vere in 1757.

Catherine’s son Thomas Parsons calls Norwood his brother and George Booth his father in law, tying these together.

Norwood married, as her 3rd (of 4) husband, Grace Pusey, the widow of Jonathan Gale[344], son of John Gale, who she had married 20/6/1751 in Vere.
(Jonathan, b. 19 May 1731, m. 20 Jun 1751 at Vere, Grace, widow of Thomas Gardner of the parish of Clarendon, Jamaica and dau of John Pusey of Vere. She was b. 27 Oct 1732 at Spanish Town, Jamaica and he d.s.p. 30 Apr 1756 and was buried at Vere. See monumental inscription).

Grace later married the Revd John Lindsay both of Vere 6 May 1762[345]; he was Scottish born and became rector of St Catherine and a pro-slavery priest. Grace was buried 15/10/1789, a year after John, both in St Catherine.

Jonathan Gale was the brother of Elizabeth Gale who married Thomas Parsons, son of Norwood’s mother Catherine. She made over Norwood’s lands to his father, George in 1761[346], probably in preparation for her marriage.
Her first husband was Thomas Gardner, who she married 24/1/1747, St Catherine.

1756[347]: George & Catherine made over half of the Salt Savanna Plantation to Norwood for his life and then for his lawful children; if there were none surviving, the half reverted to George. The conveyance included 113 slaves and referred to debts of George Booth. In the event, Norwood had no children and his share of Salt Savanna went back to George. This raises the question if Salt Savanna was originally a Parsons property, and came via Catherine?

1758[348]: George & Catherine Booth esq Norwood Booth of Vere planter.
Thomas Parsons will of 1756[349] left to his unborn child all his estate, wife Elizabeth £200, If child dies without issue, 2 slaves to honoured mother Catherine Booth.

Norwood was an executor of Grace’s previous husband, Jonathan Gale, probably with William Eve; they had a Release of judgement debt recovered against Norwood Booth as Exec of Jonathan Gale dcd £597/0/7d in 1758[350].
The Hon John Gale owned Knight’s (estate) in 1757, which was straddled the Rio Minho abutting Carlisle.

Norwood as executor of John Gale, and husband of his widow, came into several properties.

1759[351]: Norwood & Grace Booth esq of Vere for £50 from Daniel Numes, planter of Vere for 10 Acres on Carlisle bay.

1761[352]: Grace Booth wid & exec of Norwood Booth and also acting exec & residuary legatee of Jonathan Gale late of Vere the former husband of Grace Booth and which said Jonathan Gale was one of the joint legatees of his father John Gale of Vere and also one of the legatees of Elizabeth Morant of Vere widow, and William Gale of other part. Ind 16/9/1755 btw William Gale & Elizabeth (wife of William) and Sd Jonathan Gale and Henry Dawkins and Edward Morant, all dcd by 1761. Re lands in St Elizabeth Sarah Gale widow of John Gale. Complicated deed re lands of Dickenson in St Elizabeth.

Jonathan Gale, grantee in St E
Jonathan his son (also wife & dau Eleanor)
Jonathan his son
Henry Gale his son (1737-1767) Custos & Col of St E.

1761[353]: Release, Norwood died owing George Booth substantial sums, Grace Booth inherits and settles the debts with slaves.

1761[354]: Grace Booth as a widow of Vere has the estate of Norwood (as executor?) and agreed to convey to George Booth all Norwood Booth’s estate except therein excepted. Plantation or sugar works. Indenture formalises the agreement. This probably leading up to her remarriage.

1761[355]: Jonathan Gale esq of Vere by his will left to Elizabeth Eve, wife of William Eve planter of Vere, £100. Now Elizabeth Eve of Vere widow has received from Grace Booth as executor £100.

Lands of George Booth (1707-69):

Aldred Lands:

These in 1755[356]
50A at Kemps

From Mckenzie 152. To EA for life
easterly on George Booth, westerly on Benjamin Mumbee and the heirs of Samuel Booth northerly on John Durrant and southerly on George Booth. Fisher, Booth & Gravet shown just south of Kemps Hill on Craskel.

½ of 100A at McCary Bay

From McKenzie 152. To EA for life
north west on George Lee east and south east on the said George Lee and south west on Thomas Sutton esquire

2x300A in St James, McKenzie 152
2X300A in St James, Ratcliffe 152

EA gets 1/3
Goes to GB.
In trust for annuity

60A at Smokey Hole
330A in Vere 159F389

1748, B&B to Ennis Read
GB inherits as exec to JA
to EA if the annuity fails
easterly on Robert Smyth and Richard Magg copartners south easterly on land unsurveyed southerly by the same west and north westerly on John Durrant

50A in Vere[357]

1748, B&B to Ennis Read, does not seem to be the same as the 50A at Kemps. E on last parcel of land (ie 330A), E&N on Thomas Dickenson

1/2 of 100A on McCary Bay. [358]

1748, B&B to Ennis Read, belonged to EA’s grandparents, probably not the ½ of 100A in the earlier deed.

600A in Vere, at Kemps near Pye Corner.

Mortgaged by Aldred to Dawkins 1748
Bt by GB as exec subject to mortgage
to EA if the annuity fails
1757[359]. Mortgage details.
600A 60 slaves 160 cattle
E on heirs of John Morant esq dcd no inposs of heirs of James Dickson dcd and on land belonging to John Barras and heirs of Peter Gravitt dcd, S on Hon John Gale, known as Knights, W on Lady Hume known as Laws & Ben Mumbee and heirs of Samuel Booth dcd, N on heirs of Francis Dickinson dcd (The boundaries vary between deeds as plots were sold).
1761[360] in 102A was sold to Thomas Marchant, and another part sold to Richard Huggins, still subject to the mortgage with Fuertado, there is a plat in the Wills file.
1766[361] in 172A of this sold to Huggins, subject to the mortgage, by then with Isaac Fuertado.

See wills file for land details.
At his death, George Booth probably owned of the Aldred land some 400 acres in St James and about 1030 acres in Vere, the majority between the Milk River and Rio Minho.

Summary of George Booth’s transactions

The full copy of my notes in on the Wills Volume.

1712[362]: Lease with uncle John re 11 ½ acres in Withywood with house (part of a 1694 grant to Capt George, & 12 ½ acres on McCary Bay with 12 negroes, 28 sheep, 1 dun horse. Repaid.
1717[363]: The 12½A payment in default, guardians take it for GB.
1728[364]: GB of St James bought for £80 95A from Bennet, East of Mo Bay, on the White Gut: there was a Downer sugar estate east of here on Craskel.
1729[365], Feb: GB of St James, sold 10A in Vere to Mary Macey.
1729[366], Mch: GB of St James sold his share of Milk Savanna 49½A for £99, from his grandfather, to David Olyphant, refers to a writ of partition of 1711. Clarifies his family.
Title: At Oliphant's, Vere, Jamaica, Carpenter Mountains in the distance:

Summary, Drawing shows a bridge leading to a village.[367]

1729[368], Dec: GB of Vere bought from Mary Hart for J£5, 48½A in Vere, location not clear, but probably Salt Savanna area, possibly adjoins Milliken.
1730[369], Jan: George & Catherine sold & bought back 32A in Vere, part on own land and Nevil Hayle, who had land at Yarmouth at the time. Parsons land?
probably adjoined Golding land.
1730[370], Jun: GB bought 100A in Vere for £300 from George Golding on E Salt Savanna, probably close to or adjoing the January land. The 2 1730 plots look to be conjoined and roughly where Salt Savanna Estate became.
1739[371]: Bought and sold back land in Vere from John Golding.
1740[372]: granted 600A in St James – on St Elizabeth Border. On an Estate Map (T273) described as being part of Salt Savanna Estate by 1785, indicating that this is the correct George. It can be located with good accuracy by the rivers, both on the patent and the later estate map in what is was later Trelawney.
Now looks to be rough cultivated land on Google Earth. It can be accurately positioned by reference to the rivers, and appeared to be mainly in a fairly cultivable area. Centered on N18°18’ W77°34’.
This land presumably was part of the Salt Savannah bequest to the Maxwells.
The 2 contiguous plots:
N on Unsurveyed, E on own land, S on Edward Francis, W on Mathew Gregory & Richard Mitchell.
N on unsurveyed, E on Mouth River & unsurveyed, S on Edward Francis & William Hicks, W on own land.
1816 Trelawney: Turnbull, Mark, Spring-Garden 58/17.
1741[373]: GB of Vere bought 57½A in Salt Savanna from Thomas Jackson.
1752[374], Jun: GB bought 140A for £250 in Kemps Savanna from execs of Hon John Gale, whose son married Grace, wife of Norwood.
1752[375], Aug: GB bought 230A for £230 near Portland, part of a Varney grant, from Ed Morant, in 2 parcels. This was probably on or near the Varney grant of 1684.
1751-3[376]: GB et al as trustees for Milborough, wife of Richard Cargill, sell 5A to Simon Mason in Salt Savanna Common and land to Benjmaon Mumbee.
1753[377]: Samuel Clarke sold to GB 10A near Henry Booth – may be the other branch.
1754[378]: George Booth to George Downer Goulbourn Release of all claims & demands whatsoever consideration of 5/-.
1755[379]: GB et al trustees for Milborough Cargill, sold to Simon Mason land in Vere, refers to Salt Savanna Common.
1755[380]: 67 acres in Vere, SGB to Jonathan Gale & William Eve to Norwood, as executor to Jonathan Gale, to GB, probably between the Rio Minho & Milk River, just north of the coast.
1756[381]: GB bought Cedar Grove, Salt Savanna 100A for £1500 from John Golding, adjacent to hos own land.
1755-61[382]: Deeds relating to John Aldres’s lands. Detailed listings and mortgages.
1756-8[383], Dec: G&CB gave ½ estates to Norwood & all Thomas Parsons’ estate; at the same time, Norwood transferred 100 acres back to G&CB of Salt Savanna and 113 slaves.
1757, July[384]: 129 & 10 acres in Gale estate to Norwood and then sold to John Pusey.
1757[385], Oct: Mortgage on 600A of Aldred land
1757[386]: may refer to him, George Booth snr esq of Vere sold to Henry Ashbourne esq of Vere 71 slaves (named) to value £J2600.
1758[387], Aug: Thomas Parsons estate conveyed to Norwood Booth by George & Catherine, then Norwood conveyed ½ back to George – 100 acres, & 113 slaves. Salt Savanna.
1758[388], Aug: GB sold 300A at Cartwheel in Clarendon for £300, W on the Milk River, probably the remains of Capt George’s 1200A.
1759[389], Jan: GB Settles Salt Savanna for Elizabeth Aldred’s life.
1759[390], Feb: G&EB sell and buy back with John Vodry abt 190A in St Catherine at Two Mile Wood, west of Spanish Town. 2nd deed specifies the Booth’s rights of occupation. Was this Parsons land?
1759[391], Sept: Norwoood  sold 10A on Carlisle Bay.
1760[392]: GB buys 97A in St John for £180 from Thomas Parker and Sarah Booth prob widow of Henry Booth.
1761: 11/2/1761 George Booth of Vere esq for £5 from Samuel Alpress manumised 1 woman slave Ruth??
1761[393], Jan: GB mortgages Salt Savanna fr 5 years to Henry Parker.
1761[394], Jan: Grace in conveyances of John Gale’s St Elizabeth land.
1761[395], Apr: Grace makes over Norwood’s remaining property to George.
1761[396], Jun: GB sold 81A in Vere to Richard Robert Huggins for £575, subject mortgage from Isaac Fuertado.
1761[397], Aug: Ennis Read esq of Vere for £1320 from George Booth sold 70A.
1761[398], Dec: settles 1100A Salt Savanna in trust for Mary’s £300 pa.
1762: 26/6/1762 George Booth of Vere from Henry Ahsbourne frees negro woman Nelly for 5/-.
1762[399], Feb: GB as trustee in estate of John & Ann Ryves in St Catherine.
1762[400], May: sold to Bird 100A near Portland for £200, bt back 1763.
1762[401], Jun: GB & Mary sold 12 acres & house to Henry Goulbourne. Part of Benjamin Mumbee estate. Between the Church and Salt Savanna, known as Betts, plat in wills volume.
1762[402], Aug: Ennis Read sold to GB 70A adoining GB, £1320.
1763[403]: Lewis estate of 37A in Salt Savanna to GB.
1763[404]: GB sold to John Osbourne 4A for £20 at Salt Savanna
1751-1764[405]: In 1751, Thomas & Elizabeth Parsons bought from George and Mary McKenzie of Clarendon 2 plots of land, of 245 and 67 acres, which were mortgaged to William and Richard Beckford for £6810. By 1756, the principal had not been repaid and George Booth agreed to buy the land from Thomas and Elizabeth Parsons, for £1000, subject to the Beckford mortgage being paid off. The lands then re-appear in 1764 when George Booth bought the lands from William Gale as Thomas’s executor: presumably the 1756 deed failed as Thomas died about then, and Elizabeth in 1761. (see under GB, deed 1764).
The 1756 deed lists 245 acres at Withywood, near Carlisle Bay, and ½ of 136 acres in Vere, the same plot as the 67 acres in 1751 (see endnote for the boundaries).
The 1764 deed lists the 245 acres and 2 plots near the Rio Minho totalling 172½ acres, 4 plots at Mitchells Hole totalling 176 acres, and ½ of 4 plots totalling 687 acres, including the one of 136 acres, these latter were probably jointly owned with Roger Jackson.
Harmony Hall went part to Mrs Mary Mckenzie in 1840.
1764[406]: A further deed later lists George’s assets which he mortgages to Aaron Lousada:
245 acres near Carlisle Bay and 136 acres in Vere from Parsons,
1000 acres called Salt Savanna, subject to wife Mary’s marriage settlement of £300.
George Booth already owed Aaron Baruch Lousada £4982/15/9; Lousada agreed to lend further sum of £17317/4/3 making £22300/0/0d (3.5MP-7.7MW 2018). This was secured against his assets:
Carlisle Bay: 31 men £2130, 33 women £2310, 12 boys in field, £330, Child 5 for £150, works £3K, 30 horses £360, 10 mules £300, 24 steers working £288, 20 mares & jack ass £300, 50 head breeding cattle at Portland, 1/2 of the herd with Roger Jackson £300 (probably the ½ of 136 acres which bounded on Jackson). Total £9468
At Salt Savanna: 70 slaves £3570, Large Boys 9 £370, Boys & girls 45 at abt £70 each, 15 smaller @ abt 30, 50 mules £1500, 80 steers £960, 40 mares £500, 50 head breeding cattle £180/£3140, £13640.
The deed has fuller boundary description, but too much to copy!

Jacksons Bay is to the east of Rocky Point, and was Taylor’s Bay prior to 1804.
Michael’s Hole was shown until 1747 on the western side of Rocky Point, to the south of Carlisle estate. Carlisle was a town from the early days until the end of the 18thC, when it disappears as a settlement
1764, Jun[407]: GB sold to John & Grace Lindsay 191A for £1500 on road to Bogue, Vere.
1765[408]: GB bought 1/6th of 32A in Vere from Olivia Ashbourne for 5/-.
1766[409]: GB to Lousada re mortgages. Also GB & AL agreed to work as mates. Mortgage £7000.
1766[410], June: GB as exec to John Gale sold 172 of 600A at Pye Corner, mentions Fuertado. This was west of the Rio Minho, Knights a southern boundary, which is shown on the Carlisle 1879 map.
1766[411], Nov: GB buys up debt on Milliken land McCary Bay.
1767[412]: Ennis Read sold 20A to G&MB in Vere.
1769[413]: GB sold to Henry Parker ½ share of Salt Savanna Common profitable land at Hill Side former John Lewis land to Ed Fors to Zach Bayley – see 1763 deed.
1771[414]: Court Judgement re J£2184 borrowed by GB (and exec Alpress) to William Wright.

Booth pen, on the south side of the Alley Church – Robertson and Liddell have Moneymusk in this position but modern maps shows Moneymusk sugar factory to the east of Amity Hall, on the western edge of Lionel Town, not where Robertson had it, but this is a relatively (1901) new plant.
Amity Hall owned by the Goulbourne family and was about 2000 acres in 1852, sold by them in 1861. The Lindo family owned Monymusk & Amity Hall before buying Wray & Nephew. It is possible that this was the position of GB1’s land bought from the Hills.

Booth shown several maps in this area:
By Craskell 1763 Andersons are in Capt Booth’s position, with a Pen. Booths are on the West bank of the Milk River a few miles further South.
George Booth acquired Salt Savanna Estate, probably through his son, Norwood. It seems as though Norwood’s wife Grace, inherited it from her first husband, Jonathan Gale, and it passed to Norwood as Gale’s executor and her husband, the final deed being in 1761 when she conveyed all Norwoods estate to George Booth: at his death, Norwood owed George sunstantial sums.

Salt Savanna was divided by Act of 1709 (See Jamaica General)

Craskell in 1763 shows 2 Booth sugar estates south of Alley and east of the Rio Minho: Robertson has the western one as Carlisle and the eastern as Salt Savanna Estate. Comparing both maps shows that the western Booth Estate on Craskell was probably Carlisle, although it could have been Greenwich: the river had moved significantly in the intervening years, as it continued to do.

From the map for Carlisle, Robertson’s postions were the house or works.

Harmony Hall looks as though it belonged to Ennis Read at one stage (UCL). ½ went to his daughter, Mrs Mary McKenzie, it was 1537A in 1840.
Greenwich was owned by the Ratcliffe family.

Lands in George Booth’s 1768-9 will

These are the lands George Booth mentioned in his will of 1768-9:

Mumbee’s, to wife for ever: ...those two pieces or parcells of Land in Vere 
the first twenty eight acres bounding on William Pusey esquire towards the east to the lands of Ennis Read?? Esquire towards the south to the King’s Highway there towards the west and to the lands of the heirs of Henry Goulbourn deceased towards the north.
and the other piece thirty five acres bounding to the King’s Highway there towards the East to the Lands of Ennis Read esquire towards the south to the Lands of the heirs of Henry Goulbourn deceased towards the north and to the lands of Henry Beal towards the west.
This is probably part of the land of Mumbee marked on Craskell south east of Alley Church.

Millikin’s to wife for ever: two parcels of Land lately purchased of Benjamin Millikin and Thomas Bond and which were purchased by them of Samuel Booth and Mary his wife and Thomas Wilson and Lydia his wife called Millikin’s
the first of three hundred and twenty acres bounding to the lands of Robert Richard Huggin (RH in deed 81/91) towards the east to the Lands of Lady Hume? Towards the south and west and then to the King’s Highway there towards the north.
Blackwall: and the other pieces of land containing by estimation ten acres called Blackwall (no bounds given)

Milliken shown on Craskell just south of Alley church, between Booth & Mumbee. These probably disappeared into Moneymusk by 1804
These lands were acquired by George Booth through his purchase of bonds on the land, which were converted into ownership[415].

Spanish Town to wife for ever: “my dwelling house” and pen bought from Archibald Sinclair. The pen may be Sinclair to the south of Spanish Town towards Compeach Gut.

Taylers Mention of in Vere (“my other dwelling house”) – contents to wife. Craskell shows this on the eastern side of the road north from Alley Church. This may have been part of Chesterfield, or may have been at Taylor’s Bay.

land to Simon Partridge twenty acres bounding to my own lands towards the east to the lands of William Pusey esquire on the south to the lands of Ennis Read esqr towards the west and to the King’s Highway there towards the north 

Chesterfield – all to Henry Parker, then his son Thomas John and grandson Henry Parker.
It was 1089 acres in 1839, and associated with Braziletto & Hillside which were 4666 acres in 1839, and in 1844 Braziletto by then owned by S, McKinnon with 2333 acres, and Hillside still owned by JT Parker with 1333 acres. It looks suspiciously as though the 4666 might be a mis print: 1333+2333=3666!
Chesterfield shown on Robertsons in the position of Goulbourne on Craskel,
Chesterfield listed with owner in 1775[416].
See more under the Parkers and Edrward Goulbourn who married Tamezin Roberts Boot, daughter of Henry, son of GB2.

1838: Parker, Henry, deceased, Chesterfield 150
1839: Parker, Henry, Chesterfield,1089

Yarmouth & Chesterfield – in the hands of the proprietors.
1797 23/116: 71 hhds sugar, 44 punch rum
1799 25/60 Chesterfield & Brazialatto Ests prop Thomas John Parker 1798 £2169/12 Selling slaves cattle & sundries
earlier Crop Accounts for Chesterfield refer to St Elizabeth – only 1799 has been checked and found to relate to this family, but many others of a similar period may do so.

Donald McLean an attorney for many estates (UCL)

Hillside Great House in 2016 Plate 55. Once owned by Thomas John Parker.

Kemp’s Savannah – half lands at KS to Henry Parker, half to the Maxwells.
This was probably the Aldred lands George acquired through his marriage to John Aldred’s widow, around 600 acres near Pye Corner.

Salt Savannah - left between Henry & George Booth Maxwell, life interest, then to their sons. This was all acquired by James Wildman, who remained there until at least 1844.
It was 1100 acres in 1761, remaining much the same until 1839, but was 1780 in 1844. Valued on Edwards calculation for the cost of a sugar estate, this would cost £55,000 stlg if built up from scratch, equivalent to £9M on a prices inflation, and as much as £40M on wage inflation.

The Maxwells also inherited ½ the Kemps Savanna Land.
1761, George Booth mortgaged it to Henry Parker for £4072 until 16/1/1766.
It incorporated 600 acres in S Trelawney granted to George Booth in 1740.
1761: Settled in trust for Mary Booth for £300pa. 1100 acres.

A Henry Maxwell was still of Salt Savanna (& Scotland) in 1830.
Henry Maxwell sold the estate to James Wildman in 1792, acting as attorney for his brother, who subsequently disputed the sale.

For more detail, see the Jamaica General Volume.

Salt Savanna was covered by early patents to Christopher Horner.
See also the 1709 act dviding up Varney Land in Salt Savanna. (Acts of assy vol 1 P91).

Carlisle Estate

This estate is not mentioned in George’s will, but appeared in earlier mortgages with Lousada. It came into George’s ownership from the Parsons family by his step son, Thomas Parsons. In 1809, it was owned by Lousada, much later, in 1879, it was in the estate of Isaac Lousada as 900 acres. It must have been bought by Lousada during the negotiations over mortgages.
The 687 acres listed in a 1764 deed in several plots was probably contiguous and probably included an interest in a pen near Portland (Vere, not the parish!). In 1764, it had 81 slaves of various ages and sexes, 61 horses and mules, 24 steers, worth all tola about £9500 (2017 about £1.5M Prices, £4M wages).
An piece of land granted to Thomas Parsons in 1755 by New Forrest in Manchester (253) was annotated as being “now Carlisle Estate” in about 1800.

George He left £1000 to the Lousada’s in his will.

For some time, Carlisle estate’s crop returns were filed together with Knight’s, which belonged to Hon John Gale in 1757. This was probably because Carlisle used at least some fo the Kinght’s land, in addition to some from the Bogue estate.

In 1879, when it was sold in the West India Incumbered Estates Commission “in the matter of the estate of Isaac Baruh Lousada dcd”, it was 900 acres and included the Carlisle Bay Warf.
The Lousadas were handsome beneficiaries of George Booth (1707-69) in his will (£1000 = £350K 2015 each) and subsequently owned Carlisle, so Carlisle may also have been in the Captain George Booth family.

Carlisle does not show on the modern map, but is marked as late as 1888 on Liddell: it was probably abandoned at the end of the 19thC, possibly amalgamated with Moneymusk. The 2017 satellite image shows most of the land to have reverted to bush. Reputed to be owned by the Gibb family in the late 18thC, but Lousadas from 1809. It ran down to the sea shore.
1811: Carlisle Estate owned by Lousada dcd, in 1816 by Daniel B Lousada, probably son of Daniel. 906 acres.

Kingston, 12th July, 1782, (Jamaica Gazette 3 Aug 1782)

THE Subscriber intending to leave the Island shortly, will dispose of the following properties reasonable, provided an English security can be granted to his satisfaction, Those well-known valuable Sugar plantations called CARLISLE and KNIGHT’S, situated in the Parish of Vere, together with four hundred prime slaves, amongst which are many valuable carpenters, coopers, and other tradesmen, as  also 160 head of working steers and 30 mules, all in excellent  condition; on Carlisle estate there are erected and built a very large commodious dwelling house and out offices, not above three years finished; the works on both estates are in exceeding good order and will require no repair for some yean to come; there it a wharf at Carlisle Bay, belonging to the said property, with sheds and other conveniences which is not more than a mile from the said properties, A large run of Pen land at Portland, with a few breeding stock and an excellent well of water, about 4 miles from the above estates. A Pen situated in Pedros(?) Valley, in the parish of St. Ann, known by the name of Hounslow Heath, containing 550 acres, above 350 of which are in guinea-grass: on this property there is also a very commodious dwelling house, which will be disposed of together with 100 negroes, and about 200 head-of mules, cattle and horses, with a proof assest.  A Mountain in the parish of Clarendon, known by the name of Gloster, containing a number of acres. 100 of which are in planting walk, at present in exceeding good order, and yields from 8 to 10,000 plantains per week, it is well calculated for a Pen, and very convenient for the sugar estates in the neighbourhood, as well for the purpose of pasturage as for negro grounds, &c.

Any person inclinable to purchase all or any part of the above properties, will be more particularly acquainted therewith by applying to the subscriber in Vere or to Abraham Aguilar in Kingston, who will readily treat on the most reasonable terms on the above condition




Plate 53


St James,

George had 600 acres granted in 1740, in St Elizabeth on the patents, but right on the borders of St James and what was later Trelawney. There is no indication what happened to the St James land, but there is little doubt that it belonged to this George Booth; it is shown on Trelawney 273, where the land is stated as belonging to Salt Savanna; the 273 map agrees well with the patent plats..

Plate 52

Additionally, there was 1/3 of 1200A in St James from the Aldred.

Parsons, Golding, Parker etc

These families were related to Greorge Booth (1707-69)


Thomas Parsons, the son of Catherine Parsons (who later married George Booth of Salt Savanna), married Elizabeth Gale, Vere, 14/12/1749.
Elizabeth was daughter of John and Elizabeth Gale, baptised Kingston, 21/8/1727, born 1/6/1727, and sister of Jonathan Gale, 1st husband of Grace, wife of his half brother, Norwood Booth.
Thomas died in 1756.
Elizabeth married 2nd, Daniel McGilchrist. 5/9/1759 in Vere, and was buried St Elizabeth, MI Vere: MI: .. Elizabeth dau of Hon John Gale and Elizabeth his wife, who died 30 April 1761 in the 34th year of her age, husband Daniel McGilchrist.

George Booth administrated for Thomas Parsons dcd in his crop return for 1742 in Vere. 2/53 to value £96/5/3d.

Thomas was probably the son of Thomas Parsons, will of 1727/9[417], a planter of Vere who left his wife Katherine Parsons 5 negroes & horses for her widowhood, his unborn child £600 at 21, if male ½ of his estate. The rest to son William Parsons. If the child dies then to kinsmen John, William & Henry Hicks, minors and sons of kinsman William Hicks.
The unborn must have been Thomas Parsons, will of 1756/7[418], a planter of Vere, to his wife Elizabeth if in child, all estate. Elizabeth £200 pa out of estate in lieu of dower. Mother Catherine Booth wife of George Booth esq negroes. “father-in-law” George Booth, brother Norwood Booth. Executor William Gale.

Crop Record of 1742: 2/53 Parsons, Thomas Account of Est of TP planter dcd of Vere, £96/5/3 for year 1742, 23/4/1743 George Booth Exec

There is no indication that there was any child, and his estate was sorted out by George of Salt Savanna.

Several deeds in the 1750’s and 60’s detail transactions where Thomas and Elizabeth Parsons acquire a considerable area of land, including Carlisle estate in Vere. These lands became the property of George Booth and are described in his section.

1755: Thomas Parsons granted land in the Carpenters Mountains around “The Farm” & Windsor Forrest (John Gall Booth) which on Manchester 253 map was noted as being to Carlisle Estate.

1757: 169/161-299 George Booth & Norwood sold slave as execs to Elizabeth Parsons (execs of John Gale to Norwood’s daughter).

1758[419]: deed settling Thomas Parsons estate onto Norwood, subject to annuity to Elizabeth Parsons.

Thomas Parsons in PR:
ch Clarendon 31/3/1706 of Edward & Elizbeth P19
ch St Catherine 10/1/1707 of William & Ann P50

Incumbered Estates Sale:
Particulars of valuable Sugar Estates : called respectively Hillside, Brazaletto, and Chesterfield, situate in the Parish of Vere, in the Island of Jamaica, containing 6,49 acres or thereabouts : also pf a valuable Wharf, called Parker's Middle, or Salt River Wharf, situate near the Hillside Estates : which will be sold by auction, in four lots, by Messieurs Leifchild, Son and Cheffins, before Henry James Stonor, Esquire, Chief Commissioner, at the Court of the Commissioners.


2 Wills[420], probably not relevant:
Benjamin Golding 1755-57 Carpenter of St James, dau Elizabeth when 21, other bequests n/a.
Richard Golding 1763, of Kingston merchant, sick & weak. To sister Elizabeth Golding of Whitchurch, Salop £100. To wife Mary R&R. Execs to settle affairs in Jamaica and remit to England

Will of John Golding, 170 11/7 1703-5[421] JG of Vere mariner. Wife Eliza. Sons Jno-Martin & George. Daus Eliza & Mary. Sons <18.
Will of John Golding, 1746[422], Planter of Vere; Wife Elizabeth Golding 6 bay horses, 3 black Horses, 1 Ball Horse, and 1 new England Horse; also all other R&R; Execs B-in-L William Banks of Vere Gent, & Elisha Clarke planter of Vere. (perhaps the kinsman referred to by George Golding, will of 1737).

John Golding Act 1733
1733 an act to give John Golding senior of the parish of Vere, planter, the rights and priviledges of Englishmen, born of white ancestors

These Goldings were probably people of colour.
1/1. Mary Golding M Ailsbury
1/2. George Golding, will 1735-7[423], planter of Vere.

Son John Golding. If he fails, to honoured mother Elizabeth Collier, after her death to kinsmen Thomas & John Golding; Allowance to sister Mary Ailsbury; Mother Elizabeth Collier & brother John Golding execs & guardians to Son John Golding until 21
1730[424]: George Golding & Elinor of Vere, planter sold George Booth OTP for J£300 100 acres in Vere, N on John Hart dcd, S on Valentine Barriff & Thomas Johnson E on Salt Savanna, W on sd George Booth.
In 1763, Golding shown in Clarendon to the N of St Ann’s Gully.
2/1. John Golding b aft 1716

1/3. John Golding, married Milborough, widow of G Booth d 1707.

1739[425]: John Golding of Vere, planter, for 5/- conveyed 2 plots of land & some negroes to George Booth of Vere, planter, 1st parcel being 98 ¾ acres in Vere SE on No 1 N on Col Ivy dcd SW on Martin Golding & W on no 3. Other parcel 98 acres in Vere SW on Thomas Roberts, N on George Ivy esq dcd, SE on No 2 & a number of slaves. George & wife Catherine, John Golding of Vere, planter. Conveys land in previous deed back to John Golding next day.

1758[426]: will, of Vere planter; To g/dau Milborough Maxwell, wife of Edward of Vere £J2000; To g/dau Dorothy Parker £J300 pa for life
To G/dau Milborough Battersby a minor of Kingston £J2000 when 21; To dau Mary Mason, wife of Rev Simon Mason of Vere annuity of £J250 for life; To Simon & Mary land near Dry River called Ashley’s & 31 slaves (named) for life, and afterwards to 2 grandsons Henry Parker and John Golding Mason; To g/dau Milborough Battersby slaves now in service of her father Benjamin Battersby, merchant of Kingston; To sister Mary Ailsbury annuity of £J50; R&R to g/sons Henry Parker & John Golding Mason; Execs Son Thomas G & G/sons Henry Parker & John Golding Mason;

2/1. Milbrough Golding

Born Vere 11/11/1712 ch 23/7/1713 of John & Milborough.
Married Benjamin Battersby aft 1737 name from PR
Milborough Battersby, wife of Benjamin, planter, bur Kingston 13/3/1753
Benjamin had children by Elizabeth, who was buried Kingston 10/12/1737:
Benjamin Battersby – 1753
153/19 26/7/1753 ent 9/8/1753
I Benjamin Battersby Of St Andrew, merchant
In mortgage btw Thomas Cammock & Sarah of Clarendon & John Hewitt & Sarah, for £1000 by me paid to them for 800A in St Andrew & 40 negroes. It was not my money but Milborough Golding Battersby, only in trust for her (she was a minor then). The mortgage was assigned to Robert Elrington and paid off 7/12/1763 mortgage to 1763 at 6% Deed 153/21 specifies the mortgage.

Their Issue, Kingston:
3/1. John Battersby b 24/6/1735 Ch 28/7/1735PR (ME Will)
3/2. Ann Battersby, b. 6/10/1736 ch 10/11/1736PR,

Hannah Battersby bur Kingston C/yard by her father, 28/10/1739PR

3/3. Elizabeth  Battersby b 6/12/1737 Ch 25/4/1737PR

Issue of Benjamin & Milborough, Kingston:
3/1. Milborough Golding Battersby b 30/10/1741 ch 14/7/1742PR

JG1756: dau of sister
JG1758 G/dau as a minor & dau of BB
GB1769 niece as Milbrough Elrington.

Death Spanish Town August 1796, Mrs E Elrington, wife of Major Francis Elrington (VLO Vol IV P205, Mag extract).

Milborough Elrington – 1796
61/206 Dated Ent 28/4/1796
Widow of Kingston
To S-i-L Charles Fry 20 pieces for mourning
To friend Milborough Brooks of St D widow
To friend Thomas Rees
To son Robert Elrington, a seal which was my decd brother with the Battersby Arms
To son John Battersby Elrington
To dau Milborough Elrington
To dau Elizabeth Ann Mead Fry, wife of Charles
Refers to claim on Moreland est in Vere from will of Aunt Mrs Mary Ledwich,
Ref son John Battersby Elrington
Ref land in St D inherited from brother John Battersby.

Married Robert Elrington, died bef 1789 (ML will, maybe 1774 see below)

Quote from “The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquarians of Ireland 31 March 1899 (Some residents of Monkstown in the 18thC, by Francis Elrington Ball), set in 1766:
At Monkstown Castle, still a habitable dwelling, lives, I think, Mr. Robert Elrington, who has recently arrived from Jamaica, and whose native servant is no doubt an object of much curiosity.*
* Probably Mr. Elrington was a descendant of Thomas Elrington, the well-known Dublin actor of the beginning of the eighteenth century. He subsequently went to reside at Miltown, and died in 1774. See Pue’s Occurrences, May 23-27. 1769, and Sept. 1—4, 1770; Dublin Grants, Intestacy, 1774, Robert Elrington; Monkstown Baptismal Register, 10 Nov., 1766.

Bought after 1758, described as a West India Merchant.
Irish Probate listing: Robert Elrington 1774, Dublin, late of Jamaica, L191. Other Elringtons listed in Dublin about this time.
Married 9/1798: Francis Elrington, major of the 6th West India reg to Miss Sophia Matilda Joselyn.[427]

Mention of Elrington’s in Barbados St Michael Francis Elrington Gent M Mrs Joannah Shuller, widow.

Captain & Mrs Elrington mentioned in Lady Nugents Dairy, June 1802: R Elginton Lieutenant in Vere Militia, 1801.

4/1. John Battersby Elrington (in ML, ME & GB1769 Wills) b aft 1747

Married Isabella Parker Maxwell, probable dau of Edward & Milborough Maxwell 24/8/1790, Vere,
Issue of John Battersby & Isabella Parker Elrington
5/1. Robert Edward Elrington, ch 20/6/1793, Kingston
5/2. Elizabeth Golding B 31/10/1791 ch Kingston, 17/4/1792

4/2. Dau Elrington (sister of JE in GB 1769)
4/3. Milborough Elrington (ML & ME will)
4/4. Robert Elrington (ML & ME Will)
4/5. Elizabeth Ann Mead Elrington, wife of Charles Fry (ML & ME Will)

3/2. Thomas Golding Battersby 17430601 17430731
3/3. Hannah Battersby 17460503 17460608, bur by father 12/6/1746 ch/Yd.
3/4. Martin Battersby 17480707 17481002, bur by father 9/10/1748
3/5. Benjamin Battersby, bur by father, 17/8/1750

2/2. Mary Golding,

Married, 1st Simon Mason,

A Deed, noted because of the Booth & Mason connection with Antony Maitland):
This seems to imply that the Act of 1747 still applied to Milborough’s land, although she must have been of age by then.

1755 - George Booth et al in trust sold to Simon Mason for £75 5 acres in Salt Savanna Common: S on John Golding the elder, W on late Thomas Millsen, E on Kings Rd, which parcel is one of those in the act of 1747 vesting Milborough Cargill’s land to trustees – see under Cargill.

Married, 2nd Edward Leitwich

Edward Ledwick, of Kingston Doctor of Physick & Mary Mason of Vere widow, married 26 Jan 1768.

Edward Ledwich – 1784,
Dr of Physics of Kingston. All negroes belonging to me and the negores I hold as mortagee in possession for life And after to Eliza Elrington my god dau. All plate & furniture to wife Mary.
Mary Ledwick – 1789.
Mary Ledwick of St George Bloomsbury widow of Edward Ledwich late of Kingston. One moiety in 3 parts to Milborough Elrington & her dau Milborough Elrington, To nieces sons John & Robert Elrington, OTHER ½ TO grand niece Elizabeth Mead Elrington dau of Milborough Elrington widow. Codicil cash to nephews Henry & George Maxwell.
3/1. John Golding Mason, b 15/2/1749-50, ch Kingston 26/2/1749-50.

2/3. Dau Golding married Parker

NB Vere PR missing 1720-30.

A Parker family, but probably not relevant:
William Parker M Jean Oniz? 8/12/1694, St C p116
Issue of William & Jane Parker, St Catherine:
John Parker, ch 21/9/1695 p38
Frances Parker, ch 6/1/1700 p44
Cornelius Parker, ch 10/3/1708 p51
Walter Parker, ch 14/5/1709 -  prob mar Sarah Peeke, later Booth.
Charles Parker, ch 19/2/1714 p57
John Parker, ch 7/12/1723 p66 (Jean)
William Parker, ch 27/3/1726, P68

3/1. Dorothy Parker
3/2. Henry Parker JG1758 & JG1756

Died 1787 (UCL)
Henry Parker, planter of Vere & Isabella Hornby of Kingston, married 12 Oct 1758PR.

1761[429]: George Booth & Elizabeth of Vere, Henry Parker esq of Vere. Whereas George Booth & John Golding bonds to Benjamin Peraris in 18/4/1756 for penal sum of £3474 conditioned to £1737 due 18/4/1758
George Booth John Golding & Norwood Booth 20/12/1756 to Benjamin Peraris £2000 conditioned £1000 by 20/12/1758
George Booth & Henry Parker by bonds dated 1/9/1760 debted to Benjamin Peraris penal ££1078/12/4d conditioned £539/6/2d by 1/9/1762
and whereas George Booth bond 1/9/1760 to Benjamin Peraris penal sum £4700/12 conditioned to the principal sum of £2356/1 by 1/9/1763 John Golding died and left estate to Henry Parker & John Golding Mason. George Booth indebted to Henry Parker for £4072
So George Booth for the said sum sold Salt Savanna estate & slaves 1100 acres to Henry Parker as mortgage to 16/1/1766.

1776[430]: Andrew Wright & Mary of Vere inherit in fee simple called Wrights 33 acres. They agreed to sell to Henry Parker esq of Vere for £2000 E of Betts Gully in Vere WNW & SW on Betts Gully & land late of Benjamin Mumbee esq now heirs of Henry & Edward Goulbourn S on road from Church to Salt Savanna Common E on George Downer now William Pusey N former George Clark now Henry Parker.
33 Acres formerly in possession of Mrs Mary Wright dcd and laid down by a scale of 5 chains to an inch. Plat in Will file.

Legacies of British Slave-ownership: Biography 
Inherited Chesterfield estate in Vere and one moity of Kemp Savanna estate from George Booth (who died in 1769). He was probably the nephew of George Booth - as Booth's will leaves a legacy to his neice Milborah [sic] Maxwell, mother of Henry Maxwell and George Booth Maxwell, and Henry Parker's will leaves a legacy to his nephews Henry Maxwell and George Booth Maxwell. In this case, Henry Parker's mother's maiden surname would have been Booth.
His son Thomas John Parker (q.v.) was baptised 09/07/1759 in Jamaica, and died 1823.
Clarendon PR: Thomas John Parker, ch 9/7/1759 (f126) of Henry & Isabella.

Will[431] of Henry Parker Esquire of Vere, 1787.
To wife Isabella Parker an annuity of £600 pa plus all my plate, jewels, household linen, furniture and provision of household, also my carriage horses and carriages and the saddles, bridles, harness and furniture belonging to the same.
To my executors an annuity of £200 pa for my kinsman Robert Elrington until he reaches the age of 23. "And my will is that he be then placed at the University of Edinburgh to study surgery and that he be afterwards placed at one of the publick hospitals in London until he shall arrive at the age of twenty three... and in case the said Robert Elrington... shall return to the Island of Jamaica then it is my will and request to my said son Thomas John Parker that the said Robert Elrington may be employed in his said profession on my Estates in this Island and that he be permitted to reside on Hill Side Estate."
To Louis Stanford "a free Mulatto Boy whom I intend shortly to carry with me to Great Britain" an annuity of £50 pa until he reaches the age of 21 - to be applied by my executors for his maintenance and education. Stanford "to be bound out apprentice to a merchant when of proper age" and that if he should afterwards return to Jamaica "then I request to my son that he be employed on my said estates".
All the residue to "my dear son" Thomas John Parker and his lawful heirs; otherwise to my nephews Henry Maxwell and George Booth Maxwell and their heirs with the payment of £2000 to their sister my niece Isabella Parker Maxwell.
Thomas John Parker to be my sole executor.
Codicil: annuity to wife in full barr and recompence and satisfaction of all dower and ??? etc.
4/1. Thomas John Parker

Ch 9/7/1759, Clarendon, Died 31/5/1823, LondonFamGaz.
Vere PR: The remains of Thomas James Parker esq, proprietor of Hillside, Braziletto & Chesterfield Estates were interred in the family burying ground on Tuesday the 8th July 1823.
UCL: Owner of Braziletto, Hillside and Chesterfield estates in Vere, Jamaica. Husband of Eliza Peters Washington Parker and father of Thomas John Parker junior (both q.v.).
Will of Thomas John Parker of Portland Place proved 07/05/1823. Residuary legatee of his father Henry Parker of Vere (q.v., died 1787), after annuities of £600 to Henry's wife Isabella Parker, £200 to Henry's "kinsman" Robert Elrington and £50 to "a free mulatto boy" Louis Stanford. The will of Thomas John Parker describes him as late of Holles Street, Cavendish Square, Middlesex; formerly of Bath, Somerset; now of Portland Place, Middlesex.

“Indenture between (1) Thomas John Parker, of the parish of Vere, Jamaica, but then in Surrey, Great Britain and (2) James Bowes, of St. Pancras, Mx., England. Lease for a year to Bowes of Hillside, Braziletto and Chesterfield Plantations, all in the parish of Vere, Jamaica; June 21, 1796.” (UCL)
Hill side 4666A in 1840, TJP

Married, 1st, Rachel Stevens.
See mortgage

1790[432]: Thomas John Parker esq of Vere, now residing in Epsom & wife Rachel Stevens: for £128/11/6 British money from George McKensie esq of Clarendon sold 4 slaves owned in right of Rachel Stevens.
Crop account: 1799 25/60 Chesterfield & Brazilatto Ests prop Thomas John Parker 1798 £2169/12 Selling slaves cattle & sundries.

1808: 2 deeds relating to mortages of 16 slaves at Bourkenfield & Coles Pen and 31 at Hillside, Braziletto and Chesterfield, the latter refers to extra slaves since 5/9/1800. Thomas Parker then of Bath, Somerset.

Eliza Peters Washington Parker (née Pallmer)

Profile & Legacies Summary

1777 - 1858

Sister of the MP Charles Nicholas Pallmer (q.v.) and widow of Thomas John Parker (who died c. 1823 and whose first wife was Rachael Stevens). The Thomas John Parker (q.v.) who appears as her co-claimant was presumably her son and the man of the same name of Albany Terrace who was buried aged 37 on 18/02/1843 at Holy Trinity Marylebone Road. The Jane Peters Parker under whose will they claimed as heirs has not to date been identified: it seems more likely that this is Jane Peters Pallmer the mother of Eliza Peters Washington Parker and Charles Nicholas Pallmer.

At  Boulogne sur mer, Eliza Peters Washington, relict of the late Thomas John Parker, Esq., formerly of the Royal Crescent Bath [Somerset], aged 81, deeply lamented, July 1858.

She appeared in the Old Bailey sessions in 1824 as a widow of Portland Place in a case of the theft of a silver teapot worth 4s for which Henry John Walls was sentenced to death.   'Mrs Parker' is shown at 36 Portland Place and 23 Royal Crescent Bath in 1824. By 1835 she was living  at 6 Albany Terrace Regents Park, where her brother's will places her in 1837. Will of Thomas John Parker of Portland Place proved 07/05/1823.

Marriage of Thomas John Parker widower and Eliza Peters Washington Pallmer St Marylebone 24/10/1796.

Her daughter Isabella (d. 1830) married the Jamaican slave-owner John Bourke Ricketts (q.v.)


Identified in a transcription of the will of Charles Nicholas Pallmer (dated 26/01/1837 although he did not die until 1848) as of Albany Terrace Regents Park, Family Deeds http://www.familydeeds.org/SY71001.php [accessed 27/04/2011]; Ancestry.com, London, England, Deaths and Burials, 1813-1980 [database online].

Jane Peters Parker UCL: Daughter of Thomas John Parker (and presuambly of Eliza Peters Washington Parker as well). Deceased by 1817, she had inherited some enslaved people who were settled upon Chudleigh estate in Manchester, Jamaica.


Possibly the Jane Peters Parker who was buried 25/05/1804 in Weston, Somerset, England.

Edward Ellis, free mulatto born, the son of John Thomas Parker, esq of Hillside and Ann Good Ellis, a free sable woman formerly of Hillside was batised at the rectory in Vere 25th Dec 1814.

5/1. Henry Parker, ch 20/4/1789, Kingston,

of TJP & Rachel Stevens. He was owner of Chesterfield (1089A) and Braziletto etc (4666A) in 1839. Died bef 1844, prob about 1826, in Vere index 1826-31, but text not available.

5/2. James Craggs Parker

Married Mary (2nd husband Edward Lewis Pearse of Bodmin
Issue of JCP & Mary: 4 children (Slave Comp Awards)
Son and legatee of Thomas John Parker (d. c. 1823): his widow Mary's second husband Edward Lewis Blight Pearse (q.v.) was party to a Chancery suit into which the compensation for three awards in Vere Jamaica was paid.


Baptised St Marylebone 03/12/1793, son of Thomas John Parker and Rachael Stevens his wife. He was apparently dead by the time of the compensation process, when his widow had remarried, but his will was not proved until 1842.


Issue of TJP & Eliza
5/3. Eliza Washington Parker,

Married At St George's Hanover Sq, London of 18th December last (1822), Mr Davis of Lower Brook st Grovenor Sq to Eliza Washington, the youngest daughter of Thomas J Parker, esq of Braziletto, Chesterfield and Hill Side Estates in the parish of Vere, since deceased. JamGaz

5/4. Isabella Parker.

In London, on the 8th April last (1822), John Bourke Ricketts, esq, son of the late George C. Ricketts, of Ashford Hall, Salop, (married) to Isabella, the eldest daughter of Thomas J Parker, esq, of Portland Place, and niece of Charles N Pallmer, esq of Norbiton House, Surry, both late of this islandJamGaz.
The Ricketts married into the Salways Moor Park, Ludlow. Moor Park was the school where the children of the author of this were educated.

A George Mackenzie Parker buried Vere April 1825, aged 30 of Comfort Hall, Clarendon, interred in the family vault at Hillside.

3/3. Milborough Parker JG1756 jnr will only. Born abt 1739.

Buried 15/9/1807, age 68 at Chelsea Old Church[433].

Milborough Maxwell in JG1758, g/dau, wife of Edward Maxwell
Niece of GB1769 as wife of Edward Maxwell.
No relevant Maxwell wills found see below.
No marriage found.
An Edward Maxwell buried Vere 26/1/1790.
Bur St Lukes Chelsea 15/9/1807, aged 68AC.
There are a number of deeds involving Alexander Maxwell of St Dorothy, but he does not appear to be connected; there are notes on some of these in the Wills volume.

Henry & his brother, George Booth Maxwell inherited a life interest in Salt Savannah estate from George Booth (d 1769), with an entail to their eldest sons. In 1791, George sold his share to Wildman, who it would appear acquired Henry’s life interest as well.
These 2 were sent to England for their education by grandfather (incorrect relationship in the claim) George Booth’s bequest.

1753[434]: George Forth of Clarendon Planter sold for £40 to Mary Maxwell of Clarendon 1 slave.

1759[435]: 28/9/1759 Edward Maxwell of Vere bought from Anthony Langley Swymmer of StiE lands, which Edward Maxwell & Milborough mortgaged to Zach Bayly. Simon Booth the younger with agreement of Zach Bayly for £1400 buys 2 parcels from Edward Maxwell
1st 500A SW on Sea E on partition formerly to Thomas Sutton by now John Gall Booth, a minor, NE on Cobb & Williscott pat & George Manning, NW on Edward Maxwell,
2nd 72A N & NE on Simon Booth the elder & George Manning & all other sides by the Kings Rd.
Plat in Wills File

1761[436]: Edward Maxwell planter of Vere & Milborough & Zachary Bayly of Kingston, and Lord Ward & wife of Birmingham England.
Edward Maxwell mortgages land called Swymmers to Zachary Bayly on McCary Bay for £3000. They sold for £550 200A at Milk River to Lord Ward part of Swymmers Pen.

1764[437]: Edward Maxwell & Milborough planter of Vere sold for £150 from James Smith planter of Vere land at Milk River in Vere: 49 acres & ½ reserving the ½ acre on the northernmost line and forming a square as near as the river and road to Alligator Pond will admit for the use of Daniel MGilchrist esq whereon he has a fish house bounding W on road  to Alligator Pond all other sides the River; Also land in Vere bounding on the Round Hill 31 Acres part of land originally pat Henry Hilliard E on Rd to Alligator Pond W on Round Hill N on Mrs Mary Scott. Witness: Henry & Isabella Parker. Plat in Wills file.

1795[438]: Milborough Maxwell widow of Edward Maxwell esq of Vere & James Wildman of St Andrew esq. Whereas Ind 21 May last past between them reciting that Milborough Maxwell has claims on sugar works Salt Savannah under will of George Booth, she releases them to James Wildman under that ind entered 29/6/ last also 15 acres of land fromm Edward Maxwell's will to Milborough Maxwell. She confirms sale to James Wildman PHOTO 1135

1795[439]: Milborough Maxwell widow of Vere of Edward Maxwell esq of Vere dcd & his exec of 1st pt & Hon James Wildman of St Andrew esq 2nd. Whereas George Booth formerly of Vere dcd left several annnuities & charges & bequeaths, Milborough Maxwell then wife of Edward Maxwell, an annuity of £100 also £1000 outright & set in trust Salt Savann etc to pay annuities to Henry Maxwell & George Booth Maxwell sons of Edward & Milborough Maxwell - sorts out trusts for payment of annuity.

1800[440]: Milborough Maxwell widow late of Vere now of England & attorney Edward Husband, sold to John Pusey Hayle esq of Vere for £200 a negro.
1799: Surrender of Lease  MM widow of edward Maxwell late of Vere, she now of Lawrence St Chelsea. ref ind 6/2/1789 lease by Thomas John Parker to Ed Max, 60 acres in Withywood. Lease returned to TJP for £423 to MM.[441]

1800: MM of GB sells slaves to James Wright[442]
Will[443] of Milbrough Maxwell.[Grandfather(!) of Elizabeth Golding Elrington (Maxwell), who married Dr. Joseph Head Marshall.]  Money and jewelry is bequeathed to Elizabeth Golding Elrington Maxwell to be administered by trustees until her 21st birthday.   Other family members promised money or property. Will executor, George Booth Maxwell Esq.  Dated 27/3/1806, proved 5/12/1807.

Issue of Edward & Milborough Maxwell:
4/1. Henry Maxwell b Vere 14/12/1765 ch 19/01/1766PR

Mentioned in the wills of George (d 1769) and Mary (Golding) Leitwich 1787. Wife Milbroough Elrington(deed 487/46)

1791[444]: ind btw Henry Maxwell of Vere & Gorge Booth Maxwell late of Vere now Gorge Booth Maxwell by Henry Maxwell his att of 1st pt & Hon James Wildman 2nd part. For J£11855 from James Wildman sold 31 slaves. Named.

1796[445]: Henry Maxwell To James Wildman. Henry Maxwell late of Vere now Harper St Queen Sq, Middx GB and hon James Wildman late of St C now of England. Now Henry Maxwell inherited Salt Savannah with his brother George Booth Maxwell, since dead no issue (?? Mistranscript??). Henry Maxwell sold to James Wildman for £10000 stlg

Major Henry in the extract as follows may have been his son, as Sohphia would have been born in 1813:
The Lady’s Magazine, 1830, P400:
Married, John Savage, esq, MD, Bernard St Russel Square to Maria Sophia, youngest daughter of Major Henry Maxwell, of Straquhaue, Dumfreeshire, and Salt Savanna, Jamaica.
1851, 26 Chester Place, Marylebone:
A.M. Sophia Savage, wid, 38 Edinburgh, Jno Maxwell Savage, 19, London.
Henry Maxwell married:
Isabel Christie, St Veagans, Angus 16/11/1805.
Elizabeth Russell, Kilsyth, Stirling, 17/6/1810.
Samuel Facey married Sophia Maxwell St E, 7/6/1861
Residuary legatees of GB 1769 will. (deed 487/46)
5/1. Henry Maxwell, ch 4/9/1790, bur 7/9/1790,

Vere son of Henry.

5/2. Rachel Teresa Maxwell, bap privately Vere 17/10/1789.

(parents not given at this time) – probably this father – George probably not married by this time. Rachael Teresa Collett and her husband John Edward were involved in the claims on Salt Savanna in 1837. This was probably her, then of Enfield Wash, Co of Middx.

4/2. George Booth Maxwell b 25/10/1767 ch 29/10/1767PR

(GB1769, ML1789)
2 entries: both born Vere 25/10/1767, 1st has ch 29/10/1767, private, 2nd has bapt 22/5/1768 sponsors Daniel McGilchrist, Geo Booth, Ann Burrel.
The 2 baptisms might have been because of his being privately baptised, and then taken into the church at a later service.

According to my notes, a January 1792 deed from Henry selling Salt Savannah implies GBM dead, but subsequent reports counter this.

A GBM died Q4 1848, St Giles London. Not found in C1841.

1791[446]: Maxwell, GB to Isaac Blight
George Booth Maxwell absent from Island Henry Maxwell his Att. Isaac Blight merchant of Kingston, George Booth left in trust for George Booth Maxwell & Henry Maxwell sons of Edward Maxwell. Complicated deed referring to case in Chancery against George Booth Maxwell.

... Maxwell and George Booth Maxwell have attained the ages of 21 .. and Mary Booth the wife and afterwards the widow of the said testator hath been some time since dead.
And whereas George Booth Maxwell is intitled under the limitations of the will to a share etc of a plantation an sugar works called Salt Savanna in Vere, being a part of the testators real estate devised by his will ...
And whereas a suit in the Court of Chancery of this Island hath been a long time and is still defending as well against George Booth Maxwell devisee afsd as others at the instance of the mortgage creditor of Salt Savanna for a sale of the plantation for a satisfaction of sundry other demands against the testators estate by judgement otherwise.
And whereas George Booth Maxwell by a certain letter or power of attorney dated abt 17 October 1789 .. made Henry Maxwell his attorney and did by thereby authorise is attorney to lease rent sold of otherwise dispose all his (property).
And whereas Henry Maxwell hath judged it to be the most for the advantage of George Booth Maxwell to sell his interest in Salt Savanna and has therefore come to an agreement with Isaac Blight for the sale of George Booth Maxwell’s interest subject to an annuity:
Now this ind witnesseth that for and in consideration that Isaac Blight hath on the day of the date of these presents well and truly seized to he the said George Booth Maxwell etc during the term of his life one annuity or yearly sum of £200 payable on the Royal Exchange of London by one and equal half yearly payments on the 25th November and the 25th May, 1st payment to be made on the 25th November next ensuing after the date hereof and also in consideration of 10/- to him George Booth Maxwell by the hands and .. of his attorney ... George Booth Maxwell by his att Henry Maxwell hath granted to Isaac Blight for the life of George Booth Maxwell all that part and share of George Booth Maxwell in the said plantation called Salt Savanna

Looks to have been a bad lot!!
Mr. Gorge BOOTH MAXWELL, a young Gentleman of Jamaica, was tried on the 31st of August last (1789), before the Supreme Court of Judicature at Kingston, on a charge of novel nature— BURGLARY with intent to Ravish. —It appeared in evidence, that the Lady of an eminent barrister at Spanish Town, young, beautiful, and of strict virtue, had made an impression on the heart of the unhappy youth;— the propriety of the lady's conduct gave him no room to hope that he should succeed in seducing her from husband; in his  absence, therefore, he secreted himself in the house, and broke into Mrs. -—-‘s chamber, after she had retired to rest. Awakened and alarmed by the irritation, the lady demanded who he was, and screamed for help; he replied, “Maxwell!" and behaved in a manner the most insulting and outrageous, but from her reiterated cries, he thought it prudent to desist, and make hie escape. The indictment was laid capitally, and he was found guilty, but recommended to mercy by the jury.[447]
THE Creditors of George Booth Maxwell, formerly of Bayswater, in the County of Middlesex, since of Thames Ditton, in the County of Surrey, Gent, afterwards a prisoner for debt in the King's Bench prison, and who was discharged there from at a Session of the Peace, holden in and for the said County of Surrey, on the 11th day of August 1811, by virtue of an Act passed in the fifty-first year of the present reign, for the Relief of Insolvent Debtors, are desired to meet at Brown's Coffee-House, Mitre-Court, Fleet-Street, London, on Thursday the 7th day of April next, at Six o'clock in tbe Evening, for the purpose of choosing an Assignee or Assignees of the estate and effects of the said George Booth Maxwell.[448]
London Gazette Issue 16997, 25/03/1815 p. 566: shows the creditors of G.B. Maxwell, formerly of Bayswater and late of Thames Ditton, who was discharged from HM prison of the King's Bench, called together to consider a suit against James Wildman.

1809[449]: George Booth Maxwell To James Wildman
George Booth Maxwell gent of GB Donald McLean of Vere attorney, and and John Shaw of Kesq of 1st Pt and James Wildman of GB esq. Whereas George Booth Maxwell & Henry Maxwell on the death to their mother became joint T in C of 2 parcels of land 15 acres. And where as Henry Maxwell by ind 28/11/1795 of his moiety in the land conveyed his 1/2 to John Shaw Now George Booth Maxwell agrees for the sale of his half the whole for £550. The deed sold for J£275 from John Shaw 1st parcel 7.5 Acres on land formerly of John Pusey esq S now or fomerly of George Booth esq E on said George Booth & W part of same land, 2nd piece N on John Pusey S formerly George Booth esq E on part of same

London Gazette Issue 16997, 25/03/1815 p. 566: shows the creditors of G.B. Maxwell, formerly of Bayswater and late of Thames Ditton, who was discharged from HM prison of the King's Bench, called together to consider a suit against James Wildman. 

Parliamentary Papers p. 291. UCL
See under Salt Savanna.

4/3. Isabel Parker Maxwell, probably these parents.

b 18/10/1770, ch 22/5/1771, privately, Vere no parents given.
Married John Elrington 24/8/1790, Vere, son of Robert & Milborah Milborough Golding (Battersby) Elrington (ref GB will). See under his entry.

1807[450]: Isabella Parker Elrington of Kingston sold a slave to Lewis Duke of Kingston.
Issue of John Battesbry Elrington & Isabella Parker, Kingston.
5/1. Elizabeth Golding Elrington, b 31/10/1791 ch 17/4/1792

Married Dr Joseph Head Marshall.

5/2. Robert Edward Elrington b 3/3/1793 ch 20/6/1793


2/4. John Golding, Vere 17161025 17170311 d 1756

sp Henry & Mary Wilton, Martin Golding.
John Golding – 1756
30/159-149 Dated 10/11/1754 Ent 22/5/1756
Of Vere, planter Weak The younger
To Olive, Sarah & Katherine Smitely 24½ acres called the land of Moses Alvarez and ... Bosley’s the Butchers W on the Kings Rd leading to Withy wood N on Kings Rd leading to Pig Bay and S on James Dawkins esq and E on land called James Laws
R&R to to my sister Dorothy Baldwin
If that fails to my sisters children Henry Parker, Milborough Parker and Dorothy Parker, Milborough Battersby and John Golding Mason

2/5. Thomas Golding Vere b 27/6/1715, ch Vere 20/9/1715

sp Saml Barret, Martin Golding, Eliz Downer, Eliz Westhevil?

1741[451]: Mortgage for £2000 from William Beckford for 500A in Withywood formerly belonging to Francis Moore.

A number of other transactions by Thomas Golding[452]:
1758 - Thomas Golding of Vere esq, brother & heir of John Golding the younger of Vere dcd 1st pt etc refers to land of John Golding dcd in Vere, to Caleb Davis.
1753: Thomas Golding sold for 5/- to Phibba free negro of Vere 7 acres of land.
1853: Thomas Golding sold for 5/- to Sarah Good & 4 daus Sarah Frances Elizabeth & Mary free negro of Vere 19+ acres of land in Vere.
1753: Thomas sold for £80 to Sarah Good a negro slave man & girl

1758[453] - his will: of Vere, Gent, not well in body. To Aunt Mary Ailsbury £J300. To Sarah & Phebe free negroes all household furniture and annuity of £50 for life. Also they both & their 3 mulatto girls Frances Elizabeth & Mary Good and three sons Thomas, George & John Good to reside in my house as in my lifetime. Sarah free mulatto dau of Sarah Good above £J2000. To Peter Good free mulatto 500 acres in Clarendon known as St Jago. To Edward Good the same

Deed in 1723 has William Parker & Son John Parker bricklayers of St Catherine.



Table of the Acts. 1747:
An act for vesting several parcels of land in the parish of Vere, part of the estate of Milborough, a minor, wife of Richard Cargill, esquire, only daughter and devisee of William Hodgins, esquire, deceased, in trustees, to be by them sold to pay off his majesty's quit-rents, and the legacies of Edward and Gibbons Hodgins, still due from the said estate; and for preserving the most improvable and profitable parts thereof for the said Milborough Cargill, and others who may be intitled thereto, under the will of William Hodgins, her father.

2 coveyances of Cargill land[454],
1751: Thomas Fearon the younger esq of Clarendon & Henry Lord of St TiV esq George Booth of Vere esq & Robert Eyres of Vere of 1st
Ben Mumbee of Vere 2nd
Trust of estate of Milborough a minor wife of Richard Cargill and dau & devisee of William Hodgins dcd by Act of Assy sold off to pay quit rents legacies of Edward & Fibbius Hodgins ref shares of Salt Savanna Common is vested in Thomas Fearon, Henry Lord, George Booth & Robert Sayers by wills of George Hodgins and William Hodgins. They sold with consent of Richard Cargill to Benjamin Mumbee, but the act re Milborough not ratifed by date of Benjamin Mumbee conveyance so:
they sold for 10/- 25 acres to Benjamin Mumbee N on Benjamin Mumbee, W on Kings Rd E on Benjamin Mumbee & E & S on David (Lord) Oliphant.
Plat not copied. NS 4 EW 1 unit Rectangle.
See 1709 Act of Sal Savanna shares (Acts of assy vol 1 P91).
1753: Ind btw Hon Thomas Fearon of Clarendon esq, Henry Lord of Vere, esq George Booth of Vere, esq & Robert Sayer of Vere esq one part
Rev Simon Mason other part of Vere
Whereas Act for vesting several parcels of land in Vere part of the estate of Milborough a minor wife of Richard Cargill esq only dau & divisee of William Hodgins esq dcd in trust to be by them sold to pay off his Majesty’s suits & the legacies of Edward and Gibbons Hodgin still due from said eatate due to her from father.
ref shares in Salt Savannah Common.
The 3 in trust sold to Simon Mason for £75 5 acres in Salt Savanna Common: S on John Golding the elder, W on late Thomas Millsen, E on Kings Rd, which parcel is one of those in the act. (act of 1709)

Richard Cargill – 1754[455], of Vere Esq – weak
Execs Henry Dawkins of Clarendon esq, Henry Lord of St Thomas in the Vale esq, Robert Sayers of Vere esq, Trustees
To wife Milborough £50 for mourning; also a negro boy to value £20 for each of the sons of my brother John Cargill; Also £20 pa to a mulatto girl baptised Elizabeth dau of Sukey Fagan supposed to be my daughter until 18 or married then £100 to her; A ring of 5 pistoles value to be bought for Sarah Sayers, dau of Robert Sayers;
Rest & Residue to daughter Elizabeth Cargill

John Cargill died, Jam Gaz 9/9/1780.

John Cargill, ch Clarendon, 2/9/1733 of John & Elizabeth

Thomas ch 4/1/1727 ditto
Milborough, ch 14/4/1735
Jane, ch 21/12/1729
Elizabeth 12/11/1720



Burton Summary

    Our direct Burton ancestor was Judith Burton, concubine of John Hayle Sinclair. She was almost certainly one of the great grand daughters of Francis (died 1690) & Judith (died 1712) Burton. A fuller explanation is under Judith Burton’s entry later in this paper.
    Francis & Judith Burton came from Barbados – 3 of the children mentioned in their wills were baptised in Barbados, where Francis was a Captain in the militia and a landowner and a final legatee in Francis’s will was of Barbados. There were a number of Burtons in Barbados in the latter part of the 17thC, but it is not clear if or how they were related, see below. Deeds show Francis selling in Barbados and buying in Jamaica.
    The most likely scenario is that Francis was English born, and came out, perhaps with a brother, John sometime in the 1650’s. It is just possible that a John Burton, who died in Barbados in 1669 was related to Francis, as speculated in a later paragraph at the end of this section on “John Burton snr & Ann”. Francis in his will makes reference to Thomas Ellicott of Barbados, who may have been related to John & Ann Burton of Barbados: Ellicotts appear as landowners in the early Barbados Maps. There were many Francis Burtons born in England in the early 17thC. Without more evidence it is not possible to be precise. The internet Virginia connection is very unlikely to be correct in my view.
    Francis left his estate to his wife and children. The major landholdings were dispersed by the succeeding generations; his son Benjamin had a number of children, one of whom, another Benjamin, was probably our ancestor. The former had by this time moved to St Elizabeth, in the same general area as the Sinclairs in western Vere (later Manchester).
     There is a curious coincidence of Caroline Swaby, Jamaica born grand daughter of The Hon Joseph James Swaby being baptised in Dickleburgh in Norfolk in 1788: Jon JJS had children by Ruth Burton. One line down is Judith Burton being baptised.

Samuel Burton of Westmoreland

     There was also a Samuel Burton in Westmoreland, whose deeds appear in the records, but there is no obvious connection with our line.
1758[456]: Samuel Burton Carpenter of Westmoreland & Samuel Say OTP planter
Samuel Burton has ¼ of a parcel of land cont 25A formerly conveyed by Thomas Macktt and James Tomlin 23/12/1702 in Ragged Savanna part of pat by John Wilmot N Capt Olive Foveat, E on part of same run, S on part of same run now owned by George Williams W on late Col Hymes. Samuel Burton sold 5 acres for £25.
1759[457]: Jon & Bathsua Graves of St James for £500J from Samuel Burton of Westmoreland sold 600 A in Westmoreland pat by Charles Graves (pat 6/314) N on pat of Thomas Scattergood & Hieron Westopp, E Henry Parsons and Edward Wotten E on Richard ___ and EW W on U/S and part of Thomas Scattergood.
Plat in Wills File
1759[458]: Samuel Burton of Westmoreland buys land from Estate of Richard Deeble 4 acres in Sav la Marr £300.
1768[459]: John Dalling of St Andrew esq Samuel Burton of Westmoreland, gent. Samuel Burton agreed with John Dalling for £1080 for 54a in St Andrew, W on Kings High Rd from Kingston to Half Way Tree W on Nicholas Lawes E on Montgomery's Penn. Triangular plat.

Westmoreland: Administration
1B/11/17/6F122 17450718 John Burton Burton Samuel John B of Westmoreland gent, Samuel Burton  millwright of W heir & bro.
29/177 James Burton Ent 9/7/1754 of Westmoreland gent, purchase from Mr William Ricketss negro named Phibah alias Grace & her mulatto child Sarah & manumit them; then to them some slaves. R & R to nephew Samuel Burton Millwright of Westmoreland he also exec & guardian.

A Sarah the property of S Burton baptised at 4/1768 aged 30.

Burton Maps & Plats

Estate Maps:
Manchester 201, Oldbury
Manchester 203: Alligator Pond
Manchester 206: Swaby’s Hope Pen, about 1849.
St Catherine 959 & 1043, Burtons land Rio Pedro St Catherine.
St Elizabeth 316, Mulatto Pen

1682: Francis Burton 344 & 95 acres in St John 2-23F25
1682: Edward Hilliard 400 acres adjoining Francis B 2-23F87.
1682: Robert Hippsley 590 acres adjoins Francis B 1-9F112.
1683: Francis Burton 874 St John 1-16F107
1759: Thomas Burton 300 Alligator Pond, 1-28F170-172
1761: Thomas Burton, 300 St Elizabeth, Alligator Pond, 1-29F164
1788: Benjamin Burton, 300 St Elizabeth 1-36F66
1789: Zachary Burton 300 acres St Elizabeth May Day 1-36F77.
1790: John Francis Burton 300 acres St Elizabeth 1-36F95
Several early to Peter Burton in St Catherine.

1769: Burton to Anderson, Alligator Pond, 241F33-75
1772: Anderson/Robinson to Hunt 254F14
1769: Burton to Read Alligator Pond land 254F66

Burton Time line

1635: Mention of Jo Burton arriving as a prisoner in Barbados, aged 17[460].
1649: John Burton witness to will in aged 24[461]
1660: July 10, Francis Burton witnessed a will in Barbados (Sanders/Ancestry).
1668-79: Issue of Francis & Judith Burton, Barbados.
1679: Francis B in St Michaels, Capt FB in St James, Barbados. Both the same??
1680: Capt Francis Burton still in Barbados

1661: A Jno Burton was granted land in ST C. from Lord Windsor.
1664: Peter Burton granted land St C, left to John Garrett in 1669. Prob N/A.
1664: Elisha Clark granted land in Withywood (Nicholas’s in-laws?).
1670 Census: Peter Burton owner of 18 acres in St Catherine.
1670: Capt John Bourden 2225 acres
1670: William Burton owner of 40 acres of land in St Catherine.
1682: Capt FB buys 150A (Rob Hippsley plat). 1714 to Rich Treherne.
1682: Granted Land, 18/12/1682 St John’s & St Thomas.
1684: Francis buys 172 acres in St Catherine from Anne (Ash) Cunningham.
1685: Francis Burton of St Jago acquires 400 acres from Harbottle Wingfield.
1686: Francis Burton sold 200 acres.
1688: Francis Burton, and Judith his wife mortgage re Stoneland Plantation,
1689: transactions on Stoneland – FB repossesses.
1690: Francis Burton buried St Catherine.
1690: Francis Burton Will.
1693: A Francis Burton, bachelor, leased 7 acres: who was he? (24/16)
1693: Francis, s of Nicholas & Mary ch.
1694: Judith Burton buys land in St Jago.
1694: Richard Burton, Bricklayer, buys foot land in Kingston Also debts (25/63)
1695: Ann Burton, dau of Benjamin married William Hunt
1696: Sarah Hunt christened.
1697: William Hunt jnr buried. Also another same year.
1701: William Hunt snr will.
1700: John Burton, son of Francis, dies about here.
1700: Benjamin Burton marries Elbeata Massall.
1700: Jno Burton, carpenter, buys footland in Port Royal.
1700: Nicholas Burton eldst son of FB sold slaves.
1701: John Burton, son of Benjamin & Elbeata ch.
1701: Nicholas, Benjamin & Judith sold 50A to Nicholas Philpot. Poss Wingfield.
1703: Benjamin Burton, son of Benjamin & Elbeata ch.
1703: Ann Burton, dau of Benjamin, marries Richard Treherne.
1705: Mary dau of Nicholas & Alice ch.
1707: Nicholas Burton gives land to nephew Francis Trehern
1707: Judith Burton buys town land, prob in St Jago.
1708: Nicholas Burton sold land to nephew Francis Treherne
1709: William Burton s of Nicholas & Alice, ch.
1710: John Burton rents land in Port Royal from Peter Beckford
1711: Jno Burton, carpenter of PR buys land in Lime St, Port Royal.
1712: Judith Burton’s will makes a number of bequests.
1713: Judith Burton buried (13 March).
1714 before: Nicholas Burton dies intestate.
1714: John & Mary Burton of Port Royal, sold negroes – not our line? (51/87)
1714: Burtons to Richard Treherne 150A land re purch by FB 1682.
1714: Francis, s of Nicholas, sold ½ of 150a at Mount Diabolo.
1716: Francis, s of Nicholas, sold 1/3 of 874 acres.
1718: Sarah Hunt married Thomas Biggs.
1718: Benjamin Burton & Elbeata let slaves to David Idana.
1718: Benjamin Burton & Elbeata sold ½ 874 acres & 150 acres.
1720: Benjamin Burton Will & inventory.
1720: John Burton will (son of Nicholas above)
1723: Thomas Burton son of Benjamin & Elbeata buys 100 a in St Elizabeth.
1724: A John & Dorothy Burton merchant, Port Royal sold a negro girl. (70/179)
1726: Mary Burton married Richard Ragg – possibly dau of Nicholas.
1728: May Burton of Port Royal will proved.
1728: Benjamin Burton (2) buys land from Zacharia Gaultier. 1767 to Hannah M.
1730: Benjamin & Thomas Burton sold negro to Judith Burton all of St E.
1730: Benjamin to Thomas Burton – deed not available.
1731: Richard Treherne buys land in St Jago.
1732: John & Dorothy Burton gent of Kingston, son of Mary leases land (88/83)
1737: Thomas Burton, son of Benjamin & Elbeata, given slaves by Francis T.
1741: Thomas & Mary Burton buy land in Carpenters Mountains.
1741: Benjamin Burton of Vere gives away slaves in St Elizabeth.
1741: Benjmain Burton jnr sold land in St Jago (Hunt land)
1742: MI St Catherine: Miss Elizabeth Burton ... 13 July 1742 in her 18th year.
1743: Thomas & Mary Burton sold slave to Henry Hudson.
1747: Thomas & Benjamin Burton manumit slave.
1749: Francis Treherne sold slaves his daus & Thomas Burton.
1749: Burton brothers case in chancery.
1749: Thomas Burton, son of Benjamin & Elbeata, debtor in Robert Wright will.
1750: Benjamin Burton to dau Elbeata a slave.
1750: Benjamin Burton & Thomas & Mary Burton sold 50 a land in Vere.
1750: Thomas & Mary Burton gift slaves to Benjamin Burton.
1750: Thomas & Mary Burton manumit slave.
1751: James Burton, millwright of Westmoreland – N/A.
1753: Thomas Burton lets land to Richard Ragg
1754: Land: Thomas Burton: St. E 158, Clarendon 271, St. John 25, Total 454
1754: Land: Benjamin Burton, St. Elizabeth 155
1754: Thomas Burton & Francis Smith - land transaction Alligator Pond.
1755: Thomas Burton to Hannah Mendez Sale Negro.
1755: Thomas Burton ref wife Mary Moore – deed – sale land.
1761: Thomas Burton, s of Benjamin & Elbeata granted land Alligator Pond.
1764: Thomas Burton will
1765: JHS conveys to Burton & Sinclairs land & slaves
1767: Mendez/Burton sale of land bt by Benjamin Burton 1728.
1783: 314/57 Judith Burton to Ruth Sinclair Sa Neg
1784: Thomas Christopher Burton sold land in St Elizabeth.
1799: January: A Mr Burton arrived in Jamaica.[462]
1799: May: Mr Horace Burton died Kingston.[463]
1806: Deborah Burton granted 2 runs of land of 300 acres in St Elizabeth & Clarendon 11/2/1806 (JFS)
1847: Rev William Godfrey Pollard Burton d Spanish Town 29/7/1847 after being rector aged 57 otp 31 yrs.



Wife Judith
1/1. Francis Burton, 5/9/1668-6/8/1679, Barbados
1/2. Nicholas Burton (F & J will) ch Barbados 1670 D. Jam ~1712, Issue.
1/3. John Burton (F will only), ch Barbados 1672 died Jamaica abt 1700.
1/4. Benjamin Burton (F&J will), ch Barbados 1672, D. Jam ~1720, Issue.
1/5. George Burton, 12/9/1679-24/9/1679, Barbados
1/6. Ann Burton (F&J Will) B. Barbados, D. Jamaica, Treherne Issue.

      His will was dated, 7 July 1690, and the parish records of St Catherine have Captain Francis Burton being buried in the church (Spanish Town), 10 July 1690.

His Lands in summary, totalling 2711 acres:
Upper Rio Cobre: 150 acres bought 1682, Hippsley patent.
                 95 acres patented adjoining the Hippsley land.
St Thomas in the Vale, 1682 Grant, 779 acres in St Thomas & St John.

St Catherine: 1684, 172 acres, Ann Ash patent, location uncertain.
Knollis Land, 1685 purchase, 400 acres, St Jago Savanna, leased.
2 Mile Wood: 200 acres, owned for a short time in 1686, maybe a mortgage.
Stoneland Plantation: 1065 acres of sugar, on Rio Magna, East of Linstead.
Magottty Savanna: 50 acres. Sold whole in 1701.

Francis’s Will[464]:

No inventory found for Francis.
of St Catherine’s Dated 7/7/1690, probate 11/7/1690.
To wife Judith 1/3 of estate in lieu of her dower for her natural life. After her decease to my three sons Nicholas John and Benjamin.
To wife one negro woman and her 2 children, one horse and decent furniture for one chamber
To dau Ann £100 when 16, £50 for maintenance and education to 16 years and one negro woman
Wife to have the privilege of one negro for her and Ann
Remainder to sons Nicholas, John & Benjamin.
If sons die without issue, estate to go to Ann. If Ann dies without issue, goes to Thomas Ellicot son of Thomas Ellicot, in Barbados.

As his son John died soon after the granting of probate of Francis’s will, all the property devolved onto Nicholas & Benjamin; this is confirmed in several deeds.

Thomas Ellicot son of Thomas & Judith (Burton) Ellicot. Se intro for Ellacotts of Barbados.




     Whilst the origins and birth date of Francis Burton are not known, he was probably born before 1642 as he witnessed a will in 1660[465], the earliest mention of him in Barbados, and his first recorded son was born there in 1668; he also bought a town property in St Michaels the same year. He was probably English born and came out to Barbados, perhaps with a brother, John sometime in the 1650’s, before moving to Jamaica about 1682 (he referred in his will to property in Jamaica and elsewhere, and a final legatee was Thomas Ellicot of Barbados: see notes below). There were a lot of Francis Burton’s born in England in the first half of the 17thC; without more information, one cannot narrow down the options, although the possible Virginia connection speculates on the branch coming from near Shrewsbury via Virginia. Other Burtons in Barbados and the possible Virginia connection is discussed in a later section. Suffice it to say her, that I have yet to see any definitive evidence of that connection.
     He had substantial holdings in Barbados: perhaps the sale of these financed the initial purchases in Jamaica. Unlike Jamaica and the American colonies where land was initially granted by the Crown, land ownership in Barbados originated from Sir William Courten, who transferred his title “to James Hay, 1st Earl of Carlisle, in what was called the "Great Barbados Robbery." Carlisle then chose as governor Henry Hawley, who established the House of Assembly in 1639, in an effort to appease the planters, who might otherwise have opposed his controversial appointment.” (Wikipedia) Francis Burton would have bought his holdings on the Island, although no deeds have been found to support this. This implies that he had some capital resources when he arrived. Many of the English settlers arrived as indentured servants (slave in all but name, but with a time limited servitude): Francis was probably not of this group.
     Barbados was settled by the British in 1627, and after early tobacco production, soon became a rich sugar island. After about 50 years, the farms were beginning to become less productive, and were amalgamated into bigger properties. At the same time, Jamaica was becoming more attractive.     One of the pressures that pushed the Barbadian settlers towards Jamaica was the reducing proftability of the smaller sugar estates as the first flush of fertility disappeared. There was then a trend towards fewer, bigger estates. For the owners of the small estates, there was a considerable attraction in the undeveloped and unclaimed lands of Jamaica. Captain Francis Burton was probably one of these; his commercial activities on arrival in Jamaica, were derived from selling his Barbadian estate.
     Edward Long, writing in 1774 said: “I have omitted to remark, that, when the colony (Jamaica) began to flourish, many families of note removed; hither from Barbadoes. They probably began to emigrate during Sir Thomas Modyford’s government. We find several descendants from these old stocks still remaining in the island, and some plantations, which, although in the course of time they have passed into other hands, continue to retain the names of their original founders, who were for the most part-natives of Barbadoes; invited hither perhaps by the freshness of the soil, and some other advantages which made it more eligible than their former place of habitation.[466]
     Our Burton ancestors were one of these familes who moved, and they can be traced through the Barbados Parish Records (images of which are online with Ancestry.com) and the will extracts in a book by JoAnne Sanders, again online. I have confirmed the content of some wills from the original books in Barbados and also found some deeds relating to the Burtons.

     Francis, his wife Judith, sons John, Benjamin & Nicholas, dau Ann (mentioned in the Barbados will of Ann Aldworth[467], and her father in a subsequent deed of 1681 referring to her estate) and 2 other sons, Francis and George (who both died young) appear in the Barbadian records. There are a number of mentions of Francis Burton as a land owner and Militia Officer in Barbados in addition to the baptisms of his children. In 1680, Francis Burton had 130 acres and 60 negroes in St Michaels Parish and 15 acres in St James (as Captain Francis: naming him differently in different parishes does not preclude them being the same individual)[468], that year Captain Francis Burton was also in the Militia. It seems probable that these were the same Francis Burton with land in the two parishes. In the baptisms of his children, in St Michaels, he is referred to with a military rank except in one case.
    There were several Burtons in the commercial life of Barbados in the mid 17thC. Francis’s first recorded transaction was buying in March 1668 2688 sq ft of land on Tudor St and Swan St in St Michaels from John Norton, the executor of George Norton “for a competent sum of good merchantable muscovado sugar”; he sold this in 1679 along with another parcel of 450 sq ft, also on Swan St to George Tyrwhit for £800 sterling[469]. These streets still exist in Bridgetown.
    The 130 acre estate he owned was relatively large – the average in St Michaels was 31 acres. In 1681[470], he sold this estate to William Mercer of St George, for £3100, of which £1200 was in hand and the rest “well and sufficiently secured” (from other deeds, this might have included a quantity of sugar). It was described as where Francis and Judith now live, and included 19 negroes, 13 cattle and 3 horses (this begs the question of where the remaining 41 in the 1680 census went to, perhaps to Jamaica). A Burton property appears on Braythwaite’s map of 1675[471] (note west up!) and the neighbours agree with the description in the sale, the map show Burton as a wind and cattle mill – hence the cattle in the sale. The boundary between St James, where he had a further 15 acres, is only just north of this land, so was probably almost contiguous. Ellacott appear to the east of Burton’s.

    He was described as a Lieutenant at his first son’s baptism in St Michaels in 1668, and at later baptisms as Captain. In Jamaica in all cases bar one, he is referred to as Francis Burton, the exception being in a deed of 1714[472] when he is called Captain, referring to his will: there is no doubt that the Captain Francis is the same as the one we regard as our ancestor.
    The military ranks adopted by many of the early settlers in the west were in the militia. Most able bodied men were members of militia troups as regular troops did not seem to be based in the colonies.
     In the returns[473] for January 1679-80, Francis Burton was listed as field officer, a Captain, in Colonel William Bate’s Regiment of Foot (Bates was of St Michaels in his will of 1680):
Capt Francis Burton’s company, Officers & Private Soldiers: 92
Wanting in appearance Capt Burton’s co 17
John Burton, Sergeant.
The returns show several other Burtons, but with no indication of who they were.
     Francis Burton left Barbados at the end of 1681: he sold his St Michael estate in September of that year, and was an executor on Ann Aldworth’s will of 1680 (Francis’s daughter, Ann was mentioned in this will) in November 1681[474]. She was a widow and Aldworth was a neightbour to the west of Burtons, on the coast. He first appears in Jamaican records in 1682.
     Francis’s legatee of “last resort”, Thomas Elliott in Barbados encourages the idea that Francis had a close relative, probably a brother, John, in Barbados. “Mrs” Judith Burton married Thomas Ellicott, St Michaels, 3/6/1679. She was probably the widow of John Burton who died 10/2/1678-9 (although the gap seems very short), and as Judith Griffin married John Burton, Christ Church, 5/12/1672. She may have been baptised Christ Church 11 Nov. 1655, daughter of Edward & Judith Griffin.


Barbados Parishes

Virgina Connection

    This looks to be fairly unlikely connection, although some researchers have leapt to the conclusion that there was a connection between the Barbadian Burtons and the US Colonies, see later section for an expansion of this.
     Sources[iv] say that the family records in Longnor show Francis, Richard Thomas and John Burton may have travelled from there to Continental America.



     There were several other Burtons in & from Barbados, one of whom was John, a carpenter in Port Royal. “Mr Burton” appears in a copy of an order in council, about 1680 – was this him? (Edwards Vol 1 number XXX p 334). Relates to Col Long’s arrest. Seems a bit early.

    Francis Burton moved from Barbados to Jamaica in early 1682, with the proceeds of the sale of the lands on the former island and perhaps 40 negroes, and first appears in Jamaican records in 1682, when he bought 150 acres in St Thomas in the Vale (see later), close to where he was granted 874 acres in St John’s on the Town River (Rio Cobre) in 1682. Over the next few years he acquired several more plots of land totalling about 1600 acres. One of these was a large sugar estate in St Thomas in the Vale (called Stoneland in a later deed), acquired by a series of mortgage transactions. On later maps this is shown as Burton’s or Old Burton’s on the south of the Rio Magna while on the north side earlier maps show Burtons New Works, abbreviated on modern maps to “New Works”. In his will of 1690 Francis left his estate between his three sons, Nicholas, Benjamin and John (who died intestate with no known issue soon after Judith), with bequests to his wife Judith and daughter. In later life, as a widow, Judith bought land in Spanish Town, presumably a town house for her old age.
    The land in St Thomas-in-the-Vale would have been his principle residence (in a deed in 1700, he is described as of St Thomas, probably Stoneland Plantation). Burton appears on the 1684 Bochart & Knollis Map in this general area.
     He was buried in St Catherine, Jamaica, 10 July 1690: “Captain Francis Burton in the Church”PR; being buried in the church indicates he was a man of some importance. His will was proved later that year; my notes of it have a date 11th August, but there is no real doubt that the will and burial refer to the same man: he was buried as Captain Burton, and a later deed uses the same title. In 2017, his will was no longer available.
     Judith’s will of 1712 also made bequests to her children and grand-children. Subsequent wills of the family give a good description of the family.

Applicable Estate Maps

Both of these cover the area East & North East of Linstead on the Rio Magna where there was a large Burton plantation, probably Stoneland:

St Catherine 959 Burton’s Plantation in 1811 containing 1267 acres.
St Catherine 1043 (1789)

Upper Rio Cobre or Black River Land

    The early maps of Jamaica show Burtons: on the 1684 Bochard & Knollis map on the eastern end of the Maggoty Savanna, to the east of a river which is probably what is now the Rio Magna: the orientation is strange but one can count the tributaries up the Rio Cobre! This must therefore be the Stoneland plantation. The date of this map seems a little uncertain in that it was bound with the laws of Jamaica 1684 and has been assumed to be that date, but there seems no actual binding date: 1684 seems a little early for Burton’s land to have made it to the cartographer. Burton is also marked on Sloane’s map of 1707 in the same position. Read is shown on the flank of the Mount Diabolo. Burton’s is also shown by Craskell in 1763 on the Rio Magna. In spite of these estates having passed out of Burton hands by the early 18thC, these properties still bear the Burton until 1927, and the 1950’s maps still have New Works shown, which was originally Burton’s New Works.
   In 1682, Francis bought 150 acres of land from Geoffrey Reaves in St Thomas in the Vale, formerly St John. The original 1682 deed is not available but is referred to in a later deed[475] so it is not possible to say where the 150 acres part of the Hippesley patent was nor how much it cost.
    The land was part of a patent[476] to Robert Hippsley “late of St Catherine”, for 590 acres in St Thomas in the Vale, N on the Black/Blue Mtn, E&S on Maj George Reid, W on the King's land. Robert Hippsley on 10 June 1682 sold it to Jeffrey Reaves late of St Thomas in the Vale 150 acres of the 590 acres, the 150 acres being sold alomost immediately to Francis Burton[477]. The plats for Hippesley, Francis Burton and George Reid appear to connect well, with Francis Burton’s 95 acres (part of the grant in 1683) between them. The patents for Read and Hippesley show a boundary to the north of Hippesley on Mount Diabolo, and west on Bleu Mountain: Read also bounds west on Blue Mountain. Liddel 1888 shows both these mountains in their correct position to the North & north west of Ewarton. The boundary of the Reid patent as the “foot of the bleu mountains” seems to follow the 2000 ft contours of the mountains west of Ewarton. A second Read patent bounds south on “the town river” and near the Magotty Savanna could put it on the north bank of the Black River (See Long Vol2 P56 for a description of this area). This puts the 95 acre plot a mile or 2 to the north west of the bigger areas south of the river. Bochart & Knowllis, 1684 map shows Read in roughly this position. An alternative position would be in thee area marked on Robertson, and current maps as Treadways, about 3½ miles east of Ewarton; the Hippsley land would then have had as its NE boundary the Devil’s race Course as opposed to mount Diabolo.

Plate 20

     This land went to his sons Benjamin & Nicholas, John having died intestate soon after his father. Nicholas Burton’s ½ went to his son Francis, who sold it to Richard Treherne[478]. Benjamin’s half was sold by his son, Benjamin, to Robert Tredaway in 1718[479], a 2nd deed of 1720 appears to do the same thing.

    In 1682, Francis Burton was Granted 874 acres of land[480], of which 779 acres were in St John’s on the Town River (River Cobre, centered about 4 miles from Linstead) and 95 in that part of St Thomas in the Vale which was formerly St John’s (St Thomas was carved out of St John precinct between 1670 & 1675). The plat only shows 2 plots, 344 acres and 95 acres but the patent[481] gives text descriptions of all the plots, but with no plats. From that, it is clear that the remaining 435 acres are to the west as indicated on Edward Hilliard’s plat; it was probably a rectangular plot similar to the others there. The 95 acres was further north and conjoined with the 150 acres of the Hippsley patent.
Plate 21

    A deed[482] of 1753 with Thomas Burton as guardian to William Dunbar as a neighbour to the east, indicates that by then the land was owned by Henry Savage, but no conveyances have been found. Henry Savage, millwright, married Priscilla Hayles, Vere, 16 May 1734.
    The 344 acres borders north on the “alias the Town River” (Rio Cobre), South & east on Rocks & West on Edward Hilliard (his plat fits to this one and describes the “Rio Cobre alias the Town River”). Hilliard borders on Francis Burton to the West along the south bank of the river. This is were the remaining 435 acres lay. The Burton plat has no north, and that on the Hilliard plat shows the river flowing west-east. From the description in the patents, this land was definitely in St John and must therefore have been on the south bank of what is now called the Black River, which is the northern St John boundary, by Robertson 1804, and what Craskel, 1763, shows as a westward, un-named tributary of the Rio Cobre just north of the St John boundary.
     The 1747 Bowen map shows “Bourden” on a westward tributary of the Rio Cobre. This may be the place; the rivers and parish boundaries north of Bog Walk are very inconsistent between the various 18thC maps: the 1804 map is probably the most reliable.

The modern 1:50,000 map shows the upper reaches of the Rio Cobre as the Black River, roughly from Linstead upstream. Just north of Linstead, it turns West: there is a distinctive bend in the river which fits that shown on the 1682 plats. The western part of the patent has no plat, so its boundaries are simply from the description: they are shown on the modern map in the best fit postion for the river shape in the 2 eastern plats. The pronounced loop in the river is at 18º09’10” 77º05’30”, visible on Google Earth, now appearing to be partly wooded with small paddocks. The western boundary of Edward Hilliard’s land was about at Riverhead, where the Cobre rises.
½ of 874 acres went to Nicholas and was inherited by son Francis, who sold it in 1716; the other half was inherited by Benjamin who sold it in 1718.
Robertson in 1804 shows Stanhope in roughly this position, and Craskel Aikenhead.

Lands to the South of Spanish Town:
    Neither of the next two properties can be located on any maps, but they were both to the south of Spanish Town.

    The first of these was bought in 1684 by Francis Burton and was 172 acres on a savanna in St Catherine (unreadable name). ½ of this land went to Francis’s son Nicholas, who gave it to his brother in law, Francis Treherne in 1707 (the original deed is not available, but the later conveyance[483] between Nicholas Burton & Francis Treherne, Francis Burton describes the earlier purchase. The woodland was patented[484] in 1675 to Ann Ash (she later married David Cunningham of St David), in St Catherine 172 acres near the Kepe (? Page torn) Savanna, NE on Thomas Andrews SE on Mrs Ann Netts SW on Wasteland NW on Edward Bolt. In the deed dated 2nd March 1684[485] she sold it to Francis Burton of St Catherine.
    Then in 1685[486], Francis Burton “of St Jago” bought for £170 400 acres  patented[487] in 1674 by Humphrey Knollis in St Catherine south of St Jago town (NE on small mountain, at lower end of St Jago Savanah, S on Gt mountain & John Eubanks, SW on William Butler & WN on unpossessed land). In 1681 Knollis sold the land to Harbottle Wingfield of Port Royal who then sold it to Francis Burton. This was a lease for 7 years to Francis in actual possession.
    This land must have been south of Spanish Town, on the northern edge of the Hellshire Hills.
    The next parcel of land was sold in 1686[488]: it was 200 acres of land, recently bought from Robert Norris for £250, to George Needham & John Archer, for £300! The land was at Two Mile Wood in St Catherine which was a 2½ miles WSW of Spanish Town (shown on Harper 1683), about Sydenham on the 1950’s O/S Map. The land passed through 3 other owners (See notes in wills file between 1679 & 1686. Francis Burton was probably financing the deals.

Plate 27

The 16 Mile Walk from Mount Diabolo, (Hakewill).

Stoneland Plantation.

     The property was named in a 1688 deed.
     Francis Burton, then of St Jago, acquired 1065 acres of this estate with a mortgage from Captain Robert Hewitt, an original patentee in the area in 1684[489]. He defaulted and the property reverted to Hewitt who sold it to Roger Elletson in 1686[490] for £3000, the amount owing by Francis, who then sold it to Thomas Ballard jnr, also a neighbouring patentee, in 1688[491]. The Burtons paid Ballard off for £3500 in 1689[492]. The original deed lists the “contents” as 21 men, 10 boys, 28 women, 7 girls, 12 mules, 2 horses, 35 cattle, 6 coppers, 2 stills and worms, a substantial estate in good sugar land. £3500 in 1690 was about £600K on prices, and maybe £2M on wages.
    How did Frances generate this much cash in such a short time to pay off the mortgage? Some of his Barbados land was on “deferred terms” – this mortgage must have been as a bridging loan while the money was extracted from Barbados.
    Burton appears on the Rio Magno from Bochart & Knollis’s map of 1684 and was still shown on Liddell’s 1905 issue of 1888 (listed as 1927) although by the 1950’s, only New Works is shown. This what was called Stoneland and probably became the Francis’s principal holding, though by 1724 seems to have passed out of their hands (The Burton old and new sugar estates appear in the will[493] of Thomas Rose, so was out of the family by then, and then went to the Price family by marriage); it became “Burtons” & Burton’s New Works to the East of Linstead. In the 1900 Jamaica Handbook, New Works was in Clarendon and owned by FW Aris as a banana & Cocoa plantation. Craskel of 1763 shows Old Burton & New Burton cattle sugar mills on either side of the Rio Magno Gully.
     An estate plan of 1785[494], Burtons was measured as 1146, but mortgaged as 1281 on behalf of Sir Charles Price[495] and shows Burton’s Great House, Burton’s Works & “New Works”, a plan of 1811 shows similar boundaries. The 1785 plan of the river agrees very closely with Google maps and the 1:50,000 1950’s map, almost within the limits of river bed changes over 200 years. The junction of the Rio Magno and the Black River/Rio Cobre at the SW corner of the extracts shown below is on the NW edge of Linstead. The 2 estate maps seem to be drawn to establish the boundaries and areas of the estates, probably by new owners. Burtons became part of Charles Price’s estates, of which he had 4 in 1770, Burtons, Burton’s New, Wallens and Rose Hall estate. These figure in a trial of an early Fire Engine Mill by a Mr John Stewart using a variation on the Newcomen engine; for various reasons, it was not a success.

Craskell 1763                         Estate Plan St Catherine 1043 1785

    Modern satellite image shows some sign of buildings on the site of the Old Works, but probably recent structures. There is no sign of the Great House or the New Works where marked in the estate maps. A water colour by Hakewill of the 16 mile walk in St Thomas in the Vale is on (Plate 22) showing the general area of Burton’s land. It is now (2023) a prosperous fruit growing area.
    The Hilliard land on the Estate Plan is described as in the Maggotty Savanna, on the north side of the Rio Magno. Most of the patents shown on this plan are mid to late 1660’s surveys, and are in St John. The Magotty Savanna is up river from St Jago towards Moneague on one old map (Bowen 1747), and north of Stoneland. Capt George Reid’s Plat[496] for 149 acres was on the north side of Town River (Rio Cobre), therefore probably NW of Linstead, where the river turns west and becomes the Black River.

Maggotty Savanna:
    In 1701[497]: ...”Francis Burton, gent, in his lifetime bought land in Maggotty Savannah in St Jago now in Clarendon, 50 acres South on Maj George Reid, West on Robert Nelson & Camp? Gully....” This was probably up river from St Jago towards Ewarton towards his land under Mount Diabolo. The land was sold by Judith, Benjamin & Nicholas in 1701 to Nicholas Philpot of St Thomas in the Vale, planter for £40 (£20K 2015) 11/11/1701.
     The Maggotty Savanna was shown by Harper in 1683 to the north of 16 mile walk and was probably around the foothills of Mount Diabolo, somewhere near Ewarton.

Bog Walk (Hakewill, A Picturesque Tour of the Island of Jamaica about 1825): this would have been the new road which opened up the 16 mile walk vale to commerce.

Judith Burton

Bur St Catherine 13 March 1713, widow.

    Her origins and maiden name are unknown, but she and Francis were married before they left Barbados (but see the section on Barbados, where there is a suggestion she was Judith Allen).
    After Francis’s death, she lived in St Jago; from a later deed, her son-in-law, Richard Treherne took over the house, presumably with his wife, Ann, or perhaps as a guardian of his daughter Sarah. He bought an adjacent property in 1731.
    In her will, she specifically left her books to her son Benjamin, indicating she (and Benjamin) was literate and had some education.

    In a deed[498] of 1694, Thomas Rowland sold Judith Burton, then a widow of St Catherine, 90’x44’ of land for £5 (probably in St Jago de la Vega, although not specified), and in a later deed[499] of 1707 she bought town land, again assumed to be in St Jago as her retirement home; probably the house & land “where she now lives” in mentioned in her will, left to her grand daughter, Sarah Treherne.
    In 1701, Judith and her 2 sons Nicholas and Benjamin sold the 50 acres Francis had bought in the Magotty Savanna.

Her will[500] of 1712 makes a number of bequests:
A Widow of St Catherine, “weak”.

First to my son Benjamin Burton one negro boy by the name of Jack also one small feather bed and bolster and two pillows
I give to my daughter Ann Trehern one negro woman by the name of Moll also a negro boy by name Dick
I give to my grand son John Burton the son of my son Benjamin Burton one negro man by the name of Tom
I give to my grand son Francis Trehern the son of my daughter Ann Trehern one mulata man named Sambo but if he should dye before the age of 21 then I give to his mother Ann Trehern
I give to Mary Burton the daughter of my son Nicholas Burton one negro woman by name Maddam and her daughter by name Hannah also my bed and furnishings but if she should die before the age of eighteen years or day of marriage then the negroes to go to my son Benjamin Burton, the bed furniture to my daughter Ann Trehern
I give to Ellbaton Burton the daughter of my son Benjamin Burton one negro girl by name of Black Sarah but if she should dye before the age of eighteen or day of marriage then to go to her brother Thomas Burton
I give to Sarah Hunt the daughter of my daughter Ann Trehern six slaves by name Jobo and her three children by name Jesse Castor and Page also Mary her son a mulata by the name of Tom but if she dye before the age of twenty one or marriage then to be to go to her mother with her three children aforenamed with all their increase and as to Naney her son and all her increase beside to go to my son Benjamin and his heirs
I give to Sarah Hunt the daughter of my daughter Ann Trehern my house and land that I doe now live in but if the said Sarah Hunt should dye before the age of twenty or day of marriage then to go to Mary Burton her heirs but neither of her brothers neither Francis nor John Burton but to go to Ellbaton Burton.
I give to Sarah Hunt the daughter of my daughter Ann Trehern one English down bed and bolster two pillows of the same down, curtains, and vallins?? Of Garlickow Dimmite counterpain fringeround about now in the hands of her mother. I give her two pair of Garlick sheets two pairs of pillows on dozen of fine Osbrig napkins work with Blew thread and mark with the same thread with three letters EBI one diaper table cloth five towels but if she should die before the age of one and twenty years or day of marriage then to go to her mother Ann Trehern
I give to Francis Burton and his brother John the sons of my son Nicholas Burton to each of them a shill apiece for their disobedience to me
I give to Benn Burton and his brother Thomas six silver spunes between them marked with IB also two silver forks marked IB also two sliver forks marked IB
I give old Bess to Sarah Hunt and Mary Burton
I give my books to my son Benjamin Burton
As to the small quantity or goods and linen that doth belong to my house I do give it to my daughter Ann Trehern
As to my wearing clothes I give them to Sarah Hunt & Mary Burton my grand children
And as to my funeral charges it is my desire that I may be laid in my grave with as little charges as may be,

The name Trehern is spelt various ways in the original text, a file copy of the original.

Son Benjamin Burton, Richard & Ann Treherne, were directed to look after the estate, but were not formally decribed as executors, so Administration deeds[501], appointed them, and then Benjamin renounced his executorship.

Inventory of 1713[502]:

...widow late of the Town of St Jago de la Vega  .. Shown by Richard Treherne, Cooper her administrator - at the end he is only named as Richard Treherne (no Cooper – which was his trade).
Left 14 slaves and a good list of household goods, a few chickens and a gold ring – presumably her wedding ring, total £592-14-6d.

Issue of Francis & Judith Burton:
(JB will 1712)

1/1. Francis Burton,

Sanders: ch St Michael’s, Barbados, 5/9/1668, son of Lt Francis Burton.
Hotton (St Michael):
Bap March 6 1678-9 Francis ye son of Capt Francis Burton (spelt Turton in PR transcript) & Judith his wife, born 27 July 1678, St Michaels, buried August 6 1679 “Francis ye son of Capt. Francis Burton & Judith his wife”.

1/2. Nicholas Burton (FB & JB Will)

Ch St Michaels Barbados of Mr Fra: Burton 4/6/1670
Eldest surviving son of Francis & Judith Burton.[503]
Specified in mother’s will.
Died: 1712-1714 – no trace of will or inventory – died intestate[504].

2/1. Francis Burton
2/2. Mary Burton, perhaps married Richard Ragg
2/3. John Burton
2/4. William Burton.

He Inherited 1/3 of his father’s and seems to have inherited a further 1/3 on the death of brother John by 1701 as the eldest brother.
From a deed where Nicholas’s son, Francis, sold some of the 874 acres “inherited from his father”, it would appear that Nicholas took the 874 acres of the original grant, however, a deed of brother Benjamin’s refers to ½ of the 874 acres, which he sold. The sale in 1716 of 1/3 by son Francis implies that Nicholas inherited all John’s share.

1700 Deed[505]: sold 6 slaves for £70 to John Dove. He is referred to as son of Francis Burton late of St Thomas, planter.

In 1701, Nicholas, Benjamin and their mother Judith sold the 50 acres Francis had bought in the Magotty Savanna for £40.

1707 Deed[506]: gives ½ of 172 acres of Ash land to nephew Francis Trehern, bought by Francis Burton 1684.
Ann Ash plat of 1675: Near the Kepe? Savanna, Woodland; SE Mrs Anne Bills; NE Tho Andrews; NW Edward Boult; SW Waste Land

Mentioned in parent’s wills,

Deed[507]: His share on his death of 150 acres of Hippesley land went to son Francis. That deed sold ½ of 150 acres to Richard Treherne in 1714 for 15/-.

Married Mary & Alice, from the reference in son John’s will, one of these must have been a Clarke.

    Their son John, refers to “his late grandfather, Elisha Clarke late of Vere” in his will of 1720. It is very unlikely that this refers to a great grandfather therefore, Alice or Mary could have been a daughter of Elisha and Elizabeth Clarke (Elizabeth died as a widow about September 1722), or possibly a sister of Elisha, and daughter of Elisha & Jane.
   Elisha & Jane Clark had land granted at Withywood 10/3/1664[508]. Mrs Jane Clark had land granted in the Carpenters Mountains in St Elizabeth in 1676, implying that Elisha was dead by then. The Elisha referred to by John Burton knew of his existence, therefore died after about 1700, making Mary or Alice’s parents Elisha & Elizabeth, son of Elisha and Jane (note that Elizabeth Clark in her will mentions a daughter Jane).
   An Elisha Clark was ch Vere 19/8/1716 of George & Joan, and had a daughter, Joan, in 1735. George was probably a son of Elisha & Elizabeth as mentioned in her will. A deed[509] of John Wright in about 1722 makes reference to Elisha Clark and his wife Elizabeth and refers to land sold by Elisha Clarke before 1718.

Will of Elisha Clarke not found 10/2013. Vere burials do not start until 1753.

Will[510] of Elizabeth Clarke, 1722:
Widow of Elisha of Vere, weak.
To dau Jane 3 negroes Membo, Dido & Quamelo
To son George a boy & heifer.
Dau Mary Pitcairn wife of David Pitcairn 14 negroes, pen of cattle.

David Pitcairn granted land Clarendon 1726.

Will of David Pitcairn, wife Mary 1730/1, with land by Pindars River.
Mother Mary Anderson,
Son Alexander Pitcairn, ch Clarendon 20/7/1729.
Dau Elizabeth Pitcairn, ch Clarendon of David 20/7/1727.
Dau Mary Pitcairn, dcd 1730.
Wife with child 1730 – prob Mary Pitcairn, ch 3/1/1731.

Elizabeth, dau to David & Louise Ann Pitcairn born 10/3/1753, & bapt 13th, VerePR.
David Pitcairn of Vere married St Catherine, Louise Ann Williams OTP 1747.

An Elisha Clark was ch Vere 19/8/1716 of George & Joan. Jane & Elisha Clark were landowners about the turn of the 18thC from a grant[511] in 1665 for 240 acres in Clarendon (in what became Vere). The Booths had land around this plot.

Issue from Judith’s will:
2/1. Francis Burton (left a shilling disobedient in Judith’s will!)

As Francis appears to have been the eldest, and his father died intestate, he would have inherited all his father’s real estate.
Ch 30th October, 1693 St Catherine of Nicholas & Mary BurtonPR.
1714: A joyner of St Catherine in 1714[512] when he sold (for 15/-) his half of the 150 acres at Mount Diabolo to Richard Treherne, his uncle.
A Francis Burton bur Kingston 11/4/1732PR.
Francis Burton (of St Thomas) sold by indenture[513] in 1716 to Lawrence Dowdall, planter of St Thomas, 1/3 of 874 which he inherited from his father, Nicholas, for £100.

2/2. Mary Burton, b aft 1694 PR: St C ch 18/11/1705 of Nicholas & Alice

Left by grandmother Judith one negro woman by name Maddam and her daughter by name Hannah also “my bed and furnishings”. If she dies before 18 or marriage, then negroes to uncle Benjamin, and furnishings to aunt Anna.
Also shared Judith’s wearing clothes with cousin Sarah Hunt.
Marriage Mary Burton & Richard Ragg, St Catherine 13/12/1726PR – possibility.
The only issue found in the parish records:
3/1. Thomas Ragg ch St Catherine 29/12/1738 of Richard and MaryPR.

2/3. John Burton (left a shilling, disobedient in Judith’s will!).

Will[514] of 1720: of St Catherine, mariner.
Prob him buried at St Catherine, 29/12/1720.
This must be of this general family with the Treherne reference.
.. All that bequest legacy or sum of money devised to me in and by the last will and testament of my late grand father Elisha Clarke late of the parish of Vere dcd and all my estate ..
to my cousin Francis Treherne son of Richard Treherne of the parish of St Catherine Gent …

There is a possibility that this John Burton could have been the son of Benjamin, but the “grandfather Elisha Clarke” fits with a son of either Benjamin or Nicholas with the relationship with Richard & Francis Treherne and it is certain that Benjamin’s wife was a Maskall. The other John Burton, son of Benjamin, was probably already dead by this time.

2/4. William Burton.

Ch 25/8/1709 St Cat of Nicholas & Alice (PR),
not in Judith’s will, so maybe d. young.
A William Burton bur Kingston 16/10/1745, bur by his wife.


1/3. John Burton,

Sanders: b 6/12/1672, ch St Michael’s, Barbados, 5/3/1673-4, son of Capt Francis Burton. Baptised with his brother, Benjamin. Died about 1700 or earlier as a deed in 1716 says “soon afterwards (FB’s will)” and he was mentioned in his father’s will but not in Judith’s, so died without issue bef 1712, and probably before 1701 when the 50 acres in Magotty Savanna was sold, his interest in 150 acres devolved to Benjamin & Nicholas. This is confirmed by a deed of 1716[515]. He must have died intestate as his 1/3 devolved onto the eldest brother, Nicholas.

1/4. Benjamin Burton died 1720

See Generation 11
Implied by pr entry a twin of John, born 6/12/1672
Ch. 5/3/1673-4, St Michael’s Barbados, son of Capt Francis Burton
Married Elbeata Massall (spelling??) St Catherine 4/6/1700
(FB & JB will), died 1720
Sanders: Ch St Michaels Barbados 5/3/1673-4, son of Capt Francis Burton. Baptised with brother John.
Mentioned in father’s will, alive 1714.

1/5. George Burton

Sanders: Ch St Michaels, 12 Sept 1679 George son of Capt Francis Burton & Judeth his wife. (p20) (Hotton also has this).
Hotton: Bur 24 September 1679 Georg ye son of Capt Francis Burton & Judith his wife


1/6. Ann Burton

There is no record of her birth, but it must have been in Barbados after 1674 as she appeared unmarried in Francis’s will of 1690, under 16, and as Ann Treherne in Judith’s will of 1712 with Sarah Hunt as her daughter: Judith left her a negro woman named Moll and the remaining goods and linen from Judith’s house. She is mentioned as the daughter of Francis Burton in a Barbados will of late 1680[516], but the transcript notes do not give the context.

Ann married 1st:
William Hunt at St Catherine 2/10/1695PR (written as “Anne Bur...” – must be the one, he would have been junior in subsequent deeds). See later for his family. He was buried St Catherine 15/9/1697 leaving a will dated August and prove October 1697.
Their issue:
2/1. William Hunt, bap 22/12/1695, St Catherine of William & Ann.
2/2. Sarah Hunt.

As Sarah Hunt in Judith’s will, and unmarried and under 20 in 1712. She was baptised 16th May 1697 in St Catherine. She married Thomas Biggs, a Merchant, 8th November 1717 at St CatherinePR.
Margaret Hayle, dau of John snr, also married a Thomas Biggs, probably rather earlier, say about 1710.

She was left by her grand mother, Judith:
six slaves by name Jobo and her three children by name Jesse Castor and Page also Mary her son a mulata by the name of Tom
“My house and land that I doe now live in” (Judith bought 2 plots of land in, it is assumed Spanish Town, one in 1694, the other in 1707).
one English down bed and bolster two pillows of the same down, curtains, and vallins?? Of Garlickow Dimmite counterpain fringeround about now in the hands of her mother. I give her two pair of Garlick sheets two pairs of pillows on dozen of fine Osbrig napkins work with Blew thread and mark with the same thread with three letters EBI one diaper table cloth five towels
Also shared Judith’s wearing clothes with Mary Burton (prob dau of Nicholas).
As Richard Treherne seemed to be in possession of this house in 1731, Sarah may have died before then, but no burial record has been found in Kingston or St Catherine.
Issue (probably theirs):
3/1. Sarah Biggs, b 4/6 & ch 19/6/1724, KingstonPR.

Sarah Biggs bur Kingston 8/5/1727 aged 6yrs too young?

3/2. Frances Biggs, b 9/2 & ch 10/3/1727-8, KingstonPR.


Ann Burton Married 2nd
Richard Treherne, a Cooper, 15/4/1703 St CatherinePR
various spellings – Traharn in Benjamin Burton’s inventory of 1721. He probably died 7/12/1731 or 12/11/1737 (bur St Catherine PR).
A cooper in 1707 and a joyner of St Catherine in 1714.
A Samuel Treherne was ordered to be transported to the West Indies (Jamaica) 1664 – it is not immediately evident if he actually reached there[517].
Richard Treherne was granted 300 acres in St John, 20 September 1715, but plat not found. In the same book, he was granted foot land in St Jago[518], there were also patents for church appointments, so it may not have been the same one.
The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1607-1776 (online transcription for “English” one name).
20 February 1677.
The following apprenticed in Bristol: Henry Williams to Dennis Lond, 7 years Nevis or Antigua by Exchange; William Whiteacre to William Bradly, 4 years Barbados by Gabriel; Giles English to same, 4 years Barbados by Gabriel; William English to same, 4 years Barbados by Gabriel; Thomas Lawrence to Richard Treherne, 7 years Jamaica by Isabella, Mr. Dennis Tayler. (BR).
It would seem possible that this was our Richard Treherne’s father as an agent in Jamaica.

1714: ½ of the 150 acres Mount Diabolo land sold to Richard Treherne by Francis, son of Nicholas Burton for 15/-.

1731[519]: Thomas Meacham & his wife Grace for J£10 from Richard Treherne, both planters of St Catherine, sold land in St Jago butting E on land of the late Judith Burton now in possession of Richard Treherne etc.

2/3. Francis Treherne, bap 4/2/1704 St CatherinePR,

He was mentioned by his grand mother Judith in her will where she left him a mulatto named Sambo, to revert to mother Ann if he dies. He was also a legatee of cousin John Burton, son of Benjamin, will of 1720.

A planter of St Catherine in 1737.
A Francis Trahern buried St Catherine: 27/2/1771 and in St C 23 July 1744. the 1771 looks old for the era.

1707[520] Nicholas Burton (uncle) sold him for 2/- 86 acres in St Catherine, land inherited from Francis Burton (the Ann Ash land).

A 1737/49 Deed[521] lists his daughters:
Francis Treherne planter of St Catherine, sold for 5/- to Thomas Burton, planter of St Elizabeth 2 negro girl slaves named Little Whamnia and Fatherless .. and one moiety ... of 2 negro women and 4 girl slaves (named in document)
The other half of same to Francis’s eldest daughter Jane Treherne
another part to Susannah Bennet Treherne, the second daughter of Francis Treherne
Ann Treherne, the third daughter of Francis Treherne
Bridget Elizabeth Treherne, the fourth and youngest daughter of Francis Treherne.

The last mention of him is in a deed of 1741 where Thomas Burton sold him and wife Amy in trust some Marks land, to be sold back the following day, breaking a joint ownership with Mary Burton.

Will of Francis Treherne:
Date 13/1/1743, Ent 6/3/1745. Francis Treerne, Planter of St C. Dau Jean Treherne 1 negro girl, son Francis Treherne 1 negro, R&R to 3 children Francis, Jean & Bridget Elbeatha. If they die to wife Amy for life and then to cousins Thomas & Benjamin Burton. Execs wife & B-in-L George Bennet & Solomon Mendez.

All less than 21 in the deed of 1737/49
3/1. Jane Treherne
3/2. Susannah Bennet Treherne
3/3. Ann Treherne
3/4. Bridget Elbeatha Treherne,

ch St Catherine 19/9/1739 of Francis & AmyPR.
Bur Bridget Treherne 11/3/1739-40

3/5. Francis Treherne
A Peter Sladford(?) Treherne bur St C 18/6/1745 – one of these?

William Hunt’s Family

He and his father, also William, were goldsmiths in St Jago: he was buried (as “jnr”) in St Catherine 9th September 1697PR. A 1741-2 deed[522] which describes the sale and title of a piece of foot land in Jt Jago, says that William Hunt snr goldsmith of St Catherine owned 28 ft of land facing negro market in St Jago, which he passed in a deed 6 April 1692 to his son William Hunt jnr, goldsmith; William Hunt jnr in his will left the land to Benjamin Burton snr his brother in law, who “it is said” died intestate so Benjamin Burton jnr inherited. Benjamin Burton jnr sold this plot to Samuel Gabay for £30. The deed seems to be incorrect in that Benjamin Burton snr left a will in 1720.

William junior’s will[523] of 1697 descibes him as a goldsmith of St Jago, with a wife Ann, to whom he left 1 negro, and a house in front of old negro market in St Jago, but m-in-l Judith Burton to live there for life (this is probably the land sold in 1741-2. He also mentions his brother John Hunt, Son William & dau Sarah and B-in-L Benjamin Burton.

Will of William Hunt in 1701/3[524], the father of William jnr:
Goldsmith of St Jago
To son John Hunt house were I dwell & all lands etc
The White house where John Hunt dwells to him
John Hunt to pay Mrs Joane Enseme, Mar George Williams, & Mr Edward Puresy such sums of money I owe them
The house where John Hunt lives to my son Richard Hunt for life, then to his son my g/s William Hunt. If g/s dies, then to heirs of Richard Hunt.
Richard Hunt to pay to my dau Mary Cousens, wife of Charles Cousens £20.
To daughter Mary Cousens £50.
Wife Sarah & son John executors.
Bur William Hunt, St Catherine 16 Jan 1701-2.

William & Sarah Hunt:
1/1. Elizabeth Hunt, ch St Catherine 27/12/1680.
1/1. John Hunt, ch 6/2/1696, St Catherine
1/2. William Hunt, married Ann Burton, d 9/1697 (jnr).
1/3. Richard Hunt

William Hunt, of Richard & Frances ch 20/10/1700 St Catherine.

1/4. Mary Hunt, Ch 9/11/1683, abt 2 years St Catherine.

Married 31/12/1699, St Catherine Charles Cousens, bap 29/12/1676, St Catherine, son of William & Ann who had another 8 children between 1673 & 1681. William Cousens snr probably buried St Catherine, 24 September 1693.
Issue of Charles & Mary, ch St Catherine:
2/1. Ann Cousens, 17001101
2/2. Sarah Cousens, 17020423
2/3. Mary Cousens, 17031210
2/4. Matthew Cousens, 17041130.

William Hunt – Will[525] 1710
No obvious connection with us.
Millwright of St Catherine
Eldest dau Elizabeth Hunt Dwelling house at 16 or marriage.
Dau Ann Hunt land in St Jago
Wife Elizabeth
Son Richard land in St Thomas in the Vale.
mar Elizabeth Johns, 12/7/1700, St Catherine
Bur 22/9/1710, St Catherine
Elizabeth ch 25/10/1701
Ann ch 5/3/1707

Who were John & Ann Hunt who were both buried St Catherine October 1702?

Unknown Francis’s/Frances’s:
1693: A Francis Burton, bachelor, leased 7 acres on Liguanea for 7 years – who was he? Was he the one from Antigua?
Bur Francis Burton, 14/7/1694, St Andrew.
Bur St Catherine Frances Burton, 20/9/1702 (PR) – may be him?
Marriages of Francis Burton:
19/5/1687 Mar St A Mary Grace. (PR)
Mar St Andrew 20/8/1691 Anne Murrell (PR)

    There are deeds relating to a Richard Burton, bricklayer in Kingston 1694.
   A Peter Burton or Burten left a will in 1669. A Peter Burton was also listed as owning 18 acres in St Andrew in 1670 (St Catherine in Sketch Pedigrees of Jamaica 1670); this does not tie in with the area mentioned in the will of 1669 – this refers to the 120 acres in the 1669 grant. Neither of these were probably connected with our family.

Mrs Elizabeth Burton 938 – St Cathedral wife of rev WG Burton d 22/5/1823
Rev William 1284

6.2    BENJAMIN BURTON - 1674


Ch. 5/3/1673-4, St Michael’s Barbados, son of Capt Francis Burton
Married: Elbeata Massall (spelling??) St Catherine 9/6/1700.
Died: about 1720.

Issue, in summary:
1/1. John Burton, appears in wills, but nowhere else identifiable
1/2: Elbaton (Elizabeth) Burton, married Joseph Rawlings
1/3. Benjamin Burton, our ancestor.
1/4: Thomas Burton, died 1763. Issue by Mary Moore & Hannah Mendez.

    As one of his father’s two surviving heirs, he was a landowner of some substance, but little else is know about him: he mentions his nephew, Francis Treherne and his “brother”, Richard Treherne in his will confirming that he was indeed the son of Francis Burton of St Thomas in the Vale. Like his brother, Thomas, he seems to have sold all the lands he inherited from his father (although there seems no sign of the fate of the Stoneland estates) and was described as “of St Elizabeth” in later life, but there is no evidence of how or when he moved there: it should not be forgotten that the Clarendon, Vere and St Elizabeths boundary moved during the 18thC, so that a change of parish was no always a real placation change.
    His inventory in St Eizabeth shows that he had 19 slaves, but not much livestock, so was probably harvesting pimento and other pen crops.
    There was an estate & a pen on the Cadastral map of the area south of the Black River Lacovia Bridge on the Burnt Savanna road called Burton’s Mountain & Burton’s pen (380 & 180 acres respectively), and Burton’s Warf on the River: were these where Benjamin Burton went to in St Elizabeth? Deed references indicate that these properties were owned from before 1730 by Thomas Kilburn, and Mrs Kilburn in 1804. These are shown on Liddell 1888 and Kilburns on Robertson, and nothing on Craskell. Thomas Kilburn buried near Lacovia Bridge 21 Jan 1787 (he had base born twins, Thomas & James, born in St Elizabeth in 1761, probably by Grace Kilburn, free negro). The pen was owned by Grace Kilburn snr in 1811 (25 slaves, 3 stock) & Grace Kilburn dcd in 1820. Thomas Kilburn (a millwright) mentions his estate called Burton’s in his will of 1787[526], and Grace Kilburn and 7 children. Burton Mountain is the home of a Jamaica Zoo (2018).
    There are no extant records for St Thomas Parish Church until 1816 although it was founded about 1705[527], therefore much of the Burton generation who might have been born there are not recorded – those who do not appear in deeds and wills are unknown. The earliest tablet recorded is at Linsted St Thomas in the Vale Church, Floor 1287:
Miss Elizabeth Burton, cousin to William & Elizabeth Thomas of this Parish, died 13 July 1742 in her 18th year. She was thus born 1725.
    Benjamin was left by his mother Judith one negro boy by the name of Jack also one small feather bed and bolster and two pillows and her books (were these the “old books” in his inventory?). He was also left land in St Jago by his brother-in-law, William Hunt jnr who died in 1697, husband of Ann Burton, which in turn went to Benjamin jnr, who sold it in 1741. This deed suggested that Bejmain snr died intestate, which was not correct.
    In 1701, Nicholas, Benjamin and their mother Judith sold the 50 acres Francis had bought in the Magotty Savanna for £40. A Deed[528] of 1707 implied that he was still the owner of ½ of 172 acres in St Catherine patented to Ann Ash when his brother Nicholas sold the other half. Similarly, a 1714 deed[529] implied he was the owner of a share of 150 acres of Hippsley land.
     In May 1718 Benjamin Burton & his wife Elbeata rented[530] some slaves to David Idana for 10/- to retreive 20/-. In July of that year, Benjamin Burton of St Elizabeth planter & Elbeather his wife sold[531] to Robert Tredaway of St Catherine for £300 his half of the 874 acres and the 150 acres in 3 parcels. A very similar deed has a sale price of £330. This seems to have been him severing his connections with St Thomas.
     Benjamin Burton was witness to the codicil to the will in 1706 of Archer Martin of 16 mile Walk, St Thomas in the Vale[532]. A neighbour perhaps?
     His 2 sons, Benjamin and Thomas must have been close as they seem to have co-operated closely in various transactions in the mid 18thC. it is even somewhat uncertain who was the father of some of the issue of Hannah Mendez!

Will of 1720[533]:
of St Elizabeth, planter, sick of body, perfect memory.
I bequeath unto my wife Elizabeth my land during her natural life and eight negroes (viz) Quasheba, Frank, little Tom, Coffey, Tony, Maria, Margatret, Rose with all my household goods and silver plate
Item I bequeath the rest and residue of my estate both real and personal to my three sons:
To my son John Burton six negroes (vzt) Sampson, Gloster, Meriano Quashe Cudio Black Cetty with fifty pounds in money when twenty one years
To my son Benjamin Burton six negroes (vzt) Joan Nadrea Floran Lazera Ceason Esshck David with fifty pounds in money when twenty one years
To my son Thomas Burton six negroes (vzt) Jack, When, Mumbo, Quaco, Arobel with fifty pounds when twenty one years
...shall be equally divided between the survivor or survivors
If all my sons should dye before twenty one years and without heirs ... then my whole estate real and personal to my wife during her natural life and then after her death to my nephew Francis Treherne
I nominate my wife my sole executor... and my dear brother Richard Treherne overseer to this my last will (must be brother in law).

Inventory[534] of 1721:
An inventory of ...  Benjamin Burton of the parish of St Elizabeth Deceased

Richard Trehern signed his extensive, detailed inventory (copy held). It included 19 slaves, 10 cows and some horses, £400 in cash and “at interest”, in addition to normal domestic items.
Shown by late wife Elbaton Burton, total £1469 11s 1/2d (£670K 2015).

This number of slaves represents perhaps 150 acres: see Long Vol 1 P460 for 1774 costings.

Elbeatha Maskall

    She died after Benjamin but before his inventory was entered 6 July 1721, and was an administrator in his will dated 1720. As she was married by 1700, she would have been born before 1680.
    Benjamin Burton’s marriage to Elbeata Massall (probably Maskall or even Marshall) is shown in St Catherine 9/6/1700PR. This ties in with the birth of their children and the use of Maskall as a second name by their granddaughter, Susanna Maskall.
Elbeata was a daughter of George & Susannah Maskall.
George Maskall married Susanna Campion St Catherine, 8/6/1676.
1/1. Albeater Maskall, ch 16/10/1678, St Cat of George & Susanna Maskall.
1/2. Charles Maskall ch 1/3/1679-80, St Catherine, of George & Susanna.
1/3. Catherine Maskall ch 13/4/1681.

Barbados 1/1/1691: bap Abigail dau of Peter & Catherine, Christ Chucch

Many more spelt Mascoll, but no Georges.

    There is no information on where George & Susanna originated, but they were unlikely to have been Jamaican born. A George Maskall was christened in Bristol, 2nd January 1650LDS, son of George & Martha. Bristol would be a likely origin for an emigrant to Jamaica and this is about an appropriate age, but this is pure speculation. A will[535] of George Maskall, shipwright of Bristol, of 1660 mentions son George and daughters Ann & Maria; he makes George his executor so the likelihood is that this was the grandfather of George baptised 1650, who would have been too young to be an executor in 1660.
There was also a will of John Marshall 1706-7[536]. Blacksmith of Port Royal. Wife Sarah

Issue of Benjamin & Elbeata Burton:
1/1. John Burton

Ch 17/12/1701 St Catherine of Benjamin & ElbethaPR.
He was left by grand mother Judith Burton one negro man by the name of Tom in her will of 1713. He was named in his father’s will of January 1720, but does not appear in any subsequent papers.

1/2. Ellbaton Burton b aft 1694 (JB Will).

She was left by her grandmother Judith one negro girl by name of Black Sarah, in the event of her death before 18 or marriage, then to her brother Thomas Burton. Elbeatha Burton married Joseph Rolins, St Catherine, 22/10/1722PR. Joseph Rawlings ch Clarendon, 12 August 1699, son of Richard & DorothyPR No further information. There was a Dorothy Rawl... baptied St Elizabeth 8 December, between 1720 & 1732 to Joseph. Probably a daughter of them.

1/3. Benjamin Burton ch St Catherine, 23rd March 1703.

father of Judith (Ann Judy Twier) Burton see later in this section.

1/4. Thomas Burton – D 1763

From his will, died 1763-4.
Probably Thomas in Judith Burton’s will of 1712, who shared spoons with his brother Ben, and mentioned in his father’s 1720 will as under 21.
A Thomas Burton buried 28/7/1713 St Catherine – who??

Legitimate issue by Mary Moore:
2/1. Benjamin Burton, Land owner. (will only)
2/2. Susannah Mascal Burton. (PR & Will)
2/3. Mary Burton. (PR & will)
2/4. Thomas Christopher Burton. Land owner. (PR & will)
2/5. John Francis Burton. Land owner. (PR & will)
2/6. ELbeater Burton (will only).
2/7. Judith Burton (will only).
2/8. Ann (Treherne) Burton. (will only).

Issue of Hannah Mendez in Thomas’s will:
2/1. Thomas Burton
2/2. Joseph Burton
2/3. Richard Burton
2/4. Edward Burton, bap St E 4/1768 aged 7.
2/5. Nicholas Burton.
2/6. Francis Burton.
2/7. John Benjamin Burton.
2/8. George William Burton

his will[537] Of St Elizabeth free man of colour, 1816/9.
to reputed son James Burton..
To reputed son John Calach? Burton .. b 1779 Ch  27/11/1800
To reputed son Samuel Rose Burton.. b 1781 Ch  27/11/1800
To reputed son George Burton...  b 1786 Ch  27/11/1800
To reputed son William Burton... b 1788 Ch  27/11/1800
To reputed daughter Hannah... b 1783 Ch  27/11/1800
her son James William Facey
Companion and house keeper Sarah Mne? (More from PR) to be freed.

2/9. Sampson Burton.
2/10. Hannah Burton.
2/11. Mary Burton.
2/12. Benjamin Burton, free mulatto in 1755 deed. Not in will.

    Thomas and his brother Benjamin seem to have worked together as there are several mentions of Thomas & Mary and Benjamin in deeds implicitly as partners. Consequently, I have in this case, elected to treat their land transactions together as one story. The case in Chancery over John Sinclair’s debts also supports this theory. Thomas was probably very much the senior partner here, and left nearly 100 slaves and a large flock of sheep in his inventory. He owned 454 acres total: his holding in St Elizabeth was similar to brother Benjamin. Benjamin pre-deceased him intestate so that Benjamin’s assets devolved onto Thomas.
     Thomas was of St Elizabeth between 1723 and 1737, and of Vere by 1741: his principle residence probably moved to the Richard Marks land in Canoe Valley, south-west of 16 mile gulley. Later, he was back in St Elizabeth, probably resident on the the 2 300 acre plots he had granted to the north west of Alligator Pond as shown on the Manchester 203 map and plate 24. The boundary between St Elizabeth and Vere moved substantially west in 1739 thus the apparent change of abode might simply be the movment of the Vere/St Elizabeth boundary.
     Thomas was claimed as a debtor with Benjamin in Robert Wright’s will of 1749 (son of Andrew); John Sinclair is also mentioned in this will and refers to a suit in Chancery in 1743[538] where bonds from Robert Wright to Benjamin & Thomas Burton were passed between John & Peter Sinclair.
     It seems as if Robert Wright owed the Burtons a sum of money and that Robert Wright was owed by John Sinclair for wages as overseer. Robert Wright drew up an order passing the debt owed to the Burtons to John Sinclair. Robert Wright also bought 2 horses from John Sinclair and may have made an allowance against his debt owed by John Sinclair. Robert Wright then sold the horses to the Burtons in exchange for the bond on them. John Sinclair was seen to hold the original bond uncancelled. John Sinclair settled with the Burtons, and the debt returned to Robert Wright. John Sinclair’s finances were not in good health when he died.
    He was a planter with substantial holdings in St Elizabeth & elswhere, with a small acreage in St John (probably ½ of 51 acres left to Mary & her sister by their father, John More see 1755 deed). St Elizabeth was probably a pen, and Clarendon sugar. It would seem that he increased his holdings during his life, perhaps by purchase in St Elizabeth. In the census of 1754 he is quoted as having in St. Elizabeth 158 acres, in Clarendon 271 acres and in St. John 25, totalling 454 acres. The Clarendon land is a mystery: no mention has been found of any land in Clarendon, was this an error, maybe for land in Vere, which he undoubtedly had?
     Thomas was a guardian to William Dunbar, his step son when he let land to the east of the Rio Cobre/Town River patents to Heny Savage, who had bought the land.

Other Transactions
LT: combined land transactions below)
1723LT: TB bought from Bevis 100A Indian Ground – sold as 300A in 1756.

1730 Deed: Benjamin & Thomas Burton of St Elizabeth gave a negro boy to Judith Burton spinster of St Elizabeth, see under Benjamin Burton, Thomas’s brother.
Also another deed from Benjamin to Thomas, no further information.

1737 Deed[539]:  between Francis Trahern, a planter of St Catherine, gives (sells for 5/-) to Thomas Burton, a planter of St Elizabeth, half a parcel of 2 women & 4 girls. The rest to Francis Trahern’s children. Deed not entered until 1749.
1741LT: TB re FT ½ of 500A Marks land Canoe Valley, deed for 1 day.
1741LT: Ben & Tom from Creemer 40 A in Carpenter’s Mountains.
1743 Deed[540]: Thomas Burton & wife Mary, planter of Vere sold 1 slave to Henry Hudson of Vere.

Manumission[541]: 1747
Benjamin & Thomas Burton, of Vere, planters, manumit boy Tom son of negro woman Qualinor?? Property of Benjamin.

1750 Deed[542]: Thomas & Mary Burton to Benjamin Burton gift of slaves.
1750LT: Ben & Tom sold 50 acres to James Powell.
1750[543] Manumission: Thomas Burton & Mary his wife, of Vere, manumitted mulatto girl named Nancy dau of Abengebah.
1752LT: TB buys 300A in St Elizabeth from George H/Raxstead.
1754: TB St E 158, Clarendon 271, St. John 25, Total 454
1753LT: TB & FS re land at Alligator Pond – Stevens 150a Pat Manch 203.
1755[544]: Thomas Burton of Vere planter for 5/- each sold to Hannah Mendez a free negro woman at Alligator Pond in St Elizabeth 2 slaves and to Thomas Burton mulatto son of Hannah Mendez a slave.
1755LT: TB sold land in St John (25a?) to Richard Ragg, prob Moore land.
1756LT: TB of Vere sold 300A at Indian Grounds land to Durrant.
1761LT: TB sold 146 A Anderson to Hannah Mendez
1757[545]: TB sold to Francis Smith slaves and Francis reconveyed back the next day, no indication why.
1759LT: TB granted 300A Alligator Pond on Manch 203.
1761LT: TB granted 300A Alligator Pond on Manch 203.
1761LT: TB conveyed the 146 acres and both grants to Mendez & children.
1771[546]: Action in the Grand Court by Benjamon Burton for Thomas B by Alex Graham his attorney & John Anderrson and John Hayle Sinclair TB sues for J£207/0/9 borrowed by JHS.
Manumission 6/158 (abt 1758):
Thomas Burton planter of Vere for 5/- paid by Nicholas Burton, free mulatto of St Elizabeth a negro woman Phyllis.

Thomas (Francis, Benjamin) mentions in his will of 1764 sons Thomas Christopher & John Francis and daughter Judith, inter alia. One of his executors was John Hayle Sinclair. The deed between John Hayle Sinclair & Judith, Thomas & Francis Burton & Sophronia Sinclair might refer to the 3 issue of Thomas Burton and to Judith’s daughter Sophronia; the deed in 1765 would tie in with sorting out Thomas’ estate.

Will[547] of 1763/4:
Thomas Burton of St Elizabeth, sound mind etc.
Abreviated version. Deceased by 22/12/1763. Ref to Simon Facey of St Elizabeth in preamble.

The issue of Hannah Mendez, some might have been by brother Benjamin Burton because Nicholas and Francis were treated differently, and Thomas gave them the 146 acres of Benjamin’s land.

Item: Whereas I did manumise one negro woman Hannah (alias Hannah Mendez) and two mulatto boys named Nicholas & Francis (alias Nicholas Burton & Francis Burton). It is my will they be declared free.
Item I bequeath unto the said Hannah Mendez, one negro woman slave named Arrabellas Sary one negro man slave named Quashibah sister to (Madam) one girl named Sambo Nancy daughter of the said Madam & Maria’s son Jack during her natural life & after her decease
Then I bequeath unto Thomas Burton son of Hannah Mendez the negro woman slave named Quashibah.
Item: it is my will after the decease of Hannah Mendez that the negro boy named Maria’s Jack be & is bequeathed unto Joseph Burton, son of Hannah Mendez
and further it is my desire after the decease of Hannah Mendez that the negro girl slave named Arabella’s Sary be bequeathed to Richard Burton son of Hannah Mendez
and further it is my desire after the decease of Hannah Mendez that slave named Sambo Nancy be bequeathed unto Edward Burton son of Hannah Mendez
Item I bequeath unto Nicholas Burton son of Hannah Mendez one negro man slave named Cudjoe
Item I bequeath unto Francis Burton son of Hannah Mendez one negro man slave named Jacob to be by him kept as his slave untill some slave of equal value be purchased & delivered to Francis Burton in exchange & lieu of Jacob by my son Benjamin Burton
Item I give bequeath unto John Benjamin Burton son of Hannah Mendez one negro man named Dussee alias Ceason
Item I give bequeath unto George William Burton son of Hannah Mendez one negro boy slave named Adam
Item I bequeath unto James Burton son of Hannah Mendez one negro woman named Maria
Item I bequeath unto Sampson Burton son of Hannah Mendez one negro man named Cuffee to him and his heirs for ever
Item I bequeath unto Hannah Burton Daughter of Hannah Mendez one negro woman slave named Margaret
Item I bequeath unto Mary Burton Daughter of Hannah Mendez one negro woman slave named Esther
Item I bequeath unto my Daughter Elbeatha Burton one Girl slave named little Judy
Item I bequeath unto my Daughter Judith Burton the following slaves, vizt Aubah, Eboe, Grace, Eboe Sally, Beniba, Lucia, old Arabella & little Sally
Item I bequeath unto my Daughter Ann Burton the following slaves, vizt Betty, Queen, Judith, Ruth & Plowden Sary.
Item I bequeath unto my Daughter Susanna Burton the following slaves, vizt Fidelia Catalina, Mimbo, Whania, Sabella, & Jone
Item I bequeath unto my Daughter Mary Burton the following slaves, vizt Nanny, Pica, Venis, Diane, Creole Grace & Leah
Item I bequeath unto my son Thomas Christopher Burton Cromwell, Davy Whan Ebo Sapmson, Fortune & Cornwall
Item I bequeath unto my son John Francis Burton Mars, Frank, Manuel, Josswell, Old Jack & Young Lot
Item I bequeath unto my son Benjamin Burton all the remainder of my estate already devised.
Lastly I nominate my well beloved friends Francis Smith of the parish of Vere and John Hayle Sinclair of the parish of St Elizabeth as also my dearly beloved son Benjamin Burton executors

Inventory: 44/107 Ent 13 August 1764
Planter of St Elizabeth shown by John Hayle Sinclair
Total £5753-11-3d (abt £2.5M wage, £650K, price infl sterling)
98 slaves, about 350 sheep and 5 horses.

Elizabeth Neif

Thomas Burton had issue by Elizabeth Nief in the 1760’s – who was this?? Some born after the death of this Thomas.
Who was this?
Ch of Thomas Burton & Elizabeth Neif, bap July 1770 (St E V1 p31)
Benjamin Burton, nine years
William Burton, seven years
Grace Burton, five years
Anthony Burton, three years
Joseph Burton, 9 months old.

There were several Neif’s in St Elizabeth in the 2nd half of the 18thC, but neither Ann nor Catherine figure in them.
James & Elizabeth had Thomas & Ann bap 23 July 1753, Issac abt 15 mths old & Mary Neaf abt 5 mths old 24th Dec 1758, Edward Neif 5 mths bap 8/11/1761
Later 1786-1800 there were several others, maybe Elizabeth a quadroon daughter of Edward, born 25 May 1786.

Married Mary Moore
dau of John Moore, planter of St Catherine’s (deduced from a later deed[548] where Thomas sold land to Richard Ragg and John’s will), widow of William Dunbar, no will or burial indexed for William Dunbar.
A child of John Moore, ch St Catherine 25/7/1719, but no name given – was this her?

Vere PR: Thomas Burton mar Mary Dunbar, widow, 10/8/1740 – this could be them, but seems a bit late. She was not in his will, but was alive in 1769 (in deed 241/33 Benjamin Burton and others).

Will of John Moore, 1723[549]:
Planter of St Catherine, Estate to daus Margaret & Mary when 21 or married, If daus die to: Wife Dorothy, sister Mary Harding & her 2 daus Mary & Elizabeth. Refers to land in St John with 6 slaves.

Mary, from the deed below must have been previously married to William Dunbar. Their daughter, Dorothy would have been named after Mary’s mother. William & Mary probably also had a son, William, born after 1732: Thomas was his guardian when William’s land adjoining the Rio Cobre Burton patents was leased for 7 years in 1753.
William Dunbar & Ann Orgill had 2 sons, William born 6/11/1786, bap 23/8/1788 & Robert born 2/1/1790, bap 10/3/1792, Ann was a free mulatto in Williams & mustee in the second baptism. This looks late for William, son of Mary.

Deed[550] 1753-73:
Thomas & Mary Burton of Vere “for love and affection” for Dorothy Dunbar, dau of William Dunbar dcd surveyor & sd Mary Burton, for 5/- to Francis Smith for Dorothy Dunbar 2 slaves. Francis Smith was probably the executor.
Note date year written as 1753. In spite of the long gap, these dates were probably correct as Dorothy must have been born before 1740.

1753[551]: Thoms Burton of Vere planter guardian of William Dunbar, a minor, leased to Richard Ragg, bricklayer of St Catherine, 240A in St John for 7 years at £10 pa: this seems to have been a patent to William Dunbar for 300 acres, 60 of which was sold by Thomas to Henry Savage. It bounded on the eastern boundary of Francis Burton’s 1874 patent, and was on the “road from Savages to Ellis Chambers”. Shown on Plate 21.

1764: 4/6/64 Mary Burton widow of St E for 5/- for negro man slave Jem by JHS 29/11/1753

Benjamin, Thomas Christopher & John Francis shown as having land in Manchester[552], about 2½ miles SE of Spur Tree at Oldbury. Benjamin & Thomas had 300 acres each, John’s is not shown. Benjamin’s survey date was 1787; it is not clear if this was a grant. Some patents on file (1/2016)

Issue of Thomas & Mary his wife as listed in his will with St Elizabeth records where found:
2/1. Benjamin Burton – will only.

No church record has been found for him, but he was a residuary legatee of father’s estate, and thus probably the eldest, born soon after 1740.
He was of Vere in 1771 (Grand Court action).

1770: Benjamin Burton (jnr) & Mary Burton, his mother, sold to John Anderson esq, 74A at Alligator Pond (see above under land transactions).

1771: John Hayle Sinclair loaned Benjamin Burton by a promissory note, J£210/6/8 to be repaid when requested. After JHS’s death his executors sued Benjamin Burton in the Grand Court in 1771 for the recovery, starting with £500. The Court awarded the executors the debt & £5/12/6 costs[553].

1773: Mary, widow of Thomas, and Benjamin sold part of Mulatto Pen.
(see above under land transactions)

1775[554]: Benjamin Burton planter of Vere for £70 from Richard Huggins Read esq sold negro woman named Patience dau of Bess late property of Judith France dcd.

1776: Benjamin Burton snr of St Elizabeth planter for 5/- from Margaret Simpson free quadroon woman sold ..the residue etc being 25 acres purchased from Zachary Gaulitier

1788: patented 300 acres in the May Day Mountains (East of Mulatto Pen). 

1788[555]: Benjamin Burton, planter of St Elizabeth sells to Joseph Williams, free black man, for 5/- for 25A near Mount Elliston, being part of a pat by Benjamin Burton N on road to Mr Elliston, E on land patented by (gully land) Thomas Christopher Burton, now belonging to Joseph Williams, S on land patented by Gavin Bell now belonging to Joseph Williams, W on same run now to John Francis Burton. Plat not copied. v small plat sketched.

1791[556]: Ind Btw Benjamin Burton & John Francis Burton of St Elizabeth, planters Ann Treherne Pusey, Mary deClarke widows of St Elizabeth, Rachel Burton of St Catherine widow and guardian of for her son John Rodon Burton a minor of the 1st part and Susanna Maxwell Reid of St Catherine widow, 2nd part. Whereas Thomas Burton of Vere dcd esq by deed of 4/2/1759[557] gave Mary his wife a negro for life and then to the sons daus and heirs of Thomas & Mary. The Burtons agree to make good title to Susanna Reid of 5 slaves being a part and parcel falling to her by the before mentioned deed. Now Indenture sold slaves to Susanna Maxwell Reid

1791[558]: Benjamin Burton & John Francis Burton planters of St E & Ann Treharn Pusey Mary de Clarke of St E, Widows and Susanne Masswell Reid of St C of 1st part and Rachel Burton widow & guardian of John Rodon Burton a minor 2nd. Whereas Thomas Burton, dcd, deed 24/2/1759 gave Mary his wife negros for life and then to sons and daus . & whereas Benjamin Burton, John Francis Burton, Ann Treharn Pusey, Mary de Clarke & Susanne Masswell Reid agree with Rachel Burton for John Rodon Burton some slaves.

1791[559]: Benjamin Burton & John Francis Burton of St Elizabeth, planters & Ann Treherne Pusey & Mary deClark widows of St Elizabeth, and Susanna Maxwell Reid widow of St Catherine of one part and Rachel Burton guardian to her son John Rodon Burton, a minor of 2nd part. Whereas Francis Burton of Vere esq dcd 24/2/1759 gave to Mary his wife negroes for life and then to Francis & Mary's heirs. And whereas 1st part agree with 2nd part to sold 5 slaves being a part and parcel falling to him by the before mentioned deed as heir to his father Thomas Christoper Burton dcd. Now this ind confirms the sale.
1802[560]: Hannah Powell & Mary Burton Francis Wright Clarke of St E for £5 from Francis Trerhern Burton, cabinet & chair maker sold 10A in Manatee Savanna known as Blakes Pen bounding as plat (not affixed!)
1804: Ind Btw Benjamin Burton planter of St Elizabeth of 1st part & Hannah Powell, Elizabeth Burton, Mary Burton, Francis Treherne Burton, and Susanna Turner Burton, Sarah Burton, Hannah Powell Burton, Benjamin Burton, and Elisha Powell Burton of St Elizabeth people of colour of 2nd pt for Mount Elliston.
1845 Return: Mount Elliston 15 acres to B Burton.
1815: Benjamin Burton sold 100 acres to Jos Jas Swaby, Alex Sinclair land.

Possible issue:
Reputed children of Mr Benjamin Burton by Hannah Powell, free mulatto (alive 1804) (St E PR):
3/1. Mary Burton, bap 26/9/1788, b 28/12/1772 (alive 1804)
3/2. Francis Burton, bap 26/9/1788, b 2/9/1775
3/3. Joseph Burton, bap 26/9/1788, b 18/12/1777

1800[561]: Benjamin Burton planter, Joseph Burton Free Man of Colour both of St E. 10 acres to JB on Mount Ellestone?

3/4. Susannah Turner Burton, bap 26/9/1788, b 26/12/1785 (alive 1804)
3/5. Biddy Burton, bap 26/9/1788, b 19/8/1787 (alive 1804)
3/6. Sarah Burton - born 1 Apr 1789, ch 27/11/1800 St E (alive 1804)
3/7. Hannah Powell Burton - born 26 Feb 1792, ch 27/11/1800 (alive 1804)
3/8. Benjamin Burton - born 17 Nov 1794, ch 27/11/1800 (alive 1804)
3/9. Elisha Powell Burton - born 31 Jul 1796, ch 27/11/1800 (alive 1804)
3/10. Rachel Burton - born 5 Apr 1799, ch 27/11/1800
3/11. Francis Treherne Burton,

in 1804 deed so probably a further son. Cabinet & chair maker in Mantee Savanna when he bought 10 acres from Hannah Powell & Mary Burton and Francis Wright Clark.
1816[562] Deed: Frances Trehern Burton, of St E Free man of colour & Fanny his wife. For J£140 from Charles Rowe esq of Vere for 28 A in May Day Mtns in St E pat by John McQuorquedale N on Samuel Greaves, now called Berkshire, E on Charles Rowe now called Grants Green, W on part of same run now owned by Frances Trehern Burton S on pt of same run now possesed by Thomas Wilkinson. small trapezoidal plan
1812[563]: FTB cabinet maker of St E & Joseph Burton also CM FTB to JB 100 A in Vere part of 300A pat by John McCock for £400

2/2. Susannah Mascal Burton B: 10/7/1748 Ch: 23/12/1753 St Elizabeth

Susannah Burton From Edward Bendall – 1761 She was the only known Susanna Burton of the time.
Later in a 1791 deed referrd to as Susannah Maxwell/Masswell Reid
3/1. Mary Booth Burton, ch: 27/7/1769 Vere

of Susannah Masclen BurtonPR.
Bur 16/10/1770 aged 2. Probably her.

2/3. Mary Burton, born 16/12/1750 Ch: 23/12/1753 St Elizabeth
2/4. Thomas Christopher Burton: B. 26/12/1753 Ch: St E 26/1/1754PR.

Died bef June 1787
Married St Catherine Rachel (Rodon) Jackson, he of St Elizabeth, she OTP a widow 29/3/1783 by licence.
He later moved to St Catherine and St John.

She married 1st William Thomas Jackson, 31/10/1762 St Catherine, he a widow, she a spinster. He was buried St Catherine 14/8/1779 as a Practitioner in Physic – decay.
No indication of her birth, but the Rodons appear in land records in Vere. James & Susanna Rodon were having children in the 1730’s & 40’s in Clarendon.

1784[564]: Granted land (patent not found) part of which: Thomas Christopher Burton & wife Rachell of St Catherine sold to Joseph Williams of St Elizabeth for £50J sold 200 acres, part of patent by Thomas Christopher Burton. For ever. This is shown on Manchester 201 estate map, and was part of Mulatto Pen (Logwood now on the Aligator Pond Gutters Road).

1785[565]: Thomas Christopher Burton of St John planter sold to William Henry Mathews as trustee for mountain Polink in Red Hills to Rachel Jackson for life and then her issue. (perhaps daughter of his wife then Rachel Jackson).
1787[566]: Rachel Burton widow of Thomas Christopher Burton of St Catherine for £123 sold to Henry Booth planter of St John 66A of mountain palink, this land also appears in 430/131, Henry Booth to Castle. Both plats the same.

1791[567]: Benjamin Burton & John Francis Burton planters of St E & Ann Treharn Pusey Mary de Clarke of St E, Widows and Susanne Masswell Reid of St C of 1st part and Rachel Burton widow & guardian of John Rodon Burton a minor 2nd. Whereas Thomas Burton, dcd, deed 24/2/1759 gave Mary his wife negros for life and then to sons and daus . & whereas Benjamin Burton, John Francis Burton, Ann Treharn Pusey, Mary de Clarke & Susanne Masswell Reid agree with Rachel Burton for John Rodon Burton some slaves.

1792[568]: Benjamin Burton & John Francis Burton of St Elizabeth, planters & Ann Treherne Pusey & Mary deClark widows of St Elizabeth, and Susanna Maxwell Reid widow of St Catherine of one part and Rachel Burton guardian to her son John Rodon Burton, a minor of 2nd part. Whereas Thomas Burton of Vere esq dcd 24/2/1759 gave to Mary his wife negroes for life and then to Thomas & Mary's heirs. And whereas 1st part agree with 2nd part to sell 5 slaves being a part and parcel falling to him by the before mentioned deed as heir to his father Thomas Christoper Burton dcd. Now this ind confirms the sale.

3/1. John Rodon Burton (ref deed 396/137) bap St C 29/9/1784

1807[569]: Ind John Francis Burton planter of St E sold to John Rodon Burton gent of St Catherine for 10/- a slave

1807[570]: John Rodon Burton & Judith Frances his wife for £33 from William Burton free PoC of Vere sold a negro man slave

1807[571]: John Rodon Burton gent of St C & Judith Frances his wife for J£130 from William Rodon of St C sold a negro woman Fanny

1807[572]: John Rodon Burton & Judith of St Catherine quit any claim on John Francis Burton planter of St Elizabeth.

1809[573]: John Rodon Burton gent of St Catherine for live of infant son Thomas Henry Burton for 10/- paid by Rachel Burton widow of St Catherine 2 slaves Adam and Cecelia.

Married Judith King, 20/7/1806, St Catherine
John Francis Burton sold Frances King a slave 31/1/1803
Judith Burton sold Frances king a slave 22/11/1803.
4/1. John Rodon Burton, b 15/4/1810, ch 22/4/1810, Kingston

Of John Rodon & Judith Frances Burton

4/2. Charles Rodon Burton, b. 18120117, ch.18120619 St C

Of John Rodon & Judith Frances (late King spinster) Burton

Possible issue, ch St Elizabeth:
(note ch date same as Ben & Hannah Powell)
3/2. Hannah Burton, reputed dau of Thomas Burton by Bessy James,

Ch: 26/9/1788, abt 11 years old.

Also baptised July 1770, St Elizabeth of Thomas Burton & Elizabeth Nief:
They might be of Thomas Christopher Burton.
1. Anthony Burton, b abt 1767

1809[574]: Anthony Burton of Vere free man of colour sold tp Alexander Heron planter of Vere. For £140 240 A pat by Ed Shickle?? In Vere W&SW on New Forest, S on land of William Burton and Plowden.

2. Benjamin Burton, b abt 1761
3. Grace Burton, b abt 1765
4. Joseph Burton, b abt January 1769
5. William Burton, b abt 1763

2/5. John Francis Burton b. 15/1/1756, Ch: 7/8/1756PR.

John Francis Burton To Ann Traham Pusey 1791[575]
Ann Trahern Pusey widow of St Elizabeth: Whereas slave woman and ch "of" Thomas & Mary Burton descended to Ann Trahern Pusey, she agrees to sell the slave to for 10/- to John Francis Burton, planter of St Elizabeth in trust to sold back the next day.
John Francis Burton From Ann Traham Pusey 1791 386 164 Feb-17 Next deed from above f163

1787: shown as adjoing the grant of 300 acres to Benjamin Burton (his brother) in the May Day mountains. Shown on Manch 201.

1790: John Francis B patented 300 acres Spaish Quarters, St E.

1792[576]: John Francis Burton, planter of st E, sold to Lazarus Hyman for J£55 negro boy slave named Jack.

1794: John Francis Burton, for £3 sold to Joseph Williams, 1.75A of land part of run patented by Benjamin Booth, some text msg.
1804[577]: John Francis Burton planter of St Elizabeth for J£45 from Francis King spinster of St Elizabeth 1 negro child Priscilla
1804[578]: John Frances Burton snr of St Elizabeth, planter sold to Ann Burton, a free black woman of St Elizabeth, for J£50 1 female sambo slave. Wit Benjamin Burton.
1807[579]: John Francis Burton planter of St E sold to John Rodon Burton gent of St Catherine for 10/- a slave (JRB son of Thomas Christopher, son of Thomas)

1807[580]: John Rodon Burton & Judith of St Catherine quit any claim on John Francis Burton planter of St Elizabeth (his uncle).
1807[581]: For good causes & J£70 John Francis Burton sells to Mary Burton spinster of St E 1 sambo boy
1807: John Burton, planter of St E, for J£500 from Richard Ashman OTP surgeon sold 400 A in May Day Mtns.
1807[582]: John Francis Burton to James Williams, planters of St E. for £18/13/4 for 1/2 acre at Mt Ellison in St E E on Tom Chris B, all other sides on land pat by BB
1809: John Francis Burton sold for 10/- to Ann, William More, Thomas Jno, Jno Thomas, Edward Francis, Joseph James, Elizabeth Lockhart, Jane More & Henry Burton 5 acres of land in the Carpenters Mountains

in 1811, an Elizabeth Burton was at Content, St Elizabeth with 50 slaves (65 in 1816): there is a Content a mile or so east of Nain on the modern 50K map – was this the one?

ch 27/10/1794 St Elizabeth reputed children of John Fr Burton by Ann Burton (negro belonging to John Fr Burton, ch same day, aged 18).
3/1. Mary More Burton abt 3 years (b abt 1791)
3/2. William More Burton abt 8 months (b abt 2/1794)

ch 27/06/1800 St E, reputed children (non white) of John Francis Burton & Aann Burton:
3/3. Elizabeth Lockhart More Burton, b 24/11/1795
3/4. Jane More Burton, b. 16/11/1797
3/5. Thomas John Burton, b. 25/1/1800.

2/6. Elbeatha Burton – will only.

1771[583]: Judith France of Vere sold to Elbeather Burton of St Elizabeth 10 slaves.

The following deeds probably relate to Elbeatha’s brother, John Francis (as a planter, probably white):

1800[584]: Frances Burton spinster, Ann Treherne Burton spinster, Judith Powell spinster, Benjamin Powell jnr free man of colour of St Elizabeth of 1st pt & John  Burton of St Elizabeth, Planter 2nd Pt. 1st pt sold to 2nd pt for £200 94.5 acres in May Day mountains in St Elizabeth - refers to plat but it is not there!

1800[585]: John Burton planter & Ann Treherne Burton & Judith Powell spinsters & Benjamin Powell jnr free man of colour of St Elizabeth for £250 sold to Frances Burton spinster of St Elizabeth  2 Slaves

1800[586]: John Burton planter & Frances Burton & Judith Powell spinsters & Benjamin Powell jnr free man of colour of St Elizabeth for £220 sold to Ann Treherne Burton spinster of St Elizabeth 2 Slaves

1800[587]: Frances Burton, Ann Treherne Burton & Judith Powell spinsters & Benjamin Powell jnr free man of colour of St Elizabeth for £240 sold to John Burton planter of St Elizabeth  2 Slaves

3/1. Joseph John son of James Powell and Elizabeth Burton

about two years of age bap 04/1768.

3/2. Frances Biddy Trehern,

dau of JP & EB, bap 25 April 1772, about 2 years old.

Possibly ch St E PR reputed children of James Powell by Elbeata Burton:
James Powell a free mestize, EB white, children reputed white

A James Powell in a sale and resale between Joseph James Swaby et al in 1757 (copy in wills file), breaking an entail.

Note ch date as for Benjamin/Powell & Thomas/Bessy above.
3/3. Mary Burton, reputed dau of James Powell & Elbeatha Burton,

b 1/12/1771, bap 1 Aug 1773, non white (V1 P35)

3/4. Ann Treherne Burton, b 12/7/1776, ch 26/9/1788

Slave Comp: Trelawney 706 £285 2S 2D [16], Trelawney 709 £26 11S 6D [1]

3/5. Judith Powell Burton, b 10/12/1778, ch 26/9/1788.

Issue of Robert Bowes & Judith Burton Powell – maybe her:
3/1. Henrietta Bowes, born 9/10/1806, by Judith Burton Powell, at Burnt Ground, St Elizabeth.

Also ch 26/9/1788 Hannah Powell aged 35 free mulatto

2/7. Judith Burton – will only.
2/8. Ann Burton – will only.

Must be Ann Trehern as the deed of 1791 relates to a slave descending to her from Thomas & Mary.
Married as Ann Treherne Burton of Vere, Benjamin Dance Pusey, Gent of St Catherine, at St Catherine 3/9/1778, he was dead by 1791.

1773[588]: Ann Trahern Burton spinster of Vere for £50 sold to Olive Wint, free mulatto of Vere, 1 woman slave Prue.

1775[589]: Simon Booth planter of Vere for 5/- from Ann Treherne Burton spinster of Vere sold land called Robinsons 10 acres E on heirs of Lawrie, S&W on Kings High Rd, N on the Spring

1791[590]: This must refer to the slaves left to her by her father Thomas.
Ann Trahern Pusey widow of St Elizabeth: Whereas slave woman and ch "of" Thomas & Mary Burton descended to Ann Trahern Pusey, she agrees to sold the slave for 10/- to John Francis Burton, planter of St Elizabeth in trust to sold back the next day.
John Francis Burton From Ann Traham Pusey 1791 386 164 Feb-17 Next deed from above f163

Ann Treherne & Francis Burton sold slaves to Benjamin Powell 1800, book 477 missing.

Rose dau of Thomas Burton by Kelly, a slave of Benjamin Burton, born 7/1/1759, bap 28/3/1761, St Elizabeth PR.


Hannah Mendez

   Hannah Mendez was a negro woman, initially a slave, but free by 1755. The issue of Hannah Mendez are listed in the will of Thomas Burton, Benjamin’s brother; 3 were certainly by Thomas, Edward and Sampson at baptism, and James from a deed reference as Sampson’s brother but the fatherhood of the remainder is uncertain, but some might have been by Benjamin. From the fact that Thomas Burton deeded most of his brother’s land to Hannah Mendez and two of her sons, Francis & Nicholas, and confirmed their manumission, implies that they were by Benjamin, although, even with the morals of the time, this seems unlikely.
    In 1755, Thomas Burton of Vere planter sold to Hannah Mendez a free negro woman at Alligator Pond for 5/- each 2 slaves and to Thomas Burton mulatto son of Hannah Mendez a slave (ref under Thomas.)
    In 1767, Hannah Mendez a free negro woman, Nicholas Burton and Francis Burton free mulatto men all of St Elizabeth convey 146 acres to Francis Smith for £81-5s (see below for the full story of this land).
    Other researchers have also considered whether all her children were by Thomas or some by Benjamin[v]
Issue of Hannah Mendez, who would have been mulattos, baptised St Elizabeth where dates given:

A prossible son of Benjamin, maybe by Hannah as he was a mulatto:
A/1. Benjamin Burton,

appears as a mulatto in deeds in 1755 (the conveyance of 10 acres of Gaultier land) as junior to Ben senior and later as Benjamin snr: this individual could not have been either by Dorothy Rochester (a mulatto) or the son of Thomas by Mary Moore, both white.

A/2. Joseph, 1750

No father given, Joseph, b 17/1/1750, bap 23/12/1753 St Elizabeth
baptised the same day as Thomas Burton’s daughters Susanna & Mary.

A/3. Hannah, 1752

No father given, b 14/12/1752, bap 23/12/1753, baptised the same day as Thomas Burton’s daughters Susanna & Mary
3/1. John James Fannin, reputed son of James Fannin by Hannah Burton, b 27/8/1783, bap 12/1/1785, non white.

A/4. Mary. 1754

base dau of Hannah Mendez, b 25/10/1754, bap 24/3/1755.
no father quoted, St Elizabeth

A/5. Sampson, 1757

 “Sampson ye (blank - base?) son of T...s Burton & Hannah Mendlis, (birth date blanked out, but spacing of entry indicates it was the same year, 1757), bap 7 Aug 1757 St Elizabeth.
On line below & same date as Thomas Burton & his wife’s son John Francis.
1790[591] Sampson Burton free person of colour of St Elizabeth, to James Burton his brother of Vere, slaves to Sampson Burton’s children Thomas, Bonella & Ruth Burton.

Robertson shows S Burton on the west side of the road a mile or 2 south of Gutters and J Burton to the NE of Nain.

2/1. Thomas Burton, ch 19/2/1792 aged about 7½ reputed son of

Sampson Burton a free mulatto by Eve Clark free negro. B 24/7/1783.


Reputed (non white) children of Sampson Burton by Eve Clark ch St Elizabeth 28/10/1797:
Eve Clarke, ch St E 26/9/1788, free negro about 35.

2/2. Bonella Burton aged abt 10

Slave Comp St Elizabeth 726 £140 13S 10D [5]

2/3. Ruth Burton aged abt 7

A/6. Richard, 1760

Richard, base son of Hannah Mendez b 10/4/1760 ch 8/11/1761 St E no father quoted.

A/7. Edward, 1761

illegitimate son of Thomas Burton and Hannah Mendez, about 7 years of age. Bap btw April & August 1768, thus born abt 1761.


The following were in Thomas Burton’s will but there are no parish records of them.

A/1. Thomas, no Baptism recorded,

but he is mentioned with Hannah in a deed of 1755.
2/1. William Burton, issue with Elizabeth Holness.

3/1. Susan Mills Burton, issue with Manning Newell, descendant Phillip Burton[vi].

A/8. Nicholas Burton,

Could have been born as early as 1745, but probably nearer 1750
(in will manumission confirmation a boy alias Nicholas Burton 1763)
He was alive by 170 when he is mentioned in a deed with Hannah.

1768[592]: Joseph James Swaby gent sold to Nicholas Burton, a free mulatto carpenter 10 acres in St Elizabeth, part of a run of 430A patented to Robert Varney,  W on Kings Rd, S on Roger Wait, E on Mountains, N on Dunn, For life, no right to cut mahogany or other timber Also another deed to Sarah Witter, free mulatto on next line on same patent.

Illegitimate dau of Nicholas Burton & Sarah (no surname)(St E PR V1/30):
2/2. Johanna Marks Burton, ch 4/1768, abt 12 yrs old, born 1756.
The forgoing entry is difficult to relate to the others and this Nicholas
On the line before:
Illegitimate dau of Nicholas Burton & Catherine Neif:
2/1. Elizabeth Trehern Burton - born 1766 – ch 4/1768 2 yrs.

Mathew McPherson Mitchell, reputed son of Mathew Cowell Mitchell by Elizabeth Treherne Burton, a free quadroon, born 12/6/1795, ch St Elizabeth 23/10/1796.
She was listed in the March 1817 St Elizabeth givings in (Almanac figs) as having 150 acres, 4 slaves & 8 stock.
Nicholas Lewis Mitchell, b 25/12/1798, ch 27/11/1800 of ETB & MM.

Then later the following 2:
Illegitimate daus of Nicholas Burton & Catherine Neif
Ch St 18/9/1774, non white, reputed children of Nicholas Burton by Catherine Nief:
2/3. Lucy Burton - born Mar 1771
2/4. Ruth Burton - born Aug 1772

A/9. Francis Burton

will manumission confirms a boy alias Francis Burton 1763, could have been born as early as 1745, but probably nearer 1750.
He was alive by 1764 when he is mentioned in a deed with Hannah.

A/10. John Benjamin Burton,

B/1 Frances Turner Burton b 11/1798, bapt 27/11/1800, St E,

dau of John Benjamin Burton & Bonella Rochester. She had 7 slaves in 1820 in St Elizabeth.

A/11. George William Burton, baptised 23/9/1818 aged 76, born 1742.

St Elizabeth with many others as a free mulatto.
Guardian to Joseph Burton, an ancestor of Phillip Nicholas[vii]. My suggestion being that Joseph was the son of Joseph Burton (above)
shown in slave baptism of St Elizabeth
Will dated 17 April 1816, proved 17 June 1819. Free man of colour of St Elizabeth.
Reputed children of Sarah More (no father, but all in GWB’s will), who was baptised in St Elizabeth with all her issue except James 27/1/1800 when she was 55, Sarah was a negro, and the children were sambos; they all belonged to James Adlam.
Somewhere along the line, they must all have been freed,
2/1. James Burton
2/2. John Calash Burton, b 1779
2/3. Samuel Rose Burton, b 1781.
2/4. George Burton, b 1786.
2/5. William Burton, b 1788
2/6. Hannah Burton, b 1783.

3/1. James William Facey, bap, child of colour, St E 5/5/1816.

A/12. James Burton, from Thomas’s will.

Also mentioned in a deed of 1790 as Sampson’s brother, and by implication, son of Thomas Burton.
1794[593]: James Burton of Vere, free person of colour, sold a woman slave & her 7 children to Grace Powell free woman of colour of Kingston, Peggy Burton & Ann Elizabeth Burton, reputed daus of James Burton.
(Grace Powell, daughter of Benjamin Powell & Elizabeth Simpson, b abt 1768 – perhaps the same one?)

Children of James Burton:
A2/1. Deborah Burton, reputed dau of James Burton

by Sarah May, b 15/12/1771, ch St E 3/8/1773.

1806[594]: Deborah Burton Free WoC of Clarendon sold land in St Elizabeth to Robert Adamson Carpenter of St E for J£335: 300A N on James Fullerton, E on John J Boom, S on Charles Nicholas Pattinson esq W on U/S land. Rectangular plat.

1812[595] Will Deborah Burton free sambo of Clarendon. To dau Jane Rome free woman of colour of Cl Slave Juba & 2 ch. Son James Rome, dau Isabella Rome... Property legacies left by my father James Burton John Rome and Dorothy Manning
(DM dau of Bryan & Dorothy Manning, b Kingston 1769, ch 13/1/1770, Bryan & Dorothy Born? M Kingston 1760)

3/1. James Rome, ch Clarendon 22/1/1794, 3 years old of John jnr Rome & DB
3/2. Isabella Rome, ch 22/1/1794 10 months old
3/3. John Rome in index, but not found, page date 1795, LDS has John Room ch St James, 16/11/1791, mestee 7 mths old.

by Elizabeth Simpson:
A2/2. Ann Elizabeth Burton, b 26/12/1781, bap 7/8/1788 St E
A2/3.Peggy Burton, b 4/1780, ch 7/8/1788
A2/4. Eleanor Elizabeth Burton B 1797, ch 27/11/1800 St Elizabeth,

dau of James Burton & Elizabeth Simpson, free mulatto. She married John Morgan, 25/11/1817, Manchester, both free coloureds.

A deed of 1813[596] has, inter alia, Ann Elizabeth & Elizabeth Eleanor Burton selling 40 acres at bounding on Port Mahon, between Plowden & Cross Keys.
Children of James Burton free mulatto. no mother, St Elizabeth
A2/5. Mary Simpson Burton ch Vere, 15/9/1797.
A2/6. Hannah Burton ch Vere, 15/9/1797.


Unknown, but related Burtons of Aligator Pond:

In October 1803[597], Joseph Williams exec for Judith Price sold to Mathew Burton 1 slave for £100.
In October 1805[598], there were 3 deeds between Matthew Burton, Rose Price Burton, Dorothy Rochester (or Rose) Burton, dividing up about 265 acres into 3 parts, the land bounding N & NE on John Anderson. Who they were is not apparent.

Dorothy Rochester Burton, b, 9/4/1790 ch. 23/12/1794 St Elizabeth, of Jonathan Burton & Leah Brooks, non white.

6.3    Thomas & Benjamin Burton Lands Transactions

    Their father, Benjamin senior, sold most of the property he inherited in St John & St Thomas in the Vale, but there seem to be no extant records of what he acquired in St Elizabeth after moving there. His sons, Benjamin & Thomas seemed to have worked together and had interlinked land transactions, expecially as Thomas inherited Benjamin’s estate when the latter died intestate with no legitimate offspring. Thomas had legitimate issue who were granted lands to the east of Logwood, 3½ miles south of Gutters. Either he or his brother had 12 children by Hannah Mendez. Benjamin had 3 or 4 children by Dorothy Rochester, including Judith, out ancestor.
    John Hayle Sinclair, whose concubine was Judith, daughter of Benjamin, was one of Thomas’s executors which indicates the closeness of the relationship between JHS and the Burtons. It is probable that John Hayle Sinclair had a land close to or adjoining the later patents to Thomas’s sons.
    Thomas and Benjamin and their descendants owned a lot of land in the east of St Elizabeth & western Vere (depending where the boundary was). The main concentration was along the broad valley north from Alligator Pond up to where the road joins the Mandeville-Lacovia road at the botton of Spur Tree Hill. Between the brothers and their descendants, they owned at various times several thousand acres of pen land: there was a concentration around Mulatto Pen, which was owned by one John Anderson in 1812.
    There were several parcels of land in the Carpenter’s Mountains, one of which, and Anderson property, called Hillberry, is of interest because of the way it transferred between Benjamin, Thomas and the Hannah Mendez and her issue. It was at the base of Plowden Hill, NE of Alligator Pond. The land immediately north of Alligator Pond is good “bottom land”. In an action in 1820, Mulatto Pen was of only low value, so it may be taken that the Burton Land around it was of a similar low value.
    Several Estate maps show much of the Burton lands of the 2nd half of the 18thC:
Manchester 203 of the area around Alligator Pond shows some original 17thC grants to Stevens and Marks as well as the 1759 grant to Thomas. With another grant in 1761, Thomas owned 600 acres in what is now pretty rugged country, straddling the road down from Bull Savanna into Alligator Pond.
Manchester 201 shows the lands granted to Thomas’s sons to the east of Logwood, Mulatto Pen.
Manchester 76 was drawn to specify the way in which Alexander Sinclair’s land was split between his heirs in 1827. This map can be fixed accurately by the Gutters – Alligator Pond road; the “mountain land” to the south is undoubtedly the north western part of a grant to Benjamin (Thomas) in 1787. This fixes the postion of Manchester 201 (with a little adjustment to 201).

1754: BB 155 acres St Elizabeth
1754: TB St E 158, Clarendon 271, St. John 25, Total 454

Deeds etc:

1684: Stevens shown on B&K 1685 at Alligator Pond.

Indian Ground
1723[599]: Samuel Bevis for £10 sold to Thomas Burton 100 acres called the Indian Ground; both planters of St Elizabeth, the deed has no information on the actual location of this land.
1756[600]: Thomas Burton planter of Vere sold for J£30 to Thomas Durrant planter of St Elizabeth, land patented by Samuel Beeves, the whole 300 A 1st run 293A E on Thomas Chapman N on Jonathan Harrison, 2nd 7A situated in the Indian Ground N on rocky Mtn all other unsurveyed.

St Jago & St John:

1741[601]: Benjamin Burton jnr, a planter of Vere sold to Samuel Gabay of St Catherine for £30 28 ft of land facing the negro market in St Jago, inherited via his father, Benjamin snr (said to have died intestate: Benjamin Burton snr left a will in 1720) from William Hunt jnr, husband of Ann (Burton) Hunt. William Hunt jnr married to Ann Burton, dau of Francis Burton and sister of Benjamin snr.

1755 Deed[602]:
Thomas Burton of Vere to Richard Ragg of St Cat, Sale of Land for £50:
Wife Mary, late Mary Moore one of the daus of John Moore of St Catherine, planter. Land in St John’s 51 acres in John Moore’s will 1/5/1723 split between daus Margaret & Mary, bounding on Wm Brice and Alger Pestell.
Richard Ragg is thought to have been married in 1726 to Thomas’s cousin, Mary Burton, daughter of Nicholas Burton.

Carpenters Mountains & Hillberry Land, 146 acres:
Benjamin bought 146A of land from Zacharia Gualtier which, on his death, went to his brother Thomas, then Hannah Mendez and her children:

146 Acres near Hilberry, St Elizabeth:
1728[603]: Benjamin Burton snr bought 146 acres from Zacharia Gualtier and his wife Mary, planter of St Elizabeth, which had been patented by Thomas Anderson in 1719[604] in the Alligator Pond Mountains, near, probably to the east of, Plowden Hill; it was called Mamme Gully in the 1761 deed. From the patent, “146 acres of land near a place called Hilberry in St Elizabeth bounded North on Capt Richard Marks Easterly on Captain Richard Stoner, west on land of Jonathan Harrison, south on waste land”.
     The first deed leased it to Benjamin on a peppercorn rent for 1 year. A second deed on the same page, dated a day later, decribes the land as patented by Thomas Anderson 3/10/1719 & sold to Joseph Cromer & Martha 13/7/1720, who sold it to Zachariah Gualtier. Zachariah Gualtier sold it Benjamin Burton for £78, with Benjamin Burton in actual possession. The land was part of a patent to Thomas Anderson in 1719 in 3 parcels, 2 of which are shown in Manchester 257 but this parcel is not shown on estate maps. The leeward road is shown on the patent is assumed to be the road from Alligator Pond eastwards past Plowden Hill and Cross Keys, if so there are few places where this road can fit. Craskell has Burton & Gualtier on the road from 16 Mile Gully to Alligator Pond, East of Plowden Hill, which puts this parcel of land as on Plate 23.

    This land passed to brother Thomas when Benjamin died intestate, who gifted it to Hannah Mendez and sons, who then sold it to Francis Smith.
    Manchester 252, 253 & 303 may refer.
1761[605]: Thomas conveyed for £10 to Hannah Mendez, a free negro of St Elizabeth (on behalf of Nicholas, Francis, John, Benjamin, George, William, James, Joseph, Sampson, & Richard and daughters Hannah & Mary, all [free] mulattos) three pieces of land, one of which was:
146A in Carpenters Mountains “called Mamme gully Near Plowden Hill” W on Francis Smith of Vere S on land patented by Jonathan Harrison E on heirs of Zacharia Gualtier N land patented by Nicholas Coleman 1/3 for her life and afterwards to Nicholas & Francis, the remaining 2/3 to Nicholas & Francis.
    In 1767[606], Hannah Mendez, Nicholas and Francis Burton conveyed the 146 acres to Francis Smith for £81-5s. My transcription has Thomas conveying it to Mendez on 17th December 1760, while other notes have the deed as 1761.

35 acres from Zacharia Gualtier
1730: Benjamin, date unkown, bought 35A from Zacharia Gualtier (exec of Harrison) probably close to this 146 acres.
1755[607]: Benjamin Burton snr of St Elizabeth planter sold to Benjamin Burton jnr & John Burton free mulattoes for 5/- 10 acres part of 35A bought from Zachary Gaultier exec of Jonathan Harrison E on Francis Smith (formerly Anthony Storers) N on John Ives, SW on residue 25A.
Probably sons of Hannah Mendez, although Benjamin does not appear in the will of Thomas.
This land must have been very close to or part of the 146 acres acquired in 1728.
1776[608]: Benjamin Burton snr of St Elizabeth planter (prob son of Thomas Burton) for 5/- from Margaret Simpson free quadroon woman sells: All that remaining part of land purchased from Zachary Gualtier only exec of Jonathan Harrison dcd E on Francis Smith (formerly Anthony Stories) N John Turo S & W and the residue etc being 25 acres purchased from Zachary Gualtier

Canoe Valley:
1741[609]: Thomas Burton & his wife Mary of Vere, planter, sold to Francis Treherne of Vere, planter, for 5/- 250 acres being ½ of a lot of 500 acre patented by Richards Marks in Vere Carpenters Mountains known as Canoe Valley & 20 slaves. This was a deed of trust for 1 day, reversed the following day, being sold to Thomas only. when it was Francis Treherne and Amy his wife, gentleman of St Catherine. This was often done as a mean of breaking some sort of restriction originating from a marriage or inheritance. There is no indication found how Thomas came into possession of this land: perhaps it came via his wife Mary Moore, shared with her sister from their father. Plate 25

Probably the plat 2/18F321 to Richard Marks, 450 acres Canoe Valley, between Alligator Pond & Milk River on the coast road). The plat is positioned from Manchester 257, the northern boundary shows a striking similarity to the 1250 ft contour, so was probably along the slope on a roughly level plane. The western end of the southern boundary may be visible on satellite: it looks as though it is still productive land, reasonably flat and cultivable.
Thomas Burton was a neighbour of Richard Marks patent of 1708 to the north of Alligator Pond – this does not look to be the same.

Alligator Pond:
These lands appear on Manchester 203 map: Plate 26
This has been scaled to fit the 300 acre patents.

From these deeds, the Burtons acquired some land around Alligator Pond in the early 18thC, but there are no extant records showing this: in this period, particularly the 1730’s many of the deed copy volumes are not available. Thomas and Mary owned ½ of the 150 acres patented by Nicholas Stevens, possibly via inheritance from Mary’s father: the other half would therefore have been her sister’s. The eastern boundary of 1759 patent to Thomas implied that he then owned the Marks patent by then; a deed in 1741 where Benjamin sold some land on the Marks patent at Alligator pond shows that Benjamin also owned some of this patent. Maybe their father, Benjamin acquired it.

1741[610]: Benjamin sold to Elizabeth Bradford of St Elizabeth 19 slaves and 3 parcels of land for £10:
15 acres at Alligator Pond and 12 acres on the rocks in the same place, on land of Capt Richard Marks dcd 10 acres in Rocky Valley lying on Beckford and Gale.

1750[611]:  Benjamin Burton, Thomas Burton & his wife Mary of Vere, sold to James Powell planter of Vere, 50 acres.

1753[612]: Thomas Burton & his wife, Mary, sold to Francis Smith 75 acres at Alligator Pond being ½ of a patent for 150 acres to Nicholas Stephens & 12 slaves, and the following day Francis sold it back to Thomas Burton only for 5/-.
1769[613]: Benjamin Burton (jnr) & Mary Burton, his mother planter, sold to John Anderson esq, all of St Elizabeth, for £220 74A at Alligator Pond part of 2 runs patented by Nick Stevens. NW of James Mcduff, SW on John Anderson, S on Alligator Pond & Simon Facey, E on Francis Smith and part George Brown. This is shown on Robertson and Manchester 203.

The Patented Land at Alligator Pond:
Thomas was granted two adjacent 300 acre parcels of land:
1759[614] Patent 300 acres St Elizabeth.
1761[615] Patent 300 acres in St Elizabeth, Alligator Pond, This patent north bounds on land already patented by Thomas Burton and is shown on estate map Manchester 203.
Thomas then gave these lands to Hannah Mendez and her children very soon after the grant:
1761[616]: 300 acres at Alligator Pond Rocks,
1/3 of the southern 300 acres patent at Alligator Pond Rocks to Hannah Mendez for her life and after to her daughters Hannah & Mary, the remaining 2/3 to her sons.
The northern 300 Acre patent at Alligator Pond Bay he gave to all his sons, Nicholas, Francis, John, Benjamin, George, William, James, Joseph, Sampson, & Richard.

Plate 24

Carpenters Mountains
1741[617]: Joseph Creemer carpenter of Vere & his wife Mary sold to Benjamin & Thomas Burton of Vere for 5/- 40 acres in Vere Carpenters Mountains NE on deep Gully W the other part of the same land SW pat by James Powell, S & NE on William Dunbar. Creemer was probably a trustee. Creemer appears on Manchester 257 estate map in the Carpenter’s Mountains. James Powell 1707 Plat 18F358. in Sta Cruz Mtns

1750 Deed[618]: Benjamin Burton & Thomas Burton & his wife Mary planters of Vere sold to James Powell 50 acres. Where was this? Prob sold to the brothers in 1741 by Joseph Creemer, although there is a difference in area (40 becomes 50).

1752[619]: George Raxstead jnr of St Elizabeth sold to Thomas Burton of Vere planter for £35 land above Ashes Valley in St Elizabeth 300A NW deep rocky gully, NW on heirs of George Brooks esq dcd and all other sides prop unknown.
Raxstead appears in Browne well NNE of Gutters, but this seems to be too far away, and no Brookes’s seem to be there.

1763: TB of St E dies.

1765[620]: indenture btw John Hayle Sinclair of St E planter, of 1st part and
Judith, Thomas, Francis Burton and Sophronia Sinclair of St E
Witnesses that John Hayle Sinclair for divers good causes and valuable consideration .. but especially in consideration of
J£81 from Judith Burton
J£150 from Thomas Burton
J£48 from Francis Burton
J£50 from Sophronia Sinclair
John Hayle Sinclair gives:
Judith Burton 2 negro girl slaves Beatrice and Fanny
Thomas Burton 2 negro slaves Toney and Maria and also 10 acres of land in Alligator Pond Savannah being part of 350 acres of land conveyed to me by Thomas Durrant ... in and about the place he now dwelleth on
Also to Thomas Burton one negro girl slave named John
to Sophronia Sinclair one negro girl slave named Mary Ann

1770: BB & mother Mary sold 74 acres Alligator Pond.

Mulatto Pen/Prospect

    At some stage, Thomas acquired 500 acres patented by Nicholas Stevens in the Mulatto Pen, Manatee Valley area. As it does not appear on M201, it was probably more out in the valley, at a place delightfully called by Craskell “Labour in Vain Savanna”, called Manatee valley in 1684, but later became Essex Valley. Thomas’s widow, Mary and their (eldest) son Benjamin sold half of this land to Richard Huggins Read in 1769[621] for £450.
The fate of the other half is not clear.
Mulatto Pen: maybe a great house on satellite at N77º58’44.6” W77º34’08.3”

    Benjamin and Thomas Christopher, sons of Thomas Burton were granted lands about 4 miles SE of Gutters, around Mulatto Pen; an estate plan, Manchester 201, shows those of Benjamin and Thomas Christopher. A slightly later grant to Zacharia Burton fits well on the NE boundary; Zacharia’s relationship with the others is not known, but he may well have been a son of Benjamin by Dorothy Rchester. Thomas almost immediately sold half of his grant. The 3rd son, John Francis had a patent slightly further west about the same time, and he also is shown as to the south of Benjamin’s 1788 patent; both locations appear on Robertson’s map.

    In January 1784, Thomas Christopher Burton patented 300 acres, on the west side of the May Day mountains. The patent/plat has not been found, but it is shown on Manchester 201 where the area was quoted as 300 acres, but when drawn to scale (using Benjamin’s dimensioned patent), is about 520 acres. If, as is implied by the deed, the northern slice was owned by Benjamin, the remainder, which is the same shape as the deed plat, would have been the original grant, nominally 300 acres, but measured as about 350 (the nominal areas of the grants were often at variance with the actual area, one of the reasons for the resurveys on the estate maps).
     In a deed[622] in March 1784, Thomas Burton & his wife Rachell of St Catherine sold for ever to Joseph Williams of St Elizabeth for £50J 200 acres of land on W side of May Day Mountains in St Elizabeth, part of run patented by Thomas Christopher Burton in January of that year. On Manchester 201, Joseph Williams is shown as having 25 acres on Benjamin’s patent, which he bought from Benjamin in 1786 (a date which appears to predate the patent).

      In 1788[623] Benjamin (son of Thomas) patented 300 acres in the May Day Mountains (East of Mulatto Pen), E on Thos Christopher Burton, S on Jno Frs Burton, SW Road to Barrs Crawl & Rocky Mtns, NW & NE unknown. Shown on Manchester 201. It was known as Mount Elletson. He subsequently sold off about half of this land, and 2 other small parts:

1788[624]: Benjamin Burton sold to Joseph Williams, a free black man, for 5/- for 25A near Mount Elliston, being part of a patent by Benjamin Burton: this is marked in pencil on M201.
This was part of the combined patents shown on Manchester 201 map.

1797[625]: Benjamin sold to (Hon) Joseph James Swaby esq for J£50 land near Mulatto Pen 100 acres being part of a run patented by Benjamin Burton SW on Nick Stevens NW by Hon JJ Swaby, all other sides pat by Benjamin Burton. On NW corner of Manchester 201. This parcel of land appears on Manchester 76 showing the distribution of Alexander Sinclair’s land to his heirs, but there is no conveyance to Sinclair found so far.

1803[626] 120 acres in the May Day mountains, known as Mount Elliston, part of 300 acres patented by Benjamin sold for J£100 by Benjamin to Hannah Powell, Elizabeth Burton, Mary Burton, Francis Treherne Burton, and Susanna Turner Burton, Sarah Burton, Hannah Powell Burton, Benjamin Burton, and Elisha Powell Burton of St Elizabeth people of colour. This was the NE arm of the original patent.

By this time, Benjamin only had a small area of his original patent left, but it seems as though he had a slice of Thomas Christopher’s land, on which Benjamin’s house is marked on M201.

The third brother, John Francis, was granted 300 acres in 1790, but seems to have owned land on the south side of Benjamin’s patent: this must be the land shown on Robertson, to the east of the Alligator Pond/gutters road.
1794[627]: John Francis Burton, planter of St Elizabeth, for £3 sold to Joseph Williams, Black Man of St Elizabeth, 1.75A of land part of run patented by Benjamin Booth, some text msg.

A deed in 1809[628] where John Francis gave (for 10/-) 5 acres in the Carpenters Mountains to Ann, William More, Thomas Jno, Jno Thomas, Edward Francis, Joseph James, Elizabeth Lockhart, Jane More & Henry Burton, the mother Ann and his children by her.

1790[629]: John Francis, was granted 300 acres near Spanish Quarters on the road from there to Mulatto Pen. Robertson shows J Burton on the west side of the road a mile or 2 south of Gutters and J Burton to the NE of Nain. Spanish Quarters in Lidell 1888 was NE of Nain, and Mulatto Pen on the eastern side of the Alligator Pond-Gutters road. The roads do not align well with the modern ones, either on the plat or the estate map of 1811.

1800[630]: Frances Burton spinster, Ann Treherne Burton spinster, Judith Powell spinster, Benjamin Powell jnr free man of colour of St Elizabeth of 1st pt & John Burton of St Elizabeth, Planter 2nd Pt. 1st pt sold to 2nd pt for £200 94.5 acres in May Day mountains in St Elizabeth - refers to plat but it is not there!

1807[631]: John Burton planter of St E for J£500 from Richard Ashman OTP surgeon sold 400 A in May Day Mtns N on Daniel Rome E on Bryan Connor N & W unknown. It is assumed that this is John Francis.

Zacharia Burton:

Zacharia was granted 300 acres adjoining Benjamin’s 1788 patent to the NE. He appears in the Almamacs with about 25 slaves at Lucky Valley which on Liddell corresponds with the patent. From 1826, a Zacharia Burton was at Fustic Grove: this is on the Westmoreland/St Elizabeth border, to the NE of Scotts Cove and seems to have been a small property with only about 6 slaves.


The cadastral map of west central St Elizabeth shows Burton’s Pen (180A) & Burtons Mountain (360A) on the east side of the road from Lacovia south, with a note that they belong to Kilburn, with dates around 1730: Robertson has Kilburns in this postion. These are shown on Liddell, but Craskel has nothing marked there. A guess is that this is where Benjamin Burton, son of Francis first took up residence in St Elizabeth.

Robertson shows:
J Burton:

on the west of the Gutters-Alligator Pen Road: this is probably the grant to Jno Ch Burton in 1790. The plat shows the road from Spanish Quarters to Mulatto Pen to the south. Spanish Quarters on Liddell is NE of Nain. This may be Claremont on Liddell.


just south of Blakes (Pen on Liddell), east of Downs, but Matthew Burton at Blakes Pen on Almanacs, but Blakes & Burton on Robbo shown as 2 places.

Z Burton:

east of Mulatto Pen – Lucky Valley on Liddell & Almanacs, 1811, lucky Valley Daniel Austin

J Burton: SW of Lucky Valley, E of Mulatto Pen.

W Burton,)
Sampson, ) in the rough position of the 146 acres east of Plowden hill
J Burton )
1815: James Burton, estate of, Plowden, Vere

Estate Plan at Oldbury (btw Mandeville and Guttters) shows sons Benjamin, Thomas Christopher & John Francis - Manchester 201.

1817 Clarendon: Chisholme, James, attorney, Trout Hall, 252/154
...Same, Mammee Gully, 24

6.4    BENJAMIN BURTON - 1703


Ch 23/3/1703 St Catherine, of Benjamin & Elbetha Burton.
Probably ”Benn” in Judith’s will who was left 6 spoons to share with his brother, Thomas.
Issue by Dorothy Rochester:
1/1. Judith Burton
1/2. Ruth Burton
1/3. Susanna Burton
1/4. John Burton
1/5. Elizabeth Burton

    His early life was probably on some of the lands from his grand-father, Francis and he retained connections in the area: Judith, John and Elizabeth were baptised togther in Clarendon in 1734. Later, he was variously described as of St Elizabeth and of Vere: his lands were in the area which changed from St Elizabeth to Vere in 1739. Benjamin was a relatively small landholder, with 155 acres in St Elizabeth in 1754. He probably inherited some from his father, but his main holding was 146 acres in the Alligator Pond Mountains, bought in 1728 from Zacharia Gualtier, originally patented by Thomas Anderson; its exact postion is speculative, but probably NE of Plowden Hill at Cross Keys. The boundary between St Elizabeth and Vere was moved substantially west in 1739 by Act of assembly; this would make the 146 acres firstly in St Elizabeth and then in Vere, so this may have been his only substantial holding. He may have had a little land around Alligator Pond as well from some deeds, probably from his father. He seemd to have been rather less successful than his brother, Thomas; Thomas’s sons carried on from their father in acquiring land in the general Alligator Pond area.
    There is no record of his having been married or having any legitimate issue, but he had children by Dorothy Rochester baptised in St Elizabeth in the early 1730’s. He may also have had issue by Hannah Mendez, whose children are listed in his brother Thomas’s will. Thomas Burton, having inherited Benjamin’s estate by intestacy, gave the 146 acres of Benjamin’s land to Hannah and confirmed the manumission of her and her sons, Nicholas & Francis, referred to as boys in 1763 making the relationship between Hannah & Benjamin probable. It would seem possible that Nicholas & Francis at least were sons of Benjamin by Hannah Mendez, and the the remainder were by Thomas, although only Edward is specifically named as Thomas’s son, born at or soon after Benjamin’s death. There is some doubt about Sampson’s father in that most of the word has been rubbed out.
    Benjamin probably died about 1761, intestate. In this case, his assets devolved onto his brother, Thomas: the deed of 1767 states that Thomas granted the 146 acres to Hannah Mendez in December 1761, giving a latest death date.
    Benjamin and his brother Thomas seem to have worked together as there are several mentions of Thomas & Mary and Benjamin in deeds implicitly as partners. There was also a case in Chancery, basically between Peter Sinclair and Robert Wright over unpaid debts by John to Robert (probably wages amongst other things). Involved in this was a debt by the Burton brothers, which may or may not have been paid by John; maybe this was part of a wider disagreement between the Sinclairs and Burtons, which might help to explain the evident spilt between John Hayle Sinclair and the rest of his family as mentioned in his will.

The following deeds refer to land on the south coast between Milk River and Alligator Pond.
Thomas Burton has a couple of deeds “bed & breakfasting” land in a similar area in 1741.

A debtor with Thomas in Robert Wright’s will of 1749 (son of Andrew)
This debt mentioned in a suit in Chancery with Petere Sinclair in 1743

Other Deeds:
1730 Deed[633] Deed: Benjamin & Thomas Burton of St Elizabeth gave a negro boy to Judith Burton spinster of St Elizabeth. If she died the negro to Benjamin Burton, a minor. If both died, negro to the issue of Dorothy Rochester.
This must refer to Benjamin & his brother Thomas, both of whom were by this time of St Elizabeth. Judith here appears to be of full age, the same generation as Benjamin & Thomas, so who she was is open to question,
but not the concubine of JH Sinclair.
Benjamin minor was probably son of Thomas. The mention of the heirs of Dorothy Rochester implies that at least some of Benjamin snr’s issue by her were already born and that this Judith was Benjamin’s daughter by Dorothy.

1741: BB of Vere sold 15A and slaves at Alligator Pond to Elizabeth Bradford
1741: BB of Vere sold Hunt land in St Jago.
The deed seems to be incorrect in that Benjamin Burton snr left a will in 1720. This does refer to Benjamin born 1703, the snr & jnr differentiate in the text between father and son.
1741: BB & TB buys 40 A in Carp Mtns from Creamer, part of Powell Land.

1747 Manumission[634]: Benjamin & Thomas Burton, of Vere, planters, manumit boy Tom son of negro woman Qualinor?? Property of Benjamin.

1749: In a case in Chancery (see under John Sinclair), Peter Sinclair, John’s brother, was sued by Robert Wright for money’s owed. Part of the argument covered an amount owed by Robert Wright as overseer to John Sinclair: there was dispute over whether the Burtons accepted 2 horses in settlement of this debt.
It appears that Peter Sinclair settled with the Burtons and then claimed on John.
It would seem that the Burtons were either working for John Sinclair or had sold him goods, which had not been paid for. Perhaps this was part of a more extensive dispute between the Sinclairs and Burtons, with Robert Wright caught between.

1750 Deed[635]: Benjamin Burton gave 1 Negro to reputed daughter Elbeaton Burton
This is probably this Benjamin. (probably the daughter of Dorothy Rochester)

1750: BB & TB sold to Powell 50 A in Vere

1750 Deed[636]: Thomas & Mary Burton to Benjamin Burton gift of slaves.

1754: Benjamin Burton owned 155 acres in St Elizabeth.

1754[637]: Benjamin Burton sold John MacDonald 1 woman slave £55

1755: BB snr of St E sold 10A of Harrison land bt from Z Gaultier.

Administration, maybe him with Powell connection with son, although looks very late for Ben’s death about 1761.
15/90 1/11/1770 Benjamin Burton by Benjamin Powell
Benjamin Burton, planter late of Vere & Benjamin Powell, principal creditor, planter of St E.
48/219, Ent 11/3/1771 Benjamin Burton of Vere planter by Benjamin Benet of Vere 1 negro man £40, 1 girl, £60, 4 mares. 1 old mare 2 colts old furniture £138.

Dorothy Rochester

    Dorothy Rochester was a mulatto concubine of Benjamin Burton, two deeds of about 1790 refer to her children and grandchildren. Her will has not been found (2/2017). From a 1730 deed 83/78-83, some or all of her children were born before June 1730: a later deed 380/46 of 1790 clarifies the first 3 daughters and their issue living at the time by reference to Dorothy’s will. There is no sign of whence Dorothy Rochester came, no will or inventory found (2/17).
    There was a William Rochester who left a will in 1711[638] with Aligator Pond 50A Also 160A at Wally Wash in St E: this is close to where the Burtons & Dorothy were living. Although there is no mention of Dorothy in his will, it is likely that he was her father.

An ancestry tree has Dorothy born 1700, daughter of William Rochester (1690-1759) and Frances Rookes, both London born and white. Therefore Dorothy as a mulatto could not be their daughter. The birth date of 1700 is possible, although a bit early. See under Zacharia below.

William Rochester, son of William & Ann Ch St C 23/1/1797-8

1754: Dorothy R owned 39 acres and Nicholas 37 acres in St Elizabeth.
Also, Ruth Rochester, b abt 11/1755, ch St E 25/12/1756, dau of Ann Rochester.
1755: An Inenture Between Nicholas Rochesster & wife Mary free mulatto of St E & Dorothy Rochester free mulatto of St E. for 5/- and several other sums of money £400 recd from Dorothy Rochester by Nicholas Rochester Nicholas give Dorothy 14 slaves 3 Riding hosres and 7 working steers.[639]
Were Nicholas & Dorothy siblings? Both mulatto’s.

Ruth Burton, free woman of colour

John Swaby
Benjamin Powell
James Powell
Ann Rochester (Ann R natural dau of Ruth R free mulatto ch Cl 4/6/1737)
See will below, may be this Ann.
Judith Powell, free quadroon, d bef 1788

Hannah Woodcock, free mustee
Elizabeth Woodcock, from Susannah Burton’s will.

Judith Burton, free woman of colour.

Nicholas Sinclair
Alexander Sinclair
James Sinclair
Edward Sinclair
Joseph Sinclair
Ruth Sinclair, mustee
Sarah Sinclair

Susanna Burton, d bef 1788 will 1786 of Kingston?

Issue of Benjamin Burton by Dorothy Rochester, mulatto, the children therefore quadroons, ch Clarendon:

1/1. Judith Burton ch as Ann Judy Twier Burton, Clarendon 4/4/1734.

She is specifically mentioned in the deed of 1790 as Ruth’s mother and daughter of Dorothy Rochester. As her daughter, Ruth Sinclair, was a mestice, Judith must have been a quadroon. This fits.
No sign of Twier name – it may well have been a transcription error. See under John Hayle Sinclair and Judith Burton for more on her.
There were several entries in St Catherine, late 17thC & early 18thC for Twiner: this could be a misprint for Twier, or the other way round; even so, there is no indication of any connection. Her will was proved 1822.
From 380/46.
2/1. Nicholas Sinclair
2/2. Alexander Sinclair
2/3. James Sinclair,
2/4. Edward Sinclair
2/5. Joseph Sinclair
2/6. Ruth Sinclair

1/2. Ruth Burton, of St Elizabeth, free woman of colour, deed 380/46 issue:

1788[640]: Ruth Burton, free woman of colour of St Elizabeth, sold John Swaby for £70 1 slave. She was deceased by 1812 (Hon JJS Will)
The following 4 were listed in the deed 380F46 of 1790 as children of Ruth Burton, surnamed Swaby:
2/1. John Swaby. A John Swaby, son of Ruth Burton in JJS’s will. 380/46.
2/2. Joseph Swaby, son of Ruth,

father not named but probably Joseph James Swaby, see below.

2/3 Benjamin Powell, maybe bapt Vere 30/11/1761, child but no parents.

1791[641]: Olive Wint of Vere free Woman of Colour sold Benjamin Powell jnr of St E free Man of Colour 1 negro for J£52. 380/46.
Issue by Diana Witter:
3/1. Dorothy WITTER as a Mixed Heritage Disabled Blind Owner, born 15 Apr 1774, and baptised 18 September 1774 in St. Elizabeth, Jamaica, the daughter of Benjamin POWELL and Diana WITTER. She was a spinster.

2/4 Ann Rochester. Re Deed 380/46.
2/5 Judith Powell died bef 1788, free quadroon, 380/46.

as Hannah Woodcock was consistently described as a free mustee, it is probable that either Mr Woodcock or her father Powell was a man of colour. There is little doubt that the following are the correct descendants of Judith. There are also children in Kingston born early 1780’s, of Judith Powell, free mustee by Moses Benson, but they are probably not this Judith but a later generation.

1786[642]: This probably relates to our Judith, but the Susanna is probably not of our family, in spite of the St Elizabeth connection: Susanna Burton lately of St Andrew now of St Elizabeth, Spinster, sold to Judith Powell of Kingston for £140 ½ of 2/3 of 175 acres in St George on the Ginger River & ½ of 2/3 of 75 acres in  St Andrew on Wag Water river & Ginger River & ditto of 50 acres in St George on Wag Water R.

3/1. Hannah Woodcock, of Kingston in 1790, 380/46.

free mustee in deed and in Mary & Lucy’s baptism,
Issue all at Kingston:
4/1. Mary Dennis, dau of Francis Dennis,

by HW, b 24/9/1781, ch 28/7/1783.

4/2. Lucy Dunston, dau of George Pinnock Dunston

by “the above HW”, b 2/7/1783, ch 28/7/1783.

4/3. George Dunston, bt George D. b 2/10/1785, ch 31/7/1787
By William Daggers, HW free mustee:
4/4. Judith Daggers, b 5/1/1789, ch 26/5/1791
4/5. Hannah Daggers, HW free mustee B 24/4/1791, ch 26/8/1791
4/6. Mary Daggers, free mustee b 12/8/1793, ch 23/11/1793
4/7. William Daggers, b 25/9/1796, ch 4/10/1797
by Thomas Blease:
4/8. John Blease, b 4/11/1801, ch 1/2/1802
4/9. Ann Blease,  b 2/12/1803, ch 2/3/1804

3/2. Elizabeth Woodcock

Issue of James Bowman by Elizabeth Woodcock, Bap Kingston.
4/1. William Bowman, b 18/9/1794, ch 8/12/1794.
4/2. Edward Bowman, b 28/08/1797, ch 17/11/1797
4/3. John Bownam, B 9/8/1800, ch 9/3/1801
4/4. George Bowman b 20/2/1803, bap 22/4/1805.

Children of Ruth Burton almost certainly by Hon JJ Swaby.

2/1. Joseph Swaby - born 16 Mar 1755, ch St E 22/4/1759

no father, but likely to be Joseph James Swaby. No further information. The Joseph James Swaby named in JJS’s will was born not earlier that 1786, so is not this one, who probably died early.

2/2. John Swaby,

son of Joseph James Swaby by Ruth Burton (ref JJS will) & deed 380/46, 1788,
B abt 1758, bur 17/11/1825 Manchester (Jam PR) aged 67. His son, James, was probably Francis Maitland’s executor in 1824.
Married Frances King, free mulatto.
3/1. James Swaby, b 1798, married Elizabeth Sutton

Granted Rights & Privileges of whites, 1823. A source refers to him as mulatto, but no certainty.

3/2. Ruth Swaby, 1791-1853, married Thomas Oxley
3/3. George Swaby, MD, 1800-1859

married 1822, Scarborough, Ann Robertson, 1804-1887
Ann dau of John & Caroline (Swaby) Robertson – Caroline dau of JJS by his wife, Ann Wilson
4/1. John William Swaby, 1830-1854, married 1851 Hammersmith Everilda Jane Hamer

2/3. Elizabeth Swaby b. abt. 1760, ch. 1767, St. Mary, Rotherhithe

1/3. Susanna Burton, Buried Kingston 9/12/1786.

was this her baptised 26/7/1718, dau of Benjamin Burton?
1761[643]: Edward Bendall, merchant of Kingston, sold Susanna Burton, spinster of St Elizabeth, a slave for £50.

Will[644]: Susanna Burton now of Kingston, late of St Andrew free mulatto. 5 slaves to kind and affectionate niece Judith Powell of Kingston spinster, after her decease to g/nieces Hannah & Elizabeth Woodock. Judith Powell sole exec.
Inventory 71/31, difficult to read:
June 1787 Susanna Burton, late of Kingston, free mulatto by Judith Powell I beahfit? Old 1 Stool? 4 chairs 1 small table 6 china plates parcel of old clothes £*/7/6

1/4. John Burton, ch Clarendon 4/4/1734PR.
1/5. Elizabeth Burton, ch Clarendon 4/4/1734PR.

Given a negro by her father 1750

1/4. Zachary Burton – a strong possibility to be a 4th child

as he called his children by 2nd name Rochester:

Zachary Burton To JJ Swaby – 1813[645]. Zachary Burton planter of St Elizabeth 1st pt Joseph James Swaby  of St Elizabeth esq. Doubts and disputes btw Zachary Burton & Joseph James Swaby in respect to the title of slaves named after. They agree to split the slaves and to agree the title of 7 slaves to Zachary Burton and Zachary Burton assigns 12 slaves to Joseph James Swaby.

Zacharia Burton To Jos Jas Swaby - 1815.
651/212 Feb-18 Date 20/5/1814. Zacharia Burton the elder a free MoC of St E for £16 from Joseph James Swaby for 8 acres near the Gutters  hereto for belonging to William Burton on all sides Joseph James Swaby. Phot 1455 12/2

1789 granted[646] 300 acres in the May Day Mountains in St Elizabeth, SE on patent of Benjamin Burton and Thomas Christopher Burton, NW on land patented by John Swaby, and all other sides unkonwn.

Either he or more probably his son was listed on the Almanacs at Lucky Valley, St Elizabeth (to the SW of Nain on Liddell in the middle of the Essex Valley), first appearing in 1812 until 1825 and then at Fustic Grove, to the NW of Font Hill, west of Black River.

Ancestry Tree has Hannah the daughter of William Rochester and Frances or Mary Rookes, both London born and therefore almost certainly white Therefore Hannah, a slave, mother of Zacharia’s children cannot be Hannah Rochester, dau of William & Frances.
Ch at St Elizabeth:
2/1. Sarah Rochester Burton, dau of Zachary Burton & Hannah a slave,

ch St E btw April & Aug 1768, aged abt 4PR.
A Possibility:
Sarah Burton To Philip Pinnock – 1794

420/66 Feb-17 Date 3/1/1794 ent 17/5/1794
Sarah Burton, woman of colour of Kingston, sold to Philip Pinnock, planter of Westmoreland,  for £200 2 slaves.

2/2. Bonella Rochester Burton dau of Zachary Burton & Hannah a slave,

ch St E btw April & Aug 1768, aged abt 3PR.

There are deed references to Zacharia the elder, so these look like the issue of his son, Zacharia:
The reputed children of Zachary Burton (looks a bit like Burtoa in 19thC transcript, but must be Burton) by Nanny a negro belonging to Ruth Burton the children freed, ch 26/9/1788 – no birth date given:
2/3. John Rochester Burton. Ch 26/9/1788 St Elizabeth.
2/4. Joseph Rochester Burton. Ch 26/9/1788 St Elizabeth.
2/5. Zachary Burton, no parents given.

Ch St Elizabeth, Oct 14, 1787, aged 11, free Sambo.

William Rochester, son of William & Ann, ch 23 January 1697, Clarendon.
Ann, dau of Ruth Rochester, ch 4/6/1737, Clarendon
Ruth, dau of Ann Rochester, ch 26/12/1756, St E.
Also ch 26/9/1788 Mary Rochester, free negro.
Mary Ann Rochester, b 1/4/1786, ch 27/11/1800, free quadroonPR. She married? Simpson, and produced a daughter, Dorothy who married Joseph Edward Burton.

Will of Ann Rochester: Date 28/9/1821, ent 6/6/1822 of St E. Son Nicholas Bent, Dau Elizabeth Bent, son Stephen Bent, son Joseph Bent, son John Benjaim Bent all 5 slaves. Racly Ebanks. G/sons Albert & ??? Ebanks. To all children 300 acres part of a run known as Tophill. Grandson George Facey Bent. Nicholas, Anne & William Bent ch St E, 8 Nov 1761, base ch of Ann.
Also Benjamin (5), Henry (3), & Stephen (2) illeg sons of John Bent & Agnes Rochester ch July 1770, St E
Elizabeth Bent, quadroon dau of John Bent & Ann Rochester, b 28/3/1781, ch 20/8/1807.
Albert Bent (Ebanks), quadroon, lawful son of Albert Ebanks & Ann his wife, b 14/4/1785, ch 20/8/1807.
Susannah Eleanor Bent, quadroon, born 14/4/1785, dau of Joh  Bent and Ann Register, ch 20/8/1807.
Baps at “Mr Bent’s” Pedro Plains. 20/8/1807. Ref quadroons issue of Stephen Bent & & Debby McDonald, b1791-1803. Ref issue of Nicholas Bent & Sarah Powell b 1793-1806. Also Parchments (St E f129).

Unknown Burton

Mary Booth Burton, dau of Susaanna Masden, ch Vere, 27/7/1769.
Sarah the property of S Burton bap St E April-Aug 1768 abt 30 years of age.

Melsia's post (from ancestry tree re Mark Chang, 11/2023, Dr Melsia Tomlin-Kraftner)

Another puzzle for us to resolve:

Bonella aka Bonny (abt 1765) Rochester and her sister Sarah (abt 1764) Rochester were enslaved daughters of Zachary Burton with an enslaved woman named Hannah.

Zachary, the son of Benjamin Burton had paid his mother Dorothy Rochester 5 shillings to manumit all three of them. Thus the girls having his mother's Rochester name (well, the girls and their mother actually belonged to Ruth Rochester-Burton, Zachary's sister and the mother of Ann, the John Bent lady).

Bonella Rochester later had children with John Benjamin Burton (of which there are 4 of them). Who was he?

They had 3 children;

Frances Turner Burton (she dropped the name Burton when she had MEAD children)

Hannah Magdalena Turner Burton and John Benjamin Burton Jnr (he had no Turner name).

Who was Turner? It was normal for children to

6.5    Other Jamaican Burtons of the Period

Edward Burton appears from 1777 or earlier, one deed showing him as a surveyor: there is no indication of who he was, the only one found in our family being too young (son of Hannah Mendez), e.g.:

1777[647]: John Rome & Edward Burton surveyors of Vere sold to John Wint of St Catherine, watchmaker for £125 619A in  St Elizabeth W on Laughlan McLaughlan & Henry Laird, N on u/s, E on remaining part of land belonging to Rome & Burton and sold to Rev Thomas Pool S on One Eye road.
This looks to be in the north of St Elizabeth, quite far from our line’s St Elizabeth holdings.

1794[648]: Elizabeth Burton, free mulatto of Kingston, for £160 sold to Adam Bowie, mariner, a 1/4 lot in K #414 & another 1/12th lot

1788[649]: James Burton buys at sale 1 negro for £45/10 from court after writ by David Perreir Mendez against Richard Huggins Read (Clarendon Cross btw Rio Minho & Old Harbour on Craskell).

1826[650]: Keen Ellison Burton of Manchester, spinster, sold to Dorothy Johnson for £12 3A in Plurden in Manchester (Plowden)
Keen Ellington Burton at Content, just north of Plowden Hill in the Almanacs
Keen Ellington Burton, ch Vere 25/8/1817, a free quadroon man.

Westmoreland Burtons


Samuel Burton To Jno Kinloch   75/162 Feb-17 Dated 6/8/1768, ent 23/10/1770. Samuel Burton of Westmoreland, Carpenter, for £390 sold to John Kinloch 3 slaves


1675 Map: Burton appear to the NNW of Bridgtown (wind & cattle mill) and also SE of Charles town, Christ Church Parish (cattle mill). The Ellacotts were neighbours in St Michaels.


    There was also a Burton property in Christ Church: this parish’s records show Thomas and Ann Burton having children between 1682 and 1694 and Richard in a similar period.

      The earliest Burtons found in Barbados are John (b abt 1618) & George (b abt 1612), both being transported to the Island (on different ships in 1635), having taken Oaths of Allegiance & supremacy. This John is probably the one which is supposed to have gone to Salem, arriving in 1637. It is difficult to see where this idea originated, so I have no idea if it is correct, although the earliest source refering to it is “Salem Witchcraft with an Account of Salem Village by Charles W Upham, published Boston, 1867”. This history states that John Burton of Essex County had passed through Barbados in the 1630’s as a tanner before going to Essex county, Mass; Upham does not give the source of this, but it was probably the transportation records. These do not have any suitable Francis’s, so, while it is possible that our Francis was related to John of Essex county, it is unlikely. This family is also described in detail by Francis Burton Harrison[651] in 1933, and makes no reference to Barbados, but has them direct from London.
    There is some discussion on Ancestry forums that our Francis might have been one of 3 brothers in Longfield, Virginia 2 of whom, Thomas & John settled in Virginia, and the 3rd, Francis, a tobacco trader, settled in Barbados & his wife was Judith Allen. Some sources have a Francis Burton marrying a Judith Allen in the late 16thC and that their son was the father of our Francis, who also married a Judith Allen: a remarkable coincidence. The Henrico county connection seems to have prigianted around 2000 where someone suggested a connection with Francis Burton in Virginia and the one in Barbados.
     This theory is an example of how an incorrect assumption can proliferate over the internet. As far as I can see, there is no rel evidence to connect the Barbados Francis Burton with Virgina. The April 1790 death date for Francis in Barbados that appears is wrong and probably applies to a John Burton. There is no doubt that our Francis Burton died in Jamaica in July 1690, both froo his will and his burial record.
     There is a Wikitree with Francis being born in Henrico County, Vrginia and about 1630, son of Richard & Christian Burton, and have him marrying Judith Allen (born about 1653), with his death 1 April 1690 in Henrico County. The site links some of the children of Captain Francis in Barbados with this individual, and that he was a tobacco trader from Virginia. This supposition cannot work:

Judith would have been a bare 15 years old when their first son was born September 1668.
There were other children born to Francis and Judith in Barbados who appear in Jamaica in our Francis’s will.
Our Francis was left a will and a burial record in Jamaica in July 1690.
There is no evidence from deeds that Francis was a tobacco trader: the estate he sold on leaving Barbados was a sugar property.
The death date of 1 April 1690 is also attached, more convincingly, to John Burton of Longfield, Henrico Co, Virginia.[652]
Another Wikitree source has Francis son of Richard and Katherine Burton, who were married in London in 1604: this would make our Francis very old to have children in 1668 onwards.

It seems unlikely that this is our Francis, although there are Arundell’s appearing in Virginia in Hotton’s Lists. There were, however, strong links between the early West Indian colonies and the New England ones, and the Governor of New England at the time, Winthrop, may have had some influence in the Indies.

An example of the internet discussions of the Burtons of Barbados & Virginia follows:
This has Francis Burton, brother of John Burton of Longfield, Virgina, possibly from Longner, Shropshire:-
“Francis Burton dealt in tobacco trade in Virginia and settled in Barbados with 2 sons (which died before him) and wife Judith Allen. He died there, also.

A John Burton came as an indentured servant from Bristol to Barbados from Fisherton Anger (Salisbury) Indenture dated August 9 1659 to James Bennet of New Sarum, Wilts, merchant.

One source has a John Burton "from London to Barbados in 1635 age 17. By 1637 to Salem, MA, to Long Island, and then back to Barbados." As shown below, there were a number of contemporary John Burtons in Barbados.

     A William Burton is listed in Barbados in 1638 as one of a list of holders of more than 10 acres.

Thomas Burton, Mariner of London.
     There were 2 deeds in 1658[653] relating to a Thomas Burton, a mariner from London to act as attorney for two Londoners to recover debts owed by merchants in Barbados. There is no obvious relation to us. These deeds were lodged in Barbados presumable as they relate to transactions on Barbados.

John Burton snr & Ann of Christ Church

A John Burton, aged 24, was a witness to a Barbados will in 1649.

John senior was a planter of Christ Church, Barbados, will of 1669, proved March 1669/70: wife Ann, eldest son John Jr, Thomas & Richard daus Elizabeth & Ann, Charles.

Date 11/3/1669 ent 22/3/1669-70. John Burton snr planter. Gives all to wife and children except for 10 acres in Christ Church. 1st to wife Ann Burton and son Charles, 20 acres where I live and 4 working negroes, cow calf, breeding mare, etc. 2nd to eldest son Jno Burton jnr 20 acres purchased from Edward Griffin when 21, if dies to brother Edward 3rd 2 sons Thomas & Richard 16 a & 4 negroes 4th house on Palm St in St Michaels to wife as guardian to children Ann & Elizabeth

1680[654]: Samuel Smart of town of St Michael attorney to George Pott merchant of London for £140 stlg from Ann Burton now or late of St Joseph town house in St Michael for ever.

Issue of John snr & Ann:
1/1. John Burton, bap 17/4/1651

Bur C/C 13/2/1679, John Burton snr.
The will reference to 20 acres ties this John to his father.
Date 11/2/1678 ent 29/3/1678. John Burton of Christ Church weak Wife Hannah (my transcript confused)? Burton exec, son Thomas Burton 20 acres where house is. Sons Thomas & Richard R & R. Dau Elizabeth & one other, not named, 10 acres John Ashurst & John Rucke overseers... Sanders  Christ Church Parish, 11 Feb 1678, RB6/9, p. 414  Wf Agnis Burton*; sons Thomas Burton & Richard Burton; daus Elizabeth Burton & Ann Burton; friends John Ashurst & John Rucke  - Overseers, signed John (x) Burton  Wit: Daniel Maccoy, Henry Fiernhead  Proved 24 Mar 1678"
2/1. Elizabeth Burton, bap C/C 22/1/1663.
2/2. Thomas Burton
2/3. Richard Burton
2/4. Ann Burton

1/2. Charles Burton, Bap Feb 1652
1/3. Edward Burton,
1/4. Thomas Burton
1/5. Richard Burton, Bap C/C 29/5/1659
1/6. Ann Burton, Bap C/C 25/7/1665
1/7. Elizabeth Burton

     John Burton and John Burton snr were buried in Christ Church 10th & 13th February 1679 respectively.

A John Burton married Judith Griffin, C/C 5/12/1672
Mrs Judith Burton married Mr Thomas Ellacot St Michael, 6/3/1678-9.

Thus this John-John line was not the one who married into the Arundell line.

Joseph Burton & wife Mary in Barbados in 1709

Burton/Arundell Connection

Arundells appear in Gloucestershire in the 18thC.

John Burton,
married to Frances Arundell with 3 sons by 1668 must have been born well before 1650.
Arundell appear in 1675 map of Barbados, on the coast, west of Burton’s estate to the north to St Michaels (Bridgtown).

This John Burton cannot be the son of John & Ann Burton above.

A John Burton married to Frances Arundell, daughter of Robert & Frances Arundell (from Robert Arundell’s Barbados will of 1668, no church record found; Capt Robert Arundell Bur St James, 14/10/1678).

Issue of John & Frances Burton, St Michaels, Barbados, (from RA will).
1/1. John Burton (jnr in RA will of 1668) – probably the John Burton died about 1720 in Jamaica.
1/2. Maudlin Burton

Probably too young – maybe the next generation.
Bap St M 1/1/1672-3 Maudlin Burton – no parents given, many like this here (Sanders P15)

1/3. Edward Burton

A possible line from this John, because of the son name Arundell, who was seen to have moved between Jamaica & Barbados:
This family appears to have moved between Jamaica and Barbados: both parents died in Port Royal, but son Arundel was married later in Barbados.

John & Mary Burton,
who died in Jamaica in 1720 & 1728, must have been born about 1665-80.

A Mary Burton buried St Andrew 15/7/1691.

As he had a son named Arundell, John must have been a son of Frances (Arundell) Burton, and was probably the John jnr in Robert Arundell’s will dated 1668.

1700 Deed[655]: buys foot land in Port Royal, a carpenter.

1710[656]: Peter Beckford lets land in Port Royal for 9.5 yrs to John Burton carpenter

1711 Deed[657]: John (a carpenter) & Mary bought foot land in Lime Street, Port Royal from Fabritius Smith (gent).

1714 Deed[658]: sold 4 slaves to John Lawrence, planter of Westmoreland. Maybe John & Mary traded in a small way in slaves?

From his will of 1720, John was a carpenter of Port Royal, and listed his children, most of whom were in Mary’s will.

Will of John Burton.
15/168 date 12/1/1718-9
of Port Royal, Carpenter, Ent 11/4/1719. SIck
Wife of Mary Burton – 1728, very probably originated in Barbados.
Son John Burton property “the Store warehouse ??” adjoining my dwelling house .. Daughter Mary, wife Mary,
Sons Charles, William (<16), Arundell, James.
Dau Sarah Dennis.

2 inventories were made, the first in 1719, the second in 1720 being for items not shown before. It is assumed that they are both for our John Burton: they show tools and trade goods which a carpenter might have owned.
.. Of Port Royal shown by Robert Buckingham & Mary Burton: £360-12-6 (£170K/2015)
A second inventory … John Burton .. Which were forgot and not shown unto us .. At the first appraisement. Total second £37-5-0

Widow of John Burton – 1719.
17/248 Ent 6/1/1728 dated 1 February 1725
Copy of Full Text on file

Widow of Port Royal
Son Charles Burton
Son Arundel Burton
Son James Burton
Dau Frances Lawrence
Dau Sarah Dennis
G/son Digby Dennis when 21
G/sons John Samuel & William Burton when 21

Married Mary (will[660] of 1725/8 Widow of Port Royal)

2/1. John Burton, eldest son.

Was this him? 23/6/1670 Jno son of Mr John Burton St Michaels Barbados (Sanders P13)
£5 left by mother Mary Burton in 1728.
Merchant of Port Royal (1724), of Kingston in 1732
Married Dorothy Foude
1724 Deed[661]: buys slave for wife Dorothy
1732 Deed[662]: as eldest son & heir of Mary Burton, leases in Port Royal inherited from mother Mary to Ignatius Duany
A possibility:
John Burton, merchant of Port Royal
7/2/1733-4  3/96 Admon.
John Burton died intestate
Admon to John Barton trustee for children: John, Samuel, William & Mary Burton, all under 21.

2/2. Mary Burton – b say 1710ish

Mary Burton & Mr James Dewsbury married the same day as brother Arundel in Barbados, 18/7/1731. No further trace of the Dewsbury’s.

2/3. Charles Burton – in Mary’s will
2/4. William Burton
2/5. Arundel Burton – in Mary’s will.

An Arundell Burton will in Jamaica about 1784 (50/190).
Bur Arundel Burton Kingston, 27/6/1777, Gent, churchyard.
Arundell Burton who appears in the Jamaica Deeds in the mid 18thC was probably of this line. Most deeds have not been copied.
1762[663]: Arundell Burton of Kingston gent sold Sicely Thomas a negro for £20

Married Elizabeth Lee, Spinster, St Michaels, Barbados 18/7/1731[664]
3/1. John Burton ch St Michael’s Barbados 3/6/1732,

son of Mr Arundell & Elizabeth Burton b 3d last June. (p 99)

3/2. Edward Burton b 17/3/1738 ch 16/2/1739, Kingston, Jamaica,

of Arundel & Elizabeth spelt Borton in PR.

Edward Burton to George Henderson
314/155 dated 10/5/1783 ent 5/9/1783
Edward Burton merchant of Kingston sold for £300 to George Henderson merchant of Kingston 36 Acres 15 Perches in St Catherine, E part on branch of Lagoon River & part on road leading to Covenys, W on  Charles March esq, E Henry Dawkins esq, N on another branch of the Lagoon River & NW on Pat of Capt John Noy

Edward Burton – 1785
339/109 Dated 16/2/1785 ent 6/3/1786
Indenture btw Edward Burton of Kingston & William Lord of Vere
Edward Burton sold to WL a slave for £20.

2/6. James Burton – in Mary’s will

Was this him?
Deborah Burton, dau of James Burton by Sarah May, b 15/12/1771, bap 3/8/1773 (V1 P36)

2/7. Frances Burton, married Mr. Lawrence bef 1728. In Mary’s will.
2/8. Sarah Burton married Jonathan Dennis before 1719,

marriage not found, so b bef 1700.
3/1. G/son Digby Dennis when 21 in G/mother Mary’s will of 1728

Issue of Digby & Sarah (in one case Sarah Newby)
4/1. Digby William Dennis, Port Royal, 17530905
4/2. Digby Dennis, St Catherine, 17670212
4/3. Jonathan Dennis, St Catherine 17670212
4/4. Phillip Dennis, St Catherine 17641220
4/5. Pinnock Dennis, Kingston 17600531
4/6. Thomas Dennis, Port Royal 17541017
4/7. Catherine Dennis, Port Royal 17611206
4/8. Edwin Dennis, Port Royal 17560412
4/9. George Dennis, Kingston 17581125

Mary Burton also mentioned G/sons John Samuel & William Burton when 21
St Michaels, Barbados, Frances Lawrence god mother 12/6/1724. (p73)

During his residence in England, Theodore Palaeologus had, by Mary Balls,*~* the following issue: 1. Theodore, [buried in Westminster Abbey, in 1644?] ; 2. John; 3. Ferdinand [the Barbadian] ; 4. Mary, [d. unm.] ; 5. Dorothy, [wife of William Arundel, married 1656].

John Burton of Christ Church, will 1678/9, wife Agnis, sons Thomas & Richard, daus Elizabeth & Ann.
Elizabeth Burton, 22/1/1663-4, dau of John & Agnes, Bap Christs Church
Agnes Burton, widow St Georges 55 acres & 17 negroes

Mar Christ Church 5/12/1672 John Burton & Judith Griffin (p331).
Mar St Catherine, Jamaica, Frances Burten, 1684

28/11/1678 Charles ye son of John & Elizabeth Burton bur Christ Church.

Richard Burton buying land in Kingston 1694.

Robert Burton of Barbados

A Robert Burton’s will of 1675 seems to have had no family, but owned slaves formerly belonging to Francis Smith.
A Robert Burton given freedom by Francis Smith’s will of 1671
A Robert Burton witness to wills in 1652 & 1663

Jacob Burton of Barbados

9/9/1694 St M, Barbados, Mary dau of Jacob & Mary Burton (p34)
Will of John Spring St M 8/11/1698 Friends Jacob Burton of St M and Mary Burton his wf xtrs. (p330)

There is also a mention of a Cornet Francis Burton as Cornet as a member of a troop of horse of the Leeward Islands 1 July 1680, Nevis Calendar of State Papers.

Francis Burton in Antigua

A Lieutenant Francis Burton had 300 acres in Antigua in 1683[665].
VLO in his history of Antigua has a number of entries relating to Cornet/Lieutenant Francis Burton around 1680.

Langord Oliver documents a Burton tree descending from Capt Francis Burton. In the same section of his volume 1, there is an extract from Barbados parish records of Francis Burton, which we know of. These 2 together may be one of the causes of confusion between the various Francis Burtons in the West Indies and Virginia.


     The connection with Ellacott in Jamaica is via a Mrs Judith Burton who married Thomas Ellacott in 6/3/1678-9; she was very probably the widow of John Burton, who married Judith Griffin in 1672 in Christ Church, Barbados. Lt Thomas Ellacott was a deponent in a Barbados will of 1680[666]. Thomas Ellacott, husband of Judith, died abt 1692, will dates 27/4/1692, probated 8/7/1693.
     Francis Burton in 1676 makes Thomas Ellicott of Barbados an heir “of last resort” failing all others. It is probable that Francis Burton was closely related to this John, maybe a brother. No will or other evidence of a suitable John Burton has appeared (8/2013).
     In 1674, Ellacot appear a few miles North of St Michaels (Bridgetown) Barbados with a cattle mill, and still there in 1722, Also E & N of St James.
      This John Burton does not fit well with the 2 distinct John Burtons shown above; it is just possible that he was John jnr, son of John & Ann Burton, but wife Judith married Thomas Ellicott an indecently(!) short time after John’s burial. If that were the case, John Burton snr (will of 1669) might have been Francis’s brother, and John who married Judith, Francis’s nephew. All very speculative.

Thomas Ellacott snr:

Probably dead before 1679
Thomas Ellacott bur St Michal’s 19/8/1674
1650, witness to will then aged 24.
1658 & 1669 Witness to wills
Ref Wills of Richard & Joane Vines (1651 & 1669)

RB3/48 Thomas Ellacott To Andrew Argyle – 1654
2/743 date 10/6/1654 ent 6/7/1654. I Thomas Ellicott ack receipt of 2 able working brown bulls & 2 negroes from Andrew Argyle and that they belong to him.

RB3/48 Thomas Ellacott To John Wall – 1654
2/751 Date 7/6/1653 Ent 13/7/1654. Thomas Ellicott merchant of Barbados. Ann Neinson widow of Christopher Neinson. Ann Neinson sold 1/8/1649 (text said 59), property in St Michaels, to John Wall of London, and Capt John Wall of London did sold to Thomas Ellicott 11/5/1650. Thomas Ellicott sold to James Cornellis.

RB3/48 Thomas Ellacott To George Hancock – 1655
3/807 Date 1/8 1655 ent 22/8/1655. Thomas Ellicott for £500 & 32000lbs of sugar from George Hancock for 5 able negres, 2 christian servants, 2 working mils 8 ass negroes, 3 copper stills and worme, 1 copper cooler and 1 set of mill work 36 hoggs which I rent from Thomas Reed etc

RB3/48 Thomas Ellacott To John Hancock – 1655
3/830 Looks like a repeat of 807 to John Hancock - probably truncated pages.

RB3/48 Margaret Ellacott To Richard Penfold – 1680
10/523 Date 23/6/1680 ent 29/1/1680-1. Margaret Ellicott of St Michael widow, for 10/- for the assurance of the great true fidelity etc which I have in  my well beloved friend Richard Penfold I sold to Richard Penfold 14 acres where I now live on Col john codd, cpt John Parris, formerly John  Dueds, and also 13 3/4 acres in St Michael adjacent the 14 acres adj Col John Stanfash called Fontabell, Jacob Lake, John Mercer, carpenter, to retain use during her lfe
bur St Michael, 4/11/1680

1679: Widow Ellicott, 86 acres, 10 negroes, St Andrews. Hotton.

Married Margaret Vines, dau of Richard & Joane Vines[667] of St Michaels
Margaret’s will of 1680/4[668]
Margaret Ellacott 9/136 – 1684 10/328
Date 11/9/1680 Ent 12/3/1685.  Margaret Ellacott widow of St Michaels, weak & sick. 1st to son Vines Ellacott I negro 1 silver boat a turkish carpet 1 table 1 chair. 2nd son Henry 1 negrow boy, when 21. 3rd son  Richard 1 negro etc when 21. 4th dau Margaret Ellacott 2 slaves etc. 5th dau Mary 2 negro women when 6 or married. 6th Dau Lucretia 2 women slaves 1 cow when 16 or married. Vines to inherit if others die. 8th to son Thomas 1/- to his son 500lbs muscavado 7 years after my decease 9th g/sons John & Vines Jeffreys 500 lbs muscavado 7 years after my decease Vines Ellacott & Richard Penfold execs

It is probable that Richard Vines came from Maine, USA in 1645[669].

1/1. Thomas Ellacott (JV will & ME will) died abt 1692 (his will)

Married Judith Burton, St M 6/3/1678-9, probably the widow of John Burton who she married at St Michael’s Barbados, 5/12/1672 as Judith Griffin, baptised Christ Church, 11/11/1655 of Edward and Judith.
She remarried Mr Smith & her will of 1708, widow of St M. Alive 1692.
Mentioned in sister Margaret’s will.

Omitted Chapters from Hotten's Original list (Ancstry.com image):
Barbados: A list containing the Mrs & Mistresses of Plantations, Quantities of acres, Number of householders serving for themselves, tenants, freemen & servants within the Division of Capt Humphrey Waterman’s Company (6 Jan 1679):
Mr Thomas Ellicot 100 acres, 3 freemen.
A list of the troop of horse under Capt John Merricke
these persons doe not appear: Mr Tho Ellicott & 1 horse.

RB6/3/198. Date 27/4/1692, Ent 8/7/1693. Sick, 2nd to wife Judith Ellicott 1 negro for life then to either of my children as she thinks fit. 6 children Thomas, John, Richard, Judith, Margaret & Mary, Thomas to have double share, Wife Exec during her widowhood then Coll John Waterman Major Benony Waterman, Mr John Waitt & brother Henry Ellacott execs.

Thomas Ellacott witness of a will in 1688[670].
Issue (his will 1692)
2/1. Thomas Ellacott – final legatee in Francis Burton’s will of 1690

Mrs Susanna Ellacott (wife of Capt Thomas in birth in 1711) a godmother in a Barbados birth 1722.
Mentioned in sister Margaret’s will

Barbados St Michael’s Marriages: 1/1/1701-2 Mr Thomas Ellicott & Mrs Susana Butterworth.
3/1. Judith Ellicott, b & bur June 1703 (MI)

Died aged 29 hours (MI) PR: 12/6/1703.

3/2. Susanna Ellicot

Died 5/10/1704 Aged 20 days (VLO MI)

3/3. Mary Ellacottt, born 1/1/1706, bapt 25/1/1706, St Michael Mr Thomas & Susan
3/4. Hannah Ellacott bap St Michael 3/5/1711 of Capt Thomas & S.

2/2. John Ellacott – alive 1708
2/3. Richard Ellacott
2/4. Judith Ellacott
2/5. Margaret Ellacott
2/6. Mary Ellacott – alive & unm 1708

1/2. Vines Ellicott (JV will) (b. bef 1657 re dep 26/8/1657, RV will)

Referred to as cousin to Thomas Lukumbe in the latter’s will of 1681
Vines had land in St Michaels 1685-6
Tickets granted ... for the departure off this Island ... (Hotton):
Vines Ellicott in the ship supply for Boston John Mellowes Commander – security. 24/5/1679.

Vines Ellacott To George Tyrwhit – 1681
RB3/48/14/109 Date 1/1/1680 ent 12/7/1681. Vines Ellacott Merchant of Barbados & George Tyrwhitt & his wife Joane, planter. Vines Ellacott lets to George Tyrwhitt 26 acres in St Michaels, now on lease to Lt col Jno Codrington, for £7/year and £76 for the first and last years rent.

A Vines Ellicott “MA St Davids” 1704 – JFS.
Jamaica Will:
13/121 Vines Ellacott Feb-18 Date 9/6/1712 Ent 5/7/1712. Vines Ellacott of St Andrew esq, Son Ricks Ellacott £10, wife Mary negro boy for life, to wife all land in St Andrew & 1/2 of estate for dower, R&R to nephew Thomas Ellacott in Barbados, merchant. Exec wife & "brother" William Bonner of St Dorothy.

1/3. Eliza Ellicot, d bef 1680 (ME will), M. Mr Jno Jefferys

July 6 1672, St Michael. (Sanders)
Vines Jefferys (ME Will) – in Antigoe in 1704 (JJ Will)
John Jefferys (ME Will) – d 1704 (Will)

Issue of JJ:
John Jefferys
Valentine Jefferys.

1/4. Henry Ellacott, b. aft 1659 (ME Will) – had issue – alive 1708.

Mentioned in sister Margaret’s will. Mar Amy Long, St Michael, 28/12/1684.

1/5. Richard Ellacott, b. aft 1659 (ME Will)
1/6. Margaret Ellacott, b. aft 1662 (ME Will) – her will spinster 1691[671].

Margaret Ellacott 1692 3/19
Date 17/7/1691, Ent 2/9/1692. Margaret Ellacott, spinster ill & sick. 1st to brother Thomas Ellacott, all money he owes me. Brother Henry 1 negroe, sister Lucretia 1 negroe and chest of drawers & apparel. To Henry & Luctretia, money owed by Magr (major?) Bemony Waterman. Henry Exec (Lucretia married Croxton & will extract of 1718 in Barb images)

1/7. Mary Ellacott, b. aft 1662 (ME Will)

1/8. Lucretia Ellacott, b. aft 1664 (ME Will)

Her will[672] of 1718, widow of St Michaels
Married Mr Croxon, died bef 1718.
John Nicholas Croxon

Burtons Plantations - Rose

The Rose family appear to have acquired the Burton Rio Magno properties by early 18th C.

See Caribbeanaea Vol V, P 130 (PDF 266).

Will of Fulke Rose, 1693, leaves inter alia, plantations in St Thomas in the Vale .. called Mickleton,... land at Maggatty called Warrens and Hipperslys..
Fulke Rose married Elizabeth Langley of Port Royal 11/7/1678 St CatherineVLO.
1670: Fulke Rose 380 acres in St Catherine.

If his daus all die, then Hipperslys goes to brother Francis Rose.

Fulke Rose’s brother was Francis Rose, who married Elizabeth Price. Francis’s will in Jamaica 15/222 might reveal how they acquired the Burton properties.

Thomas Rose leaves to his cousins, Charles & Thomas Price, inter alia, sugar estates in St Thomas in the Vale called Old Plantation, Burtons and New Works.

Will of Thomas Rose 1724 PCC Canterbury Prob 11/600

Thomas Rose was born in Jamaica about 1689 the son of Francis Rose from Mickleton Gloucestershire and Elizabeth Price. He married Elizabeth Fuller on 30 April 1713 in Spanish Town, Jamaica. She died in October 1722 and Thomas subsequently travelled to England with his mother, where he died in Red Lyon Square London in November 1724. Mother Elizabeth left will dated 1725, son Thomas already dead.


In the Name of God Amen
I Thomas Rose late of the parish of St Catherines and Island of Jamaica Esq but now of the Kingdom of Great Britain being of Sound and disposing mind and memory praised be God for the same doe make and ordain this my last will and Testament in manner and forme following
Imprimis I commend my Soul to God my Creator hoping through the Mediation of my Saviour to be made partaker of life Everlasting as to what worldly Estate it hath pleased God to bestow upon me I will and dispose of it as followeth I will and ordain that all my just debts Legacies and funerall Expenses be first paid out of all my whole Estate real and personall whatsoever and wheresoever
Item I give devise and bequeath unto my dear and well beloved Mother two Thousand pounds Sterling money of Great Brittain all my plate however in England or in Jamaica my Charriot and two Coach Horses
Item I give devise and bequeath unto my Aunt Elizabeth Bush Fifty pounds Sterling money of Great Brittain yearly and every year during her Naturall life
Item I give devise and bequeath unto her son my Cousin Francis Bush the sume of two hundred pounds Sterling money to be paid him within twelve months after my death
Item I give devise and bequeath unto my Cousin Elizabeth Snell twenty five pounds Sterling money yearly and every year during her naturall life
Item I give devise and bequeath unto my cousin Christian Price five hundred pounds Current money of Jamaica to be paid her within Six months after my death
Item I give devise and bequeath unto Mrs Anne Beckford the daughter of Peter Beckford of the Island of Jamaica Esq two thousand pounds Current money of Jamaica to be paid her within twelve months after my death
Item I give to Henry Byndloss the Son of Polnik Byndloss of the island of Jamaica one thousand pounds current money of Jamaica to be paid him at his age of twenty one years
Item I give devise and bequeath unto Jane Byndloss the daughter of the said Polnik five hundred pounds current money of Jamaica to be paid her at the age of twenty one years or day of Marriage which shall first happen
Item I give devise and bequeath unto my Friend William Cockburn five hundred pounds Sterling money of Great Brittain to be paid him within Six months after my death
Item I give devise and bequeath unto Capt Digby Gent five hundred pounds Sterling money of Great Brittain to be paid him in Six months after my death
Item I give devise and bequeath unto Collo Twogood two hundred pounds Sterling money of Great Britain and do Release unto him whatever sume of money I might claime of him for Commission as his Attorney Item whereas Jno Gregory is indebted to me upon Bond I will that the said Bond be released unto him cancelled and do remit and release to him the said debt
Item Whereas William Aikenhead is indebted to me upon Bond I will that the said Bond be delivered up to him Cancelled and do remitt and Release to him the said debt
Item I give devise and bequeath unto the Churchwardens of the parish of St Catherines in the Island of Jamaica for the time being one hundred pounds Current money of Jamaica yearly and every year for and during the space of ten years next after my death to be laid out by them and Expended in maintenance of poor Children of the Said parish and putting them apprentices to trades
Item I do manumise and make free my Negro Slaves Molly and Grace with their and each of their future Issue and Encrease and I do give and to each of my said two Slaves Six pounds a year yearly and every year during their Naturall lifes respectively
Item I do manumise and make free my Negro Saboe and I doe give unto him twelve pounds a year yearly and every year during his Natural life
Item I do manumise and make free his Wife Calia and all her Encrease Item I do manumise and make free Mimba and all her Encrease
Item I do manimuse my Slave Scotland Item I do manumise and make free my Slave Abba (alias Mary) from and after the decease of my mother to whom I will her during her naturall life/
Item it is my will and desire that all the money due to me in Jamaica be forthwith called in by my Executor in Jamaica and by him remitted to Great Brittain to Mr Samuel Bernard and Mr John Serocold of the City of London Merchants which with the money I have in their and each of their hands I will and desire may be by them laid out as Soon as conveniently may be in the purchase of Land in that part of the Kingdom of Great Brittain called England in the names of and to and for the use of my Cousins Charles Price and Thomas Price Sons of my Unkle Charles Price of the parish of St Johns in the Island of Jamaica Esq and the Heirs of their bodys equally to be divided between them and in case of the said Charles Price or Thomas Price death or either of them without Heirs of his body then to the Survivor of them and to the Heirs of his body lawfully begotten and for want of Such Heirs to my Said Unkle Charles Price and his Heirs for ever/
Item I give devise and bequeath my Plantan Walk and Land at the Megotty in the parish of St Thomas in the Vale and adjoyning to any of my three Plantations or Sugar works my Land in the parish of St Mary commonly called by the name of Bagnalls Tuket my pen and pen land at Cuthroath Gully in the parish of Saint Catherines to Such person and persons respectively as shall have and Enjoy my three Sugar works or Estates in the parish of St Thomas in the Vale commonly known and called by the names of the Old Plantation, Burtons and the new Works (later called Rose Hall) and that they respectively have such Estate and Estates in the Said Plantan Walk and Land at the Megotty the Pen and Penland and the Land called Bagnells Tuket as they Shall Respectively have in the said three Estates or Sugar works whether in Possession Remainder or Revertion it being my will and meaning that the said Plantan Walk and Land at the Megotty Pen and Pen Land and the land called Bagnalls Tuket should be deemed and taken as appendant and appurtenent to my said three Estates or Sugar works in the parish of St Thomas in the Vale for ever to go along and be Enjoyed occupied for the use and benefit of my Said three Estates/
Item all the rest Residue and Remainder of my whole Estate reall personall and mixt whatsoever and wheresoever I give devise and bequeath to my said cousins Charles Price and Thomas Price sons of my said Unkle Charles and to the Heirs of their body equally to be divided and in case of the death of Either of them without Heirs of his body to the Survivor of them and the Heirs of his body and for want of Such Heirs to my said Unkle Charles Price and his Heirs for ever/
Item it is my will and pleasure and I desire that what can be conveniently of the Sugar or other produce of the Jamaica Estate herein before devised to my cousins Charles and Thomas Price be yearly Shipd by my said Unkle Charles Price untill the Respective ages of my Said Cousins of twenty one years unto the said Samuel Bernard and John Serocold of London Merchant to be by them laid out in the purchase of Lands in that part of Great Britain called England in the names of and for the use of my said Cousins Charles and Thomas Price and the Heirs of their bodys equally to be divided and in the case of the death of Either of them without Heirs of his body lawfully begotten then to the Survivor and the Heirs of his body and for want of Such Heirs to and for the use of my said unkle Charles Price and his Heirs for ever and
Lastly I Nominate and appoint the said Samuel Bernard and John Serocold of London Merchants Executors of this my last will and Testament for my Estate in Great Brittain and my said unkle Charles Price Executor for my Estate in Jamaica and I do give my said three Executors twenty pounds Sterling Each to buy them mourning and I do hereby revoke and [illegible] all former and other Wills by me heretofore made and declare this only to be my last will and Testament in Testimony whereof I have hereunto put my hand and Seale this Seventh day of November in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred twenty and four. Tho: Rose Signed Sealed and published by the Testator (the paper being first duly Stampt) as his last will and Testament in the presence of us who in his presence Subscribed our names as Witness Tho Barrow Tho: Pickhavor Thomas Clarke

Probate was granted in London to Samuel Barnard and John Serocold on 23 November 1724

Thomas Rose
Profile & Legacies Summary 1689 - 12th Nov 1724 (UCL Slave Compensation)
Son of Francis Rose (1656-1720) and his wife Elizabeth nee Price. Born in Jamaica c. 1689. Inherited a life interest in the Jamaican property of his father - Burton's, Savanna (or Old Works) and Rose Hall (or New Works), Bagnall's Thicket (later The Decoy), land in Halfway Tree and two houses in Spanish Town. When Thomas died without issue, the life interest was passed to his mother Elizabeth and then the estates were inherited by his first cousin John Rose.
Thomas was married to Elizabeth Fuller (1699-1722) and described as of Red Lyon Square at his burial in St Andrew, Holborn, 14/11/1724.
Vere Langford Oliver, Caribbeana being miscellaneous papers relating to the history, genealogy, topography, and antiquities of the British West Indies (6 vols., London, Mitchell, Hughes and Clarke, 1910-1919) Vol. V pp. 130-135.

Michael Craton and James Walvin, A Jamaican Plantation. The History of Worthy Park 1670-1970 (W.H. Allen, London and New York, 1970) pp. 54-55.

Anne M. Powers, 'Descendants of Thomas Rose', http://aparcelofribbons.co.uk/wp-content/paf_files/roseofjam/pafg02.htm#175 [accessed 30/03/2015].
Ancestry.com, London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database online].
Further Information
Absentee? Transatlantic?Spouse: Elizabeth Fuller

Red Lion Square, London,



Hayle Summary

    Our Hayle ancestor was Priscilla Hayle, wife of John Sinclair, great grand father of Ann (Wright) Maitland. She would have been a grand daughter of John Hayle senior, by either John’s eldest son, John junior (mentioned in John Hayle senior’s will – no age indication), or another son, Nevil, the preferred option, (from probable ages of herself and her children); see under her section for more thoughts.
    Early patents (1673) and deeds indicate that there was a group of 3 Hayles: John, Thomas & Richard. It may be assumed that they were brothers; the only combination of brothers with the spelling HaYle were born in St Albans. There were also some Hayles’s in Barbados in the 1650’s, but there is no evidence of a Barbadian connection with these 3: the ones on that island seem a bit young in any case.
    These Hayles were planters in Clarendon with plantations at first on the Vere/Clarendon border and later further north up the Rio Minho tributaries in Clarendon. An estate plan has been constructed from the early 18thC land grants of the holdings north of modern day May Pen of John Hayle & his son John junior. The early holdings on the River Minho (also called  the Dry River) were probably indigo production; they did not seem to be particularly large, but the crop was very profitable early on. The later holdings further north were in what was described as mountain land, and were probably more oriented to livestock and indigo – John Hayle jnr’s inventory contained indigo products and cotton and a deed in 1709 between his cousins Richard & Thomas refers to an Indigo works, probably on the early land on the Vere/Clarendon border. Both cotton and indigo were labour intensive crops, 20 acres of indigo needing 17 negroes to work it. John jnr was the only one who showed these crops in his inventory, later ones seem only to have livestock.
    There seem to have been several families with similar names: Hayle, Hales & Hals. Spelling seems to be consistent through the indexes, so I have concentrated on “Hayle(s)”. In particular, not to be confused with Thomas Hals and descendants, one of the original group when the British invaded Jamaica in 1655. He and his descendants appear regularly in the Deed indices. Letters Patent were also seen. Many properties with similar names would have belonged to Thomas Halse and his descendants, the most important one being “Halse Hall”, now on the southern outskirts of May Pen.

Hales appear on the 1675 map of Barbados, but there is no evidence to suggest that our Hayles came from that island.

1754 owners: Hayle, Richard deceased, Clarendon 354

This probably refers to Hayles:
Notes on Clarendon (http://www.aboutjamaica.com.jm/clarendon.htm)
Hay’s Savannah (now spelt “Hayes”) was named after John Hays, an early English settler. There is also Hay’s Corn piece. Both are part of the New Yarmouth Sugar Estate. The village of Hayes, built on the savannah, is about seven miles south of May Pen. (this may be a distortion of Hayle(s)).
Sheckles, in the parish of Clarendon, is named after John S. Sheckles, Member of the Assembly, Custos of Clarendon, and Brigadier-General of the Militia. A resident in the island for 55 years, he died in 1782.
Smokey Hole, in the parish of Clarendon, was first known as “Dawkins Smokey Hole”, the latter name partially deriving from that of a previous owner of the area, Colonel Dawkins.

Hayle Deeds Time Line

    John Hayle appears first, buying land on the Dry River in 1671, 2 years later, he and Richard & Thomas were granted land in Clarendon.
Various transactions in the 1670’s & 80’s show movement of land.

Richard & Thomas were both dead by 1690 leaving 3 sons each. John Hayle snr was a guardian to the children of Thomas, and appears to have been an executor of Richard’s will.
    John snr and his son John jnr were granted land in Clarendon. Snr had 2 plots totalling 609 acres, while jnr had 550 acres in the mountains near Smoakey Hole. John snr’s nephews were mentioned in several deeds for relatively small portions of land being moved within the family. Plotting the plats and estate maps has made it possible to position lands such as those of the Hayle’s north of May Pen to within a few hundred yards. Their southern Clarendon/Vere grants are not as well established.

1671: John Hayle bought 35 acres from William Lord on the Dry River. 
1673: Jamaica Letters Patent, 1673: 3 plots to JR&T Hayle, Clarendon.
1674: Richard Hail married Mary Smart.
1675: Hayle family active in Clarendon, St Catherine & Vere, the earliest being Jobeth & Catherine’s daughter Mary, ch 2/6/1675, St Catherine (but noted as Morant, East of Kingston). – This is probably not our family, both from the spelling and location in Morant.
1676: John & Richard sold 50 acres, Thomas kept remaining 60 acres.
1677: Richard Hayle bought 25 acres in Vere
1680: Thomas snr bought 70 acres of land near Kettle Spring.
1684: Will of Richard Hayle
1690 (Before): Richard dies. (ref 32/239).
1690: Thomas’s will leaves sons Richard, Josiah & Thomas.
Deed from John & Priscilla passes 60 acres to the children, presumably at their majority with J&P as executors. (ref 32/239)
1693: John Hayle relinquished rights on land on the River Minho to Richard, George & Mary Hayle, via their guardian Richard Cargill. John Hayle must have been either their father’s executor or perhaps their guardian. These must be children of Richard. As Thomas’s children are listed in 32/239, these must have been Richard’s children. (24/58 Noted)
1697: John Hayle jnr bought 36 acres from Henry Napier (27/108 Noted)
1697: Richard Cargill as guardian of Richard Hayle’s children discharged John Hayle & John Hunt from the children’s property. (27/109 Noted)
1699: John Hayle (snr or jnr?) bought 90 acres from John Harris adjoining his own land. (Noted 29/46-39)
1699: John Snr bought 1/3 of 140 acres in Vere from James Smith, bounding inter alia on Philemon Dixon. (Noted 30/127-90)
1700: John snr granted land in Clarendon 609 acres in 2 plots (Plat Held).
1700: John & Priscilla pass 60 acres to nephews, Richard, Josiah & Thomas, sons of Thomas. Probably acting as executors/guardians. (Noted 32/239)
1700: John Jnr Granted 300 acres land in the mountains in Clarendon. (Plat Held)
1704: John Snr granted 250 acres at Smoakey Hole, Clarendon, adjoining 1700 grant.. (Plat Held)
1708: John & Priscilla Hayle give to Thomas & Richard 70 acres (Ref 49/130)
1709: Joshua probably dead by now (ref 49/130)
1709: Thomas & Richard split land (Copied 49/130)
      Richard sold his half to James Smith.
1711: Arbitration between Thomas & Richard Hayle over split of inherited land, also mentions James Smith resurvey (2 deeds - 48/68 & 69 – in both directions, 68 noted)
1711: Long document. Gives much of the above information.
      Brother Thomas & wife Elizabeth mentioned.
      Richard & Ann Hayle sold their portion to James Smith. (copied 49/130)
1711, sons of Thomas snr, Thomas & Richard, agreed to split the two plots.
1712: John Jnr ref 400 acres at Smoakey Hole – probably release of mortgage (noted 49/215)
1712: John jnr Will
1714: Thomas jnr partnership with Thomas Howard in 1714 to work land in Vere.
1716: George (s of Richard) sells land.
1717: John snr will
1723: Thomas & Elizabeth Hayle goes into partnership with Martin Wilkins on 520 acres in St Andrew in the mountains. (Noted 70/23-22)
1724: 300 acres patented to George Hayle, which he sold to Thomas Fish (ref 71/225), it seems an outright sale.
1725: will of Thomas jnr, son of Thomas of St Albans
1732: Nevil Hayle sold land for £850 to John Sinclair (deed damaged).
1740’s: William Hayle, mother Elizabeth, Bricklayer of Kingston: who was he in the 1740’s?

A William Hayle, bricklayer, was active in Kingston in the 1740’s with his widowed mother, Elizabeth. A Thomas Hayle & wife Elizabeth had land in St Andrew in the 1720’s. It is probable that this is Thomas, son of Thomas, brother of John Snr.

1743: Nevil Hayle sold 5 acres in Vere to George Hayle where he lives (117/47)

1743: Will of Samuel Nevil Hayle.

1744: Edward Hayle’s guardian John Shickle lets 2 acres to Thomas Wint (Noted 121/33)

1745: Nevil Hayle sold slaves to Peter Sinclair, reference to mortgage by NH to John Sinclair (to Peter to Francis Smith) (Noted 125/37)
1746: Will of George Hayle probated.
1746: Thomas Hayle sold 100 acres (£13 – mortgage?) to John Shickle (128/54)

1749: Mary Hayle, widow of Samuel Hayle ref Grant Dower

1750: Mary Hayle, widow of Samuel to John Shickle all of Clarendon – Grant Dower. (139/129)

1754 Landholders:
Hayle, William, St. Andrew 53, St. Thomas in the East 1500, Portland 500, St. George 880, Total 2933
Hayle, Henry, Vere 200
Hayle, George, Vere 40
Hayle, Ann, Clarendon 151
Hayle, Richard deceased, Clarendon 354
Hayle, Samuel, Clarendon 1185 (Samuel Nevil, Nevil, John snr)
Hayle, Thomas, Vere 20

1756: Grace Bowman sold to Nevil 150 of 300 acres willed to her by Samuel Nevil Hayle (163/126)
1756: Will of Ann, wife of George Hayle.

John was granted in 1672, with his assumed brothers, Richard & Thomas, 210 acres in Clarendon, in 3 parcels of 58, 42 & 110 acres.
The 42 acres appears to have gone to Richard, and then to Richards children, Richard, George and Mary[673].

Hayle Maps & Plats

Estate Maps:
Clarendon 143: Smokey Hole Plats
Clarendon 290: Hayle Smokey Hole – Clarendon 188 (Booth) fits to W.
Clarendon 475: Denbigh/Hayle
Clarendon 615: Yarmouth/Paradise, Vere
Clarendon 649: Francis Allen, Smokey Hole.
Clarendon 651: Denbigh/Hayle

1673: Hales, John, Richard & Thomas, 3 plots 210 A Vere, 1-14F49
1699: John jnr, 300A Smokey hole, 2-8F175
1700: John snr, 609A Smokey Hole, 2-8F188, 1-13F61
1704: John snr, 250 Smokey hole, 2-8F197, 1-13F70-127
1710: John snr, 450/440 acres Smokey Hole, 1-15F147.
1718: Thomas, 500 A, ginger River St Andrew, 1-16F204.

1775: Catherine Hayle to John Shickle  273F193.


William Hayle was a possible ancestor of our Jamaican Hayle families. From the LDS parish records database, he had the only combination of sons John, Thomas & Richard Hayle, (specifically HaYle, the spelling used through the great majority of documents found) in an appropriate period. A burial of a John Hayle in St Albans in 1666 may spoil this supposition, but there is no indication in the records of who he might have been.

St Albans Parish records:

Richard Hayle, 5/4/1638 of Richard

Thomas Hayle 18/11/1634 of Will & Martha Hayle.
Martha Hayle 30/4/1637 of Will & Martha
William Hayle 6/1/1638 of Will Hauke (IG had Hayle, PR Hauke).
John Hayle 1/1/1641-2 of Will & Martha
Martha 23/1/1643-4 of Will
Elizabeth Hayle 29/12/1645 of Will & Martha
Jane Hayle 26/1/1649-50 of Will & Martha
Elisha Haile, 2/3/1651-2 of Will & Martha.
Richard Hayle 29/1/1653-4 of Will & Martha Hayle (PR)
Ralphe Hayle ch St Albans, 5/2/1654-5, son of William & Martha
(PR - http://www.mocavo.com/)

Also Will Hayle ch of Michael & Marie Hayle, St Albans 7/1/1632-3, d 10/1/1633

10/11/1634 Will Hayle sen
26/4/1637, Chrisome child of Richard Hayles
8/9/1642, Martha dau of William Hayle
19/1/1645-6 Jane Hayle widow.

31/5/1666 John Hayle
7/3/1672 Thomas Halle.

There is a document referring to William Hayle, landowner in Herfordshire in 1631  E. Williams Watermark Collection, including the Papers of the Hale Family of King's Walden and Other Papers, at Folger.edu[674], Washington DC. This may have been St Peter’s Parish, Herts.

Thus the brothers:
1/1. John Hayle of whom below.
1/2. Thomas Hayle, died before 1691

1/3. Wiliam Hayle ch 1638 – may not be a Hayle.

1/4. Richard Hayle, died before 1691,

John, Thomas and Richard Hayle

     A land grant[675] was made in 1672-3 to “John Richards & Thomas Hales”; the way in which they are written varies slightly within the document, which is a 19thC transcript, so that it might be 2 people, John Richards and Thomas Hales, or 3, John, Richard and Thomas Hales. It was on the River Minho in 3 parcels of 58, 42 & 110 acres. Mr Thomas Hales is also mentioned as a common boundary. The first 2 would appear to be on opposite sides of the River. In the 1747 map, there are Hales & Hunt together on the west side of the river, just within Vere parish as it borders on Clarendon. The probability is that this document does refer to the 3 brothers. Later deeds show evidence that there were 3 Hayles.
Deed 24/58 refers to the 42 acre plot in connection with John, Richard & Thomas Hayle.
The 1671 deed to John Hayle was probably the land referred to in the 1673 patent as belonging to John & Richard Hayle.

...the first part containing fifty eight acres bounding north east on Edward Cork South East & South West on the River Mino & north West on ye sd John Richards etc Hales land
ye second parcel containing forty two acres bounding South East on Mr Greatrix West on Wm Coockead and north west on the River Mino (this parcel went to Richard, and his children; ref deed 24/58-106).
the third parcel containing one hundred and ten acres bounding north east on Mr Thomas Hales and south east and west south? To a stony gully south on the moore? Land west & north West on John Hunt and Edward Corke together with all ... rent of one half penny per acre...
eighth day of February 1672/3 (five & twentieth year of Charles 2nd).

Bochart & Knollis (1684, extract below) shows a Hales indigo property on the west bank of the Rio Minho, at Kettle Spring, to the south of a Hunt property, which itself was on the road SW from St Jago de la Vega towards the mouth of the Milk River and on to the west. Halce is shown a mile & a half to the north on the east bank of the Rio Minho, between Dawkins & Hazard; this was probably what became Halse Hall. None of these early holdings along the river can have been very big – they were too close together. Dawkins on the west side of the river became Parnassus estate.
The 1747 Bowen & 1755 map show Hales just south of the (later) border between Vere & Clarendon.

The 3 parcels of land are shown in a possible position, south of Parnassus & Halse Hall, based on the orientation of the smaller plots and the river. This map also shows the land bought by John Hayle in 1671; satellite imagerys shows indicates that there was an old ox bow starting at the stream markes on the north of the Lord patent, so this position is shown very speculatively!

Plate 61

58 acre plot: The 58 acre plot is not mentioned, but it must be assumed, if only for fairness, that it went to John Hayle snr, who left land in Vere (Yarmouth, on the Hilliard River, between the Rivers Milk & Minho[676]) to his son Nevil.

42 acre plot: As shown in a deed of 1693[677], the 42 acre plot went to the children of Richard: Richard, George & Mary via their guardian, Richard Cargill of Vere: he discharged John Hayle, then of Vere, and John Hunt as guardians from any liability for the goods & chattels of the children, maybe when they reached majority[678].
George Hayle, probably the son of Richard, was patented 300 acres in Clarendon in 1724, which he sold to Thomas Fish[679]. He was subsequently sold a small amount of land by Nevil Hayle[680].

110 acre plot: A deed[681] of 1701 where John & Priscilla Hayle sold (for 5/- presumably as guardians or executors) describes the fate of the 110 acre plot: it was split early on, 50 acres being sold in 1676 by Richard & John to Thomas Parry and 60 acres going to Thomas Hayle. The latter plot was left to Thomas’s 3 sons, Richard Josiah & Thomas: this was formally passed to the 3 sons of Thomas in 1701. Thomas Parry sold 70 acres to Thomas a few years later, which it is assumed also went to his 2 sons.

The early family history of the other 2 brothers follows, recorded as much as anything to sort out which deeds found relate to which family.

1/1. John Hayle, our ancestor, of whom later.

1/2. Thomas Hayle, died before 1691:

Ch St Albans 18/11/1634 of Will & Martha Hayle
Married Lydia.

Deed 1681[682]:
Thomas Perry of St Elizabeth sold to Thomas Hayles, planter of Vere for £70 70 acres of pasture at Dry River near Kettle Springs being part 106 acres of land bounding N on William Martin, SW on Richard Hayles, & John Hayles SE on Henrica? E on Richard Hayles, sold by Edward Corks of Vere on 20/9/1675 to John Adkins since sold by Elizabeth Adkins relict to Thomas Perry on 9/12/1677.
This land was left to his 3 sons Richard, Joshua & Thomas[683], Joshua was dead by 1708, so it became the property of Richard & Thomas and finally handed over by John & Priscilla Hayle presumably as guardians, by deed in 1701 (0r 1708 in a later deed reference).

Kettle Spring shown on early maps in northern Vere, just south of the border with Clarendon.

Thomas also inherited 60 acres of the 110 acre plot in the original patent, which passed to his 3 sons in 1701.

In 1711, the surviving sons of Thomas snr, Thomas & Richard, agreed to split the two plots equally (the 70 and the 60 from the original grant); Richard and Ann, his wife, then sold his half to James Smith after arbitration over boundaries, leaving Thomas jnr with his plot including his half of the indigo works. The details of this land transaction[684] are difficult to understand and need further research. Two more deeds[685] in 1711 removed any claims the brothers might have on the other’s plot.
Thomas jnr went into partnership with Thomas Howard in 1714 to work land in Vere[686].

Son Thomas sold this inter alia to James Smith, 1717[687].

Thomas Hayle jnr seems to have owned 520 acres in St Andrew, of which he and his wife Elizabeth sold half in 1723[688], before he died in 1725 This must be the same Thomas jnr as earlier deeds refer to his wife, Elizabeth. Thomas jnr’s wife, Elizabeth lived on in Kingston until after 1743. William Hayle, probably their son, was described as a bricklayer in a number of deeds, but was evidently a substantial contractor and was paid about £1800 for supplying masons and bricklayers on fort construction in 1753/4.

Will of 1691-2[689]:
Of Vere, planter, sick
to be buried in plantation by children
To wife Lydia: a negro 2 milch Cows, her riding horse. My housall stuff during her life.
After her death to four children Richard, Josiah, Thomas & Grace. If they all die to next lawful heir.
To 3 sons all lands and negroes. To Grace £50 at marriage
Stock to all 4 children
To Richard, sword, pistol & gold buttons
After my death, children and wife to remains on estate until of age.
Execs loving brother (in law?) Thomas Minson? & Mr William Followay.
Issue Possibly born btw 1670-1679 (<21 in 1691, 21 in 1700):
2/1. Richard Hayle was married to Anne (ref deed 49/130).

Probably the eldest son: given sword and pistols in father’s will.

Possibly married Ann Anderson: Lewis Anderson mentions his daughter Ann Hayle in his will of 1702[690]. Lewis was a planter in Clarendon, and also lists his own wife, Ann and a number of children.
Lewis Anderson owned 58 acres in Clarendon in 1670[691]

This may be the Richard Hayles whose will[692] was of 1711-2:
of St Elizabeth, planter (later in document, of Vere)
Children Philip, Milborough Ann, Lydia (his mother’s name) to divide all between them.
Exec: Henry Low & Friend John Hayles.

Inventory[693]: planter of St Elizabeth, £227-6-9, shown by Henry Low, as executor. It included 17 slaves, of which 9 were children.

A complicated deed was drawn up in 1711 dividing the land between Thomas & Richard. It may be that that was done with Richard’s impending death.

3/1. Philip Hayles
3/2. Milborough Ann Hayles
3/4. Lydia Hayles.

2/2. Joshua Hayle dead by 1708.
2/3. Thomas Hayle, married Elizabeth (Massie?). (from deed ref 49/130)

Assumed that this is the correct connection – confirmed by the 1717 deed which refers to the earlier Parry land purchase.

In 1714[694] Thomas Hayle & Thomas Howard formed a partnership in Vere: Hayle added 3 negroes, Howard 11 negroes & 4 horses and land rented of Peter Stiles, John Sadler. Hayle to work & manure the land.
1717[695] Thomas Hayle planter of St Andrew & his wife Elizabeth sold to James Smith of Vere gent the land bought by Thomas snr from Thomas Parry 70 acres at Kittle Spring, Thomas snr since dead and left it 3 sons
Thomas Hayle and Elizabeth sold to James Smith for £320 the 75 acres remaining after the splits in 1709. This land seems to have been sold by John Sinclair who bought it from Samuel Nevil Smith, son of James.
1723[696]:  Thomas Hayle of St Andrew planter & his wife Elizabeth have 520 acres in the mountain in St Andrew N & NE on mountains, S & SW on Lingo? River SW on unsurveyed with several negroes, stock hoggs Goats and poultry. They grant a half share in all to Martin Wilkins of St Dorothy, planter. Includes 23 negroes (£698) Goats £5 Hoggs £5/10 Poultry £7/10.

Will[697] 1725: planter of St Andrew. Wife Elizabeth, sons William & Thomas, both under 21; Sister Abigail Cole, her children Robert & John & Jane Parker.
Inventory[698] of 1725:
planter of St Andrew, £548-11-10d

Sister Abigail might have been sister-in-law: this is the only family found, but, unless Abigail was married before, does not work.
Marriage John Cole & Abigail Pink, 2/9/1704, St CatherinePR.
Issue of John & Abigail Cole, St C:
John Cole, ch 9/4/1713, p57
Robert Cole, ch 22/10/1710, p53
Elizabeth Cole, ch 25/1/1708, p51

A Parker family, but probably not relevant:
William Parker M Jean Oniz? 8/12/1694, St C p116
Issue of William & Jane Parker, St Catherine:
John Parker, ch 21/9/1695 p38
Frances Parker, ch 6/1/1700 p44
Cornelius Parker, ch 10/3/1708 p51
Charles Parker, ch 19/2/1714 p57
John Parker, ch 7/12/1723 p66 (Jean)
William Parker, ch 27/3/1726, P68

1743 Deed[699]: Between Elizabeth Hayle of Kingston, widow, and William Hayle, bricklayer, of Kingston. (assumed to be the widow of Thomas jnr).
Land was sold by Charles Long of Lincoln’s Inn to William Massis, Tavern keeper, in Kingston ... East to West Depth 150 feet, breadth north to south 48 feet bounding north on William Austin east on East Street south on ... Murphy and west on John’s Lane. William Massis and his wife Priscilla 24/5/1729 gave to Elizabeth Hayle one moiety of the above land; Elizabeth Hayle for love & affection of son William Hayle & 5/- gives the moiety of land And also negro slaves

3/1. William Hayle, bricklayer

William Hayles, bricklayer, married Priscilla Cropper, Kingston 23/5/1732, both OTP.

MI Kingston:
Thomas Hayle died 27 June 1732 aged 27, also the six children of William & Priscilla Hayle vis:
Elizabeth died 1 July 1735, Catherine died 9 August 1737, James died 27 December 1738, Matthew 12 January 1740, James died 24 January 1740, James died 11 July 1742.
Deeds have not all been copied, ony when convenient!
Deed 1743[700]:
Millicent Garland, spinster of Kingston sold 25 ft of street in Kingston to William Hayle of Kingston, bricklayer.
1754 owners:
Hayle, William, St. Andrew 53, St. Thomas in the East 1500, Portland 500, St. George 880, Total 2933.
Craskell 1763 shows Hayles’s in Portland at N18º6’W76º18’ with a cattle powered sugar estate.
1758[701]: Assigment of debt to William Hayle esq of Kingston from James Baillie £58, judgement against James Grant of St Ann
1764[702]: William & Priscilla Hayle sold to Thomas & Susanna Craskell sugar works at Manchioneal Bay called Hair Prospect former Friendship for £25000, Both parties of Kingston esqs
1773[703]: William Hayle bought from George Cradock WH buys 10 acres in Kingston for £80
1764 deed[704]: William Hayle bricklayer & Priscilla of Kingston, Gent, sold 3 parcells of land to John Dunston of Kingston esq for £7450 400 acres in St Thomas in the East bought by John Hayle for £J2900 & 300 acres in Marchoneal bay.
1785[705]: Thomas Spencer of St Catherine free negro, sold to William Hayle of Kingston 68A in St Catherine & 50A in Cedar Valley, St TiV

John Dunston’s will[706] of 1765 refers:
of Kingston. Long will.
Ref estates purchased of William Hayle of Kingston in St Thomas in East & Portland to be improved into a sugar works. wife Frances Dunston. Son Geoorge Pinnock Dunston when 21. Dau Ann Mary Dunston when 18

Received with Governor Knowles's Letter
dated ye 31st December 1754, Received April ye 9th 1755
Read April 10th 1755
August 10, 1754
To Cash paid William Hayle for mason & bricklayers work done there  £140
MOSQUITO POINT Dr. December 25, 1753
Paid William Hayle for mason & bricklayers work 728. 5. 0.
August 10, 1754
Paid William Hayle for Mason & Bricklayer work 946. 16. 3

Issue of William & Priscilla (Kingston PR, burials from MI):
4/1. James Hayle b 28/5/1733 ch 19/6/1733, bur 27/12/1738
4/2. Elizabeth Hayle b. 27/1/1734-5 ch. 20/2/1734-5, bur 1/1/1736
4/3. William Massie Hayle b. 16/6/1736 ch 12/7/1736,

William Massie Hayle died 18/10/1794, Kingston[707]
had issue by Martha, ch Kingston:
5/1. Samuel Hayle, b 1/10/1772 ch 31/3/1773
5/2. Ann Hayle. B. 24/8/1775 ch. 25/10/1775
5/3. Robert Clarke Hayle, b 7/2/1778, ch Kingston, 13/3/1778.

Robert Clarke Hayle had a number of children by Mary Denton, in & out of marriage. She was a free quadroon.
Married Mary Denton, 12/1/1823, St Andrew.
Christened Kingston:
6/1. Martha Hayle, ch 10/4/1809,
6/2. Robert Hayle, ch 19/11/1813, abt 14 months,
6/3. William Hayle, ch 19/11/1813, abt 14 months,
6/4. Mary Catherine Hayle, b 18/6/1813, ch 9/10/1815.
6/5. Dorothy Hayle ch 18/1/1823,

5/3. Mary Hayle B. 4/8/1779 ch. 15/8/1779

4/4. Catherine Hayle b. 17370804 17370809, bur 9/8/1737
4/5. George Hayle b. 17/9/1738, ch 19/10/1738:

Probably him with the St Thomas in the East conncetion:
1775[708]: George Hayle esq of St Thomas in the East & Sarah his wife for £7000 from Fairlie Christie of the same parish, planter for 300 acres in St Thomas in the East called Chatsworth, part of larger tract called Pera.
1775: 276/20: George Hayle of St Thomas in the East and devisee of William Hayle & Priscilla of Kingston re mortgage by William Hayle 1767 George Hayle sold slaves to settle to Jno Hitchman.
Died Geo Hayle formerly of St T in E, at Green Pond, Kingston, 22/12/1781JG
If this is the one, he married Sarah Tharp 26/8/1765, he of Kingston, she of St James (probably of the Good Hope Tharps).
Had issue by Sarah:
5/1. John Tharp Hale, ch Hanover 17/3/1767,
5/2. Ann Thorpe Hayle, ch Kingston 3/8/1768
5/3. John Stevens Hayle b. 9/11/1778 ch Kingston 27/11/1778.
A George Tharp Hayle was awarded slave compensation in Westmoreland. Quite probably of this family.

4/6. Mathew Hayle b. 11/1/1739-40 12/1/1739-4, bur 12/1/1740
4/7. James Hayle b. 11/1/1739-40 12/1/1739-40, bur 24/1/1740
4/8. James Hayle b. 16/4/1741 30/4/1741, bur 11/7/1742
4/9. Ann Hayle b. 1/2/1742-3  3/2/1742-3, married Edward Bowes.

1764[709]: Edward Bowes lately married Ann Hayle only dau of William & Priscilla sold slaves in trust to George Hayle for Ann Bowes.

3/2. Thomas Hayle, probably buried Kingston, died 27 June 1732 aged 27.

1/3. William Hayle ch 1638

ch St Albans 6/1/1638 of William, no more information.

1/4. Richard Hayle, died before 1693,

Ch. St Albans 29/1/1654 of Will & Martha Hayle

maybe Richard Hail who married Mary Smart 6/1/1674, St Catherines[710]:
Smarts shown in northern Vere on the west side of the Rio Minho.

In 1677[711], Richard Hayle bought 25 acres of land in Vere from Thomas Berry & his wife Rebecca (N on John Graterz, E on Rio Mino, S on John Hayle & W on Thomas Perry, part of land they had bought from Graterz).
It was part of a patent to John Graterz 1n 1671 for 510 acres (E on Rio Mino, N&W on the side of the woods, S on Capt Noy). John Graterz & his wife Margaret on 8/8/1676 sold 217 acres to Thomas Berry, (E on Rio Mino, S on Noy, W on Sir Thomas Lynch & N on John Graterz). This land appears in a deed with Richard’s surviving son, George in 1716.
Was this purchase to get river access?
1693[712]: Richard Cargill, planter of Vere, as guardian of Richard, George & Mary Hayle, paid John Hayle, planter of Vere, 15/- as he quits claims to 42 acres of land SE on John Greatrix, W on William Coxhead?, NW on the River Minho, part of 210 acres patented  8 Feb 25th year of CII (1672), to him, John Hayle, Thomas Hayle & Richard Hayle.
This is the second parcel of land in the joint letters patent to John, Thomas & Richard Hayle.
1697[713]: Richard Cargill of Vere, planter as guardian to children of Richard Hayle, decd discharges John Hayle of Vere planter and John Hunt of Clarendon planter from any goods belonging to the children. The John’s were Richard Hayle’s Executors.

His Will[714], Dated 1684, of Vere planter
Wife Mary executor as long as she keeps herself a widow.
After her marriage divide estate between 3 sons and 1 daughter – viz 67 acres in Vere, 8 negroes, 2 horses one mare one pen of neat cattle, one pen of sheep.
Exec John Hunt & John Hayles of Clarendon & Vere.
The 67 acres must have been the 42 acres from the orginal patent and 25 acres bought from Thomas Barry in 1677.
2/1. Richard Hayle – died bef 1716.
2/2. Son Hayle. 3 sons in father’s 1684 will, but not in execs deeds 1693.
2/2. George Hayle

Wife Ann,
3/1. George Hayle
3/2. Henry Hayle
3/3. Smart Hayle
3/4. Thomas Hayle, GH will
3/5. Unknown Hayle
3/6. Judith Hayle PR, GH will
3/7. Sarah Hayle, PR
3/8. Mary Hayle, GH will, Smart’s will
3/9. Elizabeth (Hayle) Brown, GH will
3/10 Olive Hayle, PR, GH & AH wills
3/11. Ann Hayle, AH will

Inherited some land from his father as the surviving son, but mentions sugar works in Clarendon mountains: this could have been the 1724 patent, these are also in Anne’s will.

1754 Owners, Ann Hayle, 151 acres in Clarendon.

1716[715]: In an indenture between George Hayle, planter of Vere, & Ann his wife & James Smith of Vere esq, George sold 2 acres to James Smith for £10 SE on George Hayle, W Thomas Mounson dcd, N on James Smith. Small Triangle - Dr Smith on N side. This was part of the 25 acres his father bought from Thomas Berry in 1677 and left by Richard to his sons: George was the survivor of them.
   In a similar indenture[716] between James Smith esq of Vere & Eliza his wife & George Hayle, James Smith & wife for £10 sold to George Hayle 2 acres (N on George Hayle, EW&S on James Smith. Plat rectangle long side EW).
    This was part of John Graterz’s patents for 510 acres & another 60 acres (patented in 1673) (N on William Coxhead, NW & SW on sd John Graterz). John Graterz & Margaret sold in 1686 335 acres, (w Charles Atkinson, N & NNW William Joy esq & formerly Richard Hayle E on Rio Minho, S & SE on Francis Blackmore) to Thomas Munson & his wife Margaret. Thomas Munso sold in October 1686, 1/3 to William Harris, whose son, William sold to James Smith 10/8/1698 the 1/3.

1724[717]: George Hayle of Clarendon planter, patented 300 acres, SE on Edward Butler decd SW & NE on waste land. He sold in to Thomas Fish by deed in 1724. On the junction of Carr’s River & Yonker?? River – complicated plat, coord noted, 2015.

George Hayle signed the inventory of John Hayle in 1718 as assessor(?), and was shown the property by Nevil Hayle.

1743[718]: in an indenture between Nevil Hayle of Vere, Gent, and George Hayle of Vere, Nevil Hayle sold five acres for five shillings in Vere where George Hayle now dwells, bounding easterly on the road leading to the Cross from Rio Minho to the land now in possession of Elizabeth Falloways Northerly on Elizabeth Falloways Westerly on Nevil Hayle and Southerly on John Hayle, Witness Francis Smith & John Hayle.
The Cross was between Old Harbour & the Rio Minho, shown with the road on Moll 1717.

Will[719] proved 1746:, Of Clarendon.
To wife Ann, riding horse & saddle £30 also household goods & furniture
To wife 2 parcells of land 40 & 23 acres until Smart Hayle comes of age 21
To wife 2 acres of land purchased by me of James Smith esq dec in Vere + houses etc for life
At the end of the terms above, land to sons Thomas & Smart Hayle.
If my estate in the mountains should by any means or accident not vest in or come to my sons Henry & George, then my estate ... shall be for the use of my 4 sons, Henry, George, Thomas & Smart.
Mentions Real & Personal estate and sugar works in Clarendon mountains.
To dau Mary Manning 5/- 12 mths after death
To Dau Elizabeth Brown £70 2 years after death
To dau Olive Macke £70 3 years after death
to dau Palmer Hayle £70 4 year after & a negro
To Dau Judith Hayle £70 6 years after
These to come out of the profits of the sugar works devised to sons Henry & George.
Youngest sons Thomas & Smart,
To sons George & Henry the rest & residue, but if George shall at any time intermarry with Milborough Burrell, dau of George Burrell planter of Vere, cohabit with or keep her as mistress or partner .. he shall take nothing.
Execs Widow Ann & Henry Hayle

Ann’s will[720] of 1756-7: of Vere, widow, sick
To G/dau Olive McKeand a heifer
To G/dau Deborah Burrell a heifer
To son Smart Hayle rem of cattle except one, riding horse and mare and cold sheep goats & other small stock
To son George Hayle 1 cow
daus Olive & Ann 1 trunk each
Daus Mary Olive Ann wearing apparel
To son Henry feather bed and down bedd
Old desk to son Smart
New desk, water frame new chairs new table the chest Chicken Feather bedds and one down bed & rem of household furniture divided between G & S
Load horse to George
To son Henry 2 slaves
All other slaves between G&S also income from my mountain plantation
I give (provided they do not intermeddle or disturb either by vexations of suits at law on in equity my said son Smart in the peaceable and quiet possession of the lands etc in Vere which was bequeathed to him by his father but in such case the following bequest to be annihilated and the said Smart Hayle and his heirs to enjoy sd lands hereafter mentioned) all that my lands plantations sugar works together with houses etc unto sons George & Henry
Execs Henry George & Smart

1753: Ann Hayle, widow, mentioned in the boundaries of Nevil Hayle land on the Dry River in a deed with the Smiths, Smart Hayle on another boundary.

Possible issue of George Hales, ch Clarendon PR:
In 1746: older sons, George & Henry:

Several deeds involve Ann Hayle and her sons Henry and George:

1753[721]: Ann Hayle of Clarendon widow relict of George Hayle for £20 pa sells to her sons Henry, Millwright and George Hayle, blacksmith of Vere 28 slaves.
Then the next day, Henry Hayle and his wife Ann millwright of Clarendon & George & his wife Mary Hayles sold to Benjamin Mumbee (of Vere planter) for £1000 28 slaves in trust; the next day Benjamin Mumbee to sold 14 to each of Henry & George Hayle for £500 each.
1753[722]: George Hayle of Vere son of George Hayle snr of Clarendon given 14 slaves by Ann Hayle relict of George Hayle dcd Ann & Henry Hayle execs of will of George Hayle. George Hayle relinquishes any claim on estate.
1754[723]: Ann Hayle widow of late George Hayle has right to 1/3 of estate. Henry Hayle of Clarendon Millwright, George Hayle of Vere & Ann Hayle of Vere lease 33 acres to Wheeler Fearon of Clarendon Esq part of larger part known as Taylors in Clarendon of 150a bounding on all sides on land of Hon Thomas Fearon etc: Rent £7/6/8 to each pa £20 total. In a 2nd deed, Ann rents the remaining 117 acres for £28 pa to Wheeler Fearon.

3/1. George Hayle, in parents wills, issue from Smart’s will of 1765

Probably born about 1715, alive in 1756.
George Hayles married Mary Jernum, Clarendon 29/6/1746
Blacksmith of Vere in 1753 when his mother, Ann gave him 14 slaves, when George relinquished his executorship of his father’s will.

1754: owners: Hayle, George, Vere 40 (acres).
1757[724]: George & Mary Hayle planter of Vere, Smart & Sarah Hayle of Clarendon sold Thomas Burbery of Clarendon for £1000 21 negroes.

A George Hayle was in debtors prison, Jam Gaz 13/5/1780.
Issue of George & Elizabeth, Clarendon:
4/1. William Hayle ch 20/1/1751PR.
4/2. Thomas Hayle – Smart’s will
4/3. George Hayle, ch Clarendon 17/10/1763PR, of George & Mary

5/1. Smart Hayle, ch 16/2/1790, Cl’dn of George dcd & MaryPR.

4/4. Mary Hayle, 6/5/1753 ch 5/7/1763, VerePR, of George & Mary
4/5. Ann Hayle
4/6. Smart Hayle, b 20/10/1767, ch 6/1/1768 Cl’dn G & MPR.

3/2. Henry Hayle, in parents wills,

owned 200 acres in Vere in 1754.
Millwright in 1753 of Clarendon.
Wife Henry Hale married Ann Walker, spinster, 27/11/1747, VerePR.
Died about 1760, and Ann remarried Mthias Phillip Downer, Vere 27/3/1762, he was of St Andrew.

Was this the Henry Hayle owning 200 acres in Vere in 1754?
1744[725]: Thomas Alison & Martha of St C surveyor, sold for £275 to Henry Hayle of St Catherine, millwright 200 acres in Vere NW on Samual Long, E on Messrs Ashwits & Fish, SE on Thomas Wint & the Spring & SW on George Marke
Henry Hayle owned 200 acres in Vere in 1754.
Plat on wills file. More likely Henry, son of George, son of Richard of St Albans.
1753[726]: John & Eleanor Olyphant of Clarendon 5/2/1745 sold to George Mackenzie 656½ A in St Anne's Mtn in Clarendon, George McKenzie George & Mary Mackenzie gent of Clarendon sold it to Henry Hayle, a millwright of Clarendon, for £600,.

Will of 1760-1[727]:
Henry Hayle millwright of clarendon, All to sons Palmer & William both <21.  wife Ann for life they die, if sons die & wife maries to nephews Richard Brown millwright of st George Henry Waite of st Elizabeth Gent, John Mackeand  & Alexander Mackeand of Kingston George Martie Mackeand of Vere, George Burell son of George Burrell, planter of Clarendon planter. John & William Pusey execs
Inventory 42/343:
Ent 31/12/1761 by John Pusey, Henry Hayle planter of Clarendon,  Household £175/18/1 28 slaves several bonds total £2053/18/1 lots of household detail, not easily readable.

1763[728]: Mathias Philip Downer of St Ann & his wife Ann (late Ann Hayle, widow of Henry Hayle), millwright of Clarendon, 2nd Mathias Philip & Ann Downer agree with John Pusey exec of Henry Hayle to release her Dower to Henry Palmer Hayle & William Hayle, legatees of Henry Hayle, gents & her sons for £400.

3/1. Henry Palmer Hayle.
3/2. William Hayle.

In 1746 younger sons:
3/3. Smart Hayle, in in parents wills.

Will[729] of 1765:
Esq of Clarendon, sick.
To Sister Mary Downer, wife of Thomas Downer, planter, negro girl & £50
Rest & residue divided between Alexand McKeand George McKeand sons of George McKeand planter of Vere, & Thomas, George, Mary & Ann, children of my brother George Hayle, planter of Vere, & John, George, Thomas, Deborah, Ann, Elizabeth & Olive Burrell, ch of George Burrell of Clarendon Planter.
Exec brother George & friend George Burrell.

Married Sarah Burbery, bapt 5/9/1732, dau of Robert & Elizabeth Burbery, Clarendon. Robert probably bapt Clarendon, 27/7/1696, son of Robert & Rebecca.

1753: Ann Hayle, widow, mentioned in the boundaries of Nevil Hayle land on the dry River in a deed with the Smiths, Smart Hayle on another boundary.
1757: George & Mary Hayle planter of Vere, Smart & Sarah Hayle of Clarendon 1st part sold to Thomas Burbery of Clarendon 2nd pt, sold for £1000 negroes 21.

1760[730]: Smart & Sarah Hayle lease for 3 year to William Smith 46A S & W on Francis Smith, N&E on Minho, also 23 A also in Vere, E on Minho N&W on Francis Smith, S on Grace Bowman. £30 pa.

1761[731]: Robert Burbery esq of Clarendon for love and affection for Sarah Hayle & 5/- sold a moiety of land in Short River in Clarendon to Smart Hayle planter of Clarendon & Sarah his wife (dau of Robert Burbery) containing 300A E,N, W on land of George McKenzie S on land in possession of John Gardner esq & heirs of Trristam Ratcliffe dcd for the lives of S&SH then to their children. If no issue to sons of Robert Burbery.

3/4. Thomas Hayle, 15/8/1725, of George

In father’s will, but not mother’s, prob died bef 1756; owned 20 acres in Vere.

3/5. Unk Hayle, ch 14/12/1723 of George
3/6. Judith Hayle, 7/12/1730 of George & Ann, father’s will only.
3/7. Sarah Hayle, 24/12/1734 of George & Ann

3/8. Mary Hayle, father’s will of 1746 as Mary Manning &

Smart’s will of 1765 as Mary, wife of Thomas Downer.
George Manning possibly the son of Humphrey & Mary Manning, b Vere 16/1/1710, but the reference to the land in Smoakey Hole makes this look less likely.
100 acres of land in Smoakey Hole sold by George Manning jnr & Mary to John Wright in 1750, part of John Hayle patent – possibly this one.
A case in the Jamaica Assembly refers to the will of Edward Manning of 1750 in which it mentions he owned inter alia Yarmouth Pen. He leaves as heirs a nephew and several nieces.
Issue of George & Mary Manning, Vere, maybe them:
4/1. William Dounty Manning, ch 13/11/1735
4/2. George Alexander Manning, ch 10/11/1737

3/9. Elizabeth Hayle, as Elizabeth Brown in father’s will:

not in Anne’s

3/10. Olive Hayle, in parents wills, Vere 20/7/1714, ch 1/8/1714PR.

Married George McKeand 30/8/1736, ClarendonPR
George McKeand, bur Vere 6/11/1762.
4/1. George Martin McKeand, ch Vere 11/1749PR
4/2. Olive McKean, b 30/8/1755, ch Vere 15/4/1756PR.
4/2. Alexander McKeand, M Susannah French.

1785[732]: John Gall Booth Esq of Vere & Rachel Judith his wife for J£380 sold to Alexander McKeande of Kingston 38 acres in Vere N & NE on Milk River and on land surved for William Pinder but patented by Edward Rawllins now possession of Thomas Turner W fomerly Mrs Duncan now Hugh Duncan, WS on patent Dr Sperry now heirs of Hon John Scott. S pat by Tom Dead now Simon Booth.
1786[733]: George Burrell of Kingston gent Alexander Mckeande Gent of Kingston refers to land in St Jago sold to Alexander Mckeande but refers to ind with Richard Roy Mann, mason, & Richard Brown, millwright both of St George.
Issue of Alxander McKeand, ch Kingston:
5/1. Olive McKeand, of Frances Ann 21/4/1771
5/2. Olive McKeand, of Elizabeth 30/7/1785
5/3. Thomas McKeand of Susanna French 16/6/1780.

3/11. Ann Hayle in mother’s will only.

Probably married George Burrell of Clarendon
Burrills appear on the plats & maps aroung John Hayle’s patents to the north of May Pen.
Issue from Smart’s will, April 1765, with some Clarendon records:
4/1. Deborah Burrell, ch 9/11/1752PR, and also in G/mother’s will
4/2. John Burrell, ch 15/3/1751PR,

Married Susannah King, Clarendon, 7/8/1777.
5/1. John Burrel ch 12/1/1779
5/2. Ann Hayle Burrell, ch 24/9/1780, Mar John Snaith

6/1. George Burrell Snaith, son of John Snaith esq & Ann Hayle, b 12/4/1814, ch 16/4/1818, Clarendon

5/3. Robert Burrell, ch 20/7/1782

Mar Mary Sarah Pakes Thorburn, 6/8/1812
6/1. Sarah Hannah Burrell, b 14/10/1817, ch 16/4/1818.

5/4. Elizabeth Howe Burrell, b 15/2/1782, ch 27/3/1783
5/5. Child Burrell, ch 13/3/1785. Was this Olive B who mar:

Mar Adam William Thorburn, Clarendon, 16/12/1812
6/1. Eliza Alice Thorburn, ch 10/10/1814.
6/1. John Burrell Thorburn, b. 18170725 ch 18180416.

5/5. Smart Hayle Burrell, b 16/11/1793, ch 1/6/1793.
5/5. James King Burrell, b 23/11/1795, ch 14/1/1796
5/6. Deborah Burrell, b 4/1797, ch 4/1/1798

4/3. George Burrell, ch 6/4/1754PR,

4/4. Thomas Burrell, ch 9/1/1760PR
4/5. Ann Burrell, ch 16/4/1757PR
4/6. Elizabeth Burrell ch 21/5/1763PR
4/7. Olive Burrell, b 17 Jan,  ch 22/4/1765, ClarendonPR.

Of George & Alice:
4/8. Milborough Burrell, b. 12/3/1770, ch 6/9/1770PR.
4/9. William Burell, b. 26/5/1772, ch 27/7/1772
4/10. Sarah Shin Burrell, ch 30/9/1774.

Alice Burrell bur, Clarendon, 30/9/1775.
George Burrell bur Clarendon, 8/5/1777, d 6/5/1777 at Old Woman’s Savanna.

3/12. Palmer Hayle, daughter in father’s will only.

Mar Thomas Allison, Vere 15/9/1749 as spinster.

In the 1790’s A William Palmer Hayle was having children in Clarendon.

2/3. Mary Hayle.

7.2    JOHN HAYLE snr. – Died 1717


Parents: perhaps William & Martha Hayle of St Albans
1/1/1641 or 2, the Abbey, St Albans, Will & Martha Hayle – 2 sources in IGI.
DiedWill: about late 1716, as a planter of Vere.

   John Hayle was our direct ancestor via Priscilla Hayle who married john Sinclair. He was a land owner, and probably pen keeper, in Clarendon with about 1500 acres of land, with his son John, in the area to the north of present day May Pen, and some smaller plots on the River Minho just south of the border into Vere.

 Haylesfield (pen) to the north west of Alley, south of “old” Yarmouth was probably his pen where he lived and was about 280 acres in 1809. By the standards of the day, he must have been a man of some substance when many grants were for 10-300 acres.

Plate 62

The northern patents appear on several estate maps and became part of Denbigh and Teak Savanna estates.

   John & Priscilla had, from their wills, at least 5 children; John junior was probably the eldest but as he died before his father, the major beneficiary of John Snr’s will was Nevil. The inventories of both John Senior & junior show them to have had 71 slaves at their death. Neither the wills nor the inventories give direct details of the land owned, but the inventories give an indication. However, sugar estates seemed to have about 1 slave for 8 acres. This ties in with the known size of the land granted to each of them. From a crop account for his grandson, Samuel, son of John jnr, it appears that, at least later on (1742) that the family was growing cotton, probably on the Smokey Hole estates.
    The inventories of John father & son are typical of the era, but show somewhat different lives. John snr had a lot more furniture in his inventory, probably reflecting a larger, more prosperous home; he had some livestock, but there is no mention of other agricultural produce while John jnr produced Indigo as well as livestock, indicating that he may have lived on the Rio Minho land. John jnr had a sizable debt owed to him as an asset in his inventory, but no deed has been found to account for this.

The Grant with his brothers:
   John was granted in 1672-3, with his brothers, Richard & Thomas, 210 acres in Clarendon, described earlier in this volume with the disposiition of this land.
    The 58 acre plot is not mentioned, but it must be assumed, if only for fairness, that it went to John Hayle snr, who left land at Yarmouth, Vere to his son Nevil.
    There were a several deeds involving John Hayle in 1693, 1697 and 1701 relating to the administration of his brother’s estate by Richard Cargill where John Hayle relinquished any claims (as executor), and a later deed of 1701 relating to Thomas’s sons.

Other Lands
    In a deed 1699[734], slightly predating the next acquisition from James Smith, John Hayle planter of Vere,(snr or jnr?) bought from John Honis (Harris??) Cordwainer of St Elizabeth and his wife Elizabeth for £10 90 acres in Clarendon; the land was patented[735] to John Honis & Edward Ward in 1675 as rocky all round. In the deed, it bounds on John Hayle, Mr Hunt and unsurveyed; it would have been inherited by Nevil, and may be the parcel sold by him in 1720 as being in St Elizabeth to John Anderson, the boundary between St Elizabeth was a bit variable over this period.
   John senior bought[736] about 47 acres in Clarendon from Dr James Smith, surgeon, in 1699 (East on John & Robert Adlard, N on Philemon Dixon decd & Capt Jacob Pickering. S & W on James Smith): this land went to his son Nevil. The land was 1/3 of 140 acres patented the Brazilatto Hills by John Hunt in 1686[737] and bought by Dr James Smith in 1698 who is referred to as John snr’s son-in-law, and has a wife Elizabeth in the 1699 deed, but there is no mention of Elizabeth Hayle in John snr’s will. Nevil Hayle sold his 1/3 in 1718 to James Smith[738]. A second deed also refers to this transaction[739].

Yarmouth (Vere) Land
    The origins of the savanna land in Yarmouth, left by John Hayle snr to his son and heir Nevil is not clear; it might have been that bought in 2 lots from John Harris and James Smith in 1699. From deeds by son Nevil, this was a sugar estate and came, via a complicated route, into the ownership of the Smith family, who are shown on Craskel with a cattle powered sugar estate on the west bank of the Rio Minho, opposite Webbers Gully: a Smith pen appears further south. It may have originated with the land granted to the 3 brothers, speculatively shown on Plate 61 with the Lord land. A deed of 1750 describes the land formerly owned by Nevil Hayle as bordering the Rio Minho, between Yarmouth Hole and Fig Tree Hole, and having a southern border with Mrs Carver: she would have been the mother of Mary (Carver) Ward whose son owned Yarmouth estate, shown south on Robertson about where Lord is on Craskel.

Robertson has Dunkley’s Dry River (not to be confused with Rodon’s Dry River on the other side of the river, where the present day settlement of Dry River is) in the same position as Smiths; sometime after 1755, Smiths must have sold it to Abraham Dunkley before 1786. There is a small settlement in this position on satellite images, probably Gravel Ground on the 1950’s map. In the 1820’s it had about 250 slaves, so was a substantial property.

    An alternative is that this land was what is now shown as Haylesfield, which in 1809 measured about 280 acres, in southern Vere as shown on 2 estate maps as 280 acres on 2 19thC estate maps[740], one of 1809 and another later.

(Plate 62)

     Haylesfield Pen is shown on these maps in the position of present day Haylesfield, and was at least 280 acres in 1809 (although only 2 plots totalling 70 acres in 1844). This was probably the land where he and Piscilla resided. His inventory lists livestock, but nothing to imply he was a sugar producer. John jnr shows some indigo in his inventory, probably grown on his 300 acres north of May Pen. William Pusey Hayle in the early 19thC was at Haylesfield – see below.
    Yarmouth on Robertson was close to the Hilliard River (earlier called the Vere River), to the west of the road from Kemps (Camps) Hill to Cooks Gate. Modern maps show “New Yarmouth to the East of this road, where Rodon’s is marked on Robertson. New Yarmouth estate, now part of Wray & Nephew, belonged to the Earl of Dudley & Ward in 1830’s from his grand mother Mary Ward, who inerited it from her father John Carver in 1724.
Note: Yarmouth in 1804 was in Vere, 17N42 17W12, as a cattle powered sugar estate. New Yarmouth on the west bank of the Rio Minho, west of Hayes is still a sugar factory.

1671[741]: William & Mary Lord, planter of Clarendon, sold for £35 to John Hayle planter of Clarendon 35 acres: upon the Dry River (Rio Minho) in Clarendon, bounding North on William Lord East on William Cock, SW on waste land, West on the river. Part of 75 acres patented[742] to William Lord 15 Sept in 20th year of Charles II (15/9/1668), at Kettle Spring, on a sharp right angle bend in the river, from flowing west to south, with William Clarendon on the opposite bank. See Plate 61.
This was probably the land referred to in the 1673 patent as belonging to John & Richard Hayle. This looks to have been in the meander of the Rio Minho about 1½ miles NE of present day New Yarmouth.

Smokey Hole Land
    John senior and junior aquired about 1500 acres in northern Clarendon, not in the classic sugar area further south. Some may have been in cotton and some indigo and probably some sugar. The family sold this land over the years, and it became part of Teak Pen, Folly Pen and Denbigh estate[743]. Satellite images show this to be hilly, wooded land, even when cleared, it would not have been good growing country.
    John Hayle senior, our direct ancestor, had three patents for land around Smokey Hole for 609 acres in 1700 (this patent was entered as snr & jnr, but text is only snr), 250 acres in 1704 and 450 acres in 1710 (which went to his grandson Thomas who subsequently sold most or all of it); his son, John junior, was granted a further 300 acres in 1700. Plats for John Hayle senior and junior, John Hunt, Richard Dawkins & Richard Coates fit well together except for the road on the east of John Hunt and the west of Richard Dawkins. The land was described as at Smokey Hole, on and around a road variously decribed as: “the new road from Thomas River to St Jago Savanna”, “The new road to Thomas’s river near Pickering Spots”, “the road from Coll Dawkins to St Jago”, “the road to Smoakey Hole”. This approximates to the modern road from May Pen to Pleasant Valley and on towards Thomas’s River. St Jago Savanna is to the west of modern day May Pen. Estate map 290 covers much of this.
   A road crossing John Hayle snr’s 450 acre patent on the SW part of the combined area is a “path up to Pickering Spots”, later described as “to Dr Burril’s palink[744]”. The inference is that there was a Pickering property on or near the Thomas River to the north of the properties; nothing shows on the maps of the period. It was probably the modern road from Four Paths to Brixton Hill, although the fit is not very good.
    Estate plan 475 on the southern side of the Hayle complex matches the road from Jacob Hut to Pleasant Valley very well, and the southern grants match reasonably. Clarendon 143 continues up the road, and also has a very good match to the road, and the southern boundary of John Hayles senior 263A of 1700 is also a very ggod match. These 2 position the Hayle/Hunt complex within a couple of hundred yards or so.
    An estate plan (Clarendon 143, 1799) shows John Hunt’s 1200 acres much further south, covering some of John Hayle senior’s land (which was all on one plat sheet, and obviously joined on either side of the road), as all other lands fit and agree with this plan, it seems that the map 143 Hunt position is not correct, or the outline is wrong.  Another estate map (Clarendon 649), undated but after 1741, shows John Hayles snr patent of 1700 for 609 acres and its southern neighbours: this has the North western boundary as it was against John Hunt in my joining of the plats. Much of the 1700 land is shown as “formerly of John Hayles, deceased”, indicating a sale of at least part. This map stretches south to include the original grant to Giffard Pennant for what became the Denbigh estate.
    Estate Map 143 appears to be an analysis of the lands around the Hayles as part of a dispute between the Denbigh (Lord Penrhyn/Pennant) & Teak Savanna Estates (James Chislholm): another, more pictorial, estate map (Clarendn 651), undated, but probably later, shows Denbigh estate with its northern boundary at the southern boundary of Teak Savanna in map 143. The latter map shows John Hayles, jnr, 1699 patented lands outside the estate, although it does show an overlay of part of this patent by one John Wright “now to William Reynolds”. It also shows part of Denbigh’s northern boundary as John Hayles deceased. It implies that a John Hayles still owned at least the northern part of the 1699 patent. The pictorial map shows roads which are still identifiable on modern maps, indicating it being later. This plan has the road north west through the area as it was on the Hunt plats, which do not agree with John Hunt 1200 acres to the west: this road matches the modern road well; an unnamed line, which must have been a path, matches a modern track/road on the east of the complex.
    A further undated plan (Clarendon 290) shows the northern lands stretching over the Thomas River, where it shows a run of land for Thomas Hayles. It shows John Hunt as even more extensive almost covering the western part of the later John Hayles (F188) plat. There is a 450 acres run of land to John Hayles snr which has a plat boundary to his own land, but map 290 shows John Hunt adjoining this land. Again, this indicates errors in the postioning of John Hunt’s land.

Plate 60

    This diagram shows the Hayle and adjoing patents. The green lines show the roads from the 1950’s 1:50,000 map, which have not changed in this area. It is aligned to true north, the arrows from the plats seem in the main to be roughly magnetic north; the scales on the plats are in chains (80 chains = 1 mile). The plats were aligned using the SE John Hayles jnr plat shown on the Denbigh Estate map (Clarendon 651) which in turn was aligned using the roads, with a road fork to the southwest of May Pen and the distinctive bend in the middle of the Coates plat. This was all carried out on CAD software.[745]
  Subsequent examination of the originals show that all the Hayle land except the 300 acres to the SE was to John Hayles snr.

    Robert Coates plat shows: The road to Smoakey Hole. This road appears on Jno Hayles 1700 as the Road from Coll Dawkins to St Jago, as the New road from Thomas’s River to St Jago Savannah in Richard Dawkins, and on John Hunt 1684 as The New Road leading to Thomas’s River near Pickering Spotts.
    Dawkins Smokey Hole, Clarendon, N18°2' W77°18'. This is abt 10km north of May Pen. A suggestion was that it was a Colonel Dawkins who originally owned it. This position seems to be at or near an industrial site, maybe a Bauxite mine at the end of the railway marked north out of May Pen towards Pleasant Valley. Craskell places a Hayle pen at N18ºW77º20’.

    John snr’s will left the 450 acre Smokey Hole patent to John jnr’s son Thomas, who in the 1740’s sold 100 acres to John Shickel.  It appears that Thomas sold 300 acres, probably the rest of the property from his grandfather, to his cousin Samuel Nevil in 1741. This 300 acres was inherited by Samuel Nevil’s son Nevil, via Grace Bowman as executor.
     The remaining Smokey Hole land comprising 859 acres in 2 patents was left half to his grandsons John, Henry, Samuel & Richard Hayle by John dcd and half to Nevil.

100 acres of land in Smoakey Hole sold by George Manning jnr & Mary to John Wright in 1750[746], part of John Hayle patent. Maybe son-in–law of George, son of Richard Hayle, John’s brother.

Ref G/son Thomas, son of John jnr:
Cr M15 18N6 77W12 Clarendon Pen Burrell, much too far north.

There is a reference to an Edward Manning owning Yarmouth Pen in 1750 (will in Assembly 1815).